Caterpillar surveyor: amazing, but very dangerous neighbor

Insects are the most numerous class of animals on our planet. The total number of species exceeds the number of species of plants and other animals combined.

It is not surprising that among such diversity there are pests of garden and berry and agricultural crops.

In particular, a typical moth caterpillar, the number of varieties of which exceeds 15,000, is a typical example.

And so consider what kind of caterpillar moth.

Description of the appearance of the moth caterpillar

Like the butterflies, the caterpillars of moths have a masking colorationwhose color depends on the type of vegetation that is the main food source of the insect.

Thin bodies are practically bare and have no villi. ABOUTreplicates with the ability to pretend to pretend to be branches, stems, cuttings and other parts of the plant, because of which they are quite difficult to recognize, even with close finding.

Photos of different types of surveyors:

When stiffening in the bulging position by holding one pair of abdominal legs behind a branch of a plant, they become invisible to their immediate enemies — sparrows, tits, nightingales and other small birds. They achieve such a disguise due to highly developed musculature.

In the event of a fall in case of a strong gust of wind or danger, the insect climbs along the filament with which it is attached to the leaves and branches.

The unusual loop-like bending of the body gave life to another name of this family — they are also often called caterpillars land surveyors.

Differences between surveyors of different types

Hthe moth in the process of growth goes through 5 stages of development, during which sheds 4 times. It has a characteristic transparent greenish color with a dark line along the entire back and three white stripes on the sides.

In mid-June, the winter moth caterpillars descend into the ground and, buried 15 cm in the ground, pupate. In late August and early September, butterflies appear that are not able to fly, so for mating they climb up the trunks of the trees.

The place of masonry is chosen usually small cracks near the kidneys, in which lay up to 400 eggs.

The pine moth also has a green color.but it has more side white stripes — 5. It pupates in late autumn, burrowing into the forest floor.

Gooseberry moth completely white with black and yellow accents. On deciduous trees you can find adult caterpillars of the deciduous moth mostly of brown and yellowish color with dark brown spots and bright yellow stripe on the side.

What plants affect moths?

The caterpillars of this order represent threats to almost all shrubs and plants growing in Russia and the CIS countries.

Active period pine moth falls on July — September. During this time, the caterpillar manages to cause serious damage to pine forests, completely devouring the needles of trees.

Gooseberry eats foliage not only gooseberry, as its name implies, but also likes to eat currants and hazel bushes in spring and autumn.

Peppered-ragged less picky and eats the leaves of most deciduous trees, including fruit.

Winter the moth is the main the enemy of all garden shrubs and trees, including apple, pear, currant and raspberry.

Ways to combat peppered caterpillars

Greatest danger for gardens and orchards is a winter moth. About once every 6-8 years, females of this species show a very high fecundity., there is an outbreak of reproduction, which can last up to 3 years.

One of the most effective ways to combat it is thorough autumn digging of the soil under fruit trees and shrubs, during which every lump is checked for the presence of pupae in it.

In addition to regular soil digging every 2-3 weeks, the most effective methods are:

  • Cron treatment oleocuprite and DNOC in early spring until complete disappearance of snow cover. Also effective drug number 30.
  • Spraying of plants before the start of flowering solution karbofos.
  • Insecticide treatment when 1st generation caterpillars appear.
  • Also, the number of individuals of the winter moth is well controlled by an adhesive trap belt, which is attached directly to the trunks at a distance of 20-30 cm from the ground. A butterfly that climbs up the trunk of a tree to lay eggs cannot simply bypass this obstacle. In October, such a belt must be removed and burned.

It is important! Another good way, which also requires almost no complex actions, is to attract birds — sparrows and starlings. Long-term observations show that the presence of birdhouses and feeders in the garden allows you to avoid outbreaks of mass reproduction of caterpillars.

As for the pine moth, the raking of forest litter in the autumn period will lead to the death of most of the pupae. Grazing domestic pigs is also an effective way to fight, since insect larvae are their favorite delicacy.

To get rid of gooseberry moth enough to produce regular track collection from fruit bushes and trees and their subsequent destruction by burning. Due to their color, the larvae are clearly visible, so such actions will not cause great difficulties. Also spraying with arsenic solution will help. in early spring.

Against scolded by acts as an effective method of struggle use of glue belts.

In Russia, the share of this order of insects is about 12-15% of all lepidoptera. Due to the fact that some individual species are subject to outbreaks of mass reproduction, which are promoted, in particular, by an increase in average winter temperatures in most of our country, these insects can pose a serious danger to garden and garden crops and forestry.

