What Are the Stages in the Life Cycle of a Grasshopper

What Are the Stages in the Life Cycle of a Grasshopper?

The stages in the life cycle of a grasshopper are egg, nymph and adult. The nymph is almost indistinguishable from the adult, but it is much smaller. As the young nymph grows, it sheds its exoskeleton in a process called molting. Nymphs are unable to bear young and have slightly different wings containing non-functional wing pads.

Grasshoppers are vulnerable to various predators during each stage of their life cycle. Wasps, moles, toads and snakes, among many others, feed on the eggs. Nymphs and adults are attacked by toads, snakes and birds.

The process of growing from an egg to a nymph to an adult is called incomplete metamorphosis. In addition to grasshoppers, true bugs, cockroaches, termites, praying mantises, crickets and lice all go through incomplete metamorphosis. More highly developed insects go through four stages in their life cycle, which is called complete metamorphosis. These stages are egg, larva, pupa and adult. Insects in the larva phase look very different from the adults. They consume different food sources and are not in direct competition. During the pupa stage, the internal organs are broken down and reformed into the adult body. The adult insect then emerges from the pupal case. Butterflies, moths, bees, wasps, true flies and beetles go through these stages of the life cycle.


A Grasshopper’s Life Cycle: Video

The grasshopper is a flying animal belonging to order Orthoptera and class Insecta. About 11,000 species exist. They are herbivorous and commonly seen in autumn; a few appear in summer and spring. During mating the male grasshopper deposits sperm into the female’s vagina, which finds its way to the eggs through canals known as micropyles. An adult grasshopper goes through the stages egg, nymph and adult, and has a lifespan of approximately one year.

This is the initial stage of a grasshopper’s life cycle. The mother grasshopper lays fertilized eggs in midsummer, and they remain 1 or 2 inches under the sand or in leaf litter. She sprinkles them with a sticky semisolid substance that sets to form an egg pod. Each egg pod contains 15 to 150 eggs, depending on the species. Normally a female grasshopper can lay up to 25 pods. The eggs remain underneath for about 10 months in autumn and winter before hatching into nymphs during spring or in the initial days of summer.


This is the second stage of the grasshopper’s life cycle and the initial stage during which a young grasshopper sees the outside world. Nymphs look like adult grasshoppers, called molts, apart from the fact that they are wingless and lack reproductive organs. They undergo five substages known as instars before fully developing into adult grasshoppers; each instar is characterized by shedding of the cuticle skin and gradual growth of wings. In order to survive, nymphs start to feed on succulent and soft plant foliage barely one day after hatching from the egg. This stage lasts for about five to six weeks before the young nymphs mature to adult grasshoppers.

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Molting takes place during the nymph stage. The locust sheds its exoskeleton before maturing into an adult. While the exoskeleton covers the nymph’s body, providing it with protection against external injuries, it inhibits its growth because of its rigidity and inability to give room for expansion. The nymph has to shed it in order to achieve growth. It undergoes five to six molts in which it changes its structure and form before reaching adulthood.


This is a fully grown grasshopper. It takes about one month before the wings are fully developed. The mature grasshopper is more mobile than the nymph, a characteristic that helps them to hunt and flee from predators. The reproductive organs are fully grown, so the females can lay eggs and the males can fertilize. However, female grasshoppers do not lay eggs until they are 1 or 2 weeks old, to allow them to gain enough weight before they start laying eggs. Once she starts laying eggs, the female continues to lay eggs at intervals of three to four days until she dies. Adult grasshoppers live for about two months, depending on the weather.


Grasshopper Life Cycle

What Are the Stages in the Life Cycle of a Grasshopper

During reproduction, the male grasshopper introduces sperm into the vagina through its aedeagus (reproductive organ), and inserts its spermatophore, a package containing the sperm, into the females ovipositor. The sperm enters the eggs through fine canals called micropyles.

In the summer, the female grasshopper lays the fertilized egg pod, using her ovipositor and abdomen to insert the eggs about one to two inches underground, although they can also be laid in plant roots or even manure and usually in their habitats. These are immediately incubated. She lays the eggs in a row and sprays them with a stick substance which forms a pod. Each ‘pod’ has 15 – 150 eggs inside it, depending on the species. The female grasshopper can lay up to 25 pods.


