Dichlofos from lice reviews a review and the user manual

General Guidelines

Treatment for head lice is recommended for persons diagnosed with an active infestation. All household members and other close contacts should be checked; those persons with evidence of an active infestation should be treated. Some experts believe prophylactic treatment is prudent for persons who share the same bed with actively-infested individuals. All infested persons (household members and close contacts) and their bedmates should be treated at the same time.

Some pediculicides (medicines that kill lice) have an ovicidal effect (kill eggs). For pediculicides that are only weakly ovicidal or not ovicidal, routine retreatment is recommended. For those that are more strongly ovicidal, retreatment is recommended only if live (crawling) lice are still present several days after treatment (see recommendation for each medication). To be most effective, retreatment should occur after all eggs have hatched but before new eggs are produced.

When treating head lice, supplemental measures can be combined with recommended medicine (pharmacologic treatment); however, such additional (non-pharmacologic) measures generally are not required to eliminate a head lice infestation. For example, hats, scarves, pillow cases, bedding, clothing, and towels worn or used by the infested person in the 2-day period just before treatment is started can be machine washed and dried using the hot water and hot air cycles because lice and eggs are killed by exposure for 5 minutes to temperatures greater than 53.5°C (128.3°F). Items that cannot be laundered may be dry-cleaned or sealed in a plastic bag for two weeks. Items such as hats, grooming aids, and towels that come in contact with the hair of an infested person should not be shared. Vacuuming furniture and floors can remove an infested person’s hairs that might have viable nits attached.

Treat the infested person(s): Requires using an Over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription medication. Follow these treatment steps:

  1. Before applying treatment, it may be helpful to remove clothing that can become wet or stained during treatment.
  2. Apply lice medicine, also called pediculicide, according to the instructions contained in the box or printed on the label. If the infested person has very long hair (longer than shoulder length), it may be necessary to use a second bottle. Pay special attention to instructions on the label or in the box regarding how long the medication should be left on the hair and how it should be washed out.

Do not use a combination shampoo/conditioner, or conditioner before using lice medicine. Do not re–wash the hair for 1–2 days after the lice medicine is removed.

  • Have the infested person put on clean clothing after treatment.
  • If a few live lice are still found 8–12 hours after treatment, but are moving more slowly than before, do not retreat. The medicine may take longer to kill all the lice. Comb dead and any remaining live lice out of the hair using a fine–toothed nit comb.
  • If, after 8–12 hours of treatment, no dead lice are found and lice seem as active as before, the medicine may not be working. Do not retreat until speaking with your health care prov >Supplemental Measures: Head lice do not survive long if they fall off a person and cannot feed. You don’t need to spend a lot of time or money on housecleaning activities. Follow these steps to help avoid re–infestation by lice that have recently fallen off the hair or crawled onto clothing or furniture.

Machine wash and dry clothing, bed linens, and other items that the infested person wore or used during the 2 days before treatment using the hot water (130°F) laundry cycle and the high heat drying cycle. Clothing and items that are not washable can be dry–cleaned


sealed in a plastic bag and stored for 2 weeks.

  • Soak combs and brushes in hot water (at least 130°F) for 5–10 minutes.
  • Vacuum the floor and furniture, particularly where the infested person sat or lay. However, the risk of getting infested by a louse that has fallen onto a rug or carpet or furniture is very small. Head lice survive less than 1–2 days if they fall off a person and cannot feed; nits cannot hatch and usually die within a week if they are not kept at the same temperature as that found close to the human scalp. Spending much time and money on housecleaning activities is not necessary to avo >Back to Top

    Prevent Reinfestation:

    Over-the-counter Medications

    Many head lice medications are available “Over-the-counter” without a prescription at a local drug store or pharmacy. Each Over-the-counter product approved by the FDA for the treatment of head lice contains one of the following active ingredients. If crawling lice are still seen after a full course of treatment contact your health care provider.

    Pyrethrins combined with piperonyl butoxide;
    Brand name products: A–200*, Pronto*, R&C*, Rid*, Triple X*.

    Pyrethrins are naturally occurring pyrethroid extracts from the chrysanthemum flower. Pyrethrins are safe and effective when used as directed. Pyrethrins can only kill live lice, not unhatched eggs (nits). A second treatment is recommended 9 to 10 days after the first treatment to kill any newly hatched lice before they can produce new eggs. Pyrethrins generally should not be used by persons who are allergic to chrysanthemums or ragweed. Pyrethrin is approved for use on children 2 years of age and older.

