Peacock eyes

Peacock eyes. Photo peacock-eye. Butterfly Description

Peacock-eye — everyone saw these butterflies. Look at the photo of the peacock-eye, and see for yourself! The description and types of peacock-eye butterfly, as well as many more unusual facts about peacock-eye, you will learn from our article.

Peacock-eye — a family of butterflies, in the ranks of which nearly 2300 species are «composed». The name of these insects received, due to the amazing similarity with the pattern on the feathers of a peacock. On the peacock-eye wings, their scales “drew” spots resembling an ocular pattern on the peacock’s tail.

Small peacock-eye, or small nocturnal peacock eye (Saturnia pavonia).

It is not worth confusing a butterfly with a peacock eye and a peacock-eye: these are completely different representatives of Lepidoptera.

About the appearance of peacock-eyes

Depending on the species, these insects can have either very small or simply «giant» sizes. For example, a small peacock-eye has a wingspan of no more than 8 centimeters.

Antenna peacock-eye mimosa (Argema mimosae).

As for the large representatives of the family, who inhabit mainly tropical zones, their wings reach even 27 centimeters in wingspan! The average size of the peacock-eye wings in the unfolded state ranges from 12 to 15 centimeters.

Peacock-eye of selenium (Astias selene).

In appearance, the body of the peacock-eye resembles ordinary nocturnal moths: it is covered with villi, forming a dense fluff. The wings have a fairly simple shape.

Sikkim Lepa (Loepa sikkima) is one of the few brightly colored peacock eyes.

The color of the peacock-eye is often modest, inconspicuous, and even camouflage. This nature came up with a reason, because the representatives of the family are nocturnal creatures. However, there are species in which the wings have bright shades, or bright patterns.

Where do peacock eyes live?

These arthropods inhabit the entire globe, with the exception of Antarctica. They can be found in East Asia (where they reached a maximum of species diversity), Europe, America.

Pear peacock-eye, or large nocturnal peacock eye (Saturnia pyri).

Peacock eyes prefer to live in broad-leaved as well as mixed forests. In addition, they are found in mountainous areas and in the meadow, but only where there are trees nearby. The “tree dependence” of peacock-eyes is not accidental at all, because the females of these butterflies spend most of their lives in the crown of the tree, very rarely leaving the “established place”.

What do peacock-eye butterflies eat?

Adult individuals of these insects never eat anything at all. But at the stage of the caterpillar of the peacock-eye, they are voracious: they eat the deciduous part of the elm, cherry, walnut, pear tree, alder, dog rose, mountain ash, plum.

About the reproduction of peacock-eye

You cannot call these butterflies fruitful. In a year they can produce only one generation.

Pear peacock-eye eggs.

Of great interest is the preparation for the mating season: males of peacock-eyes find their soul mate by smell. The male can smell the feminine aroma at a distance . up to 11 kilometers!

Who are the enemies of the peacock-eye

The camouflage color and rather large sizes allow peacock eyes to be not too attractive and hardly noticeable for most birds. As for the caterpillar of the peacock-eye, there are much more people who want to attack it.

The benefits to humans

The lifestyle and diet makes peacock-eye completely harmless to agriculture, so people, as they say, do not hold grudges against these butterflies.

Throughout the world, peacock-eye silk threads are used along with similar silkworm material, however, it is believed that the peacock-eye thread is much tougher.

bz.highriverlabs.com

Peacock eye butterfly. Peacock eye butterfly lifestyle and habitat

Butterfly with the name of the peacock’s eye

In this article, we will tell you how the butterfly in question differs and why it was so named. The name peacock eye this insect received from the Latin language.

In Latin, this name is written like this: nachis io. This name is translated into Russian as a daytime peacock eye. The butterfly belongs to the nymphalids family. In the family there are two common butterfly type peacock eye:

— butterfly daytime peacock eye;
— butterfly night peacock eye.

Pictured butterfly peacock night

Features and habitat of the peacock eye butterfly

Representatives of the specified family differing in average sizes and small wingspan: from 25 to 180 mm. The presented size is average for the whole species, but for each sex of butterflies it is different:

— the wingspan of males is from 45 to 55 mm;
-wingspan of females from 50 to 62.

However there is butterfly large peacock eye, the wingspan of which reaches 15 cm. In addition to its small size, the butterfly has other differences among the representatives of its species. One of these differences is the uneven edge of the wings: basically they have an angular shape and ragged edges.

