Skill training guides — OSRS Wiki

Skill training guides

Guide redirects here. A general money making guide can be found here.

Training is any activity which is done in order to increase the player’s experience in one or more skills. Activities which are not done primarily for gaining experience are not usually considered to be training (for example, fighting Zulrah in order to obtain rare item drops).

There are many ways to train all skills. The fastest training methods usually require the most effort and/or money to perform; cheaper and lower-effort methods tend to be slower. What type of method the player chooses ultimately comes down to preference and what properties the player values. Some players like to make money during their training, some prefer low-effort methods regardless of the profit or experience rates, and others do not care so much as long as they get their experience as fast and efficiently as possible.

Some skills may be trained quickly by buying supplies from the Grand Exchange, such as Cooking, Prayer, Construction, and Crafting. These are sometimes referred to as «buyable» skills. They are usually considered easy to train for normal accounts, but Ironmen must get the supplies for these skills some other way, usually by gathering them directly, buying from shops or from monster drops. For example, when training Herblore, it is easy for a normal account to simply buy thousands of herbs and ingredients, while Ironmen must collect all the ingredients themselves by Farming or killing monsters.

Setting the quest point cape as a long-term goal early on can provide a huge incentive to train skills. Furthermore, quest completion is required for a lot of content, better equipment, better skilling methods and Achievement Diaries which provide useful perks. Having the quest point cape is also extremely beneficial for Slayer for more block slots for bad Slayer tasks. If the player is going to complete all quests anyway, it is best to complete them as soon as possible, as the experience rewards benefit more at lower levels since training methods tend to be slower at low levels. Sometimes completing a quest at low levels can even be a lot faster than actively training a skill, for example completing Sea Slug instead of catching shrimps, or completing Waterfall Quest (and various other quests) for combat experience instead of killing cows with a bronze sword.

Training some skills can also provide passive experience in other skills. Barbarian Fishing for example, which is one of the fastest ways to train Fishing, also provides small amounts of Agility and Strength experience. Woodcutting with an infernal axe or mining with an infernal pickaxe can also provide (depending on the method) passive Firemaking and Smithing experience, respectively. Furthermore, Magic and Fletching can be trained almost entirely while training other skills.

For normal accounts, training certain skills inevitably requires spending a lot of money. Construction, Crafting, Herblore, Prayer and Smithing are usually considered as the straightest examples of «buyable» skills, as the fastest viable training methods are very expensive and the cheap alternatives are notably slower. It is generally better to make money to train the skills the more expensive but faster way, than do cheap or profitable methods that are slow. However, in some cases a slightly slower method can be considerably cheaper compared to fastest one (like crafting air battlestaves instead of black d’hide bodies). Before spending money on training a skill, the player should carefully consider which method is the best in terms of time and cost efficiency. This greatly depends on how much money the player has available and is willing to spend, how long the player will do that method and if they are playing alternative accounts to make money.

When training buyable skills, it is usually better to train skills where raw materials are made into finished products which are sold back to the Grand Exchange (such as Crafting, Herblore, Smithing) before skills that sink capital by removing items from the game (such as Construction, Prayer, Firemaking). The former skills require a lot more capital relative to the loss, and it is inconvenient to train them with less capital available as this would require constantly buying and selling supplies.

Some players choose to play alternative accounts to make money while training skills on the main account, allowing the player to sustain wealth whilst always using expensive methods with high experience rates. Merchanting and killing profitable monsters (such as rune dragons, gargoyles, skeletal wyverns, or brutal black dragons) are common methods of money making for this purpose, as they are relatively low effort and therefore do not require much attention. Alternative accounts can also be used to increase experience rates for some skills, such as luring Slayer monsters for barraging and looting their drops, shooting stray chinchompas, or running pure essence.

Since skill training can be repetitive and very often exhausting, one of the best ways to do it without becoming burnt out is to do something else at the same time. Activities such as reading, watching television, listening to music or even working out while training can keep focus up and boredom levels to a minimum. It can also be good to switch training from one skill to another from time to time. Not only does it decrease monotony, but certain skills can be trained much faster and/or cheaper in conjunction with other skills.

