Carnival, Celebrity, Costa Cruises work to bring back stranded ships, get passengers home

Carnival, Celebrity, Costa Cruises work to bring back stranded ships, get passengers home


While many major cruise operators are idling their fleets in response to the coronavirus pandemic, some ships are still at sea or trying to find a port as they deal with fears that some passengers or crew may have become infected with COVID-19.

Some have passengers aboard who either tested positive for COVID-19 or have coronavirus-related symptoms. Other ships that have no reported cases are finding some countries closing access to ports out of fear they may harbor undiagnosed cases aboard.

As of Monday night, 97% of Cruise Line International Association member lines had announced a partial or full suspension of operations worldwide. However, many ships that were at sea at the time of the announcement are still trying to get back to shore.

Those members are now focused on getting passengers home, Bari Golin-Blaugrund, senior director of strategic communications for CLIA, told USA TODAY

«This is a fluid situation, and restrictions on air travel as well as port closures has created logistical challenges that the industry is working through,» Golin-Blaugrund said. «The United States government has provided assurances that U.S. ports will remain open to returning cruise ships and allow for the disembarkation of passengers and crew, regardless of citizenship, so that they may return to their homes both in the U.S. and abroad.»

Here’s the latest on some of those ships:


The saga of Fred. Olsen Cruises’ Braemar, which has been turned away from the Dominican Republic and Bahamas and is now anchored off the coast of Havana, Cuba, appears to be headed toward resolution.

Three chartered British Airways flights will depart Havana’s Jose Marti Airport on Wednesday evening and arrive at London’s Heathrow Airport the following morning, local time, the company said Wednesday. Most of the 682 passengers aboard the Braemar are British citizens.

Passengers who are in isolation with flu-like symptoms, including two who tested positive for the coronavirus, will be taken back to the United Kingdom on a separate flight, along with their companions, the company said. They will be required to self-isolate for 14 days upon return.

Any passengers who are not well enough to fly will receive medical treatment in Cuba, the company said.

«We have been working closely with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to arrange flights and onward travel. All guests who are deemed fit to travel will be flown back to the U.K., with flights to depart from Cuba from Wednesday evening local time,» the line said in a release provided by spokesperson Ellis Barker.

Once the evacuation flights arrive, the Braemar will dock at the port of Havana for disembarkation.

According to Fred. Olsen, 55 people (28 guests and 27 crew members) are in isolation after showing flu-like symptoms. That count includes an onboard doctor and five people who tested positive for coronavirus at the Braemar’s last port of call, Willemstad, Curaçao, on March 10. Anyone not well enough to fly will receive medical attention in Cuba.

Prior to its arrival in Cuban waters, the Bahamian government provided humanitarian assistance over the weekend but wouldn’t let passengers set foot in any of the island nation’s ports. At that point, one passenger and four crew members had tested positive for the coronavirus.

Celebrity Summit

The Celebrity Summit was sailing toward Port Everglades Tuesday to conclude its itinerary and help passengers arrange travel home.

Along with other ships, it was turned away following the «arbitrary» closing of the port in San Juan, Puerto Rico over the weekend, Celebrity Cruises said in a statement on its site.

The line says there were «no issues of medical concern» for anyone aboard, but the ship was still turned away despite having clearances from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Coast Guard.

Celebrity Eclipse

Celebrity said Sunday it was scrambling to try to bring passengers home from the Celebrity Eclipse after the port in San Antonio, Chile, closed to all cruise ships.

As of Tuesday morning, Chilean authorities gave the ship permission to refuel and restock in Valparaiso, according to an update issued by Celebrity Cruises. After it does, the Eclipse will sail to San Diego, where it is scheduled to arrive later this month.

Silver Shadow

Two passengers aboard the Silver Shadow were «medically disembarked» in Recife, Brazil, said Silversea’s parent company, Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines. One tested positive for COVID-19 while the other tested negative.

Silver Explorer

Several passengers aboard the Silver Explorer, another Silversea ship, have been medically disembarked in Tortel and Castro, Chile, and have since tested positive for COVID-19, Royal Caribbean said.

Grand Princess

Princess Cruises, which is owned by Carnival Cruise Line, confirmed in a release overnight Tuesday that more than half of its 1,113 crew members had left the Grand Princess.

