Grasshopper — Life Cycle Of Grasshopper

Life Cycle of Grasshoppers

Egg — Grasshopper eggs are like tiny little rice balls. They turn into grasshoppers by the end of summer, and not eating anything for 10 months is just as hard on them as it sounds!

Grass hoppers lay their fertilized eggs in form of egg pods that contain about ten to three hundred small round white or yellowish-white translucent «rice» shaped eggs before they go dormant during late fall until early spring when hatching starts again.

Nymph — Nymphs are miniature versions of Adult Grasshoppers. They start feeding on soft and succulent plant foliages immediately after hatching, but then undergo 5-6 moults over the course of their development until they reach adulthood. This Moulting process is known as ‘Incomplete Metamorphosis’. The Nymphal Stage may last for a period up to 10 days, depending upon Species and weather conditions such as temperature or humidity.

Adult — The Grasshopper spends the first eleven months of its life as an egg and then matures into a beautiful adult in just 25-30 days.

A swarm of Grasshoppers, or Locusts as they are more commonly known, can cause many problems for humans and other animals alike. They have a short life span and only survive about 12 months before hatching into Nymphs with 50% chance survival rate after that. However it is because of these small pests that its predators thrive—birds eating them while rodents eat their eggs to build up the food chain. Even though this might not seem like much in comparison to how greatly an entire crop field could be destroyed by such insects but we still need measures taken against them so our society doesn’t fall apart without any kind of sustenance from crops!

There are Two Types of Grasshoppers:

  1. Long-Horned Grasshoppers — Long-Horned Grasshoppers have Antennae, or ‘Feelers’, about the same length as the body.
  2. Short-Horned Grasshoppers — Short-Horned Grasshoppers have Antennae less than half the length of the body. Short-Horned Grasshoppers are often called Locusts, particularly when they migrate.
Short-Horned Grasshoppers are the one’s who cause huge crop damage when they migrate in huge swarms. They eat every green plant on their path, leaving nothing but a barren wasteland behind them. Long Horned grasshoppers do comparatively little damage

Scientific Classification

  • Colour — Grasshoppers are generally coloured green, brown, or gray.
  • Weight — Weight varies from Species to Species but an average sized adult weighs up to 300mg.
  • Size — They range in length from one-half inch (1.3 cm) to more than six inches (15 cm) in some tropical species.

Female Grasshoppers are larger than the Males

A Grasshopper has Three Section such as Head, Thorax and Abdomen.

1) Grasshoppers Head

— A Grasshopper has its Eyes, Mouth and Antennae on its Head.

The mouth parts are attached to The Ventral Side (underside) of the head portion and surrounds the mouth or oral cavity which faces down. Their mouths contain organs used for tasting as their jaws move back and forth rather than up, extending from one side all around until it meets on another with what looks like a beak-like protrusion that helps them chew food more efficiently.

The different Mouth Parts are:

  1. Labrum or the Upper Lip — It is a broad, roughly rectangular shaped structure. It is used to hold the food between the Mandibles and the Maxillae.
  2. Lingua or the Hypopharynx — A membranous tongue-like structure found attached beneath the Labrum.
  3. Mandibles — A pair of hard, horny, heavy, large, with jagged inner edges and dark coloured triangular structures found one on either side. The two Mandibles move in horizontal motion and crush food between them.
  4. Maxillae — A pair of structures lying outside and behind the Mandibles. Each of them consist of 5-segmented sensory maxillary Palp in addition to other parts. The Maxillae are used to manipulate the food before it enters the mouth.
  5. Labium — It forms the broad median lower lip consisting of several parts in addition to a pair of 3-segmented Labial Palps on either side. Labial Palps have sense organs which help Grasshoppers to chose a suitable vegetation. Labium helps to hold the food between the Mandibles and the Maxillae.

Grasshoppers have 5 eyes. Two large compound eye lenses allow it to see its surroundings with a sharp picture, which is made up of many smaller individual images that are combined into one big scene in the center of their vision. They also sport 3 simple little peepers on top for detecting changes in light intensity and temperature — though nobody knows what they’re used for just yet!

The antennae on the head of a short-horned grasshopper point forward. The long horns of it’s counterpart and curve backward over its body.

