Methods to combat bed bugs

Finding and Using Bed Bug Pestic >

  • Use EPA’s Bed Bug Product Search tool to help you find a pesticide product
  • Consult a pest management professional to inspect your residence and, if needed, apply approved pesticides to treat any infestation.
  • The Cooperative Extension Service office in your area can assist with choosing appropriate pesticides for your area and situation.
  • Read When Treatments Don’t Work before reapplying or trying a different product.
  • Sometimes people want to try things to control bed bugs that are not legal. See Stay Legal and Safe in Treating for Bed Bugs for more information.

EPA has registered more than 300 products for use against bed bugs. Most of these can be used by consumers, but a few are registered for use only by specially trained professionals. EPA evaluates data on the safety and the effectiveness of the products before approving them.

These 300 registered products fall into seven chemical classes of pesticides that are currently registered and widely used for bed bug control:

There is also an additional chemical class registered for a very narrow use pattern. Dichlorvos (also known as DDVP, an organophosphate) is registered as a pest strip for treatment of small enclosures.

Each chemical class kills bed bugs using a different mode of action. It can be helpful to use pesticides that differ in their mode of action because it can reduce the likelihood that the bugs will develop resistance. The following paragraphs discuss in more details each of the more commonly used chemical classes for bed bugs.

Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids: Pyrethrins and pyrethroids are the most common compounds used to control bed bugs and other indoor pests. Pyrethrins are botanical insecticides derived from chrysanthemum flowers. Pyrethroids are synthetic chemical insecticides that act like pyrethrins. Both compounds are lethal to bed bugs and can flush bed bugs out of their hiding places and kill them. However, where resistant bed bug strains exist, these treatments may cause them to move to a new hiding place or temporarily flush them out of existing locations.

Some bed bug populations have become resistant to pyrethrins and pyrethroids. Sometimes using a combination product (either multiple pyrethroid or pyrethrin active ingredients, or one that combines different chemical classes into the same product) can improve bed bug control. It can also be helpful to switch to an entirely different chemical class to control resistant bed bug populations.

Some pyrethroid pesticides come in the form of a total release fogger. See Should I Use a Fogger? for information about fogger use and safety.

Desiccants: Desiccants work by destroying the waxy, protective outer coating on a bed bug. Once this coating is destroyed, the bed bugs will slowly dehydrate and die. Desiccants are a valuable tool in bed bug control. Because desiccants work through a physical mode of action, the bed bugs cannot become resistant to desiccants as they can to pesticides with other modes of action. In addition, they have a long-lasting effect and don’t disturb normal bed bug activities.

Examples of desiccants include:

When using desiccants to control bed bugs it is critical to use those that are registered by EPA and labeled for bed bug control. Desiccants that are intended for other uses, such as food-grade or for use in swimming pools, pose an increased inhalation risk to people. Use of desiccants is limited to cracks and crevices use only to reduce inhalation risk.

Biochemicals: Cold pressed neem oil is the only biochemical pesticide registered for use against bed bugs. Cold pressed neem oil is pressed directly from seeds of the Neem tree, a tropical evergreen tree found in Southeast Asia and Africa. The oil contains various compounds that have insecticidal and medicinal properties. It is also used in making products including shampoos, toothpaste, soaps, and cosmetics. Performance trials conducted at the approved label rates show both products control bed bug adults, nymphs, and eggs.

Pyrroles: Chlorfenapyr is the only pyrrole pesticide currently registered for use against bed bugs. The compound is a pro-insecticide, i.e. the biological activity depends on its activation to form another chemical. The new chemical disrupts certain functions in the bed bug’s cells, causing its death.

Neonicotinoids: Neonicotinoids are synthetic forms of nicotine and act on the nicotinic receptors of the nervous system by causing nerves to fire continually until they fail. Because neonicotinoids use this different mode of action, bed bugs that are resistant to other pesticides will remain susceptible to the neonicotinoid.

Insect growth regulators: Insect growth regulators are chemicals that mimic juvenile growth hormones in insects. They work by either altering the production of chitin (the compound insects use to make their hard external “shell” or exoskeleton) or by altering an insect’s development into adulthood. Some growth regulators force the insect to develop too rapidly, while others stop development.

Contact Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem.

www.epa.gov

Top Ten Tips to Prevent or Control Bed Bugs

Related Information

1. Make sure you really have bed bugs, not fleas, ticks or other insects.

You can compare your insect to the pictures on our Identifying bed bugs Web page or show it to your local extension agent.Exit (Extension agents are trained in pest control issues and know your local area.)

