What to do if you have bitten the wasp of a child first aid and further actions

10 Ways to Treat Wasps Sting at Home

So, what should you do for a wasp sting? And what could you put on a bee sting to stop the pain? Luckily, there are some everyday household items, which could help.

Almost everyone has become victim to the wrath of a bee or wasp sting in their lifetime. You’ll know then how painful this can be along with the irritating itch which always follows.

Fortunately for those lucky enough to not suffer from a severe allergic reaction from insect stings there are some home remedies for bee stings and remedies for wasp stings to help reduce swelling, ease the pain, and help with the mind numbingly irritating itch.

If, however, you are allergic to wasp stings and/or bee stings the best course of action is to contact a hospital straight away.

8 Home Remedies for Wasp Sting

Unlike bee stings, hornet and wasp stings are actually alkaline. Using home remedies which include products which are quite acidic is the best way to treat wasp stings as it will help neutralise the wasp and hornet venom. hat home remedies can you use for wasp, hornet and bee stings? Find out below:

  1. Ice; Ice is a great way to help reduce the swelling from a wasp sting as well as both bees and hornet stings. This is because the cold temperature helps slow down the blood flow to the insect sting. Simply take an ice cube, ice pack, or even a bag of frozen peas and place it on the wasp sting for around 20 minutes. This will help with the pain and reduce the swelling. If using an ice cube make sure to protect the infected area with a paper towel or cloth.
  2. Garlic: Garlic is a great pain relief for bee and wasp stings. For this home remedy simply crush a clove of garlic and lather it on the sting, making sure all the juices from the garlic are applied to the area. Place a plaster on top and let the garlic do its magic.
  3. Onion: Another cooking ingredient which is great for treating wasp and bee stings is onions. Cut an onion in half and place it, flesh side down, on the bee or wasp sting and press gently until the pain has disappeared.
  4. Cucumber: You may have used cucumber on your eyes to help with wrinkles; well they can also be used to treat wasp and bee stings. This is because cucumber is a natural astringent (a natural chemical that tends to shrink or constrict body tissue) and cooler. For this home remedy rub a slice of cucumber on the wasp sting until the pain has reduced.
  5. Apple Cider Vinegar: Soak a small bit of cotton wool in apple cider vinegar and place it on the wasp sting applying a small amount of pressure until the pain goes away. The acidity of the vinegar helps neutralise the wasp venom.
  6. Vinegar: Much like apple cider vinegar, the best treatment option for this wasp sting home remedy is to apply it to a cotton pad and hold on the sting area. Alternatively, you could use a cotton swab instead and rub the infected area or apply a few drops of vinegar to your skin.
  7. Lemon Juice: Slice a lemon in half and squeeze out as much juice as you can. Dab either a cotton swab or cloth in the lemon juice and apply it to the hornet or wasp sting. You could also use your favourite bottled lemon juice that you use on your pancakes, however, fresh lemon juice works more effectively.
  8. Lemon: If you don’t want to use lemon juice you can also use a fresh lemon instead. For this home remedy for wasp stings slice a fresh lemon in half and place one of the segments, flesh side down, to the sting.

2 Home Remedies for Bee Sting

Would you know what to put on a bee sting? Find out how to treat bee stings with items found around your home:

Bee sting venom is naturally quite acidic. To help with the pain and swelling you can use home remedies which include using something with is quite alkaline as this will help neutralise the venom.

  1. Baking Soda: For this bee sting remedy create a thick paste out of baking soda and water and apply it to the stung area. This will help reduce the swelling from the bee sting as well as ease the pain.
  2. Salt: Just like our previous home remedy, make a thick paste by mixing the salt with water and apply it to the bee sting.

Hornet Stings

Although some of the home remedies on this list can help to treat hornet stings, they are not a definite cure. Compared to wasp and bee stings, hornet stings (especially one from a giant Asian hornet – should you add a photo?) can be much more painful, and deadly. This is because hornet venom is a lot more powerful than that of a bee and wasp as it contains a large amount of acetylcholine which is a powerful pain stimulant. This is what makes hornet stings so painful.

