Tick Infection in Dogs Treatment, Causes, Symptoms, Cure of Tick on Canine

Tick Infection in Canines:

One of the biggest concerns for canine owners all over the world is the fear of tick infection in dogs, that can greatly affect not only the vibrancy of their long, flowing coats, but also the overall health and comfort of the animal.

Ticks are small and irritating parasites that feed on warm blooded creatures. The ticks use a set of heat sensors to seek out their prey when they are hungry. They use these heat sensors to attach themselves onto the prey by clinging on to clothing or fabrics.

They are normally present on trees before they find a suitable host to prey on. The ticks have a mouth shaped like a pincer that it inserts into the skin to begin feeding. The mouth has a locking mechanism that releases only once it is completely finished with its meal.

Once a female tick has completed feeding, it will fall off the host and look for shelter. It will then lay eggs and die.

Symptoms of Tick in Dog:

Correct identification and tick removal in dogs rests solely in the knowledge of the symptoms that arise. Some of the more common symptoms that appear with the presence of ticks are a fever, a noticeable loss of appetite, arthritis in the dogs legs or joints, depression, lethargy and lameness.

Causes of Tick in Dogs:

Insects on dogs can be caused by a number of factors. The more common ones include improper grooming of the pet, taking precautions to avoid your dog coming in contact with other dogs that may have ticks or even the result of your dog straying on its own into areas of tall grass or trees that may contain a number of ticks.

Tick Treatment in Dog:

When it comes to tick control in dogs, certain precautions need to be taken to avoid causing any harm to your pet. Never use a hot matchstick or a needle when removing ticks as the heat would literally cause the tic to throw up into the wound – thereby ensuring contamination. The most common practice is to take a pair of sterilized tweezers and apply some sterilizing solution or antiseptic like alcohol over the bite area. Once the tweezers cool down, hold on to the tick by the side and as close to its head as possible. As much as possible, try and use the tweezers to grab the tick between the skin and the ticks jaws, after which the tick can be gently pried out of the skin. Grabbing the tick with the tweezers around its body may serve to separate the head from the tick’s body, leaving the head on your skin. Never throw the remains of the insect on the dog into trash but put them in a jar of alcohol instead.


Mites In Dogs : Symptoms , Prevention And Treatment

Written by: Anastasia Spevakina
Mites always hide in the most inaccessible areas of dog’s body. And as a good owner, you have to know where to find them, how to pull out and what diseases these little parasites can transfer to your dog.

Symptoms of the mite’s bite

Usually the tick bite does not cause any symptoms and consequences, if the tick was promptly removed. It’s not necessary to take dogs to a vet every time they get a tick bite, because you can pull it out on your own. However, if you see any of the symptoms below, immediately contact a specialist.

  • Increase of the temperature from normal 37.5 – 39 C to 40 – 42 C. Normal temperature of small breed dogs is 39 – 39,5 C.
  • Every dog owner knows that the loss of appetite and general lethargy may indicate a disease. Of course, after the tick bite dogs will feel the same, but only the vet can analyze the disease, if loss of appetite is the only symptom.
  • Dogs start to itch and roll on the floor.
  • Blood in the urine, yellowing of the eyes whites and visible mucous. In case of these alarming symptoms consult a specialist to make proper treatment and prepare a list of medication for the dog. Unfortunately, without any treatment dogs can die because of ticks. Don’t let it happen to your pet.

Prevention of ticks in dogs

Ticks are dangerous because they can cause infections and carry such diseases as piroplasmosis and Lyme disease. To protect your dog from ticks, you can give him special medication during the whole warm season.

You can find a lot of different tools : collars, sprays, shampoo, drops, etc.

The simplest is a dog’s collar, but it’s effective against fleas and can be easily lost. Shampoo against ticks is not that effective as well, as it only eliminates emerged fleas. And the most effective tool to protect dogs from mites is drops. The most effective drops are produced by such pharmaceutical companies as Meria, Bayer (Advantix), Hartz, and Pfizer (Stronghold). The validity of drops against ticks is 30 days, and you have to observe its dosage.

How to pull the mite out?

In fact, it’s not difficult to pull the mite out, but you have to be quite dexterous. Take sunflower oil, gasoline, petrolatum or machine oil (it is more viscous) and put it on a tick. A tick will loosen his grip or leave the dog. After 10 seconds gently remove the tick with tweezers. Just don’t pull too much, otherwise proboscis of a parasite will stay in the dog’s body. After removing grease the bite area with alcohol or iodine.

