How to Troubleshoot Pear Tree Disease of Leaves, Home Guides, SF Gate

How to Troubleshoot Pear Tree Disease of Leaves

How to Troubleshoot Pear Tree Disease of Leaves

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The good news is that a pear tree (Pyrus communis), sometimes called European pear or common pear, is relatively resistant to insects and disease if you have the right type. The bad news is that if your pear does become infected with the one disease that is most prevalent in the trees, fire blight, it may kill the tree. You can deal with other pear problems more easily. The common pear tree grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 though 8, along with its cultivars.

«>Fire Blight

Brown, shriveled or black leaves indicate the presence of fire blight, caused by a bacteria that affects apples and roses too. You’ll also see twigs and stems with a sharp elbow curve, and bumps or sores on the trunk, called cankers. If the cankers continue to grow around the circumference of the trunk, they will eventually girdle the tree, causing new leaves to be smaller and turn to fall colors earlier than expected, and the tree will eventually die.

Because there are no good chemical treatments to control fire blight, your best control is to keep your pear tree healthy. Plant disease-resistant pear varieties. Make sure the tree has sunshine for at least six hours a day and good air circulation, and use proper pruning techniques.

Varieties of pears with resistance to fire blight include, ‘Honeysweet’ (Pyrus communis ‘Honeysweet’) and ‘Kieffer’ (Pyrus communis ‘Kieffer’). Stay away from susceptible varieties such as D’Anjou (Pyrus communis Anjou’), ‘Bosc’ (Pyrus communis ‘Bosc’) and ‘Bartlett’ (Pyrus communis ‘Bartlett’).

«>Fungus Spots

Fungus of one sort or another can cause spots on leaves that may eventually kill the leaf itself, but not the pear tree. Anthracnose appears as brown spots or elongated discoloration on the leaves and may cause many leaves to drop off, but it’s primarily a surface problem and will not do serious damage. Scab appears as brown spots and yellowing leaves, and will also cause the tree to lose some leaves. Pull or clip off leaves with fungus spots, and dispose of them away from the tree and any gardens.

«>Powdery Mildew

A white, powdery mold speckled on the leaves or stems means your pear has a case of powdery mildew. Later, the spots will turn dark, and the leaves may curl up, turn yellow and die. Your pear crop may also be affected with misshapen fruit that has powdery sections. Keep the disease at bay with good growing practices, removing diseased leaves and stems, and using a fungicide as directed if you can’t control the disease by removing diseased leaves.

Insects Causing Leaf Damage

Coddling moths and borers damage the pear’s bark and fruit, but the pear psylla, a small cicada-like insect causes a black sooty substance on the leaves and eventually causes the leaves to die and drop off. You’ll see the bugs on the trunks of pear trees during the winter, curled up under depressions in the bark, to emerge and lay yellowish eggs in the spring. Then the insects appear near where the fruit forms, on new growth and on the top and undersides of the leaves, feeding on the tree’s sap. You can control these bugs by applying a horticultural oil spray as directed after buds have formed.

Prune out all diseased limbs, branches and leaves when you first notice them to help stop the spread of any kind of pear disease or insect, and sterilize your pruning shears with rubbing alcohol to minimize the spread of the disease or pest.

homeguides.sfgate.com

What Are the Treatments for Black Spots on Pear Tree Leaves?

About the Author:

Bailey Shoemaker Richards

Bailey Shoemaker Richards is a writer from Ohio. She has contributed to numerous online and print publications, including «The North Central Review.» Shoemaker Richards also edits for several independent literary journals and the Pink Fish Press publishing company. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in creative writing from Ohio University.

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The presence of black spots on the leaves of a pear tree indicates a problem. A number of issues can cause a pear to develop black spots, and a weak, unhealthy pear tree is less likely to put out a healthy crop of fruit. Treat the pear tree to restore its health.

Leaf Spot

Fabraea leaf spot is a fungal disease that causes purple or black spots to appear on the leaves of pear trees. These are fungal spore spots that spread the disease throughout the tree. As the fungus matures, the black spot spreads to the entire leaf, eventually causing defoliation of the pear tree, which leads to stunted growth, inedible fruit and a weak season for the tree. Leaf spot is a serious problem for pear trees.

