Dog Seizures: 10 Ways To Prevent And Treat Them

Dog Seizures: 10 Ways to Prevent and Treat Them

If your dog is having seizures it can be scary for you and those who care for your dog. Read on to learn the best ways to handle them.

Dog seizures are scary and unsettling. Seizures are complex and can’t always be prevented. In most cases, the underlying cause isn’t something owners have control over, but there are some things you can do to limit the potential for seizures in dogs.

Most of the time, the signs of dog seizures are obvious. The animal will stiffen, fall over, and have full body tremors. They may also have urine or fecal accidents. A dog might appear worried or frightened, says Dr. Brian Voynick, the owner and director of the American Animal Hospital of Randolph, New Jersey who has been in the field for 33 years. Symptoms can include glazed eyes, a distant gaze, involuntary twitching, or muscle contractions or unconsciousness. Sometimes the dog will paddle his legs as if dreaming.

Sometimes, however, an owner might not know a dog seizure has occurred, says Dr. Christina Lorenson, a small animal practitioner in North Kingstown, Rhode Island with over 15 years experience. «It is possible to have a ‘partial seizure’ that is very subtle — just stiffening up and staring out in space or odd movement of the body,» she says. Also, of course, if your dog has a seizure when you’re not home or when you are sleeping, you might not be aware that it has happened.

Dr. Voynick shares his best advice on how to prevent and treat dog seizures:

  1. Pay Attention to Genetics
    Genetics are important. When you get a puppy, ask if the parents have any history of seizures. Certain breeds are more likely to have seizures, especially German shepherds, cocker spaniels, Siberian huskies, golden retrievers and poodles. It’s also seen in mixed breeds.
  2. Feed Your Dog Right
    Healthy eating is key. You want to make sure your dog gets adequate nutrition. Consult with your veterinarian based on your dog’s specific needs.
  3. Know Your Pet’s Health — and Health of Its Ancestors
    Liver disease can cause seizures, so you want to make sure that illness is not in the blood line. This is difficult if you obtain puppies from pet stores, but if you have a purebred dog, the breeder should have this information.
  4. Monitor Blood Sugar
    Low blood sugar can lead to seizures. Supplement your dog’s diet with carbohydrates and sugars per your vet’s recommendations.
  5. Have the Brain Checked
    Get your dog checked for brain tumors. Surgery may resolve seizures by removing brain tumors such as meningiomas, which are common in older dogs. CT scans can diagnose them early, but X-rays will not detect them.
  6. Blame It on the Moon
    The environment could be to blame. Moon cycles may put your dog at higher risk of seizures during a full moon. Dr. Voynick recommends speaking with your vet about giving your dog Valium during these times to prevent seizures.
  7. Get Your Pet Tested
    Lab testing is important. Some dogs only have one seizure and then it never happens again. But other dogs have more than one. There is greater potential for brain damage when each seizure occurs, so early treatment and monitoring are imperative.
  8. Find the Perfect Remedy
    Drugs such as potassium bromide or phenobarbital can help control seizures. As always, ask your veterinarian for recommendations for your dog’s specific problem.
  9. Seek Alternative Methods
    Alternative therapies are sometimes helpful. Some owners report a drop in dog seizure activity after using acupuncture but, again, check with your vet first.
  10. Keep Calm
    Reduce stress whenever possible, as stress can trigger episodes.

Dr. Lorenson advises bringing your dog to the veterinarian after its first seizure. Seek immediate emergency care if your dog has a seizure that lasts longer than 10 minutes or has three or more seizures in a 24-hour period. She also suggests protecting your pets during a seizure so they’re not in danger (i.e., falling down stairs) but do not handle them any more than necessary. They are unaware and can bite their owners.

What Caregivers Need to Know
Dr. Lorenson and Dr. Voynick suggest that people working with your pet be fully informed about the seizure diagnosis. They should know how to handle a seizure if it occurs, how to administer medication and when to seek emergency care. They should also make sure the dog is eating and drinking properly to avoid dehydration, especially in hot weather.

If a dog walker or trainer is taking your dog out, have her avoid excessive stress by taking the dog on walks individually (not with other dogs) and avoiding noisy streets and construction areas.

Laura Richards is a Boston-based freelance writer and the mother of four boys including a set of identical twins. She is also mom to three rescue pets: Scarlett, a 7-year-old Beagle, and Edith and Ollie, 15-year-old identical twin cats. She has written for numerous parenting publications and is the president of On Point Communications.

