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Checking the tick for encephalitis
Extracting the mite
Vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis
In recent years, the number of cases of bites by encephalitic mites residents of St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region is constantly growing. Therefore, information about where to take the tick for analysis in St. Petersburg for free or how much it will cost, will interest all residents and visitors who are planning to go to nature: in parks, in cottages and garden areas.
- Epidemiological situation in the city
- Ways of infection with viral encephalitis
- Territory special services processing
- How to take a tick for analysis in St. Petersburg
- If you bite a tick in St. Petersburg: tips for retrieving and delivering for analysis
- Where to check tick for encephalitis in St. Petersburg
- Vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis: timing and effect
- Emergency prevention
- Treatment of the site from ticks
- Appearance and habitat
- How Scolopendra Attacks
- Varieties of skolopendra
- Than the centipedes are dangerous
- Crimean millipede
Epidemiological situation in the city
According to the epidemiological service of St. Petersburg, in recent years, the activity of ticks and cases of infection of people with various infectious diseases tend to increase. According to statistics, the registration of cases of bites St. Petersburg ticks begins in March and continues until October.
In 2016, 3, 350 appealed, and in 2017, Botkin Hospital contacted 3, 850 people, of whom 186 cases of borreliosis and 55 cases of tick-borne encephalitis were detected.
In 2017, in connection with night frosts, the mites activated only in late April – early May. The number of victims in St. Petersburg was the maximum during the May holidays. After all, it is these days that Petersburgers go to the cottages and to the nature in the Leningrad and Nizhny Novgorod regions. According to the clinical Botkin Hospital, the maximum number of complaints of the population about bites of ticks occurred in 2016 in the first decade of May, in 2015 – in the second.
In 2018, by April 23, Rospotrebnadzor registered 51 people with bites of ticks, 10 of them with children, 7 cases in the city of St. Petersburg.
According to statistics, the number of bitten citizens reaches more than 3 thousand, but many cases are not taken into account because of the non-return of people who take the mites themselves, but do not address the doctors.
According to observations of epidemiologists in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region in recent years, three species of ticks have been identified: ticks, taiga and forest ticks, which have 2 peak activity in May-June and July-August.
In order to pick up a tick and get infected with a serious infection, it is not necessary to go far into the forest. There are other ways of infection:
- Visit to the forest areas of St. Petersburg, endemic for tick-borne virus encephalitis (KVE): forest parks, garden and vegetable plots and forest tracts.
- “Krovopiytsy” can get into the house together with pets coming from walks (on the fur of dogs and cats) or people on clothes, with plants and flowers.
- Infection occurs more often when the tick is squashed, with a strong combing of the bitten place.
- A dangerous virus can be obtained by eating raw goat milk (including other animals: sheep, cows), so in unfavorable areas before consumption it must be boiled. And the virus can be found in dairy products: cottage cheese, sour cream, etc.
Territory special services processing
To prevent the contact of the pathogen with people, acaricidal treatment of those areas in which a large number of ticks is possible is carried out each season. In 2016, 395 hectares were cultivated in St. Petersburg, including parks, squares, recreation areas, cemeteries, as well as the territory of 46 children’s camps and other out-of-town recreational facilities in the Leningrad Region, totaling 245 hectares.
How to take a tick for analysis in St. Petersburg
According to the data of sanitary epidemiological stations, infection with various bacteria and encephalitis virus in ticks occurs only in 5-10% of cases. This means that the probability of infection of a person after bites is relatively small, and only an analysis will be able to accurately show whether the tick is a carrier. Therefore, it is not necessary for every bitten to take highly toxic preparations that have many side effects on the body.
To accurately diagnose infection in the laboratory of St. Petersburg, the tick is analyzed for the 4 most dangerous infections: encephalitis, borreliosis (Lyme disease), erlichiosis and anaplasmosis.
The serological method of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is used, which reliably identifies the presence of the virus in the tissues of arthropods. Also, a technique is used to check the immunoglobulins M and G in a tick affected by a bite, for which a blood test is taken.
