Sand Fleas Pictures: How Do Sand Fleas Bites Look Like

Sand Fleas Pictures: What Do the Insects Look Like and How to Treat Their Bites?

Contents

The annoying problem with these insects is definitely their bites which can be pretty irritating and cause certain problems for humans.

As it can be easily guessed from the name of the creatures, the fleas are found exactly in sand. That is you can often meet them in deserts and of course on the beaches – these places are their home. You’ll have no troubles detecting if this or that beach spot is infected with the fleas: if you come back home having numerous small welts all over your skin, then you’ve suffered the bites of the fleas.

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Sand Fleas Pictures: Looks and Peculiarities of the Insects

You might get really surprised to know how many various names this flea-like tiny creature features. That is more, the flea is not an insect in fact as we used to consider it. The correct name for it is a crustacean but most often you’ll hear people calling it a punky, beach flea or even a sand fly.

Talking about its physical characteristics, we can describe it as a tiny hopping creature featuring about 3 mm in size. Due to this people fail even to notice it in the sand or the pebbles, but the irritating results of their bites will take no time to appear on your skin.

Sea flea looks so.

Sand Fleas Bites: How They Look on Your Skin

Mainly the bites of these crustacean form clusters on the victims’ skin. The reddish spots of the bites are as a rule surrounded by haloes that are reddened as well. Unfortunately they not only look unattractive, but also present a great annoyance as the bites are very itchy and provide an extreme discomfort.

As it had been already mentioned above, the location of the bites is primarily human’s feet and lower part of the legs. But the fleas can bite animals as well and in this case the whole body of your pet might get infested. Keep in mind, that the fleas may be carried by many types of other wildlife species, thus you can find them not only on the beach. And if you have some animal stuffed with the pesky creatures around your place, it might happen that the fleas migrate to you or your domestic animals.

For humans the bites might cause allergic reactions of various intensity as well as other unpleasant results: major skin irritation and ingrown hairs.

For pets the results might be even worse: the saliva that the fleas give out when they bite causes FAD reactions, dangerous for health and even life of your pet, and increased scratching may lead to general hair loss and further infection due to bacteria getting inside. In the most severe occasions, your pet’s skin might get thinner in time and develop bad sores.

Despite the minuscule sizes of the fleas, their bites are pretty painful both for humans and animals. In majority of cases the pain from the bite is more intense than the one from a typical mosquito bites. The rash that you get after the bite may persist on the skin in the course of several days causing great discomfort. You can even have a fever as a result of the biting.

It stings a sea of fleas.

What is worse, the bites of the crustacean have been proven to carry various kinds of serious diseases: dangerous viruses and all kinds of parasites causing grave conditions.

Effective Treatment

All prevention and treatment procedures when it comes to the bites of the beach fleas fully coincide with those implied with mosquitoes. As a rule home aid is quite enough for treating the problem, but if some serious reaction have developed or you observe any signs of Leishmaniasis, than professional medical aid must be considered.

The major thing that you need to bear in mind is that the bites should be scratched as it only makes your condition worse and will most probably lead to secondary infections.

Calamine lotion is a perfect option for reducing somewhat the itching.

Some home remedies can be also highly effective. For example baking soda solution makes wonders with itching conditions. Certain oils as well as aloe Vera are also widely and effectively applied for providing relief when it comes to itching after the bites.

How to Catch Sand Fleas: Proved and Effective Methods

Of course there’s no use to catch the tiny boogers on the beach that is their home in fact and there are millions of them dwelling in the sand. But what can you do if the fleas got into your premises and make your life uncomfortable?

If you do need this you can opt for one of several commercial types of traps designed especially for trapping the sand fleas. They are available online and also you can find them sometimes in hardware stores. They work either electrically or by light and heat. you can just plug them in and they’ll capture fleas in your home.

You can also use sticky fly tape and reverse tape to catch the unwanted guests. Remember that fleas are attracted to heat and light, so use some source of it next to the tapes to welcome the insects. Leave it like this overnight in the infested areas and already next morning you/ll see how many tiny little black spots were caught with the help of the traps.

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Sand Fleas: What are they? How to Avoid Them?

Sand fleas – they sound like a straightforward pest, but there’s actually much confusion about what is or isn’t a sand flea. What a biologist calls a sand flea and what the common person calls a sand flea are two completely different creatures.

If you’ve made it to our pest control website, then I’m going to assume you’re most interested in the “common person” kind of sand fleas – insects on the beach that bite humans. Let’s talk about those creatures first.