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As you can see, it’s not so difficult, you just have to be attentive. Mites are not a reason to leave dogs at home during warm periods and not to let them play and run outside. Take care of your dog and try to avoid areas, where he can be bitten by mites. Areas with a lot of sand are completely safe. Sand doesn’t attract ticks, and it’s softer for dog paws,while running.

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Tick Bite Granuloma Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Ticks are the small biting arachnids that infest on the warm blooded animals including humans, as well as feed on their blood. In the United States the most common type of tick bites is hard ticks known as Ixodidae and have been increasing in number since the middle era of 1900s.

Their body parts which are dark in color remains outside the skin and varies in size from poppy seed to pencil eraser. They have stinks which are used for the feeding purpose and they burrow these stinks painlessly into the skin and sucks the blood in the form of drops.After this blood intake they swell and turn into bluish gray color. With this blood intake they get engorged and eventually drop off the extra blood on the skin.

Tick bite can raise many medical complications in the host depending upon the nature of bite. As the secretions from the feeding parts of the ticks may cause some skin reactions including inflammation of the specific area, lumps and growths which are collectively named as granulomas. This condition can also be caused due to the retention of the feeding part of the tick in the skin. While in some cases the ticks can be infected with some bacteria, viruses or protozoa which transmit to the blood of the host through the bite and may cause some other related infections in the host body.

Tick Bite Granuloma Symptoms

The most common site for the ticks to attack is the scalp. While the major symptoms which appear after the tick bite granuloma may involve;

  • Inflammation at the site of attachment of the tick.
  • Lumps formation or growths.
  • Fever.
  • Headache.
  • Vomiting.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Paralysis.
  • In some cases the manifestations of tick bites may become chronic and lasts for days to months. In this condition the lesions turn into large granulomas varying in size from 0.5 to 2 cm nodule which are filled with the large number of mixed inflammatory cells.
  • Alopecia (hair loss) is also observed in some patients which may last for 1 to 3 months or in some cases may become permanent.
  • A persistent and firm papulonodular lesion is also observed in some cases.
  • Pruritus along the excoriation is observed as a secondary infection.

However paralysis is very rare among patients but tick bite fever is very common systemic reaction and associated with the headache, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

Tick Bite Granuloma Causes

The main cause for tick bite granuloma is the tick itself which infest on the body and inject its stink or mouth part to suck the blood from the host. Other than the bite there are many reasons which may cause the condition such as; secretions from the feeding parts of the ticks, retention of these parts in the body of the host, and transmission of the infections from the ticks to the host through the blood.

Some secondary infections such as pruritus and chronic retention of the tick’s feeding parts in the host body can also cause the granulomas which are observed to be larger in size than the regular granulomas.

But there are some other infectious diseases which may appear as a result of these granulomas which are needed to be brought in the spot light in order to improve the understanding with these specific conditions. Such as;

  • Chronic or persistent tick bite may result in the development of histopathological granuloma.
  • Lyme disease.
  • Spotted fever along related illnesses.

Tick Bite Granuloma Treatment

In the past, use of oral and injectable corticosteroids were considered the best choice of drugs to treat this condition. But with the passage of time this treatment through both routes of administration got rejected by the patients and professionals due to certain drawbacks. As the topical injectable were thought to be effective but it was temporary only in the condition when the retention of the tick’s parts was absent. While oral administration showed a lot of systemic side effects especially in children.

By keeping these conditions in mind, professionals suggested the only treatment option which could provide the best outcomes and named as complete resection. It is helpful regardless the presence of tick’s leftovers in the host body.

Prevention is mandatory measure in this case which requires the followings;

  • Walk on the clear tracks in the woods by avoiding tall grass and low brushes.
  • Wear clothes in light colors covering the full body.
  • Pant legs should be tucked into the socks in order to avoid the entry of ticks.
  • Tick repellents such as diethyltoluamide (DEET) or pesticide permethrin should be used.
  • Regular check for the ticks should be exercised especially in children after visiting any tick-infested area.
  • If one tick is found in any person then keep looking for any other on the host body in order to avoid the disease.


Signs and Symptoms of Lyme Disease in Dogs: A Nasty Tick Bite!

Lyme disease in dogs is a tick-borne disease caused by a bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi. Infection is passed between hosts by biting ticks, typically the Deer tick or black-legged tick. From dangers to prevention, read on to learn more about Lyme disease in dogs.

Table of Contents

What is Lyme Disease in Dogs AKA Borreliosis?

This disease can affect most mammals, including humans and dogs. Symptoms of Lyme disease often develop months after the inciting tick bite.

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Most common signs include a shifting lameness, lack of energy, and a poor appetite. Unfortunately, later developing complications include kidney failure.