The analysis of the tick in the non-state laboratory of St. Petersburg will cost more than several times. Therefore, it is recommended to apply first to the clinic for a therapist who will give directions to a particular institution, then it will be cheaper.
Free analysis can be done only if there is adequate insurance, which should be taken care of in advance. The results will be ready in 2 days, but the speed depends on the workload of the laboratory.
If you bite a tick in St. Petersburg: tips for retrieving and delivering for analysis
If a “bloodsucker” is found on his body, one should immediately think about how to extract it more quickly, and better in a living state. Further the mite should be taken away with itself and to be taken to the laboratory for analysis to check for possible infection with the virus.
When extracting the tick it is recommended to follow the advice:
- The main rule is to try to extract it completely and do not crush so that the head does not remain inside.
- To pull out the tick it is possible by means of the bent tweezers or a usual thread in a loop which pass a parasite, and then twist from fabrics of a epidermis.
- Crushing the pest increases the risk of infection with saliva under the skin.
- After removing the tick, the wound should be treated with alcohol or iodine.
- Put the arthropod into a closed glass container, optimally – in a living form, place a piece of cotton wool soaked in water.
- Carry a tick for analysis in St. Petersburg better on the same day, but in the absence of such an opportunity you need to know that the maximum period for obtaining a reliable result is 10 days.
- Take the parasite for analysis to any public or private laboratory in St. Petersburg.
Where to check tick for encephalitis in St. Petersburg
Checking the tick for encephalitis
In public medical institutions, where you can go with a test tube with the extracted arthropod, the analysis is carried out for the presence of antigen VCE and Borrelia DNA, the cost starts from 600 rubles.
|1st Laboratory of FBU “Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology in St. Petersburg”||Volkovsky pr., 77 M. Volkovskaya||8 (812) 490-53-43|
|2-nd laboratory||Ul. Defensive, 35 M. Narva||8 (812) 786-87-00|
|City laboratory center Gossanepidnadzor, laboratory of physical factors||Nevsky ave., 146/1; corner from ul. Bakunin, 1||8 (812) 274-02-15, 274-01-29|
|Clinical Hospital of Botkin,||Otd-e polyclinic: Piskarevsky prospect, 49||8 (812) 409-78-87|
|Reception room. hospital at the addresses: Piskarevsky Ave, 49 and st. Mirgorodskaya, 3||8 (812) 710-31-13|
|ELC-Eco-Security||Ul. Dostoevsky, 44, building. B||8 (812) 325-03-05|
|Laboratory of industrial sanitation and ecology||Oktyabrskaya embankment, 50 liters A||8 (812) 363-18-98|
|Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology No. 122 FMBA||Lunacharsky Ave., 47||8 (812) 559-95-42|
|Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Leningrad Region.||Ul. Olminsky, 27||8 (812) 448-05-16|
All applicants should have:
- Ticket for analysis
- Polis honey. Insurance Policy
- SNILS (pension certificate).
Due to the tendency to increase the frequency of tick bites in the North-West region of Russia, the Ministry decided to expand the number of medical centers that can conduct parasite analyzes for the probability of infection with infectious diseases: encephalitis, borreliosis, etc.
Such laboratories include the institutions and branches of the Labtest network, whose addresses can be found on the website: labtest-spb.ru or by phone: (812) 385-11-94.
