Podalirium butterfly

Podalirium butterfly. Podalirium butterfly lifestyle and habitat

Features and habitat

Its interesting name is one of the most beautiful insects — butterfly sailing podalirium inherited from the famous Podaliria, who was a doctor in ancient Greek mythology.

The list of places where you can meet a butterfly is very wide, due to the fact that the insect can migrate over long distances to find a temporary or permanent new place of residence. Mostly, Podalirium lives in the warm regions of Europe, Turkey, the Near and Middle East, and North Africa.

Migratory butterflies are able to reach Britain, Finland and the coast of Scandinavia. Butterfly prefers mainly steppes and forest-steppe, semi-deserts and foothills. The upper wings of butterflies surprise with an unusual color — black wedge-shaped stripes are arranged clearly on a yellow background, arranged vertically, their number reaches 7.

The lower wings at the base have an orange-black round spot, a blue border in the form of semicircles slightly darkening from the center to the edges, and small (up to 1.5 cm) black tails ending in a bright spot from below.

Females of this species are larger than males, the wingspan of an adult can reach 9 cm, while the length of the front wing is 4-6 cm. Males love to spin over the tops of the hills. Depending on the subspecies, the color may vary.

So, the alpine version of Inalpin has wider, but shorter wings, black stripes on the upper wing are wider, the subspecies of the virgatuso has snow-white wings without stripes, some scientists read it as a separate independent species. Sailboat Podalirium really resembles a ship floating with the flow, such an association may appear when observing a sitting butterfly, not in flight.

Pictured butterfly podalirium sailing ship

An interesting fact is that many people consider the butterfly swallowtail to be a representative of the described species (despite significant differences). Podalirium has a more contrasting, aggressive color, while the color of the swallowtail is much softer, more bed, less sharp, and the swallowtail does not have blue semicircles on the lower wings.

Currently Podalirium in the Red Book several countries (Russia, Ukraine, Poland, etc.). The number of representatives of the species is large, however, it is rapidly declining due to the decrease, and in some places, the complete disappearance of the plant-feed base, which will happen to food for the caterpillars.

The number of insects is adversely affected by chemical treatments and a decrease in garden areas, as well as cutting down bush thickets, cultivating land for agricultural crops, and grazing in forest areas.

Character and lifestyle

Podalirium — Butterfly, 2 generations of which develop in 1 year. In late May, you can observe the first generation (from a wintering chrysalis), which flies until mid-late June, from the beginning of July to the end of August the second generation flies.

In rare cases, under favorable conditions, insects of the third generation may appear, which fly until September. It is not difficult to distinguish a butterfly of the first from a butterfly of the second generation — the representatives of the first generation have a bright orange salting on the lower part of the hind wings.

This life cycle depends on the specific habitat. For example, in the northern territories there is only one generation that appears in May and disappears in July. In the highlands, a pause between the years is not noticeable (the butterfly does not rise above 2 km).

You can find a butterfly in places with shrubby vegetation; these can be glades, edges, ravines and slopes, light forests, and foothills. Due to the preference for such wild habitats, it would seem that a butterfly is rarely visible to humans, however, podalirium in the photo falls quite often, because he loves to fly into blooming gardens.

Butterfly caterpillar podalirium prefers to eat hawthorn, peach, blackthorn, apple, plum, cherry, mountain ash and other plants. Butterflies also prefer flowering shrubs, such as lilacs in spring and umbrella inflorescences in summer, and also love honeysuckle, viburnum, and cornflower.

Reproduction and longevity

During the mating season, the male takes care of the female, fluttering nearby and attracting her with the beauty of his large bright wings. Before laying eggs, the female carefully searches for a fodder plant and lays eggs one at a time on the underside of the leaf. The eggs are dark, oblong in shape, their tip is reddish, bordered by two yellow rings, develop about a week.

The hatched caterpillar is of a light green, oblong shape, expands significantly in the chest area, its size is 2-3.5 cm.Insects the insect on the plant on which it appeared, however, gradually all the babies crawl to a considerable distance in search of a place for pupation.

Insects eat at night or in the early morning. Over the entire period of life, the caterpillar passes through 5 ages, the first 4 ages last about 3 days, then a longer 5th age (10 days), after which the transformation into a pupa takes place.

Pictured is a caterpillar of a butterfly of podalirium

The caterpillar weaves a small pillow for itself, to which it attaches during the rest period. In times of danger, the insect «pulls out» from the upper segment, located behind the head, two strong-smelling glands of orange color, the smell that the glands secrete repels predators.

As the moment of pupation approaches, the caterpillar becomes lighter. Usually, thick shrubs are chosen to turn the caterpillar into a pupa, located not far from the ground, and the podaliria pupa can also be found in the cracks on the tree trunks.