After the cruise line completed the disembarkation of all passengers, the ship moved from Oakland, California, across to the bay to San Francisco. The crew members are gradually being allowed to leave the ship as they finish their quarantine periods.

Nearly 2,000 American passengers from the Grand Princess have been sent to four military bases around the country, including Travis Air Force Base and Naval Air Station Miramar in California, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas, and Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Georgia, according to a release from the Department of Health and Human Services. Several states have since brought their residents home to finish their 14-day quarantines.

The Grand Princess had 21 coronavirus cases aboard – two passengers and 19 crew – by the time it docked, having idled for days off San Francisco Bay waiting for permission to come in. Another Princess ship, Diamond Princess, had at least 700 cases after the ship was placed under quarantine off the coast of Japan in February.

Costa Luminosa

Costa Cruises’ Costa Luminosa was denied permission to disembark its more than 1,400 passengers in Spain after the government locked down that country over the weekend, closing its ports to passenger traffic. Passengers are currently isolated in their rooms.

The company, owned by Carnival Corp., said that three Costa Luminosa passengers who were removed from the ship in the Cayman Islands and Puerto Rico have tested positive for COVID-19, including a 68-year-old man who died last weekend. On Monday, two passengers who had problems breathing and one who had a fever were taken off the boat and to the hospital when it stopped for provisions in the Canary Islands, off the Spanish coast.

The cruise ship-tracking site shows the Costa Luminosa en route from southern Spain to its next port in Marseille, France. However, after French president Emmanuel Macron placed his country under lockdown effective Tuesday, it is not clear whether the ship will be allowed in.

Ocean Endeavour

Passengers are self-isolating themselves aboard the Ocean Endeavour, an Antarctic cruise ship operated by Quark Expeditions, off the southern tip of Argentina. Quark says no one aboard is showing symptoms of COVID-19, but Argentine officials would not let passengers disembark until they had been at sea for two weeks, which is thought to be the virus’ incubation period.

The Norwegian Jewel

The Norwegian Jewel has been turned away by Fiji and New Zealand, the cruise line said, and is now trying to to find a south Asian country that will let it dock. The ship, which can accommodate about 2,000 passengers, recently stopped for fuel in American Samoa.

Royal Caribbean Cruises’ Freedom of the Seas and Carnival Fascination

The two ships were denied permission to return to their home ports in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Royal Caribbean and Carnival said Monday. As a result, the Freedom of the Seas and Carnival Fascination are sailing to Miami, where passengers are expected to disembark Tuesday.

Carnival said the government of Puerto Rico even denied a request to let Puerto Rican residents disembark “despite the fact that no one has any influenza-like illness.”

Contributing: The Associated Press; David Oliver, Curtis Tate, USA TODAY

Alkina butterfly (photo): lifestyle of a beautiful sailing ship

The 30 metre, gaff cutter Moonbeam of Fife III epitomises beautiful classic yachts at their finest. Launched in 1903, Moonbeam of Fife is still going strong on the classic yacht regatta circuit despite being more than a hundred years old. The William Fife-designed yacht is constructed in wood with an oak hull and superstructure, while her interior joinery is well-kept mahogany. The historical yacht Moonbeam of Fife III is currently for sale.

Built by the renowned William Fife shipyard in Fairlie on the Clyde estuary in Scotland, Tuiga was commissioned by the Duke of Medinaceli, a close friend of the King of Spain, Alfonso XIII, and has had 10 owners in 106 years. HSH Prince Albert II decided to buy her in 1995. Tuiga has been participating in classic yacht regattas ever since and is now the flagship of the Yacht Club de Monaco, crewed by YCM members.

The classic 42 metre twin-masted schooner Mariette of 1915 _was built by Herreshoff in the United States 100 years ago. Age has not withered her, but _Mariette of 1915 has undergone a few refits in the Pendennis yard at Falmouth in recent years: in 2010 and again in 2012 in preparation for the Pendennis Cup, in which she took first prize in the St Petroc Traditional Class as well as being crowned overall winner. In 2014 she returned to Falmouth once more for minor works.