“Sand Fleas” or “Sand Flies”?

Sandfly is a more proper term these biting insects that live in sandy regions like the beach. Sandflies are nasty critters and some can spread disease since they bite humans and feed on their blood.

While sandflies cover a wide variety of insects, there is one common product that defends against them. DEET spray products work to repel insects and are effective against sand flies.

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If you’re planning a trip to a beach that has sand flies, you can treat your clothing, blankets, and skin with a DEET spray that will give you hours of protection. You may need to re-apply after getting in the water!

  • Ben’s 100% DEET mosquito, tick and insect repellent offers the maximum DEET concentration available. DEET is recommended.
  • Offers 10+ hours of protection against insect-transmitted diseases including Zika Virus, West Nile Virus, Eastern Equine.
  • Ben’s 100% DEET was the first 100% DEET product in the country to be registered with the EPA. And as always, it’s made.

Sand Flea Bites on Humans

Although sand fleas primarily feed on organic debris such as seaweed and plankton, these critters will occasionally bite humans given the chance. Female sand fleas are more susceptible to biting humans, and use the protein from the blood as nutrition for laying eggs.

Sea flea bites typically occur around the legs and ankles, although the bites may occur anywhere on the body if you are lying down. The critters can’t jump very high, usually 20 cm, which explains why most bites occur on the lower body.

Sand flea bites look a lot like your regular flea bites; 2-3 bites in clusters with small, red bumps. The red bumps typically have red hallow or ring surrounding the bite. Sand fleas inject an anticoagulant to ensure that blood continues to flow while they feed. A reaction from the crustacean’s saliva causes symptoms including redness, itchiness, and pain on the victim.

Are Sand Fleas Dangerous?

You may have heard horror stories about female sand fleas burrowing into your skin to lay eggs. While this is true, a different kind of sand flea, the Tunga penetrans or chigoe flea, is responsible for this nightmarish scenario.

Chigoe fleas are native to Central and South America but have been inadvertently introduced to India and sub-Saharan Africa.

Cases of Tungiasis, which is what happens when the chigoe flea burrows into the skin, are extremely rare in North America. The chigoe flea is also rare in North America.

How to Treat Sand Flea Bites

Other than the small risk of sand fleas laying eggs in your skin in the unlikely event you encounter a chigoe flea, most people do not experience adverse reactions to common sand flea bites save for the itching, scratching, and painful sensation. The discomfort should go away on its own in a few hours but meanwhile:

  • Avoid scratching the bite. Aside from making the itch worse, breaking the skin will leave you open to all kinds of infections. The beach is filled with sand, debris, and tiny pests that put you at high risk of infection.
  • Most over-the-counter anti-itch creams are great for soothing sand flea bites. It is a good idea to bring topical creams with you to the beach, preferably hydrocortisone creams. Aloe-Vera and oatmeal are also great home remedies for sand flea bites.
  • In case of severe itching or discomfort, consider taking antihistamines or ibuprofen to help with the discomfort. Over-the-counter antihistamines are great for alleviating the itching while ibuprofen should take care of the pain.
  • Seek medical attention immediately you notice an adverse reaction to the bite. Symptoms of a severe allergic reaction to sand flea bites include nausea, fever, headache, dizziness, and swelling of the lymph nodes.

Tips for Avoiding Sand Fleas and Preventing Bites

Sand fleas can be a nuisance but that doesn’t mean that you have to swear off going to the beach. There are a few precautions that you can take to keep yourself safe from sand flea bites.

  • Avoid the beach at dawn or dusk if possible. Sand fleas are most active during these times and spend the rest of their day buried in the sand. Avoiding the beach during peak times may be all you need to keep the pests at bay.
  • Do not lie directly on the sand. Use a towel as a barrier between your body and the sand. Better yet, take a beach chair with you to create as much distance between your body and the sand. Bonus points if you can get a lounge chair to put your feet up!
  • Wear shoes on the beach. While it may not be possible to stay off the sand altogether, wearing shoes on the beach should reduce your attractiveness to breeding female sand fleas with a taste for blood.
  • Avoid the beach shortly after rain. Sand fleas tend to become more active and exposed immediately after rain regardless of the time of day.
  • Use a DEET repellent before going to the beach. DEET is a very effective repellent for sand fleas among other parasites.

What about the Other Sand Fleas?

Despite what the name suggests, sand fleas aren’t actual fleas. In fact, they are not insects at all, but rather crustaceans. Sand fleas are more closely related to lobsters, crabs, and crayfish than actual fleas or ticks.

