How to remove an ear tick in a dog — Useful Tips

How to treat an ear tick in a dog at home

A good owner will never let the situation get out of his control, he will definitely pay attention: if the dog began to comb his ears with his paws, shakes his head restlessly, it means that the pet is highly likely to be pestered by an ear tick. What is this invisible enemy and how to deal with it?

Causes of problems which animals are more susceptible

The disease is called otodectosis. Its causative agent settles in the animal’s ear, feeding on skin epithelium, and if it is not stopped, it penetrates deeper and deeper into the brain and can lead to an even more dangerous disease — meningitis. In the most severe cases, the animal cannot be saved.

The enemy is really microscopically small: the arthropod order of arachnids is less than a millimeter. The female lays eggs in the animal’s ear, from which larvae appear after four days. This starts a dangerous mechanism that needs to be stopped as soon as possible.

Dog owners are amazed at where their pet, well-groomed pet comes from. The fact is that it is transmitted from animal to animal, which means that any contact (friendly sniffing or cocky showdowns) can come across serious problems.

The tick is dangerous for dogs of any age, but most often the symptoms of the disease are found in puppies. They can be infected from the mother and other domestic animals, not only from dogs, but also from cats, ferrets, rabbits.

The parasite for some time can be located on any other parts of the animal’s body, and then move into its ears or the ears of its friend. A great opportunity for this is given by joint games and a common litter. That is why regular cleaning in the dog’s “bedroom” is the best prevention of the disease.

And you also need to limit the contact of your pets with homeless animals, because the ear tick in dogs that lack mastery is a common occurrence. By the way, if your pet is still infected, do not look for the symptoms of the disease in yourself — an ear tick in dogs happens, but never in a person.

Actual tips and tricks

Try on the role of Doctor Aibolit: clean the dog’s ear and examine under a magnifying glass what you can remove from your ear on a piece of black or white paper. A magnifying glass, of course, is not a microscope, but even its capabilities are enough to consider moving microorganisms of a light gray color.

If you can determine their presence, then you will probably know that your dog has ticks. If an examination under a magnifying glass does not show anything, this will mean either that the pet is healthy or that the disease is at an early stage, enemies — minimum, and your pet just needs regular prevention of tick infection — examination and cleaning of the auricles.

Watch your pet carefully. Here are some symptoms (besides violently combing your ears) that should cause you anxiety:

  • dark brown discharge from the ears,
  • skin irritation in the temples,
  • the dog is itchy in the neck,
  • the dog tilts its head in one direction and tries to keep it that way.

If this is the problem of your dog, then you need the help of a specialist.

Well, you can provide your pet with additional protection — redeem it with the use of insecticidal shampoo. And also make it a rule to clean the dog’s ears. Get a medicine in your veterinarian that softens the sulfur that builds up in your auricle and use it regularly.

After cleaning your ear, examine a cotton swab: if it is dirty, carry out a similar procedure the next day, and then again, until the stick is clean. After that, you can reduce the number of cleanings to one per week.

What does an ear tick look like in dogs?

When a dog becomes infected with an ear tick, it is visually difficult to detect the parasite. Symptoms clearly indicate the infection, from which the dog becomes restless and irritable. To confirm the diagnosis, you can try to find ear ticks yourself or go to a veterinary clinic.

When contacting a veterinary clinic, the doctor takes a few scrapings of earwax and examines them under a microscope. If parasites are found, the dog is prescribed treatment. At home, this process is a little more complicated, but at the stage of infection, when the first symptoms appeared, the method is quite effective.

If you want to know what an ear tick looks like in dogs, you will need:

  • Nice, bright lamp and magnifying glass.
  • A sheet of black paper.
  • A few cotton buds.

For examination of earwax, you need to take several samples from different ears. Use a cotton swab only once! If you are unable to get enough sulfur, use a new wand. Carefully hold the gray wand over a sheet of black paper and tap the plastic tube with your finger.

Under bright light, with the help of a magnifying glass, you can find white grains that are somewhat similar to semolina — these are ear mites. The ear mite shell contains a small amount of chitin, so it is almost transparent.

Note! You are guaranteed to see ticks if grains on black paper move.

What is a parasite dangerous?

Ear mites are very dangerous, but at the same time vulnerable. Parasites live and breed in the auricles, since they depend on humidity and ambient temperature. What is a parasite dangerous? The possible consequences of infection with an ear mite and the absence of treatment are many.

The most common of them are:

  • Bilateral, purulent, chronic otitis media.
  • Perforation of the eardrum.
  • Acquired deafness.
  • Neurological disorders associated with damage to the ear nerve.
  • Swelling, and then inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes and respiratory organs.
  • The formation of purulent, painful wounds and crusts in the ears.