Now owned by the Gucci family, this beautiful wooden schooner has had a colourful history. Commissioned by wealthy American Alan Cochran and launched in 1927, Creole has had a number of different owners and also been called Vira. When she was known as Magic Circle, she was transformed into a minesweeper during the Second World War, having previously competed in a number of regattas and attended previous America’s Cup events. In the 1970s she was used by the Danish government for sailing training in the rehabilitation of drug addicts before being bought by the Gucci family in 1983.

Arguably the world’s most famous J Class, Endeavour was the British challenger in the 1934 America’s Cup, but was beaten by the Harold Vanderbilt-owned Rainbow. Endeavour was commissioned by Sir T.O.M. Sopwith, who was keen to ensure that this yacht was the most advanced design possible. With his experience designing aircraft, Sopwith applied aviation technology to Endeavour’s rig and winches and spared nothing to make her the finest vessel of her day.

She swept through the British racing fleet and into the hearts of yachtsmen around the world, winning many races in her first season. Though she did not win the America’s Cup she came closer to doing so than any other challenger.

Since 1934, she has often led a perilous existence, even being sold to a scrap merchant in 1947 only to be saved by another buyer hours before her demolition was due to begin. In 1984, American yachtswoman Elizabeth Meyer bought Endeavour and she was transformed and rebuilt by Royal Huisman. Endeavour sailed again on June 22, 1989, for the first time in 52 years. J Class yacht Endeavour is now for sale.

In 1910, Morton Plant commissioned 55 metre Elena to be designed by American naval architect Nathanael Herreshoff, the so-called “Wizard of Bristol”, who made his name designing sailing yachts for America’s elite. Plant’s brief was to the point: he wanted a schooner “that can win”.

Herreshoff gave Elena a slightly deeper keel than preceding designs of that time, lowering her centre of ballast, which improved her windward ability. Elena won most of her early races against the cream of the American schooner fleet and in 1928 came her crowning glory, victory in the Transatlantic Race. In 2009, she was rebuilt using the original plans for the first Elena.

Originally designed by Charles Nicholson and built in 1899 at Camper and Nicholson in Gosport, England, Black Swan started life as Brynhild with a yawl rig. She won a number of races at the beginning of the 20th century, including the King’s Cup. Over the years, she has undergone several changes and different rig configurations, and at one stage she was renamed Changrilla. She was rechristened Black Swan in the 1960s and, today, after an extensive restoration project at the Beconcini yard in La Spezia, Italy, she is now carrying a gaff-rig, designed by the Faggioni Yacht Design Studio and built by Harry Spencer.

Another beautiful classic yacht from Fife, Mariquita was launched in 1911. The 38.16 metre sailing yacht was designed and built for the industrialist Arthur Stothert. As part of the 19 metre Big Class racing that re-emerged in 1911, this gaff-rigged cutter is said to have inspired the J Class yachts that came after her.

She raced competitively against her brethren from 1911-1913, but by the 1950s, Mariquita was the last in the 19 metre class remaining. She was restored in 1991 and received a further refit in 2004. A star on the classic yacht racing scene, Mariquita is now for sale.

Cruise Lines to Miss Out on Relief From US Stimulus Bill

The cruise industry is among the hardest hit by the coronavirus outbreak, but the $2 trillion stimulus bill working its way through the government will not provide bailout funds for cruise companies.

According to The Washington Post, United States Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said the bill would allot $500 billion in loans or guarantees to distressed businesses, but he revealed the companies must be based in or work primarily from the U.S.

Several of the top cruise lines in the world are not incorporated in the U.S. as a way to avoid paying higher taxes and the country’s more stringent minimum wage requirements, including Carnival Cruise Line and Royal Caribbean International.

The Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA) applauded the stimulus package Thursday thanks to its inclusion of relief for more than 30,000 CLIA travel agent members. The industry trade group thanked lawmakers for “reaching a historic agreement to address the unprecedented crisis.”

The CLIA said it would continue working with the government to protect the cruise industry as companies continue to secure loans to improve liquidity, which experts believe should become an industry-wide trend.