2. Don’t panic!

3. Think through your treatment options — Don’’t immediately reach for the spray can.

Be comprehensive in your approach. Try other things first. Integrated pest management (IPM) techniques may reduce the number of bed bugs and limit your contact with pesticides. If pesticides are needed, always follow label directions or hire a professional. There is help available to learn about treatment options. (4 pp, 480 K, About PDF)

4. Reduce the number of hiding places — Clean up the clutter.

A cluttered home provides more places for bed bugs to hide and makes locating and treating them harder. If bed bugs are in your mattress, using special bed bug covers (encasements) on your mattress and box springs makes it harder for bed bugs to get to you while you sleep. Leave the encasements on for a year. Be sure to buy a product that has been tested for bed bugs and is strong enough to last for the full year without tearing.

5. Regularly wash and heat-dry your bed sheets, blankets, bedspreads and any clothing that touches the floor.

This reduces the number of bed bugs. Bed bugs and their eggs can hide in laundry containers/hampers Remember to clean them when you do the laundry.

6. Do-it-yourself freezing may not be a reliable method for bed bug control.

While freezing can kill bed bugs, temperatures must remain very low for a long time. Home freezers may not be cold enough to kill bed bugs; always use a thermometer to accurately check the temperature. Putting things outside in freezing temperatures could kill bed bugs, but there are many factors that can affect the success of this method.

7. Kill bed bugs with heat, but be very careful.

Raising the indoor temperature with the thermostat or space heaters won’t do the job. Special equipment and very high temperatures are necessary for successful heat treatment. Black plastic bags in the sun might work to kill bed bugs in luggage or small items, if the contents become hot enough. Bed bugs die when their body temperatures reaches 45°C (113°F). To kill bed bugs with heat, the room or container must be even hotter to ensure sustained heat reaches the bugs no matter where they are hiding

8. Don’’t pass your bed bugs on to others.

Bed bugs are good hitchhikers. If you throw out a mattress or furniture that has bed bugs in it, you should slash or in some way destroy it so that no one else takes it and gets bed bugs.

9. Reduce the number of bed bugs to reduce bites.

Thorough vacuuming can get rid of some of your bed bugs. Carefully vacuum rugs, floors, upholstered furniture, bed frames, under beds, around bed legs, and all cracks and crevices around the room. Change the bag after each use so the bed bugs can’t escape. Place the used bag in a tightly sealed plastic bag and in an outside garbage bin.

10. Turn to the professionals, if needed.

Hiring an experienced, responsible pest control professional can increase your chance of success in getting rid of bed bugs. If you hire an expert, be sure it’s a company with a good reputation and request that it use an IPM approach. Contact your state pesticide agency for guidance about hiring professional pest control companies. Also, EPA’s Citizen’s Guide to Pest Control and Pesticide Safety provides information about IPM approaches, how to choose a pest control company, safe handling of pesticides, and emergency information.

Contact Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem.

www.epa.gov

Do-it-yourself Bed Bug Control

Can you treat and eliminate the bed bugs on your own? Bed bugs are challenging pests to get rid of, since they hide so well and reproduce so quickly. In addition, the egg stage is resistant to many forms of treatment, so a single attempt may not be sufficient to complete the job.

Treating bed bugs is complex. Your likelihood of success depends on many factors, including:

  • Extent of the infestation.
  • Site-specific challenges.
    • Clutter.
    • Neighbors with infestations.
    • Ability of all of the residents to participate.

Achieving complete control can take weeks to months, depending on the nature and extent of the infestation, and everyone will need to cooperate and do their part.

Before starting, you should lay out all of the steps on a calendar. The following steps will help you begin:

Keep the Infestation from Spreading

  • Anything removed from the room should be placed in a sealed plastic bag and treated.
    • Items that cannot be treated should be placed in a sealed plastic bag and left for an extended period of time to ensure any active bugs are dead (research shows variation in the length of time needed, but it can be as long as a year).
  • Empty the vacuum after each use.
    • Seal the bag and throw it out in an outdoor trash container.
  • Don’t discard furniture if you can eliminate the bed bugs from it.
  • If furniture cannot be salvaged, discard it responsibly. Destroy it so someone else won’t be tempted to bring it into their home. For example:
    • Rip covers and remove stuffing from furniture items.
    • Use spray paint to mark furniture with “Bed Bugs.”
  • Take steps to have infested items picked up as soon as possible by the trash collection agency.

Prepare for Treatment

Jumping straight into control is tempting, but won’t work. Preparing for treatment is essential to getting successful control. It will also help by making it easier for you to monitor for bed bugs that haven’t been completely eliminated. This preparation should be conducted whether you are doing the treatment yourself or hiring a professional.