We offer you a video about the moth caterpillar:

Luna Moth Caterpillar

What is Luna Moth Caterpillar?

The Luna moth is undoubtedly the most stunningly beautiful moth that we know of. And, there is no question that watching a caterpillar transform into a moth is an enjoyable sight, especially when you are thoroughly involved or play a dynamic role in the process. Anyone with a fondness for insects would find that raising caterpillars is not only an enjoyable but also a great learning process. Whether you’re a seasoned hobbyist or doing your first time, you will take sheer pleasure in raising Luna moth caterpillars.

Picture of Luna Moth Caterpillar

Luna moths, blessed with attractive eyespots on the wings, are a striking lime green in colour. Recognized among the largest in North America, they have a wingspan of up to 4 ½ inches with a lifespan of just 7 days. So, they have as little as a week to do as much as they can, including reproducing before they finally perish. While adult luna moths are hard to find apart from being eye-catching, luna moth caterpillars are outstandingly finest little creatures.

A luna moth settles on a leaf, and its bright green coloured wings are all folded over the body. This fine-looking creature spread its wings all of a sudden so that it can reveal its impressive size. It may surprise you to know that the wingspan of these tiny insects can extend up to four and a half inches i.e. about the same length of an iPhone.

Luna moth caterpillars are so hefty that they seem to be an excellent meal for diverse predators. In fact, they count on various methods to protect themselves from being attacked by predators. Camouflage is one of the best methods followed by luna moths caterpillars to defend themselves. Their bright green colour is similar to the colour of the leaves it not only feeds on, but lives. As a result, predators have a hard time seeing their prey.

When luna moth caterpillars find themselves under attack, they release horrible fluids onto their attackers. This fluid is the one that has been shown to discourage predation from other creatures like ants and mice.

Well, we can express our gratitude for the name of the luna moth, Actias luna – an appropriate soubriquet for the most stunningly beautiful of all nocturnal insect creatures.

How does Luna Moth Caterpillar look like?

Even though the luna moth is huge and multi-coloured, it is no butterfly. It’s a massive silkworm moth. If truth be told, it’s absolutely a thrilling experience if you find one, albeit they’re common throughout most of their range.

Luna moth caterpillar Appearance and Size

Luna Moths, which are scientifically called Actias Luna, are giant green moths that don’t have a long lifespan (about a week) after they’re done hatching from their cocoon. Founded in North America, these striking caterpillars have a circular design on their wings that bear a resemblance to the moon.

Luna – meaning ‘moon’ – can be an obvious indication to the moon-like eyespots on the insect’s wings. These insects are also often known as moon moths or American moon moths. These giant creatures with handsome eyespots remain active when the moon is at its peak.

Luna moths are the creatures that are compellingly attracted to lights. Perhaps, you may catch a glimpse of them in the air around the porch light during the mating season. And, when the sun ascends, they often seek shelter nearby for much-needed rest. So, it will be good if you look for them at the crack of dawn. Not only are male moths, but female moths too are pale green.

With curved light eyespots on all the four wings, they are blessed with long, curving tails that trail from their hind wings. It seems most likely that Linnaeus evoked the Roman moon goddess Luna in 1758. This is due to the fact that this gorgeous creature’s unique hind wing spots – lucid discs with a dark crescent edge, like the moon when it’s almost full. Maybe she also realized the fact that the complete moth is deemed to be a living avatar of the moon, which is at rest by day and active after the sun sets. No doubt it’s elegantly, delicate yet fantastic.


Luna moths (Actias Luna) are found in deciduous hardwood forests not only in the United States but also in Canada. Their population locations range from east of North Dakota all the way to various parts of Texas and south to Central Florida in the U.S. As far as Canada is concerned, people have caught sight of these amazing insects Quebec and Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia west.

Luna moths are stringently earthly organisms, which indicates that they spend their life on land. Deciduous hardwood forests shed their leaves during the winter season, which is why people usually don’t set their eyes on these extraordinary creatures between November and January. Finding this insect is a very challenging task.

The population of luna moth caterpillars is the largest in the states of Georgia, Alabama, the Carolinas and Tennessee.

Luna moth caterpillars prefer eating the leaves of deciduous trees in the region they’re living in. They also feed on the leaves of various trees including:

However, a caterpillar in one area or surroundings will never reside, nor will they bloom on the leaves of the trees of another area, although Luna Moth caterpillars local to the tree species will thrive. Luna moths found in the northern region often live on white birch, while their cousins in the south frequently rely on walnut, sumac or hickory leaves.