    Permethrin lotion, 1%;
    Brand name product: Nix*.

    Permethrin is a synthetic pyrethroid similar to naturally occurring pyrethrins. Permethrin lotion 1% is approved by the FDA for the treatment of head lice. Permethrin is safe and effective when used as directed. Permethrin kills live lice but not unhatched eggs. Permethrin may continue to kill newly hatched lice for several days after treatment. A second treatment often is necessary on day 9 to kill any newly hatched lice before they can produce new eggs. Permethrin is approved for use on children 2 months of age and older.

    Prescription Medications

    The following medications, in alphabetical order, approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of head lice are available only by prescription. If crawling lice are still seen after a full course of treatment, contact your health care provider.

    Benzyl alcohol lotion, 5%;
    Brand name product: Ulesfia lotion*

    Benzyl alcohol is an aromatic alcohol. Benzyl alcohol lotion, 5% has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of head lice and is considered safe and effective when used as directed. It kills lice but it is not ovicidal. A second treatment is needed 7 days after the first treatment to kill any newly hatched lice before they can produce new eggs. Benzyl alcohol lotion is intended for use on persons who are 6 months of age and older and its safety in persons aged more 60 years has not been established. It can be irritating to the skin.

    Ivermectin lotion, 0.5%;
    Brand name product: Sklice*

    Ivermectin lotion, 0.5% was approved by the FDA in 2012 for treatment of head lice in persons 6 months of age and older. It is not ovicidal, but appears to prevent nymphs (newly hatched lice) from surviving. It is effective in most patients when given as a single application on dry hair without nit combing. It should not be used for retreatment without talking to a healthcare provider.

    Given as a tablet in mass drug administrations, oral ivermectin has been used extensively and safely for over two decades in many countries to treat filarial worm infections. Although not FDA-approved for the treatment of lice, ivermectin tablets given in a single oral dose of 200 micrograms/kg or 400 micrograms/kg repeated in 9-10 days has been shown effective against head lice. It should not be used in children weighing less than 15 kg or in pregnant women.

    Malathion lotion, 0.5%;
    Brand name product: Ovide*

    Malathion is an organophosphate. The formulation of malathion approved in the United States for the treatment of head lice is a lotion that is safe and effective when used as directed. Malathion is pediculicidal (kills live lice) and partially ovicidal (kills some lice eggs). A second treatment is recommended if live lice still are present 7–9 days after treatment. Malathion is intended for use on persons 6 years of age and older. Malathion can be irritating to the skin. Malathion lotion is flammable; do not smoke or use electrical heat sources, including hair dryers, curlers, and curling or flat irons, when applying malathion lotion and while the hair is wet.

    More on: Malathion

    Spinosad 0.9% topical suspension;
    Brand name product: Natroba*

    Spinosad is derived from soil bacteria. Spinosad topical suspension, 0.9%, was approved by the FDA in 2011. Since it kills live lice as well as unhatched eggs, retreatment is usually not needed. Nit combing is not required. Spinosad topical suspension is approved for the treatment of children 6 months of age and older. It is safe and effective when used as directed. Repeat treatment should be given only if live (crawling) lice are seen 7 days after the first treatment.

    For second–line treatment only:

    Lindane shampoo 1%;
    Brand name products: None available

    Lindane is an organochloride. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) no longer recommends it as a pediculocide. Although lindane shampoo 1% is approved by the FDA for the treatment of head lice, it is not recommended as a first–line treatment. Overuse, misuse, or accidentally swallowing lindane can be toxic to the brain and other parts of the nervous system; its use should be restricted to patients for whom prior treatments have failed or who cannot tolerate other medications that pose less risk. Lindane should not be used to treat premature infants, persons with HIV, a seizure disorder, women who are pregnant or breast–feeding, persons who have very irritated skin or sores where the lindane will be applied, infants, children, the elderly, and persons who weigh less than 110 pounds. Retreatment should be avoided.