Treating Fabraea Leaf Spot

Treat fabraea leaf spot with fungicides and cultural controls. Spray the pear tree with a fungicide in early and middle summer to control the presence of fungal spores on the tree. Use fungicides according to the manufacturer directions to keep the pear tree healthy. Remove any fallen leaves from the area around the pear tree to prevent them from hosting the fungal spores and causing further infections of the pear tree.

Fire Blight

Fire blight is a bacterial disease that affects pear trees and other ornamental or fruit trees, especially during warm, wet weather. Fire blight visibly affects leaves. Black spots followed by eventual leaf loss and dieback of the tree indicate fire blight. Streptomycin and terramycin treatments exist for fire blight, and cultural controls help slow the spread of the disease. Keep the ground free of standing water, prune the pear tree and remove affected leaves.

www.ehow.com

Why do pear leaves turn black and how to treat

Many gardeners and gardeners, planting young pears in their area, do not even suspect that before enjoying the juicy and honey taste of fruits, they may have to face a lot of trouble. For example, the leaves on a pear turn black, because this may be due to a variety of different reasons, each of which requires an individual approach. And if one is easy to cope with, then others can lead to the complete destruction of the affected tree.

Why blacken leaves on pear

In fact, the appearance of black spots and spots on leaves, fruits and even pear bark is a fairly common symptom. And it can be both evidence of an innocent shortage of any nutrient, and a sign of a terrible disease, almost impossible to cure.

Diseases in which leaves and fruits turn black on a pear

Blackening of pear leaves can occur in diseases of both fungal and bacterial origin.

Bacterial burn

If not only the leaves turned black, but the whole top of the pear, and the leaf blades curled along with the color change, then there are all signs of a serious bacterial disease.

Bacterial burn, so called this insidious disease, especially activated in hot weather with high humidity at the same time, when it rains constantly. The very first blackened flower stalks and pear ovaries. At this stage you can try spraying with biological antibiotics: Gamar, Fitolavin.

Attention! Usually, the first symptoms of a bacterial burn on pear leaves appear at the end of June or in July.

The next youngest leaflets are affected, they are covered around the edges with brown-dark spots. Soon, the spots turn black and spread over the entire leaf surface, and the leaves themselves curl up into tubes. Then the tips of the young shoots turn black at the pear. In a relatively short period, all young branches may be overwhelmed by the omnipresent bacteria and look as if they were burned with fire. Therefore, this disease is called a burn.

The most susceptible to insidious disease are young pear trees from 2 to 10 years old. Apparently, this is due to the greater activity of the flow of various physiological processes in young trees against the background of still insufficiently developed immunity. Pears are most often affected by this disease in the southern regions. This may occur either due to the lack of resistance of southern pears to bacteria, or due to the specifics of a hot climate in which the disease spreads too quickly.

Bacteria can be carried by wind, insects and even birds. Infection also often occurs when using a non-sterile instrument when cutting branches.

Because of this most common fungal disease, not only the leaves turn black, but also the shoots, and flowers, and fruits on the pear and on the apple tree. The disease develops rapidly with the simultaneous development of such factors as increased humidity and heat. If it is not stopped in time, but allowed to progress, all pears and apples in the garden may die over time, especially where they grow with the thickening of the crown.

The first manifestations of the disease can be seen on the leaves of the pear shortly after their blooming. Small patches of a brownish-yellow hue form, over time they grow and darken, then turn black. The leaves of the pear are almost entirely covered with black spots. The causative agent of the disease, the fungus Dothideales, usually hibernates in fallen leaves. Faint dark tubercles appear in them, in which disputes ripen. With the appearance of buds and flowers in pear trees, scab spores are thrown out and actively spread over the leaf surface.

Those pears, which have time to form, are distinguished by hard corky pulp, a large number of dark spots on the peel and low taste qualities. There are varieties of pears that are relatively resistant to this disease. Among them are Gurzufskaya, Dessert, Klapp’s Favorite, Strawberry, Victoria, Exhibition, Smuglyanka.

Attention! A variety of Forest Beauty, Marianna, Favorite Yakovlev, Phelps, on the contrary, to a large extent susceptible to scab.

Fruit Rot

The scientific name of this fungal disease is monilioz, and with it, fruits are primarily affected and blackened. The first signs appear in the period of pear fruit pouring and represent small specks of dark brown color. Then they begin to creep away over the fruit, and the pear becomes loose and tasteless. With the intensive development of the disease affects not only the fruits, but also the branches, which begin to shrink gradually.