Kill the Bed Bugs

  • Make sure the methods you select are safe, effective and legal. See What’s Legal, What’s Not for more information.
  • Consider non-chemical methods of killing bed bugs. Some will be more useful than others.
    • Heat treatment using a clothes dryer on high heat, black plastic bags in the sun or a hot, closed car (pest management professionals have other methods that are not suitable for non-trained individuals to use).
    • Cold treatment can be successful in the home environment if the freezer is set to 0 o F. You must leave the items in the freezer at that temperature for four days. Always use a thermometer to check the temperature, since home freezers are not always set to 0 o .
    • Steam cleaners (wet or dry) can penetrate into cracks and fabrics to treat carpets, baseboards, bed frames, and other furniture. Steam temperature must be at least 130 o F, but should not have a forceful airflow (use diffuser) or it may cause bed bugs to scatter.
    • Reducing the numbers of bugs with these and other non-chemical methods is helpful, but is unlikely to entirely eliminate the infestation.
  • If needed, use pestic >Top of Page

    Evaluate and Prevent

    • Continue to inspect for presence of bed bugs, at least every 7 days, in case any eggs remained.
      • Interceptors (placed under the legs of furniture to catch bed bugs and keep them from climbing the legs; commercial and do-it-yourself versions available), traps or other methods of monitoring can be used.
    • Continue to implement preventive measures.

    For additional information, please see:

    Contact Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem.

    www.epa.gov

    5 Effective Methods For Bed Bug Control in Multifamily Housing

    Ask any experienced pest control specialist about bed bugs and they’ll probably tell you that bed bugs are the real deal. Amazingly effective at spreading and notoriously difficult to eradicate, bed bugs have been one of the industry’s major nuisances for decades – and that’s despite amazing advances in bed bug eradication methods.

    Homeowners, business owners, and property owners everywhere have known what a bed bug infestation can do to a business’ reputation, and that’s why there’s been a massive push to determine which pest control methods work best, and which may not be as effective as originally thought.

    Thankfully, after years of dealing with these wide-spread and hardy pests, pest control experts have devised a basic best practices for how to deal with bed bug problems. Many of these basic solutions are still highly effective at preventing bed bugs from spreading, while some more advanced tactics can and should be used to make sure eradication is absolutely complete.

    Here’s a look at what pest control experts know to work best at eradicating a bed bug infestation in your business or multifamily housing:

    1. Visual Inspections

    While not the most effective method of assessing a bed bug infestation, basic visual inspections still play a hugely important role in most professional pest control strategies today. A professional pest control expert know the signs of bedbugs, even those hiding in the cracks and hard-to-reach places, and can likely educate a building or business owner on just how extensive the problem may be.

    2. HEPA Filter Vacuum

    In some cases – especially when a bed bug infestation is contained in a single, easy-to-clean area, the solution may be as simple as a thorough, careful vacuum – especially when using a vacuum outfitted with a HEPA-certified filter. This filter will prevent bed bugs, their eggs, and even the allergens they carry with them from becoming airborne and spreading.

    This means you or your pest professional can vacuum and remove bed bugs by site, possibly removing the infestation completely with a particularly thorough job. For those looking for pest solutions that avoid the use of chemicals, a reliable vacuum may be just the answer.

    3. Laundering and Encasements

    If bed bugs have already made it onto your clothes, curtains, or bedding, the infestation has likely reached its height – and the time to wait around is definitely over. While removing the entire bed bug colony may require the work of a professional, there are basic steps you can do to keep the spread at bay – including washing and drying your laundry at the highest heat possible.

    This high-heat treatment will kill any bed bugs and their eggs that may be in your linens and clothes – but put those sheets back on your unprotected mattress and you’ll be right back where you started. That’s why many experts recommend Bed Bug Encasements for mattresses, which both prevents new bed bugs from settling into your mattress and allows those bed bugs currently on your mattress to starve and die in just a few days.

    4. Steam and Thermal Treatment

    Heat kills bed bugs. But while a spin in a hot washing machine may be enough to clear bedding or clothes, many individuals cannot provide the same treatment for their carpets, mattresses, or curtains – and these can all be prime hiding spots for bed bugs. That’s why many pest control experts have started working with heat and steam treatment – a method that’s proven to be both effective and safe.

    By using large heaters and air circulators, a pest control expert can raise the temperature in your business, building, or living space high enough – approximately 135 degrees fahrenheit for at least 90 minutes – to kill everything from mature adults to unhatched eggs. This method is natural and, in many cases, highly effective at removing a bed bug infestation completely.