    When treating head lice

      Do not use extra amounts of any lice medication unless instructed to do so by your physician and pharmacist. The drugs used to treat lice are insectic >Back to Top


    Check shntool and cuetools existance #23


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    dichlofos commented Jul 22, 2014

    It’s better to check cuetools/shntool tools existance to avoid cryptic shell errors, like this:

    This comment has been minimized.

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    ftrvxmtrx commented Jul 27, 2014

    While I agree it might look cryptic, it’s doesn’t really matter, as the required dependencies are listed explicitly in both README file and the script itself. So it comes to why would anyone run the script without installing its dependencies. I don’t think the checks are really required here.
    Can you elaborate?

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    dichlofos commented Jul 27, 2014

    1. Nobody (including myself) cares about docs reading. I added these checks exactly after I run split2flac on my second machine where cuetools/shntools were NOT installed just as it was rather fresh Fedora installation. I just run my conversion function, I even forgot what tools/packages it uses internally. So I decided that extra sanity checking will not harm and saves my brain memory.
    2. These checks will not slow down entire splitting process.
    3. Explicitly listed requirements do not allow us to pass incorrect parameters to shell operators 🙂

    Moreover, I’d add all deps checking, but these two are good starting point.

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    ftrvxmtrx commented Jul 27, 2014

    I’ll merge it, just two small things. Can you please move these checks right before the arguments parsing, without adding more functions? And please use “command” instead of “which” (see its usage right after configuration saving). Thanks!


    Lice Treatment

    Clinically proven to kill lice and eggs including super lice.

    Foaming mousse targets lice and eggs where they hide.

    • Kills lice and eggs, including resistant super lice in 1 treatment
    • Once and done – eggs are killed by the mousse rather than waiting for them to hatch to treat
    • Pesticide-free
    • Easy to rinse and smells great

    Vamousse Lice Treatment is available without a prescription and over the counter nationwide in retail pharmacies and online.

    “One of our families had treated their sons unsuccessfully with several home remedies and different OTC lice brands. We helped them obtain Vamousse Lice Treatment. In one treatment, it killed off all the lice. He was able to return to school the next day!”


    Watch the How to Treat Lice Video

    How to Use

    Read ALL instructions on pamphlet inside box. Adults and children 2 years and older: Treat to kill lice and eggs (nits):

    1. Start with DRY hair
    2. Separate hair into 3-4 sections with clips
    3. Shake can well
    4. Part a section of hair into a 1-inch section, focus the nozzle tip at the scalp and apply a generous amount of mousse along the length of the hair
    5. Pay special attention to nape of neck and behind ears
    6. Saturate all hair and scalp, massaging the mousse to break down the foam, thoroughly soaking the hair. To be effective all lice and nits must be contacted. Depending on length of hair, the full can may be needed.
    7. Repeat process until all sections of hair are saturated and wait 15 minutes

    Remove lice and eggs (nits):

    1. Although dead, nits remain attached to the hair
    2. After 15-minute treatment, use enclosed comb, to remove dead lice and nits from the wet hair
    3. Working with a 1-inch section of hair, insert the comb against the scalp, and pull through to the end, wiping on a disposable paper towel after each stroke
    4. If hair dries, apply more product to ease combing
    5. Repeat combing if necessary
    6. Shampoo and towel dry hair

    Vamousse may be repeated as needed. Children under 2 years: ask a doctor.

    How it Works

    Kills lice and eggs in 1 treatment

    Vamousse Lice Treatment is pesticide-free and kills head lice and eggs by dehydration using the active ingredient Natrum Muriaticum (sodium chloride). Since traditional lice treatments kill adult lice using a pesticide-based neurotoxin, they have limited or no ability to kill yet undeveloped eggs (nits). This means a second treatment is part of the instructions, in order to kill lice as they hatch 7 – 10 days later, before an infestation can be ended.

    Vamousse uses a different mode of action to kill lice and eggs both in the same application. The protective lipid layer of the adult lice is compromised by the advanced formulation to rapidly deliver the active ingredient to the louse, causing a rupture of the intestinal tract followed by dehydration. Eggs are similarly dehydrated, rendering them no longer viable.

    Kills super lice

    Studies have identified strains of head lice in some U.S. regions that have become increasingly resistant to pyrethrins and permethrin, the active pesticide ingredients in most over-the-counter head lice treatments. These lice have been called super lice since they are harder to kill with traditional pesticide-based products.