2) Grasshoppers Thorax

— The Thorax is the middle part of a Grasshopper.

The legs and wings of a grasshopper are attached to the thorax. There are three pairs of hindlegs, which have thick thighs that help them jump up 20 times their own length when they need it in order to fly away from predators or other dangers quickly.
The long hind legs enable these insects with strong thigh muscles to leap as far forward at speeds faster than 8 miles per hour if necessary!

The Long-Horned Grasshopper has hearing organs on its front legs, just below the knees. They can reach a speed of 8 miles per hour when flying and even though they lack any wings it is still possible for them to fly!

Grasshoppers are incredible creatures. The tiny yet powerful insect uses its spiracles to breathe just like us!

3) Grasshoppers Abdomen

— The Abdomen, consists of 11 segments. The First Segment is firmly fused with the Metathorax and contains the auditory organ with its Eardrum Cover, the Tympanum.

See also:  What Are the Stages of the Praying Mantis - Life Cycle, Animals

Females have a triangle shaped point at the end of their abdomen that is there to help them lay eggs, while males only possess one unpaired plate. The terminal segments are reduced and modified for male genitals with external reproductive organs in order to mate with females.

The Grasshopper hears by means of a Tympanal Organ that is either at the base of it’s abdomen, or on each side near its front tibias.

Grasshoppers have open Circulatory Systems, with most of the Body Fluid (haemolymph) filling body cavities and appendages. The one closed organ, The Dorsal Vessel extends from the head through the Thorax to the Hind End— but it is not a continuous tube. It has two regions: Heart that restricts itself only to Abdomen; Aorta extending from heart all way down thorax then exiting out abdomen again at hind end for a total of about 4 loops in each direction before returning back up front once more into heart region where they loop around yet another time until finally reaching their respective ends after traveling over 3/4ths of an inch inside grasshopper’s thoracic cavity!

Their body is covered with a hard exoskeleton just like other insects, but they’re not afraid to show their soft underbelly.

Geographical Range and Habitat

Grasshoppers are the most common type of insect found in North America. Unlike many insects, they can live just about anywhere on Earth from grasslands to deserts and mountains!


In the heat of summer, Grasshoppers are most active during daytime. But in the morning they remain still and wait for their bodies to warm up before becoming ferocious feeders that can eat 16 times its own weight! Some Species go on long migrations searching for new supplies of food while others stay solitary or only come together to mate; some do both depending if they’re a resident species or Migratory type.

A Grasshopper’s Antennae are very sensitive. They help the Grasshopper feel its way around, and that is why they’re often called ‘Feelers’. To leap, it pushes off with its long back legs which propel it forward. Short-Horned Grasshoppers also use their front wings to produce various sounds like a violin; by rubbing one hind leg against another wing as if playing an instrument while singing out of two different holes in each wing respectively for pitch variation (file) and volume control (scrape).


Male Grasshoppers usually do all the singing. The Females rarely make sounds, and males have several reasons for this behavior—singing mostly to attract females is one reason, but they also warn other kinds of insects with their alarm calls. Males often cover clusters of eggs in a fluid that hardens into protective covers once it’s laid; these can even be found on tree branches or soft tissue plants depending on which kind you’re dealing with!


Some Grasshoppers use a foul liquid that is secreted from glands on their abdomen to protect themselves. When they are handled, the grasshopper may also bite its enemies with strong jaws and venomous saliva.

Predators — Grasshoppers are tricky, they have a few tricks up their sleeves. Predators of Grasshopper include birds and beetles but there is no shortage of Flies who also enjoy an occasional snack from these insects that hop about the land or even in your house! One way that predators take down our favorite hopping insect is by laying eggs on them while they’re flying to ensure young ones hatch inside — this means more food for baby flies!