Other names for sand flea include sand crab, sand bug, beach flea, sand hopper, and sand fiddler.

Sand Flea Appearance – Sand fleas have a barrel-shaped body and are sometimes barely visible to the naked eye, measuring between ½ inch and 1 inch long. Female sand fleas are larger than their male counterparts, growing up to 2 inches long. Male sand fleas measure about ¾ inches long.

Juvenile or young sand fleas are dark-brown to black, although some appear to have a slightly tan color. Adult sand fleas are lighter in color and look almost beige, white, and in some cases, translucent. It is widely thought that these critters can alter their color slightly to match the sand on the beach where they reside.

The crustaceans have 5 sets of tiny legs which they use to dig into the sand and/or paddle through the water.

Sand Flea Anatomy – Sand fleas have gills which they use to breathe and need oxygenated water to survive. These crustaceans have a telson located at the rear of their underbelly where you might find bright-orange eggs on a female sand flea. This telson also protects the soft underbelly of the crab. As is common with crusteceans, sand feas have a hard exoskeleton.

Sand Flea Habitat – Sand fleas typically live in coastal areas and sandy beaches but they also live in desert areas and marshes. These crustaceans are found along the coasts of the United States, including along the Atlantic coast of Africa.

They primarily live on beaches and burrow beneath the sand, tail-end first, and create small colonies at the swash-zone. The two species of sand flea found along the coasts of North America are Emerita analonga and Emerita talpoida.

Sand Flea Feeding Habits – Sand fleas primarily feed on organic debris including seaweed. The little critters lift their antennae-like feeders to catch the organic debris as the waves recede.

Sand fleas also have a taste for blood and will bite humans given the opportunity. These critters are most active at dawn and dusk.

Conclusion

Beach enthusiasts may be relieved to know that sand fleas in North America rarely transmit diseases. Aside from the small risk of a chigoe flea burrow through your skin to lay eggs, most sand flea bites are virtually harmless except for the pain and itchiness.

Most people also don’t experience severe or adverse reactions to sand flea bites. Still, it is important to take precautionary measures including carrying topical ointments, applying DEET-based repellents, and taking the aforementioned precautions before visiting the beach.

Sand flea bites can take the fun out of a perfectly beautiful day at the beach, but all this is largely avoidable and even treatable in a worst-case scenario.

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One Comment

I have an ongoing skin condition that I believe is caused directly from this very thing. I am in dire straits desperate having been given the diagnosis of delusional which is absolutely crazy in itself the cluck calls himself a special disease doctor never took a blood test or did people biopsy no urine test nothing giving me the diagnosis was an absolute disaster for me and my health care which I have been fighting for now almost two years with this infection and I’m positive every time I take a picture of what comes out it says it’s a sand flea I have literally been disfigured and needing a diagnosis can you guys identify if I send you pictures please help. I am on the verge of a nervous breakdown and losing hope being driven nearly to insanity and to my knees in serious severe pain including brain fog. The rash all over my arms and legs and face and head it’s all over my body and has forced me to face horrific labeling as some kind of a drug addict or to be treated like a leper it’s a terrible horrific disease and I in my own belief and I’m not a doctor but I’m also not blind can you please tell me if I send you pictures even if you’re not a doctor if you can identify this thing you could be saving my life literally! I believe I was exposed by my boat which spent almost four years down in Mexican Waters in South America went through the Panama canal and into the Caribbean where the vessel takes on water through the laminates that had a repair problem that never got fixed properly by the yard. The shipyard is using all of these things to discredit me labeling me so that I will not be believed my life is literally gone into the toilet between the health Care system and doctors and they are now taking my boat having owned it outright with full coverage insurance I’ve also been financially up alliterated due to the labeling. Humans can be so cruel and without giving second thought after first look I’m a victim of severe labeling and I’m in dire and utter despair. This covid-19 is absolutely a life-or-death threat having open wounds all over my body I am a target for the virus and forced to wear long sleeves and try and cover my body wherever I go which is probably for the better I’m constantly bleeding from eruptions that no one will look at and I swear to you I know I have this if you would look at it and just give me your opinion. I would be more than gracious and we consider this blog to have saved my life. Most of the doctors I go to once they see it in my chart that I have delusions of parasitosis they talk absolutely nothing about it they don’t give any wait to what I’m saying and they don’t even look at what’s right in front of them I’ve now been labeled as a picker on top of everything else stating that I’m picking myself to death when I’m really being eaten alive. Any form of authority poor people like myself if