The strength of hornet venom does differ between each species. Some hornet stings are just like that from a bee or wasp, whilst others can be extremely painful. It is mainly the stings delivered from non – European hornets which contain the most venom thus being the most deadly.

The most infamous of all the hornet stings is that from a giant Asian hornet. This stinging insect is reportedly the cause of 30-50 human deaths in Japan every year, and 42 in China. The toxicity of a giant hornet’s venom is extremely nasty causing severe reactions such as melting skin and organ failure.

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Not all bites or stings are the same. You will need different first aid treatment and medical care depending on what type of creature has bitten or stung you. Some species can cause more damage than others. Some people also have allergies that raise the risk of a serious reaction.

Here’s how to recognize and treat the symptoms of bites and stings from insects, spiders, and snakes.

Nearly everyone has been bitten or stung by an insect at one time or another. Whether you’ve been attacked by a mosquito, fly, bee, wasp, ant, or other bug, insect bites and stings usually cause a mild reaction. Your body reacts to venom or other proteins that insects inject into you or transfer to your body through their saliva. This can result in symptoms at the site of the bite or sting, such as:

The severity of your symptoms can vary, depending on the type of insect that bites or stings you. Some people also develop a severe allergic reaction to insect stings or bites. Bee and wasp allergies are particularly common. A severe allergic reaction can cause:

  • hives
  • abdominal cramps
  • nausea and vomiting
  • swelling of your face, lips, or throat
  • breathing problems
  • shock

If you or someone you know begins to experience these symptoms shortly after being bitten or stung by an insect, call 911 or local emergency services. A severe allergic reaction that affects multiple parts of your body is called anaphylaxis. It can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.

If you’ve ever had a severe reaction to an insect bite or sting, ask your doctor about allergy testing. If you’ve been diagnosed with a severe allergy, your doctor should prescribe a medication called epinephrine. You can use a preloaded epinephrine auto-injector (e.g., EpiPen ® ) to inject the medication in your outer thigh muscle. It acts quickly to raise your blood pressure, stimulate your heart, and reduce swelling of your airways. You should carry it with you at all times, especially when you’re outdoors in areas where you might encounter insects.

First aid treatment

If someone shows signs of a severe allergic reaction, help them get emergency medical attention and follow the steps in the next section. If they show no signs of a severe reaction, treat the site of the bite or sting for minor symptoms:

  • If the insect’s stinger is still embedded in their skin, remove it by gently scraping a flat-edged object, such as a credit card, across their skin. Avoid using tweezers to remove the stinger, since squeezing it may release more venom.
  • Wash the area of the bite with soap and water.
  • Place a cold compress or ice pack on the area for about 10 minutes at a time to help reduce pain and swelling. Wrap any ice or ice packs in a clean cloth to protect their skin.
  • Apply calamine lotion or a paste of baking soda and water to the area several times a day to help relieve itching and pain. Calamine lotion is a type of antihistamine cream.

Emergency treatment for a severe allergic reaction

If you suspect someone may be having a severe allergic reaction:

  • Ask someone else to call 911, or local emergency services, right away. If you’re alone, contact emergency services before you provide other treatment.
  • Ask the person whether they carry an epinephrine auto-injector. If they do, retrieve it for them and help them use it according to the label directions.
  • Encourage them to remain calm, lie down quietly with their legs elevated, and stay still. If they start to vomit, turn them onto their side to allow the vomit to drain and prevent choking.
  • If they become unconscious and stop breathing, begin CPR. Continue it until medical help arrives.

To avoid making matters worse, don’t apply a tourniquet. You should also avoid giving them anything to eat or drink.

Most spider bites are relatively harmless. Anywhere from several hours to a day after you get bitten, you may notice symptoms similar to those of an insect sting or bite. At the site of the bite, you may experience:

Some types of spiders can cause more serious reactions, including black widow and brown recluse spiders. If you know what to look for, it’s easy to identify both of these species.

Fully grown black widow spiders are about 1/2-inch long. They have a black body with a red hourglass marking on the underside of their abdomen. Some black widow spiders also have red spots on the upper surface of their abdomen and crosswise red bars on the underside.

Black widow spider venom causes problems with your nervous system. Within a few hours of being bitten, you may notice intense pain at the site of the bite. You may also experience other symptoms, such as chills, fever, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.