List of guides [ edit | edit source ]

Skill Pay-to-play Free-to-play
Agility Agility N/A
Construction Construction N/A
Cooking Cooking Cooking
Crafting Crafting Crafting
Farming Farming N/A
Firemaking Firemaking Firemaking
Fishing Fishing Fishing
Fletching Fletching N/A
Herblore Herblore N/A
Hunter Hunter N/A
Magic Magic Magic
Combat Melee Melee
Mining Mining Mining
Prayer Prayer Prayer
Ranged Ranged Ranged
Runecraft Runecraft Runecraft
Smithing Smithing Smithing
Slayer Slayer N/A
Thieving Thieving N/A
Woodcutting Woodcutting Woodcutting

Ironmen have three separate guides for their game mode:

Don’t Call The Plumber Just Yet: 9 Ways to Unclog a Kitchen Sink Drain

DIY home projects are great for saving money and enjoying a good challenge, but these household projects are better left for professionals.

Don’t want the hassle of DIY’ing plumbing issues? American Home Shield can help with that!

It can be a helpless feeling when the kitchen sink won’t drain. With water backing up and a counter full of dirty dishes waiting to be cleaned, it may be tempting to reach for the phone and dial the plumber. Before you do, read these easy, do-it-yourself ways to unclog that drain.

1. Boiling water

This is the easiest and least expensive solution of all, which makes it the best one to try first. Place a kettle or pot of water on the stove and bring to a rolling boil. While you’re waiting for the water to heat, remove as much standing water from the sink as you can, using a mug or small pot to bail out the water. Then, pour the entire kettle of water into the sink and wait. If the water stands in the sink and the clog doesn’t move, give the water time to cool and remove it to try again. You may need to repeat the process several times to move the clog, but this often works on many types of stoppage.

2. Disposal

Check to make sure it’s not your garbage disposal that’s causing the problem. A clogged disposal can stop up the drain, so run the disposal to see if that clears the clog. Then inspect it to make sure it’s running correctly. If the disposal has overheated, you may need to flip the switch found on the side or bottom of the unit underneath the sink.

3. Salt and boiling water

After removing standing water from the sink, pour about ½ cup of table salt down the drain before you pour in the boiling water. Let it sit for a few minutes, and then flush with hot water to clear the mixture.

4. Vinegar and baking soda

Again, remove standing water first. Pour about a cup or so of baking soda into the drain, followed by an equal amount of white or apple cider vinegar. The solution will bubble, but when they subside, put the stopper in and wait about 15 minutes. Next, run hot water to see if the clog clears. Repeat if needed.

5. Baking soda and salt

This is another combination that can work on sink clogs. Mix about a cup of baking soda with a half-cup of salt, and pour down the drain. Let the mixture sit for several hours, then flush with boiling water. You can repeat this process if it doesn’t work the first time.

6. Plunger

If these combinations aren’t successful in unclogging your sink, reach for a common household plunger. If you have a double sink, first seal off the second side with a wet cloth or a stopper. You’ll need to create a tight seal around the plunger, so fill the side of the sink you intend to plunge with enough water to cover the bell of the plunger. Place the plunger firmly over the drain and plunge vigorously several times. When you hear the suction clear the clog, remove the plunger and flush the drain well with warm water.

7. P-trap

It may be necessary to clean your kitchen drain’s P-trap to clear the clog. The P-trap is at the curve of the drainpipe under the sink, usually inside a cabinet. Place a pan or bucket underneath the drain to catch any water or debris that may fall out. Unfasten the P-trap from the drainpipe and clear out anything that is stuck. Then replace and run water through it.

8. Plumber’s snake

Sometimes called an auger, this handy tool can clear clogs that may be stuck further down the system. You’ll have to disassemble the drainpipe and P-trap that runs underneath the kitchen sink to expose the “stub pipe” or “stubout” that travels behind the cabinet wall. This is where you insert the snake into the pipe until you feel resistance to break up the clog.

9. Coat hanger

If you don’t have a plumber’s snake, you can use a wire coat hanger by straightening it. Of course, it won’t reach as far as a plumber’s snake would, but it may be long enough to reach some clogs. Insert it into the kitchen drain or stub pipe to push through or pull out the clog if you can reach it. Be careful not to scratch your sink with the wire.