Black fungus

This fungal disease can strike a pear, either during flowering or during fruit ripening. The following factors contribute to the spread of the disease:

  • lack of light;
  • thickened crown, in which air and light pass badly;
  • planting a tree in a valley with water stagnation;
  • the work of insect pests.

As a result, a dark bloom appears on the leaves and fruits, and the taste qualities of pears are reduced. Interestingly, these black spots are quite easily removed from the affected parts of the sheet. On this basis, the black fungus is easily diagnosed, it is difficult to confuse with some other disease.

Most often, the fungus on pears appears as a result of feeding on sucking insect pests. As a result of their activity, they secrete a sugary liquid, which becomes the basis for the development of soot fungus.

Black pear crab

This disease of fungal origin is sometimes referred to as cytosporosis. As a result of its impact, the bark of pears and branches blacken first of all. True, with a strong defeat, leaves and even fruits begin to suffer, becoming covered with reddish spots. On the trunk, at first, small black specks are formed, which expire with gum. Soon, on the spot of the specks, extensive wounds of a brownish hue appear, and soon the whole trunk on the pear may turn black. It is believed that the disease is not treated, and the badly affected tree must be destroyed. But gardeners have invented many ways, if not guaranteeing a cure, then able to stop the course of the disease.

Pests

Among the main pests of pears, the activity of which leads to the fact that the leaves of the pear turn black, we can name the medyana, aphids and the moth.

Medianitsa is a small winged insect that can jump and fly from tree to tree. Pests suck the juice from the shoots and leaves, resulting in fall flowers and ovaries, the size of the leaves decreases. In the course of its life, the leaves are covered with sticky, sweetish dew, which serves as an excellent breeding ground for soot. As a result, the leaves on pear seedlings turn black and fall off.

Aphids multiplied in large quantities are no less dangerous to the leaves of pear trees. Just as in the case of an attack by a leaflet, the leaves begin to curl, turn black, and gradually fall off.

Improper care

The lack of certain macro- and microelements in the nutrition of the pear tree can also cause blackening of certain leaf areas.

Most often, acidic soils can be deficient in calcium, which results in the appearance of dark yellow areas on the leaves. Over time, they turn black and dry, and the tree looks weakened.

Pear leaves turn black and with a shortage of boron, but in this case they also twist, and the tips of the shoots are deformed and also begin to dry out.

The leaves turn black on the pear and from a lack of humidity in the air when a large amount of dust particles accumulate in it.

What if blackened leaves on a pear

The easiest way to cope with the problem is if black spots on pear leaves appear due to a lack of certain nutrients.

For example, the introduction of calcium nitrate or another complex calcium-containing fertilizer easily saves from a lack of calcium.

Attention! Spraying pear trees with boric acid can help with starvation.

And in order to increase the humidity of the air, it is enough just to regularly spray trees with ordinary water until the problem ceases to be topical.

The most difficult to cope with a bacterial burn. In general, the official effective treatment of a bacterial burn has not yet been invented. But you can try to save the tree with ordinary antibiotics.

First, with the help of a secateur and a container with medical alcohol, each branch on which even the slightest damage is found should be cut off. After each pruning, the secateur must be disinfected in an alcohol solution. All cut pear branches are placed in a metal basin and burned as soon as possible. All sections are also disinfected, wiping them with a rag dipped in alcohol.

Then you need to find one of the following antibiotics:

The drug is diluted in a small amount of boiled water and carefully sprayed each branch and each leaf from all sides. The first treatment is carried out in the phase of budding-the beginning of the flowering of the pear. Then repeat the operation at least three times, every five days.

If the procedures performed do not help, you will have to part with the pear, cutting it to the root. The root must also be burned, and the place where the tree grew should be treated with strong bactericidal preparations.

It is also not easy to cope with a situation when the young pear has a blackened trunk. It is necessary to realize that black cancer is most often the result of frost craps received after the winter, when an infection gets into the weakened wood. But if the disease managed to seize in the initial stage, then you can try to cope with it.

The treatment of black cancer on the pear must begin with careful cutting and even scraping all the affected parts of the wood down to healthy tissue. All wounds must be treated with a solution of copper sulfate and covered with oil paint.