Fully grown brown recluse spiders are larger than black widow spiders. They’re about 1 inch in length. They vary in color from yellowish tan to dark brown. They have a violin-shaped marking on the surface of their upper body, with the base of the violin facing toward their head and the neck of the violin pointing toward their rear.

Brown recluse spider bites cause damage to your skin. Within about eight hours of being bitten, you will experience redness and intense pain at the site of the bite. Over time, a blister will develop. When the blister breaks down, it will leave a deep ulcer in your skin, which can become infected. You also may develop symptoms such as fever, rash, and nausea.

First aid treatment

If you suspect that someone has been bitten by a brown recluse or black widow spider, help them get medical treatment immediately and follow the steps in the section. Otherwise, treat their spider bite like you would most insect bites and stings:

  • Wash the area of the bite with soap and water.
  • Place a cold compress or ice pack on the area for about 10 minutes to help reduce pain and swelling. Wrap any ice or ice packs in a clean cloth to protect their skin.
  • Apply calamine lotion or a paste of baking soda and water to the injured area to help relieve itching and pain. Calamine lotion is a common antihistamine cream.

Emergency treatment for a brown recluse or black widow spider bite

If you suspect that someone has been bitten by a brown recluse or black widow spider:

  • Contact their doctor or help them get emergency medical treatment immediately.
  • Clean the area of the bite with soap and water.
  • Encourage them to remain calm and still to reduce the spread of venom.
  • Apply a cold compress or ice pack to the area of the bite. Wrap ice or ice packs in a clean cloth to protect their skin.
  • If you can do so safely, take a description or picture of the spider that bit them. This can help medical professionals identify it and choose an appropriate course of treatment.

Don’t apply a tourniquet. Avoid giving them anything to eat or drink.

www.healthline.com

What to do if you have bitten the wasp of a child first aid and further actions

What’s the best way to treat a bee or wasp sting? It seems every family has their own secret remedy. From meat tenderizer or tobacco juice to vinegar or baking soda, there’s no shortage of “cures” out there and people who swear by them.

In reality, these home remedies have no real scientific or medical basis. While most aren’t necessarily dangerous, they also aren’t particularly effective. But that doesn’t mean there’s nothing individuals and parents can do after a bee or wasp sting. Taking the right steps can minimize the typical pain, redness, swelling, and itching that most people suffer after a sting. For people with a severe allergic reaction, the right response could save their life.

For most people, a sting won’t cause more than pain, swelling, and redness right around the sting—what’s known as a local reaction.

However, a small percentage of people are allergic to insect stings and suffer a much more severe and dangerous reaction, known as a generalized reaction. Stings in these people may cause anaphylaxis and can be fatal. In fact, between 60 to 70 people in the U.S. die every year as a result of allergic reactions to stings, according to estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tens of thousands more have very serious reactions that aren’t fatal.

Next time you or a child receives a nasty sting, look for signs of a generalized allergic reaction.

Signs of a generalized allergic reaction

Symptoms usually develop very quickly and may include

  • A feeling of uneasiness, tingling sensations, and dizziness.
  • Generalized itching and hives
  • Swelling of the lips and tongue
  • Wheezing and difficulty breathing
  • Collapse and loss of consciousness

Anyone who has any of these symptoms should go to the emergency department immediately.

People who had a generalized allergic response in the past will very likely have one again after another sting. However, sometimes people who never had an allergic reaction on previous stings have a generalized allergic reaction to their next sting. Fortunately, this first reaction is less likely to be one of the fatal ones.

People who know they’re allergic should always have access to an epinephrine auto-injector. An auto-injector is a portable device that injects you when you push it against your skin—you don’t have to know how to “give a shot.” Epinephrine (adrenaline) is a drug that treats allergic reactions and can be life-saving. Use the auto-injector at the first sign of an allergic reaction.

Patients and parents should note—a more severe local reaction (greater pain or more extreme swelling) is not an indicator of increased risk for a generalized reaction, nor is receiving multiple stings.

If there’s no sign of a generalized allergic reaction, follow these 3 steps

Up to 1 million people go to the Emergency Department for bee stings every year. Most of these visits are for local reactions that you can treat at home by following these steps.