It is green in color with two parallel stripes on the back, on which yellow spots are paired, the belly is lighter. The stage of the summer pupa lasts 11 days, then the second generation of the insect appears. In the form of a winter chrysalis, the insect survives until next spring.

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Russian battleships in the English Channel, say they’re training

“Today a squadron of warships and support vessels of the Northern Fleet headed by a large anti-submarine ship, the Severomorsk, crossed the narrowest part of the English Channel and passed into the Bay of the Seine,” said Russia’s defense ministry.

The crews held a series of survival exercises in case of flooding or fire, as well as anti-submarine training.

After the training, in one of the world’s most crowded waterways, where the squadron was constantly shadowed by the British Navy’s HMS Tyne offshore patrol vessel, the task force went further and anchored in the international waters of the Seine Bay to wait out a storm.

Both Britain’s and France’s navies confirmed the location of the Russian ships, but denied that the Russians were doing any training.

“They are not holding exercises. They’re just waiting in a zone where they are allowed to be several times a year,» the French Navy’s information service said as cited by Reuters.

Russia says four of its ships have carried out a drill in the English Channel. http://t.co/PqoQvukIVbpic.twitter.com/HLsvx0WMT3

«Our information indicates that the ships are transiting and have been delayed by weather conditions. They are not exercising in the Channel, as some Russian headlines would have us believe,” said NATO’s military spokesman Lieutenant-Colonel Jay Janzen.

Russia’s Navy reported that the crews are not going to sit out the storm in an idle manner. Instead, the crews will train in repelling underwater warfare attacks and practice radio-electronic warfare.

The captains of the task force use every opportunity to test their crews should a situation arise.

While sailing in high latitudes, Russian sailors trained by providing assistance to a vessel in distress. They also did electronic communication training and cargo transfers from ship to ship.

When NATO patrol aircrafts approached the task force in North Sea waters, air raid alerts were sounded and crews trained air defense maneuvers.

Combat duty assignments of the large anti-submarine ship, the Severomorsk, specifically practiced the detection and elimination of waterborne targets.

The task group left its homeport of Severomorsk above the Arctic Circle on November 20 and has already covered 1,700 nautical miles, crossing successively the Barents Sea, the Norwegian Sea and the North Sea before entering the Strait of Dover.

Northern Fleet warships will steam for the Gulf of Aden to protect vessels there from Somalia pirate attacks.

www.rt.com

Butterfly podalirium — a sailing ship of Russian latitudes

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Explore the wonders of the Baltics on an exciting journey steeped in art, history and culture. With over 200 museums, magnificent architecture and world-renowned operas and ballet, there’s plenty to see and do during a 2-day stop in St. Petersburg. In Helsinki, explore the dramatic coastline, visit famous cathedrals or enjoy a sauna ⎯ a traditional Finnish pastime. Tour the picturesque town of Nynashamn for a glimpse of local life along the Baltic Sea. Then it’s on to Copenhagen, where canals and cobblestone streets wind past historic castles and modern delights.

9-Day Scandinavia, Russia & Baltic from Copenhagen

Cruise Ports

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  • Day Cruise Ports Arrive Depart
    Day 1 Copenhagen, Denmark (EMBARK) 5:00 pm

    Copenhagen, Denmark

    Day 2 Berlin (Warnemünde), Germany 7:30 am 10:00 pm

    Berlin (Warnemünde), Germany

    Day 3 AT SEA
    Day 4 Tallinn, Estonia 9:00 am 4:30 pm

    Tallinn, Estonia

    St. Petersburg, Russia

    St. Petersburg, Russia

    Day 7 Helsinki, Finland 7:00 am 4:00 pm

    Helsinki, Finland

    Day 8 Stockholm (Nynashamn), Sweden 7:00 am 7:00 pm

    Stockholm (Nynashamn), Sweden

    Day 9 AT SEA
    Day 10 Copenhagen, Denmark (DISEMBARK) 7:00 am

    Copenhagen, Denmark

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    • Itineraries are subject to change at any time without notice.
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    SAILING IS SEXY

    Two ocean lovers sailing around the world from San Francisco, California. Inspiring others to do what they dream of and enjoy life’s wild ride.

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    Dingy Woes

    Whoa dingy. The little boat that ferries us from our big boat to land, affectionately named “Kate” (after Kate Upton) is near death. She has had a slow leak since Hawaii and has been slowly getting worse. Her hypalon tubes have 3 chambers and one has a small leak in it. We used to have to pump her up every 3 days. That’s not to bad. But when we left her while going back to the states that chamber filled with water and I had to cut a hole in it I drain the water.