It is important to understand that at the initial stage of infection, the ear tick is very uncomfortable, but it is easy to eliminate. The more neglected the infection stage, the longer the treatment and rehabilitation will last.

Risk group for ear tick infection

There is a so-called risk group for ear tick infections and other ear infections.

The risk group includes all dogs with:

  • Ears lowered to the head.
  • Short or improperly cropped ears.
  • Predisposition to ear diseases.
  • Wrong eating habits.

Ear mites can hit an absolutely healthy dog, but the rate of parasite development depends on several factors. The hotter and wetter the environment, the faster the parasites lay their eggs and molt the larvae.

An additional incentive for the development of a colony of parasites creates a bacterial infection, which may not give obvious symptoms for years.

The development of all the above factors contribute to:

  • High carbohydrate content in the diet.
  • Feed economy class.
  • Treats from the table, especially sweets and sausages.

Some dogs have a hereditary predisposition to otitis media and other inflammatory processes of the mucous membranes. Unfortunately, you can hardly manage to affect the genetic characteristics of the pet. However, most ailments can be restrained by a proper diet and regular prevention.

Stopping the ears is gradually becoming an unacceptable measure, but in some countries it is widely practiced and not condemned. Since dogs with their ears down to their heads are more likely to develop otitis media, ear control is considered a preventative measure.

Remember! With incorrect stopping of the ears, the shells are defenseless against external factors, which is even more harmful than closed ears.

If your pet’s ears are down to the head, they need to be closely monitored for cleanliness and health. Regular preventive cleaning and examinations will prevent the development of diseases or detect them at an early stage.

If your dog has improperly cropped ears, in the cold season it is better to walk your pet in a scarf. Cleaning will have to be carried out more often, and in rainy weather it is better to use preventive drops.

Signs of Ear Mite in Dogs

Take it as a fact that it is not possible to protect a dog from an ear tick. Even with regular processing, if your pet comes in direct contact with the ear tick wearer, it is more likely to get infected. Early signs of ear tick in dogs can be found at home.

Typically, symptoms develop according to the following scenario:

  • The dog becomes restless, often shakes his head, sleeps poorly.
  • The pet scratches the ears and the back of the head, as a result of which scratches and wounds appear.
  • Auricles become moist, redden, swell.
  • Ear wax takes on a bright orange or dark brown hue.
  • A brown, plasticine-like mass appears in the ears — a mixture of earwax, clotted blood and mite waste products.
  • Hard crusts appear in the ears, the dog whines when it scratches the ears.
  • There is an increase in the base body temperature, after which purulent otitis media develops.

Important! Immediately after the detection of parasites and until complete recovery, it is better to use the Elizabethan collar. At the stage of infection, parasites enter only one auricle. However, when the dog itches, sulfur from the infected ear remains on its claws and becomes a source of infection for the healthy.

Methods for treating an ear tick in a dog at home

Having found infection, it is necessary to choose a method of treatment. Ear mite treatment can be done under the supervision of a veterinarian or at home if you have experience with ear processing.

Important! For effective treatment, the dog’s ears must be kept clean! In the first days of treatment, ears should be cleaned 2–5 times a day.

Despite the various treatment methods that are offered by modern veterinary medicine, experience shows that the combination of the drug approach and folk remedies gives the fastest result. If you are not sure of the established diagnosis or are afraid to use medications yourself, be sure to consult a veterinarian.

Drug treatment

Drug treatment involves the use of drugs containing active substances with the following effects:

  • Acaricidal — aimed at eliminating ticks and breaking their life cycle. That is, the drug should not only kill adults, but also prevent the shedding of larvae. Most often, the active substance stops the production of chitin — the substance from which the mite shell forms.
  • Antimicrobial.
  • Antibacterial.
  • Antihistamine.
  • Decongestant.

Almost all veterinary preparations against ear mites contain several active substances that complement the therapeutic effect.

Among the common drugs can be identified:

  • Amit Forte or an analogue of Dect — active substances: amitraz, chloramphenicol and chloramphenicol.
  • Bars — the active substance diazinon.
  • Acaromectin spray — the active substance ivermectin.
  • Otodectin injection solution — the active substance ivermectin.
  • Ordermil ointment — active ingredients: permitrin, nystatin, lidocaine, neomycin sulfate, triamcinolone acetonide.

It should be noted that ivermectin is one of the most effective drugs in the fight against ticks. However, the active substance has a wide range of contraindications and side effects. First of all, ivermectin gives an increased load on the liver, so it is contraindicated in animals with an unknown history or liver failure.

All medications for the treatment of ear mites are used strictly according to the instructions!

Most often, the drug is indicated for use 2-3 times a day, after a thorough cleaning of the ears. In addition to drops or a drug in another form, for the treatment of an ear tick you will need an antibacterial tonic that pre-processes the auricle.