The Best Dog Treats

Best Chewy Treat

Best Moist Treat

Best Jerky Treat

Best Baked Treat

How We Found the Best Dog Treats

300 Dog treats evaluated

4 Experts consulted

The Best Dog Treats

The best dog treats should pack plenty of protein. They should also be free of unnecessary additives like artificial flavors, sodium, and extra sugar. To find the best, we consulted vets and dog trainers, scrutinized ingredient labels, and had our own pups taste the finalists. Because dogs have individual tastes (just like humans), our top picks offer a variety of textures and flavors to appeal to even the pickiest pooch.

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The Best Dog Treats: Summed Up

Stella & Chewy’s Carnivore Crunch, Beef Recipe Zuke’s Mini Naturals ZiwiPeak Venison Treats Canidae Grain-Free Pure Heaven Biscuits
Best for Chewy Treat Moist Treat Jerky Treat Baked Treat
Starting at $9.99 for 3.25 oz. $13.99 for 16 oz. $15.52 for 3 oz. $7.59 for 11 oz.
No corn, wheat, or soy
No meat byproducts
No artificial dyes or preservatives

How we chose the best dog treats

We started with a list of more than 300 dog treats — every major brand we could find at pet stores and online retailers, from PetCo and to Amazon. Then we spoke with vets and dog trainers, who told us what to look for: simple, non-processed dog treats made with protein-packed ingredients and without unhealthy fillers. We narrowed it down from there.

No artificial preservatives or dyes

Preservatives are necessary for making treats shelf-stable, but there are a few that raise some long term health concerns. Since we prefer to be extra safe when it comes to our pets, we avoided these potentially harmful ingredients in favor of natural preservatives like tocopherols (vitamin E) or ascorbic acid (vitamin C).

BHA and BHT: BHA and BHT are artificial preservatives used by popular dog treat brands like Milkbone and Purina, but there’s evidence to suggest that they’re carcinogenic to animals.

Glycerin: Glycerin is used as a preservative, but it’s often derived from petrolatum, and the FDA has raised concerns over methanol contamination. (Note that “vegetable glycerin” is a different and totally safe ingredient.)

Artificial dyes: Many artificial dyes are suspected carcinogens as well — and they’re used for nothing but cosmetic effect that your dog won’t care about.

Safe, identifiable meat products

After cutting out questionable preservatives, we made sure that the remaining ingredients in each treat were the highest quality. That meant cutting out by-products or “meat meal.” Meat meal consists of viscera, bones, beaks — the types of things you’d never eat, but your dog can palate. Though byproducts aren’t inherently bad, it’s hard to assess their quality. This has led to concerns about safety and lack of nutritional value, so we avoided them altogether.

Nutrient-rich ingredients

We also got rid of treats that rely heavily on corn, wheat, or soy. These grains are often used as fillers, taking the place of healthier energy sources like whole meats and vegetables. Note that for baked foods like biscuits, some type of grain or starch is necessary to hold the treat together. For these, we prioritized brands that use nutrient-dense carbs like sweet potatoes.

Finally, we cut out dog treats that use artificial sweeteners like corn syrup or sugar. With pet obesity and diabetes on the rise, these additives are widely regarded as harmful. We only made one exception: For moist treats, we allowed pure cane molasses — a safer moistener than artificial chemicals like glycerin.

Canine-approved flavor

Once we’d homed in on the healthiest, safest dog treats, it was time for some paws-on testing. We brought in our own pets (one puppy and two adult dogs of medium size) and let them taste-test our finalists — after all, the best dog treat has to be one that you pup will go nuts for. Our top picks were the winners across each variety, so whether your pet prefers chewy, soft, tough, or crunchy, you can find the best dog treat for them.

George, one of our in-house testers, offered his expert opinion on the best dog treat.