Pictured butterfly is a large peacock eye

The color scheme also makes it stand out from the rest. The colors shown on the wings are vibrant and create a pattern identical to the image on the peacock’s tail. The following colors are included in the general coloring of the butterfly:

-black — this is how the body and the pattern on the wings are painted on the insect;
— red — the color of the gun on the body;
-red — the color of the wings;
gray-pockmarked — the color of the pattern on the wings;
-gray — the color of the pattern on the wings;
-blue-blue — the color of the pattern on the wings.

It is because of the listed wing color that the butterfly got its name. For a better overview, we offer you photo butterfly peacock eyewhere our insect is presented in a better light.

Besides coloring butterfly peacock eye and its size, the insect is characterized by a time of activity. Based on the name of the daytime peacock eye, we can safely say that she is awake in the daytime, unlike her relatives. We also note that this name butterfly distinguishes from other peacock eyes and from butterflies night peacock eyewith whom she is often confused.

Butterfly peacock red eye

Based on the above information, it turns out that there are about 5 differences that will help any amateur lepidopterologist to recognize this species and admire it.

Also given peacock eye butterfly description helps a person to know it from thousands of other lepidopteran species. So, we examined the characteristics of the peacock eye butterfly, then we will indicate its habitat.

Classic place to live butterfly insect peacock eye Europe is considered, it is especially often noticed in Germany. But the activity of this species was noticed in places such as the subtropics of Eurasia and the Japanese islands.

The main range of its habitat:

-meadow;
-wasteland;
-steppe;
— forest edge;
-garden;
-the park;
-ravine;
-the mountains.

In addition to these places, we note that this species of Lepidoptera lives on nettles. In the listed places butterfly peacock eye can be seen from spring to mid-autumn.

In addition to the warm time of the day, this butterfly is active in the subtropic zone during the winter thaw. With the advent of winter, the insect hides in crevices on the surface of the tree bark, in the leaves. Having found shelter, she plunges into the phase of imago or sleep. A similar condition is characteristic of individuals who have reached adulthood.

Butterfly character and lifestyle

According to the name, the butterfly leads an active lifestyle only during the day. Most often, it can be seen in the thickets of nettles. This species is emigrating. Flights make in the spring.

Frequent flights take place in Finland. In this country, the southern and northern tribes of butterfly peacock eyes love to travel. Flights are made only in weather comfortable for insects, so the frequency of flights is directly related to weather conditions.

On the southern side of Europe, 2 generations of butterflies can live, each of which flies in due time. For example, the first generation flies from June to July or from August to September.

In winter, she likes to sleep in dampness and coolness, an example of such places is the bark of trees, haystacks and roofs. Cool temperature slows down the life cycle, and the butterfly can survive until spring. If an insect enters a warm place during hibernation, the risk of dying from old age during hibernation increases.

Peacock Eye Butterfly Nutrition

Due to the fact that the classic habitat of these butterflies is nettle, then caterpillar butterfly peacock eye eat it to her. In addition to nettle, the caterpillar can feed on hemp, willow, raspberry and hop.

In the process of eating nettle leaves or another plant, the caterpillar eats it completely to the base. She chooses each correct plant by means of touch, using this feeling when she is next to the stem of the plant.

In an adult butterfly, the diet includes:

a burdock;
-thyme;
— sap of plants;
nectar of garden flowers.

Of all these plants, the creature in question takes nectar, which feeds on the rest of its life. This distinguishes it from a butterfly, the peacock’s nocturnal eye, since the presented butterfly feeds all its life only with stocks that were made by a caterpillar.

Reproduction and longevity

The butterfly, like all its relatives, reproduces with the help of caterpillars. However, we consider all the steps in order. First, the butterfly wakes up from hibernation and lays eggs on the back of a leaf of dioecious or burning nettle. Egg laying takes place from April to May. One generation accommodates consists of 300 individuals.

Starting in May and for the next four months, the peacock eye lives in the form of a caterpillar. The caterpillar of this species of butterflies is black with white patches.

All caterpillars during this stage are inseparable, but after four months, that is, at the end of August, each of them is separated from the rest in order to start weaving its cocoon, which will later become a repository for the chrysalis and, subsequently, the butterfly. After weaving the cocoon, the butterfly immerses in the next phase of the “chrysalis”, where it spends 14 days.

At this stage, the caterpillar attaches itself to the stem of the plant, changing the color to a protective one. The protective color may be green, brown or another color that prevails in the plant.