Folk remedies

In the first few days, despite treatment, the dog will be very worried about itching. Since medications are used no more than 2-3 times a day, in between, you can use folk remedies.

Green tea helps relieve swelling, reduce itching and redness of the auricles. Warm green tea is applied to a cotton sponge, after which the auricle is wiped. If the dog is very painful, green tea can be instilled into the ears for 2-3 drops.

Almond oil has a pronounced antiseptic effect, in addition, it reduces irritation and swelling. The oil is applied to clean skin, after which the ears need to be massaged. Almond oil helps stop the formation of stiff crusts and makes ear cleaning easier.

Iodine-oil solution is made on the basis of almond or petroleum jelly. 1-2 drops of iodine are added to a teaspoon of oil. The resulting solution earwax wiped after cleaning. The solution helps to disinfect the auricles and prevent the development of otitis media.

Ear mites, like all arachnids, breathe in the body, therefore fatty creams are effective in controlling them. After cleaning, the auricle is generously treated with a greasy cream without additives, after which the ears must be closed and massaged. The cream forms a film through which oxygen does not penetrate, and this effect is detrimental to adults.

Important! A greasy film that does not allow oxygen to pass through gives an impetus to the development of anaerobic bacteria, therefore, with inflammation of an unclear etiology, the use of the cream should be approached with caution.

How to clean your dog’s ears

Let’s figure out how to properly clean the dog’s ears, as this procedure will often have to be done. According to the standard scheme, ears are cleaned as follows:

  • The recommended amount of a special antibacterial tonic, which can be purchased at a veterinary pharmacy, is poured into the auricle.
  • The auricle closes and is massaged for 10–20 seconds.
  • The dog shakes its head, as a result of which most of the plaque flies out.
  • The remaining softened ear coating is removed with clean cotton sponge.

At this stage, it is important not to “drag” parasites from one ear to the other, therefore all consumables (sponges, cotton buds, gauze cuts, gloves) can be used only once.

Plaque removed from the ear and used supplies must be burned or disposed of in another way.

In case of infection with an ear tick, the above procedure is supplemented by the use of:

  • Chlorhexidine or oils — if hard crusts form in the auricles.
  • Antihistamines — if the dog suffers from itching, swelling of the auricles or mucous membranes.
  • Antifungal ointments or drugs containing an antibiotic — if there is a risk of bacterial damage.

After starting therapy, the symptoms should subside by 2–3 days. If there are no visible improvements, it is most likely that the diagnosis was incorrectly made or incorrect treatment was selected. If the situation worsens or additional symptoms appear, stop treatment immediately and consult your veterinarian.

Prevention of an ear tick in dogs

Prevention of ear mite infection is an essential aspect of pet care. As a prophylaxis, complex agents against skin parasites are used: drops, sprays, tablets or injections.

The most common means for prevention are drops that are applied to the withers of a dog with a frequency of 1-3 months, depending on the active substances.

Modern tendencies

Today, many new generation preparations have been developed and are being produced that have a complex effect immediately against various types of parasites and insects. Drops and injections give a good effect and provide our pets with protection even when using them only once a week for one month.

True, these drugs are not suitable for small animals, but either a veterinarian or a pharmacy worker will warn you about this.

If the symptoms of the disease have just been outlined, try to get rid of the tick by home remedies. The treatment is simple: clean your pet’s ears with freshly brewed green tea or one of the following mixtures:

  • olive oil and garlic,
  • sunflower oil and kerosene (equally),
  • sunflower oil and iodine (4: 1).

Well, if after these manipulations the signs of the disease disappear, it means that you managed to capture the disease at the very beginning, while the tick population is still small. However, if the ear tick in dogs has already firmly established itself in new “positions,” home treatment may not give the desired result. It will require cleaning or flushing of the ear canals.

It is better if the veterinarian does this, or at least prescribe the necessary medicine (usually ear drops). But experts do not recommend zealous with cleansing the ears with cotton swabs on sticks: there is a great risk of pushing ticks deep into the ear, and it will be very difficult to get them out of there.

A specialist can recommend ointments for your pet, or even prescribe antibiotics if the symptoms of the disease are very pronounced. Однако надо иметь в виду риск интоксикации у других ваших животных (если таковые имеются). Ситуация такова, что собаки обожают друг друга вылизывать, а чтобы лекарство, не попало питомцам «на язык», надо дать ему время высохнуть.

In general, competent treatment usually lasts a whole month, or rather — 28 days. It is this period that is needed to defeat the parasites and all their eggs. You can not take breaks in treatment so that you do not have to start the entire course again.

How will the veterinarian help?