To keep your sink smelling fresh and running clear, pour in equal parts of vinegar and baking soda on a regular basis. For routine cleaning, you’ll just need about one-half cup of each. Let the mixture sit for a few minutes before running some warm water down the drain. You can also use lemon juice for the same purpose.

Of course, it’s always easier to avoid clogs in the first place. If you have a kitchen garbage disposal, don’t overload it. Feed items in a little at a time, and wait until they grind and run through completely before adding more. Never put bacon grease, coffee grounds or oils down your kitchen drain, and always make sure you run plenty of water down the drain after each use. It’s important to know how to maintain and care for your all your home’s plumbing components and systems to keep things running smoothly.

AHS Plumbing Coverage

Many plumbing issues involve stoppages and clogged drains or pipes. If all of your DIY efforts don’t work, stoppages in the sink, bathtub, shower and toilets may be covered by an American Home Shield plumbing warranty depending on the cause. When you encounter a covered plumbing problem, no matter how big or how small, contact AHS for help.

Learn How to Avoid the Mistakes New Managers Make

The role of the first-time manager is dangerous territory for many who are drafted or promoted into this difficult role but offered little support in the form of training or coaching. There are ample opportunities for mistakes and misfires as the rookie manager grapples with the very new challenges of being responsible for the work of others.

While prior experience in an informal leadership role such as that of product or project manager is helpful, there is much for the new manager to learn and do in the early stages of the role. In the spirit of forewarned is forearmed, here is some insight into 10 of the common mistakes that new managers make early in their tenure and tips for avoiding them.

Feel Pressured to Prove They «Know It All»

You might have attracted the attention of senior management with your technical or functional expertise, however, now that you are in management, it is time to focus on helping create other functional experts. Yes, the skills that brought you to this role are not the skills that will help you succeed.

Your job is to support the efforts of others and support their development, and guide the overall work activities, not to serve as the de facto expert. Focus on creating experts, not asserting as the expert.

Show Everyone They Are in Charge

Those new to positions of power often feel compelled to make certain everyone knows they have power. Your instinct is to say, «I am in charge.» Your instinct is wrong.

People understand you are the new boss. They are looking for guidance, direction, and help, not your assertion of authority.

In reality, a compulsion to let people know you are the boss actually weakens your authority and credibility in the eyes of your team. Resist the temptation to announce, «I am in charge,» and instead, focus on earning the trust of your new team members.

Change Everything Overnight

Your assumption that everything that was done before was wrong, will shoot your credibility in the foot. Remember your team members were part of creating the past processes and approaches, and your indictment of those methods is disrespectful, and even insulting to them.

Instead of focusing on what might be wrong, engage your new team members in identifying where they want to make changes that will help them do their jobs more effectively and efficiently.

Develop a Fear of Making Any Changes

The opposite of the new manager with the mistaken drive to change everything is the new manager afraid to change anything. This manager walks on eggshells around team members and processes and is overly concerned with ruffling feathers by proposing changes.

Hold yourself accountable to making timely decisions. Engage your team members to identify areas for improvement and offer support for their ideas.

Don’t Take Time to Get to Know Their New Team Members

If you are new to the team, it is essential that you develop trust with the members quickly. The best way to do this is to pay attention to them as individuals. Sit down with each team member and ask for their ideas and desired changes.

Wherever possible, support or empower them to make these changes. At the appropriate time, discuss their career aspirations and desired next steps and work together to define a development plan that moves them in the direction of their longer-range goals.

If you have been a team member and are now the manager, it is equally important to have those discovery discussions. Do not assume just because you know people as team members and peers that you understand their career aspirations and ideas for short-term improvements.

Invest the same time in these initial discussions and focus on getting to know your team members from a new perspective. Pay attention to your people and they will respond by paying attention to you.

Forget to Involve the Boss in Their Work

You might think your boss promoted you to take care of the work and not bother him/her with the daily issues. In reality, your direct boss is an incredibly important stakeholder in your success and wants opportunities to support and coach you.

Instead of showing your ability to operate independently, make certain to keep your boss apprised at just the right level. Of course, it is up to you to assess what the right level might be.

Some bosses want daily contact. Others prefer to engage by exception when you need their help on a specific problem. Others want the opportunity to observe you in action. Make certain to assess your boss’s needs for involvement in your work and deliver accordingly.