1. Remove the stinger with a dull-edged object

Bee stings and wasp stings are relatively similar, with one big exception. After a sting, honeybees leave a barbed stinger behind (and the honeybee dies). Wasps, on the other hand, have a smooth stinger that can sting multiple times without becoming detached from the insect.

Following a honeybee sting, the stinger should be removed as quickly as possible. In many cases, the bee also leaves behind the venom sack, which continues to pump venom as long as it stays intact. So the sooner you can remove it and the stinger, the sooner you can stop the flow of toxins.

A blunt object such as a credit card or butter knife gently scraped across the affected area is the best way to get rid of the stinger. Avoid using tweezers or anything else that could puncture or squeeze the venom sack and make symptoms worse.

2. Apply a cool compress

Once the stinger is out, a cool compress can help alleviate pain (just don’t dunk the whole area in ice). An antihistamine taken orally or applied as a cream can help alleviate itching and swelling.

3. Elevate the area

Depending on the location of the sting, elevating the area can also reduce swelling.

The level of swelling caused by a sting can often be startling. In fact, a sting on the hand can result in the hand swelling up to twice the normal size. This swelling, along with the area feeling warm and tender, can sometimes be confused for infection—also known as cellulitis. Individuals and parents should know it’s rare for infection to develop after a sting, especially within the first few days. The swelling caused by a local reaction may decrease within a few hours, but it can take a few days to fully resolve.

Keys to preventing stings

The best way to avoid complications from a sting is to avoid being stung in the first place. Here are a few things to keep in mind if you know you or your child will be outside and around bees or wasps.

  • Avoid wearing bright colors, scented perfume, or hair sprays.
  • Remember bees and wasps are social creatures. They only sting humans to protect their hive. The old rule of thumb is true—if you don’t bother them, they won’t bother you.
  • Bees and wasps are pretty slow fliers—most people can get away from them just by walking quickly.

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Insect Sting Allergy Treatment

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Call 911 and inject epinephrine immediately if the person has:

Any of these symptoms or a history of severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis), even if there are no symptoms:

  • Trouble breathing or wheezing
  • Tightness in the throat or a feeling that the airways are closing
  • Hives
  • Swelling away from the area of the sting, especially swelling of the face, tongue, or hands
  • Hoarseness or trouble speaking
  • Nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, cramps, or vomiting
  • Fast heartbeat or pulse
  • Skin that severely itches, tingles, swells, or turns red
  • Anxiety, feelings of faintness, or dizziness
  • Loss of consciousness

Do not hesitate to inject the epinephrine if you are unsure the symptoms are allergy related. It will not hurt the person and could save his or her life. If the person has an anaphylaxis action plan from a doctor for injecting epinephrine and other emergency measures, follow it. Otherwise, if the person carries an epinephrine shot (it’s a good idea to always carry two) do the following:

  • Inject epinephrine if the person is unable to.
  • If the person has a history of anaphylaxis, don’t wait for signs of a severe reaction to inject epinephrine.
  • Read and follow patient instructions carefully.
  • Inject epinephrine into outer muscle of the thigh. Avoid injecting into a vein or buttock muscles.
  • Do not inject medicine into hands or feet, which can cause tissue damage. If this happens, notify emergency room staff.
  • The person may need more than one injection if there’s no improvement after the first. If needed, inject again after 5 to 15 minutes.
  • Any more than 2 doses of epinephrine should not be adminsistered unless it’s done under direct medical supervision.
  • A person should always go to the ER after an epinephrine injection, even if the symptoms go away.

Do CPR if the person stops breathing.

Follow Up

  • Make sure that someone stays with the person for 24 hours after anaphylaxis in case of another attack.
  • Report the reaction to the person’s doctor.

If the person does not have severe allergy symptoms:

1. Remove the Stinger

  • Scrape the area with the edge of a credit card or straight edge object to remove it.
  • Don’t pinch the stinger or use tweezers — that can inject more venom.

2. Control Swelling

  • Ice the area.
  • If you were stung on your arm or leg, elevate it.
  • Remove any tight-fitting jewelry from the area of the sting. As it swells, rings or bracelets might be difficult to remove.