The 4 Best Dog Treats

  • Stella & Chewy’s Carnivore Crunch Beef Recipe – Best Chewy Treat
  • Zuke’s Mini Naturals Fresh Peanut Butter Formula Dog Treats – Best Moist Treat
  • ZiwiPeak Venison Treats – Best Jerky Treat
  • Canidae Grain-Free PURE Heaven Dog Biscuits with Salmon & Sweet Potato – Best Baked Treat

Less processed
Packed with nutrients

A little pricier

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Why we chose it

Less processed

Stella & Chewy’s are a freeze-dried treat, which is as close as you can get to feeding your dog fresh cuts of meat without actually cooking up a ribeye. This category tends to be less processed than biscuits and jerkies, helping you avoid unnecessary salts, sweeteners, and carbs. And compared to brands like Merrick Backcountry, which include more processed foods like potatoes, gelatin, and salt, Stella & Chewy’s is a healthier freeze-dried option.

Packed with nutrients

Even among our freeze-dried finalists, Stella and Chewy’s Carnivore Crunch was a standout. The ingredients are just beef, organs, and bone. Pumpkin seeds do show up low on the list, but they’re a nutrient-heavy filler that clinical research suggests may also help your dog ward off parasites.

The addition of ground bone and organ meat also sets Stella and Chewy apart from single-ingredient treats like Only Naturals chicken bites. Single-ingredient formulas are certainly healthy, but don’t pack quite the nutritional punch that bone and organs do.


Stella and Chewy’s Carnivore Crunch bites have just three calories per treat. Individual caloric needs for pets vary, but an average 22-lb adult dog only needs about 400 calories per day, and only 10% of those (i.e. 40 calories) should come from treats. If you’re doling them out frequently, you can hit that limit quickly. This makes Stella & Chewy’s low-cal bites ideal for training.

Points to consider

A little pricier

At $10 for each 3.25-ounce bag, Stella & Chewy’s are cheaper than other premium treats with similar ingredients (Orijen Originals, for example, ring in at $13 per bag). That said, they’re still a bit spendier than most of our other top picks. If price is a concern, take a look at Canidae Pure Heaven biscuits — the most affordable treat on this list.


It’s a tiny quibble, but freeze-dried treats tend to crumble more easily than other varieties. If you carry treats in your pockets while walking (or if your dog isn’t a living vacuum), you may find yourself cleaning up crumbs. Try a moist dog treat like Zuke’s Mini Naturals if you’d rather avoid the pickup.


More heavily processed

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Why we chose it


Zuke’s treats are sturdy enough to carry with you during training sessions or long walks, and their uniform shape and size make them easy to grab and dole out quickly. Also, because they’re semi-moist, you don’t have to worry about crumbs on the floor or pulverized treat dust at the bottom of the package (a minor annoyance we had with freeze-dried treats).


Zuke’s Mini Naturals also come in at just three calories per morsel. Since it’s easy to hit that 10% daily calorie limit for treats, this makes Zukes preferable to brands like Castor & Pollux Good Buddy Jerky Strips, which have a whopping 75 calories per treat. It also makes them a safe choice for older dogs, or other pets for whom weight gain is a concern.


Zuke’s Mini Naturals are one of our cheaper picks, too. We tested the peanut butter flavor, which rings in at just $5 for a 6-ounce bag. Note that prices do vary by flavor, and meat-based varieties like chicken, roasted pork, and wild rabbit are a bit more expensive.

Points to consider

More heavily processed

The experts we spoke with prefer freeze-dried treats because they generally use the simplest recipes. While Zuke’s mini bites use very high quality ingredients, they do include foods that tend to require more processing (like grains and gelatin). If you and your pup are purists, stick to a freeze-dried treat like Stella & Chewy’s instead.

High-quality ingredients
No added salt

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Why we chose it

High-quality ingredients

ZiwiPeak’s simple ingredient list consists of 98 percent whole venison, grass-fed and sustainably sourced from New Zealand. This commitment to a high-quality meat source really makes the company’s treats stand out. The FDA has expressed ongoing concern over contaminated jerky treats sourced from China, which have been linked to a number of health problems in dogs. ZiwiPeak’s transparency will be reassuring to concerned pet parents.


These chewy strips have a slightly drier, tougher texture than semi-moist treats like Zuke’s, making them a good option for dogs who like to chew. Unlike other jerky treats, though, they come in small bites that make them easy to use for training — and they’re easy to break into even smaller pieces if necessary.

No added salt

ZiwiPeak also stands out because of what it doesn’t have: added salt. Canine nutritionist, dog trainer, and author Linda Case notes that jerky or cured meat often includes added sodium, which “can lead to increased water intake and increased urination if large amounts are fed.” Of all the jerky-style treats we tested, ZiwiPeak was the only option without additional sodium.