“As it relates to the rescue package, cruise lines are not lobbying for a bailout. CLIA and our members agree that the most important stimulus the government can provide on behalf of the wider cruise community in the United States is help for small- and medium-sized businesses, including a vast network of travel agencies, tour operators and suppliers, with a presence in all 50 states,” CLIA spokeswoman Bari Golin-Blaugrund wrote in an email.

The possible exclusion of cruise companies in the bill came as a shock to some considering U.S. President Donald Trump expressed his desire in previous interviews to help the pillars of the hard-hit travel industry, including cruise lines, airlines and hotels.

In addition, executives from the cruise industry recently met with Vice President Mike Pence.

During a press conference Thursday, President Trump said he would support cruise lines being forced to register in the U.S. to receive aid from the government, saying, “We’re going to work very hard on the cruise line business and we’re going to figure something out.”

The stimulus bill also provides $10 billion in direct assistance to airports across the country, but they would be required to retain at least 90 percent of their workforce through the end of 2020 in exchange for the funds.

For travel agents and advisors, the legislation includes assistance for those affected by the coronavirus outbreak.

WATCH: President Trump speaks about cruise companies (provided by Fox Business)

Cruise ships kept sailing as coronavirus spread. Travelers and health experts question why.

It was one of the first outbreaks of coronavirus to capture global attention: For weeks in February, the cruise ship Diamond Princess was moored off the shore of Japan with hundreds of infected people aboard.

Then in early March, nearly 2,000 passengers had to be quarantined on U.S. military bases after infected passengers were found on the Grand Princess, a sister ship operated by Carnival Corp.-owned Princess Cruises.

By the time major cruise lines halted new voyages last Friday, at least half a dozen other ships had sailed with at least one passenger later diagnosed with highly contagious virus.

While cruise lines have seen only a small fraction of the pandemic, they have emerged as a particularly tricky battleground to fight the virus. Health experts said the industry’s initial resistance to take drastic action — coupled with a deference from government officials, who let the companies to come up with their own action plan — put more passengers at risk.

“The cruise ship response was definitely lagging behind expert opinion on how big the risks are,” said University of Chicago epidemiologist Katelyn Gostic. “It was sluggish decision-making and they should have responded earlier.”

The crisis has put the spotlight on an industry that critics say for years has skirted labor regulations, such a minimum wage, and federal income taxes by incorporating overseas. Yet when disasters strike, or when people get sick or fall overboard, federal agencies such as the U.S. Coast Guard come to the rescue.

The Trump administration is now pushing to spend billions to prop up the cruise industry and other hospitality and travel businesses that have been crushed by the pandemic.

“Through the years, a huge amount of federal staff resources have been diverted to dealing with cruise ship health outbreaks,” said Nicole Lurie, who served as a top official at the Department of Health and Human Services during the Obama administration. “Given all the demands on public health resources, it may be worth asking about the public investment we make in protecting cruise ship passengers by putting in place better strategies to prevent future outbreaks involving cruise ships.”

© Behrouz Mehri/AFP/Getty Images An initial CDC study published this week found that the virus quickly spread through food service workers aboard the Diamond Princess, particularly those cooking for other members of the crew.

Cruise line officials said operators are subject to robust inspection by U.S. and foreign regulators. And the industry defended its response to the pandemic, noting the singular nature of the crisis.

Bari Golin-Blaugrund, a spokeswoman for the Cruise Lines International Association, said “the agility and responsiveness of CLIA cruise line members has been on full display over the past two months.”

Within 24 hours of the World Health Organization’s declaration of a global health emergency, cruise line operators rapidly adopted enhanced protocols that she said “were repeatedly elevated as circumstances evolved over time.”

That, along with extensive cleaning and sanitation, helped limit the number of coronavirus cases aboard cruise lines, she said.

Roger Frizzell, chief communications officer of Carnival Corp., the world’s largest cruise operator and the owner of the line that operates the Diamond Princess and the Grand Princess, said cruise lines in January began barring passengers who had been to China in the previous two weeks. They later added recent travelers to Hong Kong, Macao, South Korea and regions of Italy to the no-sail list.

“To my knowledge, this was the first such restriction like this ever established in the cruise industry,” he said. “In reality, the cruise industry acted collectively and independently well before other industries when it came to the initial outbreak of coronavirus in China in December 2019.”