    Vamousse Lice Treatment is pesticide-free and relies on active ingredient Natrum Muriaticum (sodium chloride). Because it’s pesticide-free, Vamousse has no pesticide-resistance issues. Vamousse has been proven effective against super lice in a clinical trial.

    Watch a time-lapse video of adult louse after 15-minute exposure to Vamousse

    Scientific Results

    Clinically proven

    Vamousse Lice Treatment is clinically proven to kill both lice and eggs in one treatment – even super lice. 1 It works by compromising the outer protective layer of lice and their eggs, allowing exposure to the active ingredient, Natrum Muriaticum (sodium chloride). This ingredient kills by dehydration and osmotic stress, leading to gut rupture. 2 Read more about this physical mode of action and clinical trial results here.

    Scientific studies

    Vamousse Lice Treatment was tested using internationally recognized ASTM testing protocols. 3 Following these industry standards, the products were tested in the laboratory on body lice, head lice and head lice eggs collected from volunteers in South Florida. Lice in this geographic area have been extensively documented to have developed genetic resistance (99%) to the traditional lice treatment active ingredients, pyrethrin, and permethrin, commonly in products like Rid® Lice Killing Shampoo and Nix® Permethrin Cream Rinse. 4


    Six replicates of 10 lice each were performed [for both the product and control]. The test exposed the lice to Vamousse Lice Treatment for 15 minutes, per product instructions, followed by a warm water rinse. 100% of treated lice were confirmed dead 24 hours after this single application.


    Lice Lice and nits Lice in your hair Lice Attitudes toward lice have changed in people for centuries. In medieval France, they were called “God’s pearls, ” the poet Jambattista Marino in his poems sang parasites on the curls of his beloved. Contemporaries refer to small insects at all without reverence and consider them a sign of non-observance of elementary personal hygiene

    Types of lice Lice Lice in your hair Lice and dandruff Pediculosis Pubic lice Pubic lice Lice on eyelashes Lice and nits on the human body – a phenomenon unattractive, but from their appearance is not insured by any person. Preventive measures can minimize the risk of infection, but they still do not give 100% of the guarantees

    Types of pediculosis Shampoo Paranit Shampoo Knicks Aerosol Steam Plus Nyuda remedy Paranit Sensitive MediFox According to WHO, every third person at least once in his life was exposed to infestation with lice. The condition of lice is called pediculosis and like any other disease it needs treatment

    Types of lice Lice and nits Plastic bag Combing out lice and nits Shampoo Veda-2 Shampoo Paranit Pediculum Ultra Aerosol Steam Plus LiceGuard Spray Nyuda remedy Tar Vinegar from lice The problem, how to get rid of lice and nits, was always topical. Parasites coexist with humans for 80, 000 years and have not yet completely eradicated their population

    The simmering water The simmering water Plastic bag For the treatment of pediculosis, shampoos, ointments, and tinctures are produced. But not all of them can boast of a low price. The complete opposite is chimerical water from lice and nits, distinguished by democratic value. With proper application, the effect of its use is not worse than that of branded drugs

    Dichlorvos Dichlorvos Remedies Combing out lice and nits Absorbents Among modern means from blood-sucking insects living near a person, Dichlophos occupies a prominent place. Many people have known since childhood a gray aerosol can, through which they easily coped with unpleasant parasites. The aggressive drug was replaced by novelties that do not harm human health, but with the same name that has been recognized by more than one generation of users

    Types of lice Pediculum Ultra Aerosol Steam Plus Spray Paranit Nyuda remedy LiceGuard Spray Spray from lice is the most modern and popular effective treatment for pediculosis. In pharmacies there are many preparations of this form of release, in order to understand them and choose effective ones, it is necessary to consider their composition, pluses and minuses

    Types of pediculosis Ointments for lice Sulfuric ointment Combing out lice and nits Ointments for lice Lice in the hair are still a problem for children and their parents, only means from them now more perfect and effective compared to the conventional kerosene used before. What ointment from lice that does not contain insecticides, choose to fight these insects – this article will tell

    Tea tree oil Burr oil Tea tree oil Rosemary and Lavender Oil of geranium and sunflower It is difficult to find a person who, for his life, directly or indirectly, did not encounter pediculosis. The owner of head lice can become both in childhood and in adulthood, experiencing this problem with his child