Points to consider

More expensive

ZiwiPeak venison strips are the most expensive treat on this list, at about $15 per 3.5-ounce bag. Of course, the price tag may be worth it if you’re seeking ultra high-quality meat for a jerky-loving dog. If you’re not ready to shell out, though, our non-jerky picks offer equally safe and healthy ingredients at a lower price point.

Nutrient-dense ingredients
Convenient shape
Cheapest pick

Less popular with pups
A little smelly

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Why we chose it

Nutrient-dense ingredients

Dog trainer and author Linda Case notes that with any biscuit, “I look for a named animal protein first.” Canidae fits the bill, with salmon being one of its main ingredients. As a bonus, Canidae uses sweet potato as its binding agent. This is much more nutritious than other popular binders like corn, wheat, or soy.

Convenient shape

We preferred Canidae for its convenient size and shape, too. Some of the baked treats we tried, like the Blue Buffalo Biscuits, were so large that they looked like cookies for humans, and there was no easy way to break them into smaller pieces without making a mess. The Canidae biscuits are designed to be snapped in half for portion control.

Cheapest pick

Canidae biscuits will only set you back $5 for an 11-ounce bag, which makes them the cheapest of our top picks. They’re a great choice if you’re on a budget, or have a multi-dog home that goes through treats like there’s no tomorrow.

Points to consider

Less popular with pups

Don’t get us wrong: Our dogs weren’t turning down Canidae biscuits by any means. That said, these treats weren’t quite as popular as our other top picks in our taste tests. The most likely reason is that soft treats and jerky are less processed, and more closely resemble their meaty ingredients.

A little smelly

We did notice that Canidae salmon treats have a somewhat fishy odor. Our dogs counted it as a plus, but humans with sensitive noses my prefer a milder treat (or even just a less fishy Canidae flavor, like lamb or bison).

Guide to Dog Treats

How to find the right dog treats for your pup

Pay attention to your pup’s tastes

The best dog treats start with safe, healthy ingredients, but in the end it comes down to your pet’s personal preference. Some dogs prefer a soft, chewy texture, while others are happy with a crunchy bite. Your dog may prefer fish, chicken, or beef as the main flavor. The bottom line? As long as your dog doesn’t have allergies, experiment with treats to see which kind your four-legged friend likes best. You’ll know by an eagerly wagging tail and expectant, obedient “sit” as your dog waits to snap up that treat.

Be on the lookout for allergy symptoms

It may come as a surprise, but the most common source of food allergy in dogs is actually protein. In fact, one study found that beef was the most common allergen in dogs, followed by dairy. If your dog shows signs of allergy, like dry skin or upset stomach, consider the protein source first. Limited or single-ingredient protein sources will help you narrow down any potential sensitivities. All of our top picks are available in multiple flavors, so you can find one that’s safe for your pup.

Always use treats in moderation

Dr. Gary Richter, owner of Oakland’s Montclair Veterinary Hospital and Holistic Veterinary Care, emphasizes that “treats should be a minority of a dog’s or cat’s daily food intake.” Most experts agree that treats shouldn’t make up more than 10% of your pup’s diet. If you’re using treats frequently as part of training, simply reduce your dog’s meal portions to account for the added calories.

We also recommend a low calorie treat like Stella & Chewy’s Carnivore Crunch or Zuke’s Mini Naturals. These only have around three calories per treat, so you can hand them out freely without worrying about calorie count too much.

Dog Treat FAQ

You may have heard horror stories about dogs getting sick, even dying, from contaminated treats. Unfortunately, many of these stories are true. Dangerous ingredients and chemicals can sometimes find their way onto shelves thanks to sketchy supply chains and a lack of serious pet food oversight by the FDA.

The good news? Choosing safe, healthy pet treats is relatively simple if you follow a few rules of thumb. The first rule: Less is more. Always look for a short ingredient list with food names you recognize. Second: Beware of meat byproducts and anonymous “meat meal.” These products aren’t regulated, and it’s hard to know exactly what’s in them. Third: Check for trustworthy labels. Marketing terms like “premium,” “gourmet,” or “super premium” don’t actually mean anything. Instead, look for meaningful labels like “certified organic.”

For more information about ingredients, labels, and treat safety, check out our buying guide: Are Your Dog Treats Safe?