But in the weeks following the outbreak on the Diamond Princess, major cruise lines missed several opportunities to mitigate the crisis, according to health experts and passengers aboard the vessels.

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Coronavirus outbreak causing travel industry to pivot, airlines cut back on flights

After it was clear the coronavirus was spreading around the world, passenger screening was limited. Even on cruises where officials knew of positive tests, such as the Grand Princess, strict quarantines confining passengers to their rooms were not imposed immediately.

Inconsistent deboarding procedures also meant thousands of passengers who traveled on a ship that had carried a passenger who tested positive for the coronavirus went home with little or no medical screening — possibly bringing the virus back to their communities.

And companies stopped sailing only when the pandemic had reached a crisis point, with some countries closing their harbors, leaving ships with potentially sick people adrift.

Compounding the problem was a White House reluctant to crack down on cruises as the pandemic mounted, even as some top administration officials were urging a suspension of operations before the voluntary shutdown, as The Washington Post previously reported.

Vice President Pence, who leads the coronavirus task force, touted the industry’s initial plan to beef up passenger screening and quarantine protocols. “We want to ensure Americans can continue to enjoy the opportunities of the cruise line industry,” he said at a March 7 meeting with industry executives.

© Eliot J. Schechter/Getty Images Carnival Corp. chairman Micky Arison, left, is a longtime friend of President Trump’s. They are seen with their wives in Miami in 2005.

Trump has long-standing connections to the industry, including through Carnival Corp. chairman Micky Arison, a friend whose company helped sponsor Trump’s reality show franchise “The Apprentice” over the years. On Thursday, Trump said he spoke to Arison, who had offered up his ships to house non-coronavirus patients.

The president has repeatedly said he wants to help cruise lines with a financial rescue package, along with airlines and hotels.

“You don’t want to lose industries like this,” he said Thursday. “These are incredible industries. You can’t lose them.”

Meanwhile, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention boosted its warning this week against cruising to a higher level, advising any recent travelers to isolate themselves for two weeks. It also put local health departments on notice for the first time about six ships that carried infected passengers in the last month — which have already disembarked travelers who were then not quarantined.

Some customers and their family members now say the industry held back information and should have reacted more quickly.

“To avoid a panic that might collapse the industry, the cruise lines continued to mislead their passengers,” said Ashley Ecker, whose San Diego-based parents are aboard the Costa Luminosa, which continued on a voyage across the Atlantic earlier this month after a woman, later diagnosed as positive for the virus, disembarked with breathing problems. By the time the ship reached a port in France on Thursday, five additional passengers and two crew members had flu-like symptoms.

“This needs to be investigated — certainly before we even consider an industry bailout,” she said.

‘They didn’t want to scare anyone’

The cruise industry got an early warning of how easily the virus could spread on its massive ocean liners when the first cases emerged on the Diamond Princess in early February after it left Yokohama harbor.

Despite a Feb. 5 quarantine, 700 people aboard eventually tested positive.

An initial CDC study published Tuesday found that the virus quickly spread through food service workers, particularly those cooking for other members of the crew. “This investigation underscores the need for swift epidemiologic investigation as soon as a COVID-19 case is detected in an area or group where a large number of persons gather in a closed or crowded setting,” the study said.

On Feb. 21, as quarantined passengers were still trying to get off the Diamond Princess, Diane and Steve Houghton of Pleasant Hill, Calif., were eagerly boarding a sister ship, the Grand Princess, on the other side of the Pacific Ocean, for a 15-day cruise to Hawaii.

Steve Houghton said the passenger screening in San Francisco was limited. The brief questionnaire handed to passengers as they boarded asked about fever, persistent cough or recent travel to coronavirus hotspots like China.

His document went into a stack along with hundreds of others, Houghton said.

On his form, Houghton wrote that he coughs all the time and has difficult breathing due to chronic asthma. “No one asked any questions. They said not a single word,” he said.

The ship set sail for Hawaii with roughly 3,500 people aboard. As it passed beneath the majestic Golden Gate Bridge, passengers crammed the decks to take in the view, drinks in hand.

Several days of relaxation and merriment followed, with little or no awareness of the virus’s creep around the world, according to passengers interviewed by The Post.