The following components can also be effective for washing the remaining parts of the tree:

  • pharmacy greens;
  • copper preparations;
  • a solution of clay and mullein in equal parts;
  • strong solution of potassium permanganate;
  • saturated salt solution with a few drops of iodine;
  • diluted alcohol or vodka;
  • Vitaros;
  • «Kresoksim-methyl».

Agrotechnical events

In order to cope with many reasons causing the appearance of black leaves on a pear, it is sometimes sufficient to carry out a complex of agronomic and mechanical measures in a timely manner. They include the following actions:

  1. In early spring, immediately after the snow melted, the ground under the pear is cleaned of all plant debris.
  2. Then dig up the soil around the circumference, covering the crown of the tree, at the same time making it organic or mineral fertilizers.
  3. Before blooming, the pear is treated with hot water at + 60 ° C.
  4. In the period of the appearance of buds sprayed with biofungicide «Agat».
  5. After flowering, pear potash phosphate fertilizer.
  6. After 18-20 days, repeat the treatment with biofungicide.
  7. In mid-summer, they feed the pear for the last time, using ash and humus.
  8. In the autumn, in order to prepare for the winter, they do sanitary pruning of a tree; they remove and burn all plant residues.
  9. The kidneys are treated with 5% urea solution. And to disinfect the soil around the tree, use a solution with 7% concentration.
  10. The trunk and main skeletal branches are coated with a solution of lime with the addition of copper sulfate.

Biological agents

Recently, quite effective biological agents have appeared, consisting of beneficial bacteria, which can quite successfully fight against certain diseases. Even with a bacterial burn on pears in the early stages of the development of the disease, you can try to cope with biopreparations.

For this you can use Fitolavin and Gamar. The first drug has a really strong effect and can be used at the beginning of the growing season, before the fruit ripens. 20 ml Fitolavin diluted in 10 liters of water and the resulting solution is watered and sprayed with wood.

It is advisable to use gamair during fruit ripening, as it is completely safe for human health. 2 tablets Gamair diluted in 1 liter of water and sprayed with pear branches.

Also, biological products will be effective against soot fungus. After all, the microorganisms used in them, eat sugar from insect secretions, thereby leaving the fungus without sustenance. You can use Shining, VostokEM1 and Baikal.

Chemicals

All fungal diseases, as a result of which blackened leaves and branches on a pear, should be treated at the first detected signs with copper-containing preparations: Bordeaux liquid, copper sulfate and others. Especially effective spraying these funds in the spring and autumn periods. After blooming of kidneys it is better to use fungicides — Fitosporin, Folikur, Topsin.

You can also use solutions prepared according to the following recipes:

  • 300 g of copper sulphate + 350 g of lime + 10 l of water (before bud break);
  • 100 g of copper sulphate + 100 g of lime + 10 l of water (after bud break);
  • 30 g of Azofos + 2 ml of SCOR (fungicide) + 6 g of biletone + 40 g of chlorine oxide of copper + 10 l of water.

And against insect pests, it is necessary to use insecticides such as Fitoverm, Alatar, Biotlin and Fufanon. All damaged leaves and fruits are necessarily removed from the pear and burned.

Attention! And if the moment was missed, and the number of insects exceeded all possible limits, then it is worth using a solution of trichloromephos for processing.

Folk methods

As for insect pests, the easiest way to get rid of them is to wash them off the trees with good water pressure.

For spraying, you can also use a solution of conventional dishwashing detergent in water. The procedure is repeated every other day for two weeks.

You can also dilute 400 ml of 70% alcohol and 1 tbsp in 1 liter of water. l liquid soap and spray trees in the morning, until the sun rose.

Are good against insects and infusions of all kinds of herbs: garlic, tansy, onion peel, yarrow and tobacco. For this 400 g of any herb pour 3 liters of water and insist about 3-4 days. Add a handful of wood ash. Filter, bring to a volume of 10 liters and sprayed the trees.

Preventive measures

The timely implementation of all agrotechnical measures will already serve as an excellent prevention of many diseases of the pear and will help prevent the blackening of the leaves.

Therefore, in addition to the above measures, one should not forget:

  • regularly carry out pruning of trees, especially sanitary;
  • do not forget to disinfect instruments after pruning;
  • ensure proper watering;
  • make all the necessary nutrients;
  • not to allow overmoistening of the root neck of the tree;
  • provide reliable protection from frost in the winter.