Yes. Though they have a longer shelf life than people-food (from a few months to a few years) dog treats do come with an expiration date. After their use-by date, dog food and treats can lose nutritional value, fatty ingredients may spoil, and mold can grow, especially in moist food varieties. Make sure you check the expiration date on your dog’s treats, and get rid of them if they’ve gone bad.

Dog treats are not designed with puppies in mind. While dog treats are largely safe for puppies, they do not provide the necessary nutrients a growing puppy needs. If you plan on giving your puppy dog treats, do so sparingly, make sure they are small enough to be easily chewed, and aren’t chock-full of preservatives that are hard for puppies to digest.

You may have heard that eating dry food or baked treats can help clean a dog’s teeth due to the additional chewing action and friction. It turns out this is simply a myth. Research shows that dry food is no replacement for regularly brushing your dog’s teeth.

More Reviews for Your Pup

Even the best dog treats should only make up about 10% for your pet’s diet. So what about the other 90%? We analyzed more than 3,000 formulas to find the best dog food for your best friend — and that’s just the beginning. Check out some of our other pet-friendly reviews below.

10 Best Dog Flea Treatments and Preventions That Work

I t’s not always easy to get rid of fleas on a dog, but with the advancement in all different types of commercial products, pet owners are getting a better handle on this. There tons of solutions to remove fleas and prevent them from attacking your dog, so we picked the best dog flea treatment and prevention below.

As always, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, especially when it comes to removing fleas from a dog. This means that the best defense against dog fleas is to not let them settle in your dog’s coat in the first place. Dog flea prevention products have actually been shown to work very well for this, and we mention some of them below.

If your dog did get fleas, then there are other dog flea treatment solutions that will help you get rid of them, but it’ll take a little time, and you will also need to treat your house for fleas, just in case they have already started to spread. For more tips on this, I recommend you scroll all the way down below in this article and watch our video on how to remove fleas on dogs and read the attached article there on fleas.

10 Best Dog Flea Treatment and Prevention

1. Dog Flea Powder

30 year ago, flea powders were the cutting edge in flea eradication technology. Today, they aren’t considered to be even close to being the best dog flea treatment. Newer flea control medications are easier to use, more effective, and last longer.

For a complete science-based breakdown, there’s a good page on dog flea and tick prevention methods with studies on what works and what doesn’t to prevent ticks and fleas in dogs.

Either way, flea powders are still really cheap, though, which is why they get a mention on the list. If you feel inclined to give them a shot, they can be used to provide some relief to your dog for 2-3 days at a time.

Zodiac Flea & Tick Powder is one of the better known flea powders for dogs that works well.

Note that other flea-fighting methods discussed later in this list are effective for a month at a time, so long-term repeated application of flea powder may well end up being more expensive than a one-time application of something that actually works.

2. Dog Flea Collars

A flea collar is considered to be a cheap and convenient best dog flea treatment option. Unfortunately, you tend to get what you pay for.

Dog flea collars only do a great job against fleas that are close to the collar, so if your dog has a fully-fledged infestation, you are better off using something else. These collars might be useful as a first preventative method, too, before your pooch even has a flea problem to begin with.

Bayer Seresto Flea and Tick Collar has long been one of the leaders in this category.

Keep in mind that flea collars contain some pretty nasty poisons. As long as the collar stays on your pooch, chances are he won’t be able to ingest them. However, other pets in your household can easily be exposed while playing or grooming.

Some of them work, and some of them don’t. The best thing you can do is look what other customers have to say about some of the best dog flea collars or give it a try and decide then (or both).

3. Flea Shampoo

Flea shampoos are another cheap best dog flea treatment weapon in your flea-fighting arsenal.

Basically, you lather up your dog with flea poison, and any fleas on your dog will die. Simple enough, although that may be easier said than done depending on how easy it is to bathe your dog.

Vet-Kem Ovitrol Plus Flea and Tick Shampoo has been well-reviewed by many pet owners and appears to be very effective.

Flea shampoos don’t provide anything to protect your dog from re-infestation. In a real flea infestation, your entire house will be hiding the little buggers, so they will get back on your dog in no time.

Use dog flea shampoos for immediate relief if your dog is really riddled with tons of fleas. Meanwhile, use one of the other method on this list to prevent the fleas from coming back.