Extracting the mite
Outpatient clinics and city polyclinics (GP), where they can help get a tick out of St Petersburg:
|Departments of St. Petersburg State Forestry Administration for the regions||Address||Phones|
|Traumatology GP 24||Nab. The bypass channel, 140||8 (812) 252-68-10|
|GP 28||Access road 2A||8 (812) 764-67-00, 417-56-48|
|GP 27||Ascension Ave. 27||8 (812) 314-82-56|
|GP 3, traumatism. Otd., here will help to remove the tick in St. Petersburg around the clock||8th line, 51 (children and adults)||8 (812) 323-09-84|
|GP 14||2nd Murinsky Ave, 35||8 (812) 550-24-67|
|GP 97||ul. Kustodieva, house 6||8 (812) 517-14-05|
|GP 52||Asafiev, 1;||8 (812) 596-00-13|
|GP 99||Yesenin, 38/1||8 (812) 517-81-73|
|GP104||Siqueirosa, 10||8 (812) 296-31-09|
|GP 117||Simonova, 5||8 (812) 497-73-25|
|Children’s GP 7||Kustodieva, 8||8 (812) 517-38-85|
|Children’s GP 71||Ave., Engels Avenue, 117||8 (812) 594-10-89|
|Children’s GP 11||ul. Parkhomenko, 30;||8 (812) 550-24-80|
|Children’s GP 17||Yesenin, 38/2||8 (812) 517-99-85|
|Children’s GP 63||Simonova, 3||8 (812) 514-11-01|
|Traumatological department GP 54; adults; round the clock||Komsomolskaya street, 14||8 (812) 542-31-54|
|Traumatological department GP 111; adults||ul. Gzhatskaya, 3||8 (812) 534-47-39|
|Traumatological department GP 96; adults; from 8:00 to 22:00||Timurovskaya 17/1;||8 (812) 531-44-15|
|Traumatology department GP 118; children; 9:00 to 20:00||Academician Baikov, 27||8 (812) 550-79-49|
|OSMP Kalininsky district; children; from 20:00 to 9:00||ul. Sofya Kovalevskaya, 3/1||8 (812) 533-11-00|
|Traumatol. Department of GP 23||Kosinova, 17||8 (812) 786-44-30|
|Traumatol. Department of Consultative-Diagnostic Center 85||ul. Leni Golikova, 29, building 4||8 (812) 757-30-69|
|Trauma center GP 71; adults; round the clock||Karl Marx, 21||8 (812) 461-60-08|
|Trauma center Children’s city hospital 22||Zavodskoy prospect, house 1||8 (812) 573-94-38|
|Traumatological department. GP 120; adults; round the clock||Lenskaya, house 4/1||8 (812) 577-25-48|
|Children’s GP 68, polycl. Branch 69||Commune, 32/1||8 (812) 525-62-39|
|Traumatology department of GP 91||street Otvazhny, 8||8 (812) 735-19-80|
|GP 93||ul. Liberation, 15||8 (812) 741-59-35|
|City Hospital 106||ul. Riharda Sorge, 1||8 (812) 745-02-43|
|City hospital 36, reception. section; round the clock||ul. Gas Plant, 3, lit. A||8 (812) 311-26-60|
|City Hospital 74||Komsomolskaya street, 2||8 (812) 435-31-12|
|City hospital 40 Traumapuncture of the admission department; round the clock||Sestroretsk, Borisova, 9, lit.А||8 (812) 437-46-18|
|Children’s Polyclinic Dep. GP 68||Sestroretsk, Volodarskogo, 24||8 (812) 437-17-60|
|Polyclinic Dep. 69||Zelenogorsk, Red Commander Ave., 45, lit. A||8 (812) 433-37-38|
|Children’s Polyclinic Dep. 69||Zelenogorsk, Komsomolskaya, d. 11, lit. A||8 (812) 433-38-09|
|Polyclinic Department 70||pos. Sand, Leningrad, 52||8 (812) 596-70-41|
|GP 51; a trauma center; round the clock||Kosmonavtov Avenue, 33/35||8 (812) 379-03-28|
|ГП №48; trauma center||Moskovsky pr., 87||8 (812) 388-45-96|
|GP 8; trauma. branch; round the clock||Novoselov Street 45||8 (812) 446-19-78|
|GP 6; trauma. branch; round the clock||Yelizarova, 32, building 2||8 (812) 365-15-59|
|Children’s GP 62||Iskrovsky prospect, 8||8 (812) 589-10-18|
|Traumapunct of the St. Petersburg State Medical University. acad. I.P. Pavlova polyclinic 31; round the clock||ul. Leo Tolstoy, 6/8||8 (812) 234-57-72|
|Children’s Polyclinic Dep. GP 30||Maly Prospect PS, 15||8 (812) 235-65-02|
|Children’s GP 19, box 2||ul. Kuibysheva, 25||8 (812) 233-16-52|