    5. Chemical Treatment

    When other bed bug control methods just aren’t powerful enough, or when it takes a serious solution to address a serious infestation, your pest control expert will likely turn to the industry standard for eradication: chemical treatment.

    The EPA officially recognizes more than 300 products for use against bed bugs, all approved for use around humans and all amazingly effective at eliminating a bed bug infestation. Talk with your pest control expert about the right solution for your situation – chances are, chemical treatment may just offer the most thorough and reliable results.

    JP Pest Services Knows How To Handle Bed Bugs

    Every bed bug infestation is unique – each building has its own layout, its own hiding places, and its own limits as to which method will work best. Determining which solution will remove your bed bug problem most effectively and efficiently will likely take the experienced eye of a professional.

    If you’re facing a bed bug infestation in your multi-family building, business, or home, get in contact with JP Pest Services and discuss your options with one of our experts, who can help determine which control method will work best for your situation. Say goodbye to bed bugs, and hello to happier living conditions.

    www.jppestservices.com

    Methods to Control Bed Bugs

    Dr. Changlu Wang

    GOT BED BUGS?

    Bed bugs are tiny parasites that seek out sleeping people or animals for a blood meal. They are attracted to the CO2 that you exhale, your body heat and your smell. After feeding, they hide. It is extremely challenging, but not impossible, to prevent, detect and control bed bugs.

    Controlling Bed Bugs Using Integrated Pest Management

    In most cases, pesticides alone will not eliminate bed bugs. Integrated Pest Management (IPM), needs to be implemented for effective bed bug control. IPM is an environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on knowledge of the pest and a combination of common sense practices, such as inspection, monitoring, reducing clutter, sealing cracks, the use of barriers, non-chemical methods and the judicious and careful use of pesticides, if needed.

    1. Environmental Modification

    1. Vacuuming reduces bed bug populations. Clean and vacuum bed bug prone areas daily. Immediately seal and dispose of vacuum bag.
    2. Install encasements on mattress and box spring.
    3. Make the bed an island: Keep bed away from wall and do not let bedding touch the floor.
    4. Install bed bug interceptors under bed and furniture legs.
    5. Remove clutter where bed bugs can h >

    Bed bugs are not your fault. Anyone can have them.

    2. Non-Chemical Controls

    Items that cannot be washed or dried may be steamed, heated or frozen using specialized equipment. Raising the indoor temperature with a thermostat or space heaters will not kill the bed bugs.

    1. Launder bed sheets and clothing regularly. Dry for 30 minutes on highest heat setting.
    2. Put small items in a freezer for 4 days.
    3. Apply hot steam to infested furniture.
    4. Dispose of heavily infested items.
    5. Other methods available to professionals: Place items in heat chambers designed for controlling bed bugs.

    3. Monitoring

    1. Visually inspect bed and sofa.
    2. Place interceptors under bed and sofa legs. Interceptors should be checked every 1-2 weeks.
    3. If you cannot find bed bugs but are still concerned about their presence, you may set up a home-made monitor to detect low numbers of bed bugs. Instruction are found at: njaes.rutgers.edu/bed-bug/

    4. Insectic >

    If no live bugs or their signs are noticed for 6 weeks, you may declare “the bed bugs are eliminated!”

    What Do Bed Bugs Look Like?

    Signs of Bed Bugs

    Important, Be Sure Your Pests are Bed Bugs!!

    1. Capture and contain several examples of the pest and have them >Proactive monitoring, early detection and prompt response will avoid larger problems.

    For more information on bed bugs and IPM go to:
    www.epa.gov/bedbugs
    Bed bug video: http://youtu.be/QCZ5bgb3ol0

    Bed Bug Links

    New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station
    Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
    88 Lipman Drive, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8525
    Job Opportunities | Webmaster

    Copyright © 2019 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.

    njaes.rutgers.edu

    Bed Bug Control – How to Get R >

    • Video: Intro to Bed Bugs
    • Inspect for Bed Bugs
    • Treat the bed
    • Treat surrounding areas

    Bed Bug Pre-treatment Procedures

    1. Reduce Clutter
    2. Launder Infested Garments and Linens
    3. Dismantle Bed Frames
    4. Remove Dresser Drawers
    5. Clean the Area
    6. Caulk and Seal

    Reduce Clutter:

    Remove all personal items (stuffed animals, soft toys, blankets, electronics, etc) and anything that does not stay in the room permanently. Caution: Be mindful that items from the infested area can transfer bed bugs to other areas. It is best to bag them in plastic with Nuvan Strips.