These creatures start out as an extremely starving caterpillar. Lately produced, they consistently munch on the leaves of the trees mentioned above.

Life Cycle

Apart from being attracted to lights, the Luna Moths caterpillars are extremely strong fliers. The mating game starts after midnight and laying eggs commences that evening. Female Luna Moths, on the other hand, go about laying eggs in a small group or individually on each surface of host plant leaves. The eggs don’t take very long when it comes to hatching (hardly a week). The caterpillars are inactive and isolated feeders.

Like each Moth, Luna Moths are the ones that place their eggs on the leaves of the trees on which the caterpillars will feed on. Female luna moths will lay nearly 400-600 eggs during their shorter lifespan. The eggs nurture for a week or two. Once hatched, they are then hatched into caterpillars. These caterpillars feed insatiably for up to 2 months before they make a cocoon.

Once the luna moth becomes an adult, it does not feed at all. If truth be told, it does not have a mouth for feeding purpose. However, it lives for only seven days as an adult, during which it breeds, and the female moth places her eggs.

The female releases a sex pheromone that is detected by the male even from a long distance using their broad, feathery antennae. Both of them usually mate after midnight. The female starts with laying eggs by the approaching night and continues to do so for many more nights to come.

Are Luna Moths Harmful?

Needless to say, there are some caterpillars that are poisonous and do have hair as well as spines that can result in severe soreness, but Luna Moth caterpillars are the exception. They don’t cause any harm when they come in contact with humans.

In fact, lunas prove to be an excellent source of food not only for birds but bats as well. They defend themselves by becoming blurry, due to which bats have a hard time locating them using sonar. Also, the extended wing tails of these moths can make their predators perplexed.


Collection of Pictures of Luna moth caterpillar:

Fun Facts

There is no doubt that Luna Moths are fascinating creatures of the moth world. Not only are they easy to spot, but are massive as well as showy. Let’s honour these divine beauties with some of the most interesting facts you may not know.

  1. Luna moth caterpillars click their mouthparts and restate their foul liquids when they sense fear or feel threatened by predators.
  2. Luna moth enfolds their cocoons in leaves.
  3. When a luna moth appears, it does not have a mouth to feed. The only purpose then is to breed.
  4. Where this unique creature lives decides how many offspring it will have.
  5. The name ‘luna moth’ came from Linnaeus.

What are the types of moths? Cabbage, poplar, rowan and others, the appearance with the photo, the harm

Moths are small and seemingly innocuous butterflies, which in fact are malicious pests.

They are able to bring into complete disrepair furniture, furs, plants, food.

To prevent serious losses, you need to know well what is a mole and respond in time to its attack.

Types of moths: photo and description

All members of the family are divided by food addiction. There are the following varieties:

  • wardrobeeating woolen things;
  • grain (food), which prefers cereals (more on the fight against food moths);
  • furnituredamaging wood, upholstery and interior furniture;
  • mushroom (fruit)attacking dried fruits, nuts, dried mushrooms;
  • fur coatfeeding exclusively on natural fur.
  • waxliving in bee hives. Tincture based on its larvae has a number of medicinal properties.

In addition, there are moths that eat garden and garden crops, field cereals.


Small but very dangerous insect, the enemy of all cruciferous plants.

Imago. The wingspan does not exceed 15-17 mm. The colors are dominated by gray, brown and chestnut shades.The front wings are decorated with a light wavy border, the back — a long fringe.

Egg. It has a bright lemon or light green color, oval shape.

Larva. Initially devoid of pigmentation, with age, first painted in green, and then in a dark brown color. The caterpillar of the last age has a length of about 1 cm.

Damage caused by caterpillars of all ages. They are very voracious, actively damage cabbage heads, mustard, radishes, swede, radish. As a result of their activities, vegetables lose their marketable appearance, deteriorate quickly, and are poorly stored.

Features of the form. Cabbage moth — cosmopolitan, distributed throughout the world. It can be found almost everywhere.


Lives, feeds and breeds in the poplars. The peak of activity occurs during the formation of down. Together with him, the mole often flies into the house.

Imago. A very small butterfly with a wingspan of no more than 1 cm. The front wings feature a variegated multicolor color with a predominance of pink, brown and yellow shades.The rear wings have a monochromatic light chestnut color, decorated with a fringe on the edge.

Egg. Beige, oval, slightly flattened at the sides.

Larva. The caterpillars of the first generation are painted white, sometimes yellowish, with age the covers darken and become chestnut-colored.