The Adult Grasshoppers gain sexual maturity within 15 days and survive for a span of about 30. The grasshopper’s reproductive system includes the gonads, which produce sperm or eggs, ducts that carry these products to the exterior and accessory glands. In males, testes contain follicles full of spermatocytes as they mature into packets of elongated spermatozoa during reproduction; while in females ovaries are made up mostly by ovarioles which house egg cells called ova at various stages before being released from an opening on her abdomen called an ostium when she is ready to mate with another female or male grasshopser who has inserted their fertilizing «spemtaphore» (a packet containing its

See also:  What Do Bed Bug Droppings Look Like, Terminix

The sperm enters the eggs through fine canals called Micropyles. The Female then lays fertilized egg pods, using her ovipositor and abdomen to insert them about one to two inches underground although they can also be laid in plant roots or even manure. The pod contains several dozens of tightly packed eggs that look like thin rice grains; these stay there for winter, and hatch when it’s warm enough outside (in temperate zones). In this way many Grasshoppers spend most their lives as an egg until summer comes around again!

In Folklore and Culture

Aesop, a slave and story-teller who lived in Ancient Greece, told this tale to remind us of the importance of working hard during all our summer days so that we may be prepared for whatever winter brings. The Ant worked hard preparing his shelter and stores of food all summer while the Grasshopper played enjoying life as it was without any worries about what might come next. As soon as Winter came around though, things changed dramatically; with no home or food stored up ahead like an ant would have done when he knew it was coming — not only did they both suffer from hunger but also coldness too!
  • Those who are unable to keep a single subject in focus but keep bringing in inappropriate associations (hopping from one thing to another) are said to have ‘a Grasshopper Mind’.
  • In certain countries, Grasshoppers are eaten as a good source of protein. In Mexico for example, Chapulines are regarded for their high content of protein, minerals and vitamins.
  • In some countries in Africa, Grasshoppers are an important food source, as are other insects, adding proteins and fats to the daily diet, especially in times of food crisis. They are often used in soup.
  • The 1957 film, ‘Beginning of the End’ features mutated giant Grasshoppers attacking Chicago.
  • In the 1998 movie, ‘A Bug’s Life’, the heroes are the members of an Ant colony, and the lead villain and his henchmen are Grasshoppers.

Tolstun Pallasa: Photos And Interesting Facts From The Life Of A Grasshopper

It’s always good to learn more about the animals we share our world with. Check out some of these awesome animal facts for kids that will teach you all sorts of fun trivia and get your brain working!

Fun Grasshopper Facts for Kids

Grasshopper facts for kids are delightful. If you’re reading this, then I’m guessing that we have the same interests in mind and grasshoppers can be a topic of conversation between friends! This article is full with information about these fascinating bugs; they come in many different shapes and sizes such as locusts, leaf hoppers or camel crickets but what’s important to know is that all types share similar habits like jumping high off the ground or chewing on plants.

Locusts are actually species of short-horned grasshoppers that often gather in large swarms and can destroy entire fields of crops because a single locust can eat half its body weight in plants per day. In just the U.S., they cause about $1.5 billion dollars worth of damage to grazing lands each year, destroying around 15% of all cropland every time an invasion occurs due to their ravenous appetites for vegetation such as corn or wheatgrass which is used as animal feedstock .
    • There are around 11,000 known species of grasshopper found around the world, often inhabiting grassy fields, meadow and forest areas.
    • Grasshoppers have two antennae, 6 legs, two pairs of wings and small little pinchers to tear off food such as grasses, leaves and cereal crops.
    • Some species of grasshopper species make noises by either rubbing their back legs against the forewings or body, or by snapping their wings when flying.
    • Grasshoppers grow to around 2 inches (5 cm), with some growing as big as 5 inches (12.7cm). Female are usually larger than males.
    • Grasshoppers are often colored in a way that camouflages them in their local habitat, green ones in grassy fields, sandy colored in dirt and desert areas.
    • Grasshoppers can jump about 25cm high and around 1 meter long. If humans could jump as far as grasshoppers do, relative to size, then we could leap more than the length of a football field.
    • The grasshopper can jump as far as it does because its hind legs act like miniature catapults. It bends its legs at the knee, mechanism within the knee works like a spring, storing up energy. When the grasshopper is ready to jump, it relaxes the leg muscles, allowing the spring to release flinging it into the air.


Interesting Facts About Grasshoppers

Grasshoppers are one of the most common and recognisable insects. There is a wide variety in their size, shape, colouring and behaviour; some prefer to eat plants or live on trees while others favour dry open habitats with lots of grass. Most species found across every continent except for Antarctica have been given Latin names by scientists who study them closely as they think it’s easier than saying «Hey ho! Who cares?»