    Lice and nits Lice Louse oils Essential oils Tea tree oil Burr oil Nits Acid from lice Herbs from lice Kerosene from lice Lice are ancient insects. Their remains were discovered by archaeologists from Egyptian, Indian, Peruvian mummies. According to scientists, lice bother people for more than 80 thousand years

    Benzyl benzoate Emulsion Benzyl benzoate Not recommended for pregnant and children Anyway, almost every person encountered pediculosis in his life. In the last century, lice were taken out with the help of dust soap, infusion of wormwood and even kerosene. Today there is a huge selection of anti-pediculosis medications of different forms of release

    Kerosene from lice Lice and nits Preparation of a remedy for lice With pediculosis (the appearance of lice), people have fought since ancient times. This disease can be affected by people of different age categories and social status. After all, only one contact is enough and parasites are able to quickly switch to a new victim

    Tar soap from lice Tar Plastic bag Tea tree oil and cloves Baby soap and birch tar Tar soap from lice has been used relatively recently, but the history of its creation and application in folk medicine is deeply rooted in the olden times. In Russia, birch tar was used to treat many diseases. In old documents it is noted that the natural component in Scandinavian countries was considered a precious balm, despite its availability

    MediFox MediFox MediFix Plus MediFox analogues Medifox from lice is an insecticidal drug that is used in the treatment of lice, carpels and mange. To date, this tool has earned a high reputation for its use in special detention centers and shelters for the sanitary treatment of people heavily infected with lice, which indicates its high efficiency

    Spray Paranit Combing out lice and nits Shampoo Paranit Paranit Sensitive Pediculosis is a rather unpleasant problem, from the emergence of which no one is insured. The causes of the appearance of lice may be different. Therefore, the primary task in such a situation is the selection of an effective remedy that would not harm human health

    Means D 95 Comb with frequent teeth Many people consider pediculosis to be an attribute of low-income population, but wealthy people can become infected with it. Such a nuisance can be trapped for everyone. It’s enough just to sit next to the infected person. And considering how much lice are prolific, you need to start fighting with them as soon as possible

    Comb with frequent teeth Lice combs Combing out lice and nits The comb from lice refers to the mechanical ways to combat pediculosis. It is an improved comb or scallop. The effectiveness of the action depends on the quality of the device, the efforts of the person. Used as a primary, additional remedy for pediculosis

    Varnish Lovely Plastic bag Despite the increase in the standard of living, pediculosis is a scourge of modern society. This disease affects both children and adults and requires immediate action. The safest and painless method of fighting is the removal of insects by hand. Sometimes such a time-consuming process does not always give positive results

    Paranit Sensitive Combing out lice and nits Spray Paranit Among the huge amount of pediculicide drugs, it is difficult to find a drug that would be approved for the treatment of pregnant women and very young children. Belgian company OmegaPharma produces a line of “Paranit”, among which Paranit Sensitiv from lice

    Lice and nits Aerosol Steam Plus Combing out lice and nits Lice, as a social phenomenon, were very common in the early twentieth century. This was due to the living conditions of that time: war, revolution, hunger, stress. Now life is more comfortable than it was before, but the spread of lice among children and adolescents is gaining momentum

    Dust Soap Remedies Combing out lice and nits When infected with lice (pediculosis) a person faces various troubles, ranging from painful itchy sensations and ending with an uncomfortable state while in society. Therefore, the question of choosing an anti-pediculosis drug in this situation arises by itself

    Tea tree oil Tea tree oil and cloves Tea tree oil Basically, pediculosis is a childhood illness that affects preschoolers. How to save your own child from the little bloodsuckers who are scared of the whole family. After all, shaving the daughter’s long hair to get rid of lice is a completely barbarous way

    Nyuda remedy Nyuda remedy Combing out lice and nits Not recommended for pregnant and children Lice are parasitic insects, fighting with them is very exhausting. An effective remedy is the only way out in this situation. However, picking it up is not always easy: sometimes it does not suit the cost, the possibility of an allergic reaction, and the low effectiveness of the drug is also possible

    Vinegar from lice Plastic bag Apple vinegar Egg mask From a pediculosis suffer both children, and adults. And although no one is immune from this disease, it is perceived as something shameful. Many are ashamed of this problem and do not dare to seek help from a specialist who will prescribe an effective treatment


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