Pictured is a butterfly caterpillar peacock eye

The next stage of the “butterfly” depends on the temperature at which the pupa was kept. It is the increase or decrease in the degree that affects the shape of the future butterfly.

Noting the life span, we indicate that in males of females it differs. Males, emerging from hibernation closer to June, can live all summer: dying at the end of August. Females, unlike males, capture the middle of the fall season and live until October.

bw.highriverlabs.com

Peacock eye butterfly. Peacock eye butterfly lifestyle and habitat

There are incredibly beautiful varieties in the kingdom of butterflies. They are always nice to watch. At such moments, the question never leaves one’s mind — how does nature manage to create such fabulous masterpieces?

There are such unique instances from which it is simply impossible to take your eyes off. It belongs to such chic and unique creations of nature insect butterfly peacock eye.This creature is a convincing proof that the boundaries of a natural invention simply have no limits.

Features and habitat

This insanely beautiful butterfly has a wingspan of at least 65 mm. You can meet such beauty in temperate and subtropical zones. They are in Eurasia and on the islands of Japan. Butterfly prefers meadow terrain, forest edges, steppes. Can notice butterfly peacock eye in orchards, city parks and ravines.

The color of this amazing insect is dominated by red-brown tones, with saturated spots on the corners of the wings, very much like eyes. Description of butterfly peacock eye, in particular, its coloring and those spots on the wings very much resembles the description of the peacock feather, hence the name of the insect.

The body of the insect has a black color with red shades. Females of these butterflies are usually somewhat larger than males. In nature, there are two of the most common type of butterfly peacock eye — day and night. Day Butterfly was reviewed above.

Peacock Eye Butterfly

What can be said about the night butterfly large peacock eye? In the color of these two insects there are spots in the form of eyes on the peacock feather. Butterfly large peacock eye of large sizes. Sometimes it is even confused with a bat or bird, especially at night.

Not only due to its color and size, this butterfly became known to people. Observing this creature, scientists determined that this insect has a unique flair that is not common to all butterflies.

Initially, it was difficult to believe in this discovery. But the assumptions are still confirmed in practice. It turns out that this butterfly feels the aroma that the female pupa exudes. This ability is characteristic of several other types of butterflies, which is very rare.

This amazing insect is most often found in nettles. Butterfly activity time starts from spring to mid-autumn. Butterflies love warmth. In the subtropics, they are awake in the winter. In countries with a more moderate climate, they find another way out of the situation — they fall into hibernation, turning into adults.

Character and lifestyle

Butterfly peacock eye prefers to lead a daytime lifestyle. This migratory insect can make large flights, which are more dependent on the weather conditions of the territory in which the insects live.

In general, a lot of them depend on the environment. For example, butterflies living in the northern territories manage to reproduce one generation in a year. Those living farther south can do this twice.

These insects are still enough in nature. But they are becoming much smaller, so they, like many others, need human protection. In order to prevent butterflies from entering the section of disappearing special works, it is not necessary.

It is enough to simply set aside untouched what was done by nature. This insect is very fond of burdock and nettle, which in the environment is becoming less and less.

In the life cycle of these insects there are 4 stages of development. Initially, an egg is laid. From it, a caterpillar is obtained, which eventually turns into a chrysalis, and then into a butterfly (imago).

For wintering the imago you need secluded and cool places. In a cool environment, they are easier to tolerate wintering. Such circumstances occurred when a butterfly found a warm room for its winter haven and died in such an environment from old age.

Why this happened explained the researchers. During hibernation, the imago somewhat slows down all life processes, especially this process works better in a cool place.

Butterfly caterpillar

In heat, the involuntary metabolism of the insect does not stop, it is as active as during wakefulness. Butterfly in a dream does not feel anything. So it turns out that she either comes out of the old hibernation or never wakes up again.

The main product in the diet of an adult butterfly caterpillar of the peacock eye is nettle. If there is no nettle, she can eat ordinary hops, raspberries, willow leaves. For the butterfly, the most important and only food is exclusively plant nectar.

However, there are butterflies that are an exception to this. For instance butterfly night peacock eye does not need food at all, they have an aphagia state in which living things do not eat food. The question is how they can exist and where they take energy for themselves; it arises among many curious people. In fact, everything is very simple.