“We never thought coronavirus was in America. We never dreamt of it,” said 65-year-old Howard Lewis of Wales, who said he and his wife met couples aboard who had booked the cruise to Hawaii after canceling trips to Asia.

What they didn’t know: the day before, as the ship’s previous voyage to Mexico was winding down, a passenger came into the medical center “with a six to seven day history of symptoms of acute respiratory illness,” Grant Tarling, Carnival’s chief medical officer, said in a call with reporters two weeks later.

Crew members and 62 passengers who had possibly interacted with that guest on the earlier trip remained aboard for the cruise to Hawaii, according to the cruise line.

© Chief Master Sgt. Seth Zweben/California National Guard/Associated Press Medical personnel work with CDC officials aboard the Grand Princess off the coast of California on March 5.

Frizzell, the Carnival executive, said Princess Cruises was not aware that the passenger had been hospitalized until days after the cruise had departed. Guests had been given “a general health notice with their boarding materials as additional precaution for coronavirus as part of our company’s enhanced safety and health protocol,” he said.

On March 3, health officials in Placer County, Calif., announced the former passenger had tested positive for coronavirus.

The following morning, the Grand Princess issued a “health advisory letter” to guests that said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was investigating a “small cluster of COVID-19 (coronavirus) cases in Northern California connected to our previous Grand Princess voyage.”

The notice said the ship was skipping a stop in Mexico and heading directly back to San Francisco. The passengers who had gone on the previous voyage were asked to retreat to their cabins until cleared by medical staff.

The coronavinus-infected former passenger died that day, becoming the state’s first fatality from the virus. California Gov. Gavin Newsom (D) declared a state of emergency.

But the vast majority of the approximately 2,400 Grand Princess passengers were not quarantined in their cabins until the afternoon of March 5.

Health experts say cruise ships are fertile ground for infectious diseases because they pack thousands of people into close quarters for days at a time, encouraging them to eat and socialize together. Cruises also cater to the elderly, who are particularly vulnerable.

Amesh Adalja, an infectious disease doctor who serves as senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins University Center for Health Security, said that the positive test on March 3 should have led to a more serious response.

“The confirmed case should have triggered social distancing measures at that point,” Adalja said. “Because of the high consequences of this infectious disease and attention to it in light of what happened with the Diamond Princess in Japan, they really should have been prepared for what could happen.”

Frizzell said passengers “were alerted within hours” about the positive coronavirus test.

“Upon being alerted of the issue, the Grand Princess looked closely to the CDC and health officials for direction,” he added.

© Noah Berger/AP Health officials in California announced a former Grand Princess passenger had tested positive for coronavirus on March 3. The following morning, the ship issued a “health advisory letter” to guests. It wasn’t until the afternoon of March 5 that passengers were quarantined in their cabins.

Passengers said performances and activities were canceled on the evening of March 4 and the following morning, but they continued to mingle at the bar and move freely around the ship.

The buffet was still open at about 1:45 p.m. on March 5, according to Keane Li of San Francisco, who was keeping close tabs on his parents on the ship and posting updates to Twitter.

“Given what happened on the Diamond Princess, there should’ve been a contingency plan for this,” said Li, whose father, Wai Li, was diagnosed with covid-19 after disembarking the ship last week. “I get that they didn’t want to scare anyone, but they should’ve acted sooner.”

Kailee Higgins Ott, a high school junior from the Bay Area, said she was eating lunch in the main dining room on March 5 when the captain announced that people needed to stay six feet away from each other and then retreat to their staterooms.

“I mean, when he said social distancing, everyone like started to laugh because we were sitting in a dining room and obviously we couldn’t be six feet away from everyone,” she said.

On March 6, Captain John Harry Smith assured passengers he would keep them informed, according to announcements shared by a passenger with The Washington Post. An update came later that day, but not from the captain.

In a news conference at the White House that afternoon, Pence said that 46 people had been tested from among the more than 3,500 people on board. Among them, 21 had tested positive, 19 of them crew members.

© Noah Berger/AP Passengers aboard the Grand Princess celebrate as they arrive in Oakland, Calif., on March 9.

Passengers learned there were confirmed coronavirus cases on board at the same time the public did. Smith came back on the loudspeaker.