When diagnosed and treated early, Lyme disease responds to a long course of antibiotics. Whilst making a diagnosis can be tricky, there is some good news. Only around 5 – 10 % of dogs infected by Borrelia go on to develop the illness we know as Lyme disease in dogs.

All Caused by the Little Black-Legged Tick!

With the black-legged tick there would be no Lyme disease. This is because these ticks act as the go-between that transfer the bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi between hosts.

Ticks thrive in certain environments, typically where there is a mixture of shade, humidity, and warmth. This includes woodland, scrubland, and untidy yards. In addition, certain geographical locations are known tick hotspots.

Ticks like warm to hot weather, which is when the population is most active. However, ticks have been known to attach in all weathers, except for when there’s snow on the ground. This means it’s not safe to assume the dog is safe from Lyme disease just because the temperature has cooled.

It’s Not Zoonotic But it Can Still Hurt You! Is Lymes Disease in Dogs Contagious?

Lyme disease is a tick-borne infection that can affect both dogs and humans. However, the disease needs a go-between or vector in order to pass between victims. Therefore an infected dog poses little or no risk to their owner.

Humans pick up Lyme disease when they are bitten by a tick infected by Borrelia. So when exercising a dog in a known tick hotspot, it’s possible you could both become infected. But this is by the bite of two unrelated ticks that happen to be infected with Borrelia, rather than the dog passing infection to a person directly.

If you see or develop a bull’s eye rash on the skin then be suspicious of Lyme disease and see a physician right away.

Lyme Disease Symptoms in Dogs

The clinical signs of Lyme disease in dogs can be vague. This is due to a long delay between the infecting tick bite and symptoms developing which makes it difficult to make the connection. For example, if the dog gets a tick bite in the summer but becomes sick at Christmas it’s hard to make the link.

Infected dogs often have flu-like symptoms. The dog may lack energy, walk stiffly, and have a poor appetite. Borrelia burgdorferi stimulates the immune system and causes general inflammation, which can affect any tissue in the body. Other symptoms include swollen lymph nodes.

Most commonly Lyme borreliosis affects the joints causing joint pain. Symptoms of this include a shifting lameness and a gait described as the “Dog walking on eggshells.” It is often this stiffness that first draws the owner’s attention and takes the dog to see a veterinarian.

Even when canine Lyme disease is treated with antibiotics some dogs go on to develop a condition called post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome. This is where the dog has waxing and waning episodes of lethargy and lameness. This form of chronic Lyme disease can take months or a year or two to clear up.

What is Lyme Nephritis?

Unfortunately, Lyme infection can have serious consequences. The large antibodies and immunoglobulins produced by the body to fight the Borrelia burgdorferi can become trapped within the kidney.

This damages the delicate renal filtering mechanism and leads to kidney failure. These late-stage Lyme disease symptoms can develop months or years later after the dog appears to have recovered from the infection.

When a dog is diagnosed with Lyme disease, every 6 – 12 months the veterinarian will screen the patient for signs of kidney disease. Initially, this is a simple urine dipstick test, which shows if further blood tests are necessary.

Is it Fatal to Dogs? What About Humans?

Lyme disease is a debilitating condition which affects the dog’s quality of life. Untreated, the antibodies produced to fight Lyme borreliosis damage the kidneys leading to kidney disease and renal failure.

In humans the symptoms of Lyme disease are subtly different. Signs such as a bull’s eye rash make the condition easier to spot and therefore treatment is started earlier.

However, when humans don’t get a diagnosis and correct treatment, further complications such as Lyme nephritis and Lyme carditis can develop, and are best avoided.

Can this Dangerous Disease be Treated?

Once diagnosed, Borrelia infection can be treated with antibiotics.

The first choice medication is doxycycline from the tetracycline family of antibiotics. This needs to be given daily for three to four weeks. Extending the course beyond this is of little benefit.

One drawback is the doxycycline can cause tooth discoloration in growing pups. Thus, a second choice antibiotic is sometimes used from the penicillin family.

Lyme nephritis cannot be cured and treatment aims to support the remaining renal function. This is done through a combination of a special kidney diet and drugs that help protect the kidneys from further damage.

Prevention is Key! So, Talk to Your Veterinarian

The symptoms of Lyme disease and damage done to the body are not pleasant. Although a treatment is available, sometimes it takes months or years to make a full recovery. With this in mind, it’s clear that prevention rather than cure if preferable.

Top of the list when it comes to protecting your dog are:

  • Using an acaracide product regularly to kill ticks
  • A daily tick check and removing those you see on the dog before they feed
  • In areas where Lyme disease is endemic, your veterinarian can administer the Lyme vaccine to protect the dog.