|GP 34 cab. 411||ul. Zverinskaya, house 15||8 (812) 232-79-58|
|GP 32 (room 328)||trans. Vyazemsky, 3||8 (812) 346-47-00|
|GP 30 (room 9)||ul. Malaya Zelenina, house 6||8 (812) 235-07-32|
|Mykolayiv hospital, reception room; round the clock||Petrodvorets, Konstantinovskaya, 1||8 (812) 450-63-79|
|GP 122||Lomonosov, Krasnoarmeyskaya, house 20||8 (812) 423-09-08|
|GP 64||Petrodvorets-5, pos. Strelna, st. Front 1||8 (812) 421-43-70|
|GP 67||Peterhof, st. Aurora, 19||8 (812) 427-25-50|
|Center for Traumatology and Rehabilitation of GP 114; round the clock||ul. General Khrulev, 7A||8 (812) 393-77-80|
|Traumatological department. GP 60||Pushkin, Moscow, 15||8 (812) 466-60-68|
|GP 109; adults; polyclinic department. 123||Moravsky pereulok, 5||8 (812) 649-99-02|
|City polyclinic 109; children; polyclinic department. 5||Kupchinskaya, 5, building. 1||8 (812) 772-33-42|
|Traumatological department. GP 37; round the clock||ul. Pravda, house 18||8 (812) 315-20-96|
Vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis: timing and effect
Vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis
Take care in order to get vaccinated in St. Petersburg from a serious infectious disease, which is encephalitis, should be in advance. Optimal to do this before the season begins, in winter. This is due to the fact that it is done according to this scheme: 2 injections with a vaccine at intervals of 1 month. The duration of protection against the disease is 1 year. With subsequent revaccination, the effect is increased to 3 years. You should know that the primary vaccination begins to work only 2 weeks after the second injection.
For those who need an urgent vaccination in St. Petersburg, there is an emergency vaccination with an interval of 7-14 days. But the action of the drug likewise begins 2 weeks after the 2nd injection. Vaccinations can be done in the polyclinic of St. Petersburg by their district or in commercial specialized medical centers.
Emergency prophylaxis of encephalitis is carried out within 96 hours after sucking in an infected arthropod. For its implementation, those who suffered from a tick bite in St. Petersburg, you need to contact the following addresses:
- children – Children’s Infectious Disease Hospital No.3, Bolshoy Prospekt. VO, 77/17;
- adults – St. Petersburg State Clinical Hospital “Clinical Infectious Diseases Hospital named after S.P. Botkin “Str. Mirgorodskaya, 3.
Treatment of the site from ticks
Many residents of St. Petersburg go to homesteads and cottages every weekend or even for the entire summer season. But sometimes the territory of its own dacha can become a zone of risk, especially during a period of strong ticks. Therefore, sanitary-epidemiological stations and specialized firms suggest in this situation to conduct treatment of the site, including trees, shrubs and surfaces of buildings, with the help of strong chemical preparations: peritroid insectoacaricides. The cost of it depends on the area and the distance of the object from the city.
Destruction of mites in the cottage and garden area is carried out by the following organizations:
|Service name||Phone||Price, RUR / sq.m|
|SES Control||8 (812) 962-98-06||400-260|
|City disinfection||8 (812) 426-35-39||280-120|
|Eco-Plus||(812) 981-47-12, 703-88-34||300-1000|
|Sanitary and ecological service of SES||8 (812) 961-48-61||700-500|
|Eco-world of St. Petersburg||8 (812) 425-01-76||700-500|
This will help get rid of bites of parasites, protect the whole family and pets, who also live in the country, and avoid the disease by infectious diseases, which are often borne by mites.