“We apologize, but we were not given advance notice of this announcement by the U.S. federal government,” the captain said. “It would have been our preference to be the first to make this news available to you.”

Carolyn Wright, 63-year-old from Santa Fe, said, she was “hearing things on the news that were affecting us directly that were never communicated to the passengers being affected. It was the most frustrating, helpless feeling.”

“When all control over your personal life is taken from you and you’re not even told what’s going to happen to you or why or anything, the stress level is incalculable,” she added.

After Pence’s announcement, Carnival relaxed its policies to allow guests to cancel or postpone cruises because of potential worries about coronavirus.

The Grand Princess used a stricter protocol for distributing food and fresh towels to quarantined passengers than the Diamond Princess, which had allowed crew members wearing masks and gloves to make deliveries in person. On the Grand Princess, passengers said they were asked to wear masks when they opened their doors to retrieve meals left on the floor and said they never saw crew members.

“The stewards, the ones that came and delivered things to you, they all had their masks on,” said Amy Horowitz, a New Yorker celebrating her 59th birthday on the ship with family. “They would just bang on your door to let you know they left something at your door and run away as fast as you could.”

© Kate Munsch/Reuters Grand Princess passengers wait to board a chartered flight at Oakland International Airport in California on March 11.

On March 9, the ship was allowed to dock in Oakland. Lewis and his wife flew home to Wales, as did other passengers from around the world, while the American passengers were sent to military bases for quarantine.

As of Thursday, more than 870 evacuees from the ship who were taken to four U.S. military bases had been tested, according to the Department of Health and Human Services. Another 674 had declined to be tested.

Including passengers and crew who were tested while still aboard the ship, U.S. officials said they were aware of 40 people from the Grand Princess who have so far tested positive for the coronavirus, a number that is expected to increase in the coming days, according to an HHS spokeswoman.

Houghton said he and his wife have been feeling fine and have declined testing while confined to Travis Air Force Base, stewing about the cruise line’s handling of the situation.

“Princess Cruise Lines filling our ship and sailing with sick people on board was unforgivable,” he said.

Other passengers from around the world who chose to be tested are now learning their results. In Wales, Lewis and his wife found out last weekend that they were infected.

“With hindsight I suppose you could say they should have quarantined us earlier, though I am not sure it would have made a difference,” Lewis said. “People will learn a lot from this hopefully.”

Seeking a port

On March 5, the same day that Grand Princess passengers were being quarantined to their rooms, another cruise ship, the Costa Luminosa, set sail from Fort Lauderdale, on an itinerary through the Caribbean and onto Europe. The ship carried 1,400 passengers, including 233 Americans.

Ecker, 41, said her parents Jeffrey and Kathryn Bitner were nervous about going on the trip. But she said they were assured by cruise authorities that there was no need for concern — and also warned that they would not be reimbursed if they canceled.

“So they believed them,” she said, “and they left.”

Passengers did not know that during a previous voyage of the Costa Luminosa, an Italian man had complained of heart trouble and was taken off the ship in the Cayman Islands on Feb. 29, according to Carnival-owned Costa Cruises, which operates the ship. He later tested positive for the coronavirus and died.

On the current voyage, an Italian woman disembarked March 8 in Puerto Rico complaining of breathing troubles and then tested positive for the virus. So did her husband traveling with her, the company has since said.

While it awaited test results, the cruise line did not initially tell passengers about the sick woman who got off the ship, even though she was hospitalized, relatives of current passengers said.

Instead, the ship continued toward its next port-of-call, Antigua. After authorities there denied the ship docking because of the ill woman who had disembarked in Puerto Rico, it headed out for the multiday trip across the Atlantic Ocean.

Only then, on March 9, were passengers told about the sick woman, according to a letter delivered on board, a copy of which was obtained by The Post.

© Chris S via Reuters A view of the interior of the Costa Luminosa on Thursday.

Those aboard the ship continued to mingle and eat communally. By the time the Costa Luminosa reached the Canary Islands, off the coast of northwest Africa, three more passengers had coronavirus-like symptoms. They were allowed to disembark, but the Spanish government would not allow others to come ashore because Spain has closed its ports, the company said.