    Launder Infested Garments and Linens:

    Infested garments and bed linen cannot be treated with insecticide. They need to be laundered in hot water (120 degrees fahrenheit minimum). If washing is not available, heating the garments or bed linens for several minutes in a clothes dryer may work.

    Dismantle Bed Frames:

    Dismantling bed frames in infested areas typically exposes bed bug hiding sites. Having access to these areas during cleaning is important. Stand up the box spring and shine a flashlight through the gauze fabric and look for bed bugs. If the fabric is torn (possible hiding place), remove fabric to prepare for spraying. If the mattress and or box springs are infested, you may want to consider Encasements by Mattress Safe. Once covered with these encasements, bed bugs can not enter or exit. There is no need to treat the mattress or box spring when using these encasements. Keep them on for a year.

    Remove Dresser Drawers:

    Remove drawers from desks and dressers since bed bugs like to hide in these areas. Turn furniture over to inspect and clean all hiding spots. All furniture should be pulled away from the walls.

    Clean the Area

    Scrub infested surfaces with a stiff brush to dislodge eggs. Vacuum the room extensively. Use a vacuum hose attachment to thoroughly vacuum cracks and crevices on furniture and along baseboards on the walls. Vacuum along baseboards, furniture, bed stands, rails, headboards, foot boards, bed seams, tufts, buttons, edges of the bedding, as well as the edges of the carpets (particularly along the tack strips). A good vacuum cleaning job may remove particles from cracks and crevices to encourage greater insecticide penetration. Bed bugs cling tightly to surfaces, so it is best to vacuum by scraping the end of the vacuum attachment over the infested areas to pull out the bed bugs. Caution: It is not good to use a bristle attachment, because you may transfer bed bugs to other areas since they cling to the brush. Dispose of vacuum cleaner bags after you are finished in an outdoor trashcan.

    Caulk and Seal

    Caulk and seal all holes where pipes and wires penetrate walls and floor, and fill cracks around baseboards and molding to further reduce harboring areas.

    Bed Bug Inspection

    Bed Bug Appearance

    Bedbug Pictures: What does a bed bug look like?

    Adult bed bugs are brown to reddish-brown, oval-shaped, flattened, and about 1/4 to 5/8 inch long. Note: Their flat shape enables them to readily hide in most cracks and crevices.


    Adult Male Bed Bug

    Adult Female Bed Bug

    Bed Bug Nymph

    Tip: Eggs are not placed on the host’s body (the person sleeping in the bed), but the eggs are found on surfaces near where the host sleeps.

    Bed Bug Inspection Tips:

    • Look in any place that offers darkness, isolation and protection to the bed bug.
    • Inspect adjoining rooms where an infestation is found. Even when the bed bugs themselves cannot be found, their hiding places can be located by looking for the spots of fecal material they often leave.
    • Use an Insecticide Aerosol such as CB-80 or PT 565 to flush the bed bugs out of suspected hiding places. These aerosols kill on contact, but the idea is to flush them out for inspection

    Bed Bug Inspection Check List

    The Mattress and Box Spring

    Check the mattress throughly, paying close attention to seams and tufts along the edges. Flip the mattress over and inspect the bottom carefully as well. Pay particular attention to any rips in the fabric. View the fabric on the bottom of the box spring and shine a flash light to verify that bed bugs have not penetrated the interior of the box spring.

    Bed Frame and Head and Foot Boards

    Remove the mattress and box frame from the bed frame and shine a flash light all along every potential hiding place on the bed frame. Remember bed bugs can slip into an crack a business card can fit into.

    Other Furniture: Desks, Chairs, Dressers, etc

    Take out all drawers and cushions from surrounding furniture. Check all seams and crevices carefully with a flashlight. Take your time and inspect thoroughly. Bed Bugs are commonly found in these areas in an infested room.

    Walls and Carpet

    Inspect the surrounding walls by removing electircal switch plates and any wall hangings. Check under tack strips and behind baseboards where ever possible. Shine light into cracks in plaster and seams along wall paper.

    Electronics and Other Applicances

    Unfortunately electronics and appliances provide a perfect hiding spot for bed bugs. Check them closely with a flashlight and magnifying glass as well. Remove them when possible. Placing smaller ones in a bag with Nuvan Strips is an effective way to save the device.

    Additional Bed Bug Inspection Notes

    Bed Bug fecal and blood spots (look like rust) are left on sheets and pillowcases when the engorged bed bugs are crushed. These indicators serve as sure signs of infestation. Bed bugs prefer to hide in cracks and crevices during the daytime and come out to feed on the host’s blood at night, usually while the host is sleeping.