4. Frontline Plus

Frontline Plus is the first so-called spot-on flea control medication. It’s called spot-on because you apply it to a single spot between your dog’s shoulder blades, which was found to have the most effect against fleas.

Spot-on medications are considered one of the best dog flea treatments as they are far more effective than the outdated flea collars/powders/shampoos.

However, Merial Frontline Plus Flea and Tick Control is one of the older spot-on options, and some dog owners claim it just isn’t as good as it used to be. Whether this is because fleas have evolved an immunity, or because Frontline has changed their formula, you are probably better off with one of the other spot-on medications later in this list.

5. Capstar

Capstar is like a flea shampoo bath in a pill. One pill will kill 99% of fleas that currently live on your dog.

That is the same outcome as you get from using flea shampoo bath with your dog, so unless bathing your dog is easier than feeding him a pill, you should probably consider Capstar for Dogs Tablets the superior option. The pills are cheap, too.

Unfortunately, similarly to dog flea shampoos, Capstar doesn’t provide any lasting poison for your dog’s fleas, and is definitely not the best dog flea treatment you can buy.

However, if your house is infested, you can combine Capstar with one of the other methods on this list; otherwise your fleas will be re-infested in a matter of days.

6. Sentinel Spectrum

The Sentinel Spectrum pills are essentially the opposite of Capstar. This product will clear up the itching caused by fleas, and it will prevent flea babies from growing on your dog (thus stopping re-infestation).

The problem with Sentinel Spectrum is that this product does not kill adult fleas currently living on your dog, which is naturally unusual for a best dog flea treatment. Every dog owner wants to exterminate currently living fleas.

Therefore, the best way to relieve your pooch from fleas and provide a lasting protection for her is to combine Sentinel Spectrum with something that will have an immediate relief (some of the products mentioned next will do the trick). This is an easy, proven and effective method.

7. Frontline Spray

The Frontline Spray is typically a lot more effective than the already mentioned Frontline Plus.

The reason Frontline Flea and Tick Treatment Spray not as popular, however, is because you have to spray your entire dog with it, which is a bit more annoying than a spot-on treatment, but probably easier than a flea shampoo bath.

Unfortunately, this Frontline Spray is quite expensive. If money is no object, the Frontline Spray is possible the most effective treatments on this list, and quite possibly the best dog flea treatment.

But if cost is an issue, then the remaining items on this list are almost as good, and much cheaper.

8. Advantage/Advantix/Advocate

By far one of the best dog flea treatments on this list, either one of these spot-on cures are made by the same company – Bayer.

They all use the same flea poison, but each has different additional poisons that treat other parasites (like mites or ticks). If you only care about fleas, these are all basically the same.

The Bayer products are easy and very effective. They aren’t the cheapest option on this list, but 9 times out of 10 they will get the job done right the first time.

K9 Advantix II is especially effective against a wide range of parasites, so it’s a great option if you aren’t exactly sure what’s eating your dog.

9. Revolution

Revolution is a competing dog flea product and a great alternative to Advantage Multi. It also works very well on a wide range of critters.

Honestly, choosing Revolution over one of the Bayer options will come down to brand loyalty. Both companies make excellent and effective dog flea treatments.

It’s worth noting that Bayer’s Advantage Multi will treat your dog’s mange (demodex), whereas Revolution will not.

What is puppy mange? It’s an extremely annoying disease, and you can read more about it here and here. If your dog is losing major amounts of hair on his face and maybe other parts of his body, go see your vet ASAP.

10. Comfortis and Panoramis/Trifexis

This best dog flea treatment product comes in pills (both brands are manufactured by Elanco and use the same flea poison).

Comfortis treats the fleas, the whole fleas, and nothing but the fleas. It provides relief from symptoms while eradicating adult fleas and preventing re-infestation.

Panoramis is newer than Comfortis, and treats a host of other bugs. It doesn’t provide as much targeted symptom relief as Comfortis, though.

These two medications are the newest comers to the flea killing business, and have quickly proven to be some of the best. They can be a little overpowering for some dogs’ stomachs, though. Watch for vomiting after administering the dose, and give a second pill if the first comes back up. Obviously, remember to consult with the vet, too.

Disclosure: We may earn affiliate commissions at no cost to you from the links on this page. This did not affect our assessment of products. Read more here and find full disclosure here .

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