Peacock eye butterfly caterpillar eats leaves

Still being butterfly caterpillar peacock eye, she stubbornly saturates herself with all useful substances, hence the fame for her comes as a very gluttonous creature. Caterpillars are so keen on their meal that they eat the plant completely. The choice of plant in this case depends entirely on the sense of touch of the insect.

Reproduction and longevity

As for the reproduction of this insect, that everything happens in a butterfly in the same way as in its counterparts. Initially, an adult of her lays about 300 eggs. To do this, she attaches them to the bottom of the nettle leaves.

From the end of spring to the end of summer, this insect is in the stage of a black caterpillar in white dots. Caterpillars prefer to choose a place of residence next to each other. Their paths diverge only when they begin to weave a cocoon.

The insect pupa stage takes approximately 14 days. It is green in color. After this time, a butterfly of extraordinary beauty is born. Coloring Butterfly Peacock Eye impossible to confuse with any others.

They are chic, not surpassed and fabulously beautiful. Even looking at photo butterfly peacock eye involuntarily rises the mood. In real life, everyone who sees this creature wants to create, dream and enjoy life.

tz.highriverlabs.com

Peacock eyes. Photo peacock-eye. Butterfly Description

Peacock-eye — everyone saw these butterflies. Look at the photo of the peacock-eye, and see for yourself! The description and types of peacock-eye butterfly, as well as many more unusual facts about peacock-eye, you will learn from our article.

Peacock-eye — a family of butterflies, in the ranks of which nearly 2300 species are «composed». The name of these insects received, due to the amazing similarity with the pattern on the feathers of a peacock. On the peacock-eye wings, their scales “drew” spots resembling an ocular pattern on the peacock’s tail.

Small peacock-eye, or small nocturnal peacock eye (Saturnia pavonia).

It is not worth confusing a butterfly with a peacock eye and a peacock-eye: these are completely different representatives of Lepidoptera.

About the appearance of peacock-eyes

Depending on the species, these insects can have either very small or simply «giant» sizes. For example, a small peacock-eye has a wingspan of no more than 8 centimeters.

Antenna peacock-eye mimosa (Argema mimosae).

As for the large representatives of the family, who inhabit mainly tropical zones, their wings reach even 27 centimeters in wingspan! The average size of the peacock-eye wings in the unfolded state ranges from 12 to 15 centimeters.

Peacock-eye of selenium (Astias selene).

In appearance, the body of the peacock-eye resembles ordinary nocturnal moths: it is covered with villi, forming a dense fluff. The wings have a fairly simple shape.

Sikkim Lepa (Loepa sikkima) is one of the few brightly colored peacock eyes.

The color of the peacock-eye is often modest, inconspicuous, and even camouflage. This nature came up with a reason, because the representatives of the family are nocturnal creatures. However, there are species in which the wings have bright shades, or bright patterns.

Where do peacock eyes live?

These arthropods inhabit the entire globe, with the exception of Antarctica. They can be found in East Asia (where they reached a maximum of species diversity), Europe, America.

Pear peacock-eye, or large nocturnal peacock eye (Saturnia pyri).

Peacock eyes prefer to live in broad-leaved as well as mixed forests. In addition, they are found in mountainous areas and in the meadow, but only where there are trees nearby. The “tree dependence” of peacock-eyes is not accidental at all, because the females of these butterflies spend most of their lives in the crown of the tree, very rarely leaving the “established place”.

What do peacock-eye butterflies eat?

Adult individuals of these insects never eat anything at all. But at the stage of the caterpillar of the peacock-eye, they are voracious: they eat the deciduous part of the elm, cherry, walnut, pear tree, alder, dog rose, mountain ash, plum.

About the reproduction of peacock-eye

You cannot call these butterflies fruitful. In a year they can produce only one generation.

Pear peacock-eye eggs.

Of great interest is the preparation for the mating season: males of peacock-eyes find their soul mate by smell. The male can smell the feminine aroma at a distance . up to 11 kilometers!

Who are the enemies of the peacock-eye

The camouflage color and rather large sizes allow peacock eyes to be not too attractive and hardly noticeable for most birds. As for the caterpillar of the peacock-eye, there are much more people who want to attack it.

The benefits to humans

The lifestyle and diet makes peacock-eye completely harmless to agriculture, so people, as they say, do not hold grudges against these butterflies.

Throughout the world, peacock-eye silk threads are used along with similar silkworm material, however, it is believed that the peacock-eye thread is much tougher.

nz.highriverlabs.com

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