On March 13, the cruise company said it was told that the Italian man on the ship’s previous voyage had tested positive. The following day, March 14, it learned that the woman hospitalized in Puerto Rico and her husband also had tested positive.

One more day passed before passengers were isolated in their rooms, according to people aboard. A full week had passed since the sick woman disembarked in Puerto Rico.

“Other measures had already been implemented in the days before, including isolation of the close contacts of the suspect cases and the cancellation of several on board activities,” Rossella Carrara, a Costa Cruises vice president, said in an email.

“The health and safety of guests, crew member and of the destinations is of the utmost importance,” she added.

By the time the ship docked in Marseille early Thursday morning, five passengers and two crew members had flu-like symptoms, the company said. After French health authorities came aboard to do health checks, 386 passengers disembarked, most of them French, Canadian and U.S. citizens, the company said.

A chartered airplane carrying U.S. citizens landed in Atlanta on Friday morning, where additional health screenings were expected to take place. According to passengers, some were coughing during the trans-Atlantic flight.

Clearance to disembark

On March 8, the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warned U.S. citizens, particularly those with medical issues, not to travel by cruise ship. The move panicked industry officials, who scrambled to pull together an action plan and get ahead of further government action, according to people familiar with the situation, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to describe private discussions.

Around 6 p.m. that day, the MSC Meraviglia pulled out of Miami for a scheduled eight-day cruise to the Caribbean.

Four days later, the MSC cruise line was informed by Canadian authorities that a passenger on the ship’s previous journey had tested positive for the coronavirus, according to the cruise line. Some crew members and guests who had traveled with that passenger had remained on board for the subsequent voyage.

Passengers received notices the next day that seven crew members who may have been in contact with the virus-infected former guest were quarantined, according to a copy reviewed by The Post. It did not mention possible contact with other passengers.

The ship continued, making a stop Saturday at an MSC-owned island in the Bahamas.

Jeffrey Cleary, 55, said passengers had their temperatures taken before reboarding the ship. But when they arrived back in Miami on Sunday, no one checked their temperatures, he said.

Nearly 3,900 passengers streamed off the ship — many headed to the airport to fly to homes around the world.

“Not one piece of screening was done,” Cleary said. “Off we went.”

© Florent Serfari/Reuters A passenger who returned from a cruise aboard the MSC Meraviglia on Sunday said passengers’ temperatures were checked after an island visit but not as passengers streamed off the ship at the end of the cruise.

The cruise line had been carefully monitoring the health of crew and passengers, and none were experiencing symptoms associated with covid-19 as the cruise ended, according to the company.

“The ship received clearance from the CDC and [the United States Coast Guard] on Sunday, March 15 after they reviewed all the necessary documentation regarding the health of passengers and crew on board on Sunday and throughout the cruise,” the company said in a statement.

CDC spokeswoman Kristen Nordlund said the federal agency had been aware of the positive test before the ship was allowed to dock and responded by sending a notice to local health departments to alert them to the “medium risk” posed by the disembarked passengers.

“As the situation in the United States changes, both with increasing COVID-19 cases and the number of cruise ships coming in to port over the next few days, CDC is continuing to reevaluate how we approach returning cruise ships,” Nordlund said.

Thousands of cruise ship passengers are now slated to return home in the coming days from ships whose voyages began before the industry’s temporary halt.

Many of those that remain at sea have had difficulty finding countries that will allow them to dock, even those with no identified cases aboard.

The Norwegian Jewel, for instance, which departed Sydney on Feb. 28, had been sailing toward Honolulu after being prevented from docking in several South Pacific ports.

Marilee Perkal, whose daughter and son-in-law are on board, said they have been told there are no signs of passengers with symptoms. She said that her daughter recently sent a photo of her and her husband lounging by the pool.

As a precaution, her daughter told her, the ship has had no buffets since the start of its cruise. Guests are not even allowed to touch the salad dressing bottles. “That has been a comfort,” she said.

On Wednesday, however, Hawaii announced that no additional cruise ships will be allowed to dock. Passengers had not yet been informed of a new plan for disembarking, Perkal said.

Tom Hamburger, Julie Tate, Hannah Sampson and Jonathan O’Connell contributed to this report.

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