    Since bed bugs can flatten their bodies, they fit in very small crevices, specially around the bed area. They are found in habitual hiding places, preferably close to a blood meal. Even though their preference is to be close they can travel several feet for a blood meal.

    Initial infestations tend to be around beds, but the bugs eventually become scattered throughout a room, occupying any crevice or protected location. They can also spread to adjacent rooms or apartments.

    Bed Bug Treatment Procedures (Part A)

    Do I Have to Throw Out the Mattress?

    This question is answered by the condition of the mattress and the size of infestation. If there are holes or tears in the gauze fabric or fabric of the mattress, bed bugs and eggs may be inside, as well as outside. There are restrictions on how beds can be treated with insecticides. We carry both Mattress Safe Bed Bug Encasements and ActiveGuard Mattress Liners.

    1. Mattress Safe Encasements: Mattress Safe Products are bed encasements to place over your mattress or boxspring so you don’t have to throw them away. They are bedbug certified. If using a labeled insecticide on the mattress or boxspring first, apply on mattress or box springs then zip it up. It has a patented hook to keep the bed bugs inside the encasement so they cannot escape. Keep the encasement in place for one year (due to bed bug life cycles).

    2. Active Guard Liners: Active Guard Mattress Liners may be placed on beds and are effective as both preventative and active bed bug treatments. They kill bed bugs and dust mites within 72 hours and will prevent bed bugs from infesting mattresses. ActiveGuard Liners act like a fitted sheet; it comes in single, full, queen, and king sizes that fit up to 17″ in depth.

    If you decide against Mattress Safe Encasements or ActiveGuard Liners, use insecticides labeled for beds such as Steri-Fab, Cimexa Dust, Phantom Aerosol, Bedlam Aerosol, or Temprid FX (See below).

    How to treat the mattress with insecticides:

    Look carefully at the folds and seams of the mattress, the headboard, foot board (if present), box spring/support platform, frame, etc for bedbugs and treat these area after vacumming.

    The following residual insecticides and dusts are labeled to spray and dust mattresses:

    Dusts last longer than aerosols, but the crack and crevice tips on the Phantom and Bedlam areosols enable you to get into the smallest cracks. It is a good idea to use a combination of sprays and dusts. Temprid SC may be used on the tufts and seams of mattresses. It works well as a residual insecticide sprayed in other recommended treatment areas such as night stands, chests, dressers, couches and chairs.

    Bed Bug Treatment Procedures (Part B)

    Treat all baseboards and furniture (Night Stand, Chests, Dressers, Couches and Chairs)

    Bed Bug Treatment: Sprays and Dusts

    There are several products on the market that work well for bed bugs:

    It is best to use a combination of these products for application purposes.

    You can get these at discounted rates in be form of kits: Bed Bug Kits
    The kits have the residual insecticide with the dust and aerosols.

    Spray liquid insecticides or aerosols:

      Spray around and under the bed and along the baseboards near the bed. After removing the drawers from the furniture, the ins >

    Spectre 2 SC has a low odor and is not dectectable by the bed bugs. Adjust the spray pattern to a mist by turning the nozzle. A low fine mist is best for most spraying, but you may need to use a stream to get into some cracks and crevices. If you can’t get into the cracks and crevices use one of the aerosols described below with it’s crack and crevice tips to reach into these areas.

    • Mix 3 oz per gallon or 0.75 oz per quart and spray with a low pressure sprayer into the areas where the bed bugs are hiding. Typical areas include bed frames, headboards, under beds, baseboards, moldings, behind pictures,etc. Remember to apply in the joints and crevices of furniture. If the crack and crevice is too small, use an aerosol with a crack and crevice tip (recommendations are below.)
    • You may spray mattress seams, zippers and tufts. Wait until it dries before remaking the bed.
    • Remember- 95% of the bed bug infestation will be within five feet of your bed.

    CrossFire Bed Bug Insecticide

    CrossFire Bed Bug Concentrate has two different active ingredients for dual modes of action (both a quick kill and residual activity). Mix 3 oz of CrossFire Insecticide with one gallon of water or 0.75 oz per quart (Remember to use what you mix-within 24 hours.) Adjust the spray pattern to a mist by turning the nozzle. A low fine mist is best for most spraying, but you may need to use a stream to get into some cracks and crevices. If you can’t get into the cracks and crevices use one of the aerosols described below with it’s crack and crevice tips to reach into these areas.