Having studied all the signs of the disease of a four-legged patient and having carried out laboratory tests of sulfur from his sick ear, the veterinarian will prescribe the appropriate treatment. In addition, with the help of special tools, he will be able to determine whether everything is in order with the eardrum, whether there is damage (such cases, unfortunately, are not uncommon).

If any are found, you will have to select drugs with great care, so as not to harm the body of the animal.

Persistent itching in the ears — the main symptom of an ear tick in a dog

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Puppies and young dogs, as well as dogs with long ears, are most affected by ear mites. The ears of such animals must be monitored especially carefully.

Ear mites are extremely contagious. They are easily and quickly transmitted from one animal to another, or they can get on your dog’s skin through care items.

Tick ​​in the ears of the dog: signs and consequences of the disease

The presence of an ear tick in a dog can be determined by the following criteria:

  • Strong, intolerable itching. The dog furiously scratches his ear and shakes his head,
  • Contamination of the auricle with dried secretions of serous fluid, blood, the appearance of a persistent unpleasant odor from the auricle. The development of otitis media
  • Bending the head to the side of the infected ear.

Due to the constant intolerable itching, the dog begins to scratch its ears with claws, from which scratches form on the surface of the skin. Often animals scratch the affected ear on surrounding objects.

Lack of treatment leads to perforation of the eardrum and inflammation of the middle and inner ear. If the animal is not helped on time, the harmful effects of parasites can lead to hearing loss. The disease ends fatally as a result of mite damage to the meninges.

Symptoms of an ear tick in dogs more often occur in the warm season, when the activity of tick-otodectoses is especially high. The diagnosis is made by the veterinarian based on the results of scrapings taken from the ears of the animal. Treatment of a tick in the ears of a dog is prescribed by a veterinarian in a clinic.

Ear tick in dogs: prevention

The disease is easier to prevent than to treat. In the prevention of otodectosis in dogs, an important role is played by proper hygiene of the auricles. You must admit that in pure canine ears, which are regularly looked after by the owner, parasitic organisms are unlikely to start. Therefore, we will briefly talk about how to properly care for the hearing organs of a four-legged friend.

In the ears of a healthy dog, a small amount of secretions — ear wax — accumulates over time. They look like a dark brown coating on the skin inside the auricle. Sulfur is designed to protect your ears from dust and dirt, so you should not remove it every day.

It is recommended that the dog brush his ears once every two to three weeks. If there is too much plaque, then reduce the time between treatments to once a week. Cleansing is carried out using a dry cotton swab. It can be moistened with vegetable oil. If the dirt is strong enough, clean the dog’s ears with a bandage wound around your finger. So you get to hard-to-reach places where the ear tick can be located in the dog.

To clean each ear, use different swabs to prevent infection, which may be in one ear, in the other.

If you decide to use specialized dog ear hygiene products, choose lotions for preventative cleaning. Avoid only products that have anti-inflammatory and anti-otodectosis effects for use in a healthy animal.

In addition to regular cleaning, the following rules will help prevent infection with an ear mite:

  • Limit communication with other animals while walking. It is difficult to refuse a dog in games with relatives. Nevertheless, try to prevent the pet from communicating with stray dogs, which are often carriers of the ear tick. For the transmission of parasites, short-term contact is sufficient.
  • Clean out your bedding regularly. Parasites can settle not only in the skin of the dog, but also on its favorite bed.
  • Treat your dog against fleas with a special insecticide and acaricidal preparation once every 23-25 ​​days, because fleas are carriers of ear mites.

For the prevention of otodectosis, veterinarians, owners and breeders of dogs recommend using the BlochNet max.

Attention! Only a veterinarian can diagnose otodectosis with your pet after taking scrapings and analysis. Without confirmation of the diagnosis, independent treatment cannot be started.

The composition of the BlochNet max drug includes highly effective active ingredients. This ensures a quality solution to the problems of the destruction of ear mites and long-term protection against re-infection.

The active ingredients of the drug are distributed over the surface of the auricle, penetrate into the sweat and sebaceous glands of the skin, without entering the bloodstream of the dog and without causing a toxic effect. FleaNet max is safe: it does not have an allergenic and irritating effect.

The drug is available in the form of drops in a bottle with a screw cap, which can be used several times. With the help of the Flea Net max bottle, the animal is processed quickly and easily.

The product BlochNet max has patent protection.

Ear mite in dogs. How to cure a pet using the BlochNet max drug

For the treatment of otodectosis, BlochNet max drops are instilled into each ear 4-6 drops once. In order for the drug to be evenly distributed, the auricle is folded in half and lightly massaged at its base. Processing is carried out two to three times with an interval of 5-7 days.

Drops from otodectosis for dogs are necessarily introduced in both ears, even in the case of a mite infection of only one ear.

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