One of the most dangerous and repulsive animals on Earth is a giant scolopendra. It is extremely fast, secretive and aggressive. Predator attacks not only on insects, its prey becomes rodents, birds and lizards. About the dexterity of skolopendra say cases when they climbed to the ceiling of the cave to catch a bat. Holding the prey by the forelimbs, the animal clung to the surface with only a few hind legs.
Appearance and habitat
Latin name of the representative of the leggings Millipedes gigantean. They live in South America, on the islands of Jamaica, Haiti, Trinidad. Places where skolopendra live, these are tropical and subtropical moist forests. The body of the carnivore consists of 21-23 segments, each having a pair of legs. The average length of the giant is 30-35 cm, but cases of capturing a 45 cm long arthropod are known.
The life expectancy of millipedes is 3-7 years. When they grow, then several times molt, dropping the chitinous exoskeleton. Before the moulting begins, scolopendra does not hunt for several days. The shell bursts, starting from the head, and the centipede crawls out of it, becoming 1.5 cm longer.
Scolopendra and her victim
Interesting fact. Individualists by nature, scolopenders in nature rarely conflict with each other. If males bite each other in fights, then in half of cases it leads to death. In conditions of captivity, adult individuals eat young offspring of hunger, free cannibalism is not observed.
Giant skolopendra captures prey with anterior pair of limbs, transformed into a maxilliped with claws and poisonous glands. The hind legs are longer, their animal repels when moving. Each limb is 25 mm long, with a sharp claw at the end. Their eyesight is poor, so scolopenders do not hesitate long before the attack, preferring to immobilize all the suspicious poison.
Scolopendra looks like all the centipedes – a segmented body with a multitude of moving limbs. On the flat head, a pair of articular antennae is noticeable. At their base are simple eyes. Its coloring is all kinds of bright colors, their shades and combinations. There are black, red, orange, blue, yellow and purple centipedes. Thanks to the unusual appearance, they are a welcome purchase for collectors. Many people keep skolopendra in the terrarium.
How Scolopendra Attacks
Animals go out hunting at night, preferring to wait for the heat of the day in the shelter. What does scolopendra feed on? She is a predator, so in her diet only caught prey. Invertebrates and small animals can not save themselves from a rapid throw and paralyzing poison. Young individuals eat insects, adults, attack all those who do not exceed the size of the scolopendra. It can be a small snake, a bird or a lizard.
The giant centipede in the hunt
Attention. The poison of a giant tropical scolopendra is dangerous for humans. It causes numbness and temporary paralysis. On painful sensations it is equated to a sting of 20 bees.
The centipede eats the victim for several hours, biting off pieces from live but paralyzed prey. Its primitive digestive system, so it takes a long time to saturate. After the meal, the animal washed, passing through the jaws alternately the antennae and legs.
The breeding season occurs at the end of spring – early summer. The male leaves the spermatophore – a sac with a seed, and the female crawls through it, picking up the sperm. For laying eggs, the female digs up the mink. This unpleasant animal is a caring mother. She protects the eggs and the babies that have appeared, clasping them with their feet. In one clutch there are up to 100 millipedes. Mother furiously attacks everyone who approaches the shelter. It not only protects the eggs, but cleanses so that they do not become moldy. Small scolopends are white, their bodies are soft.
The family does not stay long together, the scolopendra soon creeps away. The offspring grow rapidly, surviving several lines. The body of the millipedes darkens, but the color will change until they reach maturity. There are cases when larger individuals eat smaller ones.
Soon the mother-centipede leaves his children
Varieties of skolopendra
Among the many families of legged leggings, tropical scolopends differ in variety of species, large size and special danger. They are capable of causing notable harm not only to animals, but also to humans. European species are much smaller in size, their length does not exceed 8-14 cm.
Scolopendra altemans – a species residing on the islands of Cuba, Hawaii, Jamaica and the coast of South America. Body length up to 18 cm, color from green to olive, head black or red. Scolopendrum has thorns, which are found only in three species.