    • Apply as a coarse, low-pressure spray to harborage areas including crevices, baseboards, loose plaster, behind bed frames and headboards, beneath beds and furniture, and to bedsprings and bed frames. After removal of bed linens, apply Transport Mikron to mattress and boxsprings. Apply to tufts, edges, seams and folds (do not spray clothes or bed linens). Your may apply it to furniture, but not to areas where there is direct access to seating or arm placements. Infested bed linens should not be treated, but should be removed, placed in sealed plastic bags, and taken for laundering and drying at high temperatures.
    • Apply as a crack and crevice treatment to all baseboards, loose plaster, behind pictures and mirrors, moldings, beneath floor coverings and carpets, closets, shelves, curtains, furniture and picture frames that may provide harborage to bed bugs.
    • Remember- 95% of the bed bug infestation will be within five feet of your bed.

    Temprid FX Insecticide

    Mix 8 ml (about 1/3 oz)(measurements on the bottle) or one 8 ml vial of Temprid FX with one gallon of water. Remember to use what you mix-within 24 hours. Adjust the spray pattern to a mist by turning the nozzle. A low fine mist is best for most spraying, but you may need to use a stream to get into some cracks and crevices. If you can’t get into the cracks and crevices use one of the aerosols described below with it’s crack and crevice tips to reach into these areas.

    • Temprid FX controls bed bug populations that are resistant to pyrethroid insecticides.
    • For infested mattresses, remove linens and wash before reuse. Apply Temprid to tufts, seams, folds, and edges until moist. Allow to dry before remaking bed. Do not spray bed linens
    • Apply Temprid FX to bedsprings, box springs, and the interior of bed frames or headboards, including all cracks and joints.
    • When bed bugs are found in upholstered furniture, apply only to the infested tufts, seams, folds and edges, but do not apply to flat surfaces where prolonged human contact will occur. If bugs heavily infest furniture (inside cushions and/or batting) apply a labeled insecticide dust or consider fumigation.
    • Apply as a crack and crevice treatment to all baseboards, moldings, beneath floor coverings and carpets, closets, shelves, curtains, furniture and picture frames that may provide harborage to bed bugs.
    • Remember- 95% of the bed bug infestation will be within five feet of your bed.

    Recommended Aerosols-Aerosols are perfect for application where you can not spray liquid mixtures.

    Aerosols (D-Fense NXT, Crossfire Aerosol, or Bedlam Plus) Usage: Simply attach the plastic tip to the aerosol can. Apply as a crack and crevice or spot treatment where evidence of bed bugs occurs. This includes bed frames, box springs, inside empty dressers, clothes closets, curtain rods, hollow spaces, carpet edges, high and low wall moldings and wallpaper edges.

    Recommended Insectic >

    CimeXa Dust: Cimexa Insecticide Dust kills bed bug adults and nymphs, killing bed bug nymphs hatched from dusted eggs. As a lox toxic insecticide dust, CimeXa Dust is composed of 100% Amorphous Silica Gel. It is odorless and does not stain surfaces.

    Dust Usage: (Do not dust on top of moist insecticides)
    Use a Hand Bellow Duster to apply dusts into the cracks and crevices with the Cimexa Dust. Put dust into duster. Remove switch plates and electrical outlet covers and dust into the openings. Another tool used for dusting would be a small paint brush or small makeup brush. Apply a small amount of dust on the tip of the brush, brushing into cracks and crevices. Dust any items hanging on the wall such as pictures with a small paint brush. Use a small paint brush to paint dust in seams and around buttons of mattress. Use dust or aerosol in all joints of the bed frame.

    If possible disassemble bed frame and treat from all angles with dust and aerosol. After the mattress and box spring have been treated, enclose both of these with Mattress Safe Bed Bug Encasements. With these covers you can keep your bed and do not have to treat it again.

    Treatment Protocol

    Important!! Do all of the treatments (as described above) 3 times, 10 days apart.
    Bed bugs come out to feed every few weeks, so retreament is critical.

    DO NOT USE FOGGERS OF ANY KIND. FOGGERS SCATTER THE BED BUGS AND MAKE YOUR JOB MORE DIFFICULT.

    Integrated and Alternative Approaches to Bed Bug Control

    As an alternative or an addition to bed bug control using chemicals, bed bug steamers and heaters have become an increasingly important tool in the pest control industry. Use steamers and heaters where chemical sensitivity is a concern, such as hospitals and nursing homes. These steamers also get rid of allergins, bacteria, germs, and viruses.

    Monitoring and Trapping Bed Bug Infestations

    SenSci Volcano Monitors: These bed bug monitors/detectors may be used with the lures or without the lure to capture bed bugs. As an identification tool, you can monitor your bed bug treatment plan or simply to monitor the presence of bed bug. Use the optional lure if a person is not present in the bedroom that is being monitored.