In addition, it is important to choose a healthy and high-quality material for planting.

Conclusion

If the leaves on the pear turn black, this can be a sign of both the most dangerous and quite harmless diseases. But in fact, and in another case, it is necessary, first of all, to make a correct diagnosis. After all, the success of the solution of the problem will depend on this. And the abundance of modern agricultural methods, as well as chemical and biological remedies will help to cope with any problem.

ss.torontogesneriadsociety.org

Pear Gang rises up to fight Animal Crossing fruit hatred

If there’s one thing many Animal Crossing: New Horizons fans can agree on, it’s that peaches are a perfect fruit — folks love the fuzzy snack so much, they’re willing to restart their game over and over for it. But as every light casts a shadow, the existence of a disliked native tree is also implied with the crowning of a beloved fruit.

Based on conversations with friends, as well as posts on social media, it seems that the least appreciated Animal Crossing fruit happens to be pears. In fact, some people are restarting their games to avoid getting pears.

Please animal crossing gods No Pears

— Animal Crossing World (@ACWorldBlog) March 21, 2020

Animal Crossing players:APPLE trees make an ORCHARDORANGE trees make a GROVEPEACH trees make a PAVILIONCHERRY trees make a CHURCHPEAR trees make a PUTREFACTION

Why are pears being treated like this? Some folks don’t like that pears blend in a little with the tree leaves, which are also green. But really, it’s arbitrary. No fruit is actually better than another fruit, and the game even rewards you for harvesting a wide variety of crops, rather than sticking with one.

Whatever the reason, the pronounced fruit hatred has given rise to a group that calls itself Pear Gang, and they’ve taken to social media to proudly display their appreciation for the coarse fruit. Folks are decorating in favor of pears, building shrines, furniture, and even giving themselves tattoos to commemorate their allegiance. The aim seems to be reclamation — because really, there’s no reason that pears should be hated this much!

I’m sick of the fucking pear hatred in the animal crossing community. Shut the fuck up. I fucking love those stupid fucking pears. You all just have BASIC aesthetics. (Post made by pear gang.) #AnimalCrossingNewHorizons #ACNH

People restarting animal crossing to get the fruit they want. Fuck that I stand by my pears, mutha fuckkaaaas. #peargang

gf informed me that i must choose a fruit for my animal crossing island, and i’m choosing pears. if you disagree, fight to the death. #peargang

I’m always one for an underdog story, but, let’s be real. All fruits pale in comparison to a money tree. And that’s that on that.

dnyuz.com

Blight Disease in Pear Trees

By: Cleveland Van Cecil

21 September, 2017

Fire blight is a disease found in most pear and apple growing areas in the United States. Fire blight causes large amounts of destruction to blossoms, fruits, scaffold limbs and leaves, making it one of the most damaging tree diseases for fruit bearing plants.

Symptoms

Blight is often found once the weather reaches a regular 70 degrees during the summer and when the weather is humid. Fire blight is characterized by a sudden wilting and blackening of blossoms and leaves on the tree. Blight in the terminal of the tree will cause the terminal to curl. Dead leaves stay on the tree. Eventually, dark spots appear on the branches, separated from healthy parts of the tree by cracks. Pears will turn black as the disease spreads.

Life Cycle

The bacteria that causes fire blight lives in the bark of the tree. These turn into cankers which drip a fine amber liquid that spreads the disease throughout the tree. Infection will usually be noticed within a week of the cankers opening.

Control

Fire blight can be stopped by the application of chemical controls. Chemicals containing the antibiotic streptomycin are most effective against fire blight. Spray should be applied just before blossoms open on the pear tree, to be repeated at four- to seven-day intervals during the blossoming season. This works out to be three to four sprays. This may be mixed with a copper fungicide application and should be resprayed if there is a rain.

Cultivating Practice

Controlling blight by preventative procedures is the most effective way to control the disease. Blossoms that show signs of the disease should be cut off from the plant, as well as twigs and branches. Branch cuts should be made up to 12 inches away from the infection. All infections from a previous year should be cut off the tree and burned to prevent spreading.

No Cure

Blight, in the end, has no cure. If a large area of trees have been infected and new trees are desired, they should be planted far away from the area of infection as the disease spreads through the soil. New trees should also be planted in an area that is not touched by wind that runs through an old orchard that is filled with infected trees.

www.gardenguides.com

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