3. Treat Symptoms

  • For pain, take an over-the-counter painkiller like acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Do not give aspirin to anyone under age 19.
  • For itchiness, take an antihistamine. You can also apply a mixture of baking soda and water or calamine lotion.

4. Follow-Up

  • It might take 2-5 days for the area to heal. Keep it clean to prevent infection.

eMedicineHealth: “Bee and Wasp Stings.”

American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology: “Tips to Remember: Stinging Insect Allergy.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Over the Counter: Choosing the Right Allergy Medications.”

KidsHealth: “Serious Allergic Reactions (Anaphylaxis).”

www.webmd.com

Treatment of Bee and Wasp Stings

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Treating bee and wasp stings depends on their severity. The majority of problems that require medical attention come from an allergic reaction to the sting. In most cases, complications from that reaction respond well to medications — when given in time.

Home Treatment for Bee and Wasp Stings

Most insect stings for someone who is not allergic need no more than first aid given at home. Then you can avoid further stings by wearing protective clothing, using insect repellent, and staying out of infested areas.

Here are the steps you need to take after someone who is allergic has been stung:

  • Remove any stingers immediately. Some experts recommend scraping out the stinger with a credit card.
  • Applying ice to the site may provide some mild relief. Apply ice for 20 minutes once every hour as needed. Wrap the ice in a towel or keep a cloth between the ice and skin to keep from freezing the skin.
  • Taking an antihistamine such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) or a nonsedating one such as loratadine (Claritin) will help with itching and swelling.
  • Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin)for pain relief as needed.
  • Wash the sting site with soap and water. Placing hydrocortisone cream on the sting can help relieve redness, itching, and swelling.
  • If it’s been more than 10 years since your last tetanus booster, get a booster within the next few days.
  • Most insect stings require no additional medical care.

If you know you may be allergic, especially if you’ve had a severe reaction in the past when stung by a bee or wasp, seek immediate medical help. Take an antihistamine such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) or a nonsedating one such as loratadine (Claritin) as soon as possible. If you have been prescribed epinephrine (Adrenaclick, Auvi-Q, EpiPen, Symjepi, or a generic version of the auto-injector) for an allergic reaction, always carry two with you and use it as directed.

Medical Treatment for Bee and Wasp Stings

If you have a single sting with no allergic symptoms, you may require only local wound care such as cleaning and applying antibiotic ointment. Any stingers that remain will be removed. And you may be given an oral antihistamine to treat itching. The doctor may also tell you to use ibuprofen (Motrin) or acetaminophen (Tylenol) for pain. If your tetanus immunization is not current, you’ll receive a booster shot.

With mild allergic symptoms such as a rash and itching over your body but no problems with breathing or other vital signs, you may be treated with an antihistamine. You may also be given steroids. In some cases, the doctor will give you an epinephrine (adrenaline) injection. Treatment may be started at the scene or in the ambulance by the emergency medics. If you are doing well, you may be sent home after observation in the emergency department.

If you have a more moderate allergic reaction such as a rash all over the body and some mild problems breathing, you will likely receive injections of antihistamines, steroids, and epinephrine. Some of these treatments may be started at the scene or in the ambulance by emergency medics. You will likely need to be observed for a prolonged period of time in the emergency department or in some cases be admitted to the hospital.

If you have a severe allergic reaction such as low blood pressure, swelling blocking air getting into the lungs, or other serious problems breathing, you have a true life-threatening emergency. Treatment may include placing a breathing tube into your trachea. You will likely be given injections of antihistamines, steroids, and epinephrine. Intravenous fluids may also be given. Some of these treatments may start at the scene or in the ambulance. You will be closely monitored in the emergency department and likely be admitted to the hospital — perhaps the intensive care unit.

With multiple stings — more than 10-20 — but no evidence of an allergic reaction, you may still need prolonged observation in the emergency department or admission to the hospital. At that point, the doctor may order multiple blood tests.

If you are stung inside the mouth or throat, you may may need to remain in the emergency department for observation, or you may need more intensive management if complications develop.

If you are stung on the eyeball, you will likely need to be evaluated by an eye doctor.

www.webmd.com

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