    Bugo Bed Bug Monitors/Traps are adhesive traps that are places around the bed legs, catches the bed bugs before than can crawl up the bed leg into your bed.

    Bed Bug Monitor Trap: The Bed Bug Monitor Traps recreate the conditions that bedbugs consider perfect including dark, tight tunneling areas and rough woodsy material. Bed bugs would usually be found: inside the small grooves of corrugated boxes, between mattress creases and aound/under wooden furniture.

    Bedbug Diet

    Although the preferred host for bed bugs is humans, they will feed on other animals, such as poultry, mice, rats, canaries, dogs, and cats if necessary. They normally feed at night, but may feed in the daylight in rooms that are not used at night.

    Bed Bugs Life Cycle

    Bed Bugs Life Cycle Diagram

    The life cycle stages of a bed bug are egg, nymph, and adult. The reason they are called bed bugs is that they readily infest mattresses, bed frames and box springs. Eggs are laid along the edges of or around buttons on the mattresses. Eggs can also be glued to rough surfaces. Bed bug females lay about 200 eggs, usually at the rate of three or four a day. Eggs are placed in cracks, crevices and other isolated and protected shelters. Females lay eggs after a blood meal. Eggs will hatch in one or two weeks into Nymphs. Newly hatched bugs (Nymphs) begin feeding immediately. At room temperature, and with an available food supply, the nymphal period will last 14 to 30 days. They shed their skin (Instar) five times before becoming adults. Bed bugs will mate soon after becoming mature, so the time from egg hatch to egg laying is 4 to 9 weeks, under favorable conditions. The average life span of the bed bug is 6-12 months and they feed every 10 days or so during this time. Bed bugs can survive many months without a blood meal and their reproduction is high.

    Bedbug Habits

    • The female lays eggs in cracks and crevices along the edges of mattresses, box springs and bed frames. Bed bugs also inhabit other cracks and crevices throughout infested rooms. These other areas include; behind picture frames, switch plate covers, loose wallpaper, under door and window casings, baseboards or along the edges of carpets.
    • Bed bugs hide in cracks and crevices during daylight hours.
    • They hide in the folds and tufts of mattresses, coils of springs, cracks and hollow posts of bed stands bed rails and headboards. They may be found in box springs, inside the cabinetry of furniture and the bottom and sides of drawers.
    • Bed bugs may hide in upholstery of chairs and sofas.
    • They are not restricted to these places, however.
    • A second common source for bedbug infestation occurs in homes where bats, swallows, chimney swifts, pigeons, or other wild hosts have been roosting. Although similar in appearance, these bedbug species that normally feed on bats and birds can be differentiated from the Common Bedbug that prefer humans.
    • The bat bed bug can and often feeds on humans. The bat bedbug has long hairs on it’s body. Eliminate their bat hosts from the building and seal all openings so that bats cannot enter.
    • Another group of bugs resembling the bed bug infest birds. These bugs are usually confined to bird nests. To control these parasites, the birds and their nests must be removed, and an application with a residual spray such as Temprid SC should be applied to the area.

    What do bed bug bites look like and do they carry disease?

    • Bed bugs do not carry disease.
    • They do suck blood from their host with piercing mouth parts but the bite is painless.
    • The skin may become irritated or inflamed due to the salivary fluid injected by the bed bugs. A small, hard, swollen, white welt may develop at the site of each bite.
    • It is important to recognize that not all bites or bite-like reactions are due to bed bugs. Bed bugs or their signs will be present if it is a bed bug bite.
    • Bed bugs do not live under the skin. If you experience biting sensations during the day, it may be an allergy related condition.
    • (Other possible sources of irritation are discussed in University of Kentucky entomology fact sheet Invisible Itches: Insect and Non-Insect Causes).

    Preventing Bed Bug Infestations

    It’s important to inspect used furniture, particularly bed frames and mattresses before bringing it into the home. Mattresses, in particular, carry the greatest risk of harboring Bed Bugs and their eggs. You should be wary of acquiring used furnishings, especially beds and couches.

    A practice that we have incorporated in our traveling is to inspect for bed bugs in hotel rooms. If possible, carry a flashlight with you and inspect the bed area completely as described above. Also, you may want to inspect or vacuum luggage when you arrive home to prevent tranferring bed bugs to your home.

    ActiveGuard Mattress Liners, impregnated with Permethrin will prevent bed bug infestation on beds.

    Spray this ready to use spray both on your luggage and mattresses during travel.

    ActiveGuard Mattress Liners
    Use these liners on box springs or mattress to prevent bedbugs from infesting beds.

    www.doyourownpestcontrol.com

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