Scolopendra altemans reaches a length of 18 cm
Scolopendra galapagoensis – one of the largest scolopendra. Representatives of this group exceed the size of a giant scolopendra. Their length is 25-36 cm. It lives in the rain forests of Ecuador, in the Galapagos Islands, in Peru. Coloring the legs from yellow to orange, the last pair is red. The first segments of the antennae are bluish, the rest are orange. Prefers temperature in the range of +18-28 0 , humidity 80%. It feeds on small rodents and insects.
Interesting fact. The limbs of the scolopendra are capable of regeneration, if the enemy bites off her leg, it quickly grows.
Scolopendra galapagoensis is a large representative of the species
California scolopendra is the largest representative of its family in North America. Its length is 20 cm. It is one of the most beautiful species of millipedes, the first segments of the head and the last bodies are black, the rest is orange-red, the legs and antennae yellow. Occurs in dry areas of the USA. An interesting feature is that the first 4-6 segments of the antenna are glowing. California species can cause skin inflammation even without a bite. Inside the body of the animal is poisonous mucus. Enough contact with the disturbed adult.
The largest species in North America
Chinese red skolopendra is one of the subspecies that inhabit the territory of South Asia and Australia. Millipedes live apart, hunting for small prey. Nature is not stingy, creating their color – bright orange body and limbs. Body length is 20 cm, preferring to settle closer to moisture. Scolopendra subspinipes mutilens are traditionally used in Chinese medicine for the treatment of skin diseases. When bitten, the venom of the arthropod causes burning pain.
Large centipede – Chinese red scolopendra
Ringed scolopendra – this kind of millipedes is common in Europe – Italy, Greece, Spain. Their size does not exceed 14 cm. The favorable temperature for these centipedes is + 20-26 0 , they feel good in regions with a mild climate. Daytime, they spend under the rocks and in the crevices of rocks, at night they choose to hunt. The colors of the millipedes are varied, there are orange, black, olive individuals. Antennae of annular scolopendra consist of 18-22 segments, the first 6 always shine. Unlike the tropical relatives, the European scolopendra is not as poisonous.
The largest European species
Interesting fact. An ordinary flycatcher, which can often be found in the house, is a relative of a scolopendra. The adult specimen reaches a size of 6 cm, it has long legs and antennae. The body is yellowish with purple stripes. The flycatcher hunts spiders, flies, cockroaches, fleas. The centipede does not show aggression, its weak jaws are unable to bite the human skin.
An ordinary flycatcher is a relative of a scolopendra
Than the centipedes are dangerous
The peninsula Crimea is the place where skolopendra lives in Russia. This small animal belongs to a ringed species. She can not compete with the size of her larger congeners, the length of the body is 12 cm. For many, the creature looks frightening and unpleasant. The head and armor of this species are uniformly black in color, the legs are golden brown or yellow. A large number of extremities helps the centipede to climb steep slopes. Its poison is much weaker than the tropical scolopendra, but still the bites are painful.
Not the largest, but still quite large scolopendra
Council. Stay for the night in the woods, close the tent, and in the morning bite the clothes, where you can hide scolopendra. Examine the things so as not to bring her home.
Arthropods lead a nocturnal life, in the afternoon hides among stones. In the diet of their food – mollusks, insects, lizards. Skolopendra is also home to the Caucasian mountains, the coast of the Azov Sea and the Krasnodar Territory. The life span of the Crimean centipede in the natural environment has not been exactly established, and in captivity it is capable of living for 5-7 years. Among natural enemies – cats, birds, foxes, large snakes. For pets, eating scolopendra can be dangerous. They are often infected with parasites – mites and small leeches.
Attention. The ringed skolopendra is not afraid of neighborhood with a person, it creeps into houses and cellars, hides in toilets and bathrooms. When colliding with a centipede, you should be careful not to provoke an attack.
Scientists know about 90 kinds of scolopenders, they are all poisonous and aggressive. People should avoid contact with centipedes, and those who keep them at home should closely monitor the fast and dexterous pet.