Grasshoppers undergo simple complete or incomplete metamorphosis that consists of 3 or 4 stages:

Complete metamorphosis: Incomplete metamorphosis:

Grasshopper eggs with one egg split showing a young nymph about to emerge.

Egg pods are oval to elongate and often curved. Often the size of kernels of rice, eggs may be white, yellow-green, tan or various shades of brown depending on the species.

Eggs hatch into nymphs, which look like little adults without wings and reproductive organs. Nymphs resemble small, wingless adults.

Newly hatched nymphs are white, however, after exposure to sunlight, they assume the distinctive colours and markings of adults. Nymphs molt their skins many times as they grow to be adults.

Female grasshoppers try to choose a good place to lay their eggs, however, this is the only parental care they provide. Grasshoppers do not take care of their young once they have hatched.


Grasshoppers also referred to as quick-horned grasshoppers, are insects, belonging to the order Orthoptera and suborder Caelifera. They’re brown or inexperienced in the shade, with darkish spots on their body. There are approximately eleven,000 species of grasshoppers. They all are herbivores and typically feed on flora. A few species of grasshoppers devour only grass. Even as these bugs are visible abundantly in autumn, they may be additionally spotted in spring and summer season seasons.

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Description and population

Grasshoppers are flying bugs that own pairs of wings, the fore, and the hind wings. The forewings are narrow and leathery, while the hind wings are larger and membranous. Other great characters of grasshoppers consist of sturdy, large hind legs (used for jumping), and short antennae (20 – 24 segments, less than body length). Generally, female grasshoppers are larger than the men. Some other characteristic of the girls in the presence of pairs of triangular systems (valves) at the end of the stomach, which they use for digging the sand at some stage in egg laying. In case of male grasshoppers, there may be a single unpaired plate.

As some distance as the least expensive significance of grasshoppers is involved, they are considered as damaging pests through farmers. Infestation by means of those bugs is stimulated substantially by way of the triumphing climatic conditions. The population of grasshopper is predicted to be maximum in areas in which the climate is cool in early spring succeeded via heat and the dry situation in past due spring. In addition, for an uninterrupted increase of the young ones, the summer temperature ought to be excessive and there should be enough rainfall. At the contrary, warm spring season and coffee temperature in summer result in the population decline of grasshoppers.

Existence Cycle: exact information

In a fashionable, duplicate takes area in early summer. On the time of mating, the male grasshopper deposits the spermatophore that incorporates sperms, into the ovipositor of the girl placed on the abdomen. The ovipositor or egg placer (an organ used for laying eggs) is surprisingly short but stronger compared to other insects of the identical organization. As the sperms reach the eggs thru the micropyle, fertilization of the eggs occurs. Following are the 3 successive tiers of the grasshopper existence cycle.

Egg: The existence cycle of grasshoppers starts with the egg stage. By means of mid-summer season, the lady grasshopper lays the fertilized eggs either underneath the sand (approximately 1 – 2-inch depth) or among leaf litters. Without delay after depositing eggs with the help of ovipositor, a sticky substance is sprayed over them which hardens to form egg pods. There are normally more than ten egg pods, every of which includes approximately 10 – 300 rice fashioned eggs. The eggs remain dormant in autumn and iciness, i.e., for almost ten months. By using spring or early summer while the temperature is warm, the eggs hatch into nymphs.

What Are the Stages in the Life Cycle of a Grasshopper

Nymph: right now after hatching, the young nymphs (first instar nymphs) begin feeding on gentle and succulent plant foliage. Nymphs are miniature variations of grownup grasshoppers, besides that, they are light in color and do now not possess wings. Nymphs go through five – 6 molts and alternate their shape and shape, earlier than turning into adults. The nymphal degree might also final for a period of five – 10 days, based totally on the species and the climate circumstance, especially temperature and humidity. As the nymphs molt, their length will increase and wing pads step by step increase on the thorax part of the frame.

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Adult: After 25 – 30 days, the wings are developed absolutely and the nymphs mature into adults. Therefore, by the point, an egg matures into a person, the grasshopper is ready eleven months antique. The adults benefit sexual adulthood within 15 days and survive for a span of about 30 days. As adults possess wings, they may be greater cell than the nymphs, which advantage them in searching meals and protective from the predators. But, it’s miles discovered that every level of the grasshopper has a few predators.