    I didn’t think twice about making the leak bigger since I had a patch kit. We are nothing if not prepared. Of course upon inspection the patch kit I had was for a PVC tube not a hypalon tube. The difference only means, the patch would not hold. Ok, that’s boat life, off to the marine store for a new patch. They had none in stock so we had to order one. After a week they said sorry, it’s held up a customs. It may never arrive.

    In the mean time, the hole in the dingy made the tube deflate and while floating at the dingy dock the outboard motor got submerged. Basically the dingy half sank and the engine got salt water in it. This is a classic case of a small problem leading to a big problem. So now the outboard is not working, the dingy is sinking and we have no way to get off the boat for internet, groceries, socializing, “life.”

    This is not my first time with a dingy that won’t hold air. My time in the Caribbean prepared me for beat up dinghies and I am kicking myself for falling into this trap again. I almost bought a new dingy in Hawaii. With my commercial account I could have had a new one for less than $2k out the door. The cheapest dingy in French Polynesia is $6k!!

    What an expensive mistake. Take it from us. If your dingy is not new get a new one in the states or at the very least bring lots of patch kits. The dingy is your connection to land and in the South Pacific there are very few marinas. Spending most of your time on the hook means you need a reliable dingy. It’s essential gear.

    By now we have patched the dingy with 5200 and it holds air for 24 hours so we can get around. The outboard is running again after I took the carburetor off and had it rebuilt at the local mechanics shop. I don’t think we are going to buy a new dingy here. It’s just to expensive. Our best option is to go to the local charter companies, they have many charter boats and all them have a dingy. We have spoken with one that says it has several used PVC dingys. I am sure they are beat up but hopefully they will hold air. And that’s really all you need it to do.

    Lessons Learned: Spinnaker Sailing at Night

    On the second evening of our 960 mile passage from Hawaii to Palmyra atoll we decided to keep the spinnaker up through the night. The day had been light but consistent wind and the boat was so well balanced we were sailing at 5 knots in 8 knots of wind with almost no heeling. We slept like babies. The next day the winds picked up in the after noon so we stowed the big spinnaker and sailed on.

    On our 5th night we again decided to leave the spinnaker up through the night. The winds were blowing 15 knots at a perfect beam reach all afternoon and evening and we marveled at the GPS reading of 9+ knots. Being in the tropics and with a steady breeze we decided to try sleeping in the cockpit for the first time. It was great to be snuggled up under the stars with the fresh ocean breeze cooling us. One of the best evening I’ve ever had on a boat.

    It was all so perfect I couldn’t sleep. I stayed up watching the speed of the boat increase. At 10.1 knots I should have known it was time to reduce sail but I was expecting the wind to slow a bit, and we were flying! We would be in Palmyra in no time. As I sat at the helm watching the instruments Elizabeth wakes up and asks if everything is ok. I tell her it’s better than ok, we are sailing super fast. She pauses and looks around, not so much with her eyes but with all her senses. She asked me, “can the spinnaker handle this?” And boom, the sheet comes off the sail.

    As any sailor knows a loose and flapping spinnaker is not only dangerous for the crew and the boat but is makes the most unholy of sounds flapping violently in the wind and against the rigging. I assumed that the sheet had parted due to high strain but quickly saw that the snap shackle had come undone. These shackles are rated for a certain amount of load and we had just exceeded it. The weak link in the chain.

    Luckily we were both awake and reasonably alert. I put Elizabeth at the helm (she is excellent at the wheel) and put on my life jacket with harness and tether for going up on deck at night. I grabbed my trusty head lamp in case the deck lights went out (as they often do) and slowly, deliberately made my way up the for deck clipping my harness in all along the way. Once I got up to the foredeck I was able to take it all in.

    The spinnaker had wrapped itself around the furled jib and the part that was free was flapping very hard. For a moment I wondered how much the sail could take before it started to come apart. I tried for 10 minutes to unwrapped the giant sail but the winds were to strong and the sail was unruly. I climbed back into the cockpit to rest and game plan with Elizabeth. We discussed cutting it loose but that was a last resort. First plan was to get the spinnaker down and stowed by any means necessary.

    I opened the forward hatch from below and then climbed back up to the foredeck. After letting go the spinnaker halyard the sail dropped nicely on to the deck. I stuffed the head and as much of the sail as I could through the open hatch. Once I got the majority of the sail in the strain on the rest was lessened and it unwrapped and dropped pretty easily.

    I intended to make the lesson learned that one should not fly the spinnaker at night but really it wasn’t all that bad. For a double handed cruiser there really is no difference between day and night other than daylight and darkness. So I’m going to go ahead and say that the lesson learned here is fly the spinnaker as much as possible day or night, it’s the only way to go fast in light winds.