Larvae moth eat poplar leavesby nibbling big holes in them. As a result, the leaves dry and fall. Once in the living room, butterflies fly to the light and accumulate around bright objects.

The poplar mole is found throughout Russia and Europe. Adult lives about 3 days, manages to make 3 eggs laying during this period.

Quite common pestliving in residential premises, warehouses of furs and woolen clothes, museums and mills.

The wingspan can reach from 1 to 2 cm. The front wings are painted in a light brown tone, are cast in golden mother-of-pearl, the rear wings have a uniform beige color and are trimmed with a fringe on the edge.

The egg is very small, almost impossible to see with the naked eye. It has an ellipsoid shape and whitish color of the integument.

Caterpillar. The length of a colorless transparent body can reach 8-10 mm. The head is colored brownish yellow. Because of the structural features of the limbs moves very badly, so more often immobile.

Larvae of this species eat exhibits of museums, any products made of wool, sugar, flour products, grain and bran. Of course, completely caterpillars can not eat the thing, but they are quite capable of spoiling the appearance, gnawing through noticeable holes. Products that have been attacked become unusable due to contamination by moth feces.

The wool moth is a cosmopolitan, keratophage, and Sinanthropus. Very prolific! One adult female can lay over 70-90 eggs in her short life. A week later, her offspring will come out of the eggs and begin its development.


Pest from the family of ermine moles, inhabiting mainly on apple trees.

The body is very light, almost white.. The front wings are whitish, decorated with longitudinal rows of black specks. The rear wings are plain, inconspicuous ashen color, decorated with a short fringe.

The egg is oval-shaped, painted in light yellow color. Eggs are clustered on smooth bark.protected from above by mucus.

Young larvae have light yellow color of the integument, which in the process of maturation changes to dark yellow. Head and legs are black.

Apple moths can live anywhere where there are apple trees. Usually young larvae wintering only from eggs. In early spring, they wake up and begin to eat first the leaf buds, and then the young leaves.

Rowan moth

Dangerous prolific and gluttonous garden pest of mountain ash and apple trees.

The butterfly has small dimensions and inconspicuous coloring of the wings. The scope of them barely reaches 11-13 mm. The front ones are painted chestnut color, covered with bright spots of silver shimmer. Rear monochrome, gray.

A small larva of a pale yellow color comes out of the egg, in the process of growing its body extends and changes color to reddish or brick. The head is initially painted dark brown..

Larvae eat the fruits of the trees, gnawing winding paths in the pulp. As a result, the fruit completely falls into disrepair, acquiring an unpleasant bitter taste. It prefers to eat berries of mountain ash, in lean years brings significant damage to apple trees.

Features of the form. Butterflies are active at night, day hiding in shelter from the sun. One female lays 70-90 eggs.


It is a keratophagic, eating products containing keratin. It looks very similar to the clothes moth.

It has a small size, torso length reaches 4-6 mm. The front wings are grayish-yellow, pearly gloss. At the base of the wings, dark spots can be discerned.

The egg is very small, the length does not exceed 0.3-0.5 mm, therefore it is difficult to find them. They have a rounded shape and pale pink color, which significantly differ from other species. The female has eggs in groups of 55-75 pieces each..

The caterpillar has a transparent yellowish body and a reddish-brown head, equipped with powerful jaws. The legs are poorly developed, therefore the larvae move little and slowly.

Furniture Mole feeds on natural materials, preferring wool, fur and fur. Caterpillars spoil upholstery, clothes, carpets, gnawing holes in the fabric and making them useless.

Representatives of the furniture moth can be found anywhere. Butterflies settle where there is their favorite food. Only males can flyIn females, wings are not used for their intended purpose.

With good nutrition, the larva passes all generations in 19-21 days. Adult the female is very prolific, it can lay about 280-290 eggs in a few days.

Potato moth

The wingspan can reach 1.5-2 cm. The front wings are greyish-brown, decorated with dark strokes and yellow specks. The rear have a brown color and fringe on the edge.

Egg. At first the covers are light, gradually darken. Oval shape.

Caterpillar body can be greenish, pink, gray or yellow. In length can grow up to 1.5 cm.

Caterpillars feed on plants from the family of nightshade: potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants, nightshade. Most of all goes to vegetables harvested for winter storage.

Voracious larvae penetrate the fruit and gnaw the flesh, filling the voids with their excrement. As a result, the affected tubers rot.

A fertile female on average lays no less than 160-180 eggs, for a season from 3 to 15 generations can develop.

Real moths are a large family of Lepidopteran pests. They do not have to expect anything good, because by their actions they cause serious damage.

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