Ticks thrive in a damp shady environment, such as leaf litter or tangled woodland. You can help reduce the opportunity for ticks to thrive by clearing untidy yards and avoiding areas that are known tick hotspots when it’s the tick season.

Common Question on the Lyme Disease Dogs’ Facts!

What is Lyme Disease?

Why do I need to Vaccinated my dog

What Happens if I don’t Vaccinate my dog for Lyme Disease?

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Deer Tick Bite – Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

A deer tick bite is one of the most misdiagnosed bites which resemble a mosquito bite. The deer tick is responsible for the spread of Lyme Disease as well as other diseases like babesiosis and human anaplasmosis. Bites from a deer tick causes bulls- eye rashes as well as headache, fever and fatigue. The symptoms may aggravate if left untreated and could even cause damage to the heart and brain.

A deer tick bite should be addressed to prevent more serious problems from occurring as early detection impedes various diseases from aggravating further. The doctor will prescribe the right medication to treat the specific disease that developed due to the tick bite. Still, bites from a deer tick can be prevented by taking precautionary measures when going into their dwelling places or handling tick-infested clothing or pets.

About the Deer Tick

Deer ticks or Ixodes scapularis are a type of ticks that carry the bacteria that cause Lyme Disease. These ticks are as small as sesame seeds which puff out after feeding. They are found to be more active during May to July. Unlike other varieties of ticks, a deer tick has longer mouth parts which allow them to enjoy their blood meal up to 5 days. They choose large mammals as their source of nourishment and exhibit a preference for deer, which is the basis for its name.

A deer tick bite occurs when the parasite sucks on human blood for nourishment. The tick can attach to its human prey when the man brushes on deer tick-infested leaves, grass blades and animal’s coat. It will immediately settle in the moist places of the human body like the groin, armpits and knees and begin feeding. It should be noted that transmission of disease occurs after 24 hours, so if the tick is detected and removed early, the victim may not get the disease.

Appearance of a Deer Tick Bite

It is important to detect the bite of a deer tick the soonest time possible to lessen the likelihood of passing the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria which causes Lyme Disease from the tick to human. The bite of deer tick is difficult to detect because it is painless and may look just like a mosquito bite. But once the parasite had finished feeding, the bite site will become reddish, swollen, itchy and have a burning sensation. The most distinguishing feature of a deer tick bite, which is a red and circular rash that is slightly elevated with a whitish center, then, develops. The rash will increasingly grow outward to form a bulls-eye.

The victim will eventually experience the symptoms of the disease several days to weeks after contracting the deer tick bite. Among these symptoms are:

  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sore throat
  • Inflamed lymph nodes
  • Fatigue
  • Arthritis
  • Palpitations
  • Breathing difficulties

A visible bulls-eye skin rash definitely helps in diagnosing Lyme Disease, but this does not appear in some cases which makes diagnosis tricky and even inaccurate. The victim should inform the doctor about having a tick bite and keep track of the symptoms. It would also help in the diagnosis of the disease if the offending tick is safely captured. To be able to arrive at a definitive diagnosis, the patient will have to go through a variety of tests.

Steps to take when bitten by a deer tick

First aid application on a deer tick bite employs the same approach for any insect bite. If the tick had already dropped off from the skin, the bite site should be washed with soap and water and treated with a disinfectant. If the tick is still attached to the skin, proper tick removal techniques must be done to prevent it from intensifying its efforts to release the contents of its guts thereby introducing the causative bacterium quickly. The proper way of removing deer tick involves the following:

  • Use tweezers in removing the tick.
  • Hold the tweezers close to the skin as much as possible as the head could be embedded into the skin.
  • Pull the deer tick slowly. Make sure to get the entire insect.
  • Drop the deer tick into a tightly-sealed jar or glass container and submerge in alcohol. It should not be squeezed to prevent the bacteria from spreading.
  • Wash the bite site and apply disinfectant.
  • Go to the doctor if the head is not removed or other signs and symptoms develop.

If the tick happens to reside on the hair, removal might be really difficult. The same technique also applies but make sure to clear away the hair to avoid getting caught up in the tweezers. Essential oils and other antibacterial agents help in faster recovery.

Preventing getting a deer tick bite

Prevention is the finest shield an individual could have to avoid getting a deer tick bite and contract Lyme disease. This could be done by:

  • Avoiding shrubby and wooden areas.
  • Avoiding tick-infested vegetation by walking in the middle of trails.
  • Applying DEET-containing repellents when getting into tick-infested areas.
  • Tucking long-sleeved shirt and pants to avoid ticks from getting into the body.
  • Removing and checking the clothes for any ticks.


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