The existence span of grasshoppers is about one year. Studies have determined out that the survival fee of nymphs after hatching is set 50 percentage, as possibilities are high that they will be eaten by way of herbal enemies like birds, rodents, and lizards. This way, grasshoppers play a main role in the effective functioning of an environment, by way of presenting food for many predators in the meals chain. A swarm, additionally known as locusts, may motive extreme damages to the plants, affecting the crop yield.


Life Cycle

What is a grasshopper?

A grasshopper is an insect. It has six legs and a segmented body that contains a head, thorax and abdomen. They also have a pair of antenna and usually a pair of wings.

The lifecycle of a grasshopper is known as incomplete metamorphosis, which comprises of three stages:


Female Grasshoppers lay eggs after some days of fertilization mostly in summer. Eggs are placed in a pod. A pod contains up to 100 eggs inside. Eggs are placed securely inside the mud.


When an eggs hatches a small baby comes out called a nymph. After several stages of life, the nymph becomes an adult. During the nymph phase, the insect sheds its outer body covering to grow. This process is called moulting. Wings emerge during the nymph stage.


Grasshoppers have exoskeletons. Exoskeletons cannot expand with growth. So insects have to moult and change their exoskeleton in order to grow. When a new one forms it is soft at first allowing the body to grow and then hardens.


A successful survivor during the nymph phase becomes an adult. It can take up to two months for a grasshopper to complete its life cycle depending on the right conditions.


Life Cycle of a Grasshopper: Lesson for Kids

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Quiz & Worksheet Goals

The questions in this quiz/worksheet combo will test you on:

  • Incomplete metamorphosis
  • Important parts of the grasshopper life cycle
  • Where grasshoppers lay their eggs
  • Grasshopper nymphs

Skills Practiced

  • Information recall — use these quiz questions to see what you can remember about the grasshopper life cycle
  • Reading comprehension — make sure that you understand the stages in a grasshopper’s life cycle and the importance of each stage
  • Knowledge application — choose the correct scientific facts and terms that relate to grasshopper lives

Additional Learning

You can learn even more about grasshoppers by reading the lesson called Life Cycle of a Grasshopper: Lesson for Kids. If you read this lesson you can learn about:

  • Incomplete metamorphosis
  • Grasshopper nymphs
  • Molting
  • Adult grasshoppers


  • Renette Minnie says:

    Hi there
    Can somebody explain to me why grasshoppers invade our bathroom just toilet and basin inside. We find it strange 😂 😉 and special.there are 4 on there way in.????
    They became our pets …??????they stay there eat nothing and then pass on🤔🤔🤔🙂😭😭

  • Kymanni Getfield says:

    I wish I didn’t… we are over run with them here in Australia where its summer now, they have stripped my apple trees, citrus trees, now working on the peach & pear trees. I went to school in Toronto at Havergal nice city, grew up in Kingston on the lake…a long time ago now. Regarding your comment on not seeing so many these days…. I think we see less of most insects in the cities now due to the high usage of glyphosates such as roundUp used by many to kill off the most misunderstood wild flower the edible dandelion which isn’t a weed but a food to be eaten, the roots can be roasted & taken as a tea, the blossom can make dandelion wine, the leaves & flower can be inluded in salads, all parts of it are excellent for one’s liver function….but no Monsnto has convinced modern man that the dandelion is an enemy to be destroyed & it should be done with their product RoundUp of course, but they neglest to inform the world that it kills everything including the honey bees & butterflies & humans of course so stay clear of the stuff if you can. : )
    Not to mention that the wild flowers they deem weeds that must be poisoned are the very food that sustains the bees & pollinators of our global food supply…..but they say not to worry as they now have desinged robotic bees to pollinate their GMO crops smothered in Round Up Glyphosate to bring to your dinning table — because they love us so much. Go ORganic if there is still such a thing, we grow our own food for the most part it tastes better & you know it has the nutrients you need as you supplement your soil to make it so.
    I encourage city dwellers in apts etc to try sprouting thingslike (sun flower seeds, chick peas, mung beans, lentils, any seed you like) to add to your salads, kids love to sprout too a fun & very healthy addition to anyone’s lifestyle.

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