Avoid Dealing With Problem Employees

New managers almost universally run from the challenging people issues on their teams. in many instances, they have not been trained in how to deliver constructive feedback, and they are unduly concerned that any critical conversations will turn people against them.

In reality, everyone is watching the new manager closely to see if she will deal with the tough people challenges on the team. Ignoring these issues undermines the manager’s credibility. In contrast, dealing with them in a timely, professional manner serves to strengthen the credibility of the new manager.

Do not let the challenging people problems linger. Learn and practice the art and process of delivering effective, constructive feedback and feed-forward. Remember, everyone is watching.

Are Afraid to Let Everyone See They Are Human

The tendency for new managers is to falsely believe that any sign of weakness will undermine their authority. In reality, your team members are looking for signs that you are authentic as a leader.

Instead of hiding or avoiding your mistakes, admit them up front and use them as teaching moments. Your display of humility will garner support for you in your role as manager.

Forget to Protect Their People

Nothing garners support and credibility than the trust earned by ensuring team member remain safe. There are many opportunities every single day to protect your team members from unwanted distractions and some of the political machinations of other groups. Once the team understands you have their backs, they will rally around you as manager.

Fail to Adhere to the «Coach’s Credo»

When things go great, it is because of the team. When they go wrong, it is because you failed. Live to this credo and your credibility with your team members will soar.

3 Alternatives For Empaths Who Are Tired Of Shielding Themselves

Get The Empath’s Survival Guide now to revolutionize how you interact with the world.
Click here to learn more.

Warning: this approach will not work for every empath and it should be tried gradually, and with the knowledge that your shield can be raised again at any time.

When someone first learns that they are an empath, they tend to seek out ways to ease the burden that comes from attracting and absorbing the energies of the people around them.

Shielding is likely to be the first technique they adopt, and the relief that comes when you learn how to shield can be immense.

All of a sudden you can guard against the tiresome barrage of energies that flow your way.

You can find peace within yourself, possibly for the first time in your life.

All hunky dory, right?

Well, no, sadly that is not the end of the story.

Shielding is effective for many…for a time.

There comes a point, however, where carrying a shield is, by itself, an arduous task.

Just think about the physical strength needed to hold a big, strong shield up all of the time.

Eventually you tire and the effort and energy expended begins to outweigh the benefit of holding it.

The same goes for a mental shield to protect you from the wayward energy of your surroundings.

At first it feels light and hugely reassuring, but ultimately there is a cost to you of maintaining it.

A day might come when this cost is greater than the benefit.

So what’s the alternative, you might be thinking.

Well, there are 3 things you can try instead, and you may find their effectiveness varies.

There is no one-size-fits-all solution so you just have to give them a go to see how they work for you.

Turn Your Shield Into A Filter

At their most basic, shields are designed to be impenetrable barriers able to stop whatever comes their way.

This is all well and good when defending against things which can seriously harm your physical or mental health, but it can also prevent healthy, non-dangerous energy from reaching you.

That’s why, instead of raising a shield, you should try forming a permeable barrier which acts as a filter to stop the most malevolent of energies while allowing others to pass through.

Or think of it another way; let the filter be a detector which controls whether or not you put your shield up when certain energies approach.

If something harmless is detected, you can stand down your shield.

If something undesirable comes your way, you are ready for it and can raise your shield.

This is analogous to a healthy immune system that first works out whether or not something is a threat before choosing to combat it.

If you keep your shield up 24/7, it might attack things which pose no threat – much like an autoimmune response attacks normal, healthy cells in a body.

There is nothing inherently wrong with experiencing the emotions of others.

Feeling sad when others are sad, or happy when they’re happy, is natural and normal.

It is when you start to take on unhealthy emotions such as anger, hate, or utter despair that it can all get too much.

Your filter can also take your own emotions into account when deciding which vibrations to let through.

If you have been experiencing a particularly difficult time in your personal life, you can adjust your filter to block anything which may exacerbate your low mood.

If, on the other hand, you are in a particularly good place mentally, you can let other people’s expressions of anguish in to a larger extent, safe in the knowledge that you are currently in a position to cope with them.

Or you could simply adjust your filter depending on what you have to do at any particular time.