    Just Another Day

    Full Moon At Sea

    A full moon at sea is an exhilarating energy. The sea is so alive. Schools of fish leap and fly, bigger fish fight close by to swallow as much as they can. The currents are stronger, the tides are higher, the storms move in a strange way across the sky. The sea speaks a certain way to itself and all that lives inside of it. Theres a feeling about the ocean, an aura, a tone. It’s a fight to survive for some. It’s a party for others. It’s an ‘eat all you can’ buffet for the larger fish. And to us, it’s a world we can’t quite understand but respect more than anything.

    Goodnight full moon, goodnight to you all. (Picture above: Moon out of focus, in different shades as it rose.)

    Fanning Island

    From the outer limits of civilization, from the border of the equator, from the edges of our precious Earth; we share with you our life in an oasis of blue shades and sunshine. This is a path rarely chosen. Hard at times, yet exquisite in reward.

    Currently we are anchored at Fanning Island, also known as Kiribati (pronounced Kiribas). It is 4 degrees from the equator and is apart of the Gilbert Islands and the Line Islands. It has a population of 2,000 people. The Island does not have a hotel, post office or airport. It is only accessible by boat, just like my heart.

    Not only does the coral burst with color and texture, but so does the land. Palm trees line the Island and locals collect coconuts as their main source of income. The locals are extremely vivacious, genuine people. They are incredibly sincere and bewitched in our presences. All the elders speak English and the children try to improve their vocabulary with conversation.

    Three other boats are anchored here in the lagoon, all of which sailed from Hawaii. The cruisers are great company to have and we have all been rotating happy hour on each other’s boats. Ruby Slippers, got a tear in their main sail while under way but have recently fixed it while at anchor. Erik is currently aboard Small World making ‘baggie wrinkles’ with the crew. The other boat decided to tie up to an old barge on the other side of the lagoon and we haven’t seen too much of them. Except from a distance, surfing the breaks around the channel. There are exceptionally good surf breaks that are only surfable, due to the dry reef, when head-high or above.

    Though the town is extremely small they still manage to have some night life. Erik and I discovered ‘Tyrone’s Kava Bar’ and were welcomed in by the locals for karaoke night. They don’t serve any alcohol, but they do have soda and kava. We decided to just drink Coke, instead of risking the intake of local water mixed with the Kava. All the locals had a turn on stage with the Gilbertese karaoke. Darts, pool and a raffle were also apart of the entertainment. Though we can’t speak the local language of Gilbertese, we exchanged smiles and laughter and enjoyed the company of our new friends. They undoubtably had respect for us and never made us feel out of place. Erik recognized many of them from the basketball court. He’s been shooting hoops with the high school boys the last few days.

    The Start to the South Pacific

    Is this the same Pacific Ocean? From what I remember of the Pacific Ocean, it growled at us and batted us around for three whole weeks on our sail from SF to HI. We felt like shark bait. Now as we sail south from Hawaii to Fanning Island, we are sleeping through the night and making great time on a gentle beam reach. The spinnaker is carrying us along and we are catching plump healthy fish, daily. The sun is turning my red hair more blonde. We are enjoying every moment at sea and breathing in the purest air. It’s incredible how moody the ocean is and how much the winds can change in an instant. Sometimes the ocean smiles upon us and sometimes it bites down.

    Saturday night on Journey consists of a new ritual that starts with taking the longest, warmest shower allowed all week, getting dressed up and then meeting in the galley for dinner and a movie. It’s our Date Night and a way of feeling civilized while adrift in the ocean. Our first sucessful date night was underway from Hawaii to Fanning Island.

    Weather sprung up around sunset Saturday night, just as we sat down to eat dinner. The clouds drifted past us with a light mist of fresh water. We imagined the Vikings and other ancient sailors chasing the squalls for fresh water to drink. Being 500 + miles off the coast of anything the rain water is pure, fresh and delicious. Modern day sailors use water makers, but can always rely on rain water if needed.

    All day we had our lures in the water hoping to cook up some fresh fish for our special night. At sunset the reel clicked and we had a fish on. Erik ran to the pole and started reeling it in. The line was loose the fish got away, the hook was missing. He also discovered that our 150 pound test hand line was cleanly snapped off. Erik replaced it with a 275 pound test wire cable and warned me that our boat could come to a stop, if a large enough fish gets snagged. All that excitement still left us with no fish on our plates. We already caught one on our first day (photo above), so we know we will get another anytime now.

    Monday we pulled this Ono onto the boat. A nice size fish, our freezer will be full.

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