The lifespan of a grasshopper varies depending on the climate. In colder climates, such as winter time in North America and Europe, adult insects are unable to survive low temperatures due to their short life spans. Grasshoppers living in warmer regions like Mexico where winters can be milder or not even exist at all have been found alive during multiple years after they were first born which is something that cold weather environments cannot offer them.

See also:  10 Most Dangerous Ants In The World

Grasshoppers are one of the most recognizable insects on Earth. They’re typically found in green pastures and meadows, but some species also flourish in deserts or forests. Grasshopper bodies consist of a head, thorax and abdomen — all with various sensory organs that detect touch and smell as well their eyesight which is better than ours! Though they live primarily near environments rich with plants to eat, female grasshoppers can be much bigger than males due to eating more food during development called «instar.» The average adult length for females ranges from 1-7 centimeters (0.4-2 inches) while male lengths range between 0.5-6 centimeters (1/8 inch).


The Grasshopper is a fascinating creature, and has certain adaptations to suit its needs. It has two pairs of wings that have different purposes in life — one for flight, the other used when jumping off into the grasses! The hind legs are strong enough to jump high distances or long jumps over obstacles without any trouble at all.

A few species of Grasshoppers eat toxic plants, such as locoweed ( Astragalus ), keeping it stored away from predators who might accidentally ingest these insects during an attack on their prey- thanks evolution! This gives them protection against predation because they taste bad due to this toxin within them.


Grasshoppers are a type of insect that is typically ground-dwelling. They have powerful hind legs which enable them to escape from threats by leaping vigorously and jumping long distances without using their wings. Grasshoppers can leap as far 10 times its length straight into the air or 20 times its length horizontally, if they’re 5 centimeters (2 inches) for example then this translates to 1 meter (40 inches).


Grasshoppers are able to fly with their large hind jumping legs as a booster and can reach speeds up to 13 kilometers per hour. Their wings span from front-to-back, not top-to bottom like you might expect of winged insects or even humans for that matter! The small cuticle in the grasshopper’s knee acts as an elastic spring which lets them catapult into the air when they jump. Grasshopper flight is so fast it has been measured at 8 miles per hour by some scientists; fighter jets experience G forces only twice this amount during take off!


Grasshoppers have a preference for plants in the grass family such as corn, wheat, barley and alfalfa. They are not picky however and will eat many other types of plant life too—they’re often seen chewing on leaves or eating grass beneath trees. Grasshoppers spend their days exploring nearly every inch of land they can find but also feed at night- making them one interesting insect to watch!


It’s a common misconception that grasshoppers are not social animals, but most species of the insect migrate to find new sources of food and come together in huge groups. Grasshoppers mostly use their sense perceptions (sight, sound) for communication during mating season- however males will vibrate or rub wings with legs to make sounds as an attractant for females.


In order to avoid being eaten by birds and other predators, grasshoppers are known for their intense mating rituals. These insects mate in late summer or fall; after which females will lay up to hundreds of egg pods underground. The eggs remain under the ground throughout winter until they hatch out into nymphs at the end of May when it’s time for them to shed their final skin as a larva before completing 5-6 incomplete metamorphosis stages that look like an adult but with small changes each time, eventually developing wings so they can fly away from danger once full grown adults themselves!

Grasshoppers have a wide range of predators. They are eaten by bee-flies, blister beetles and other insects such as ants, robber flies, praying mantises and sphecid wasps; they can also be taken by spiders like tarantulas which will eat them alive from the inside out or lizards that would swallow small grasshopper whole. Many birds including crows who love to feast on their eggs (to some it tastes just like chicken) feed off these pests while rodents such as mice may chew up nymphs for an afternoon snack when feeling peckish.


Grasshoppers have been around for at least 250 million years ago, dating back to the early Triassic. Grasshopper is a very good source of protein and they are eaten in many African, Asian, Central American countries worldwide. The largest recorded locust swarm was one formed by the now-extinct Rocky Mountain Locust that occurred on 1875; it stretched 2200 miles long with an width of 110 miles wide and involved 3 trillion grass hoppers!


No comments

Добавить комментарий

Your e-mail will not be published. All fields are required.