If you need 100% of your focus and attention on something, by all means set your shield to full power mode to block external energies entirely.

But if you are just lounging around, you might be better just filtering and blocking the most damaging energies while letting the rest through.

That’s the thing about a filter – it’s adjustable according to your needs at any given time.

Drop The Shield, But Detach From Incoming Energies

We humans tend to grow strong attachments to the important people and things in our lives.

It doesn’t stop there, however; we even become attached to entities which either have no real importance any longer, or never did in the first place.

It’s the same story with the energy fields we encounter in our daily lives.

We quickly associate with them and adopt them as surrogates even where such attachment is unnecessary.

Just think of a time where you crossed paths with someone in a foul mood (a cashier, bus driver, or colleague) and how this feeling latched onto you for the rest of the day.

The solution to this is to learn a level of healthy detachment from the energies present all around you.

If you come across some form of energy, identify it for what it is, and view it dispassionately as something separate from yourself.

Only then it will lose any influence it has over you.

Of course, much like our filter from above, we can choose a level of detachment to apply to different things.

Should a particularly nefarious energy enter our lives, we can keep our distance from it, mentally, to prevent it from gaining a hold over us.

If, on the other hand, something altogether more pleasant comes our way, we can embrace it and merge with it (to an extent) so as to bask in its warm glow for a little while.

Detachment requires a certain degree of rationality in order for you to be able to accurately distinguish between what is and is not either important or something you can control.

The very fact that these are energies and emotions you’re dealing with means you have to let your non-emotional side handle it first and foremost.

Detachment allows you to deal with other people and their particular problems without becoming caught up in the drama yourself.

You can stand back and analyze the situation without identifying with it from a personal perspective.

The process of detachment allows you to control when you allow emotional empathy to come to the fore and when you give cognitive empathy the steering wheel.

These different types of empathy both have their uses, but being able to switch between them is an even more useful and powerful ability.

More essential empath reading (article continues below):

Drop The Shield And Let The Energy Flow In And Out

Finally, you may choose to give up your shield in all but the most extreme cases and to simply experience the energies around you in their raw form.

Rather than disassociating with them as you would above, you take them into yourself and feel them as they are.

Sounds like an awful idea, you’re probably thinking.

Yet, if you can maintain a steady flow of energy through you, this approach can be very effective.

Most empaths struggle with external influences because the energy merges with their own, but they do nothing to keep it moving.

Instead, they ruminate on the feelings they have absorbed, letting the energy stagnate and infiltrate their whole body and mind.

Empaths often suffer with low energy levels, and this makes them especially prone to holding onto whatever energy they do have.

They fear what will happen if they let that energy go and, instead, hoard it away in the hope that it will sustain them.

Unfortunately, you cannot expel the energies absorbed from the outside world if you are not prepared to flush some of your own energy away too.

It is actually counterproductive to try and save your energy as an empath because doing so means you spend longer dealing with all the things you have soaked up from others.

Letting them continue on their way out of you will actually mean saving more of your battery than you lose.

What’s more, if you maintain a flow of energy throughout, that battery is able to recharge itself much like a physical battery does when a current flows through it.

One of the most effective ways to create a smooth flow is to practice grounding.

This is where you form an energetic connection with the Earth itself and allow energy to flow out of you and into it.

You can use your mind to imagine all of the unwanted energy moving out of you and into the ground beneath your feet.

And the connection that is opened when you practice grounding is actually two-way.

This means that you can take up energy from the Earth much like a plant does through its roots.

This helps to replenish your stores.

The most important thing when opting for this approach is to maintain a constant flow of energy in and out of your body and mind.

If you do this, there will be little time for the influence of others to affect you to any great degree before it is expelled.

Personal shields can play an important role in helping an empath lead a normal life, but an over-reliance on this single approach has some major drawbacks too.

While we never encourage anyone to do away with their shield altogether, some empaths might find the techniques above to be a useful addition to their toolset, to be used when the hefty weight of a shield is simply unsustainable.

A shield is, however, the best way to deal with energies which will do nothing but harm you; there are malicious forces out there and having your shield ready is an important way to defend yourself.

Check out The Empath’s Survival Guide and discover how it can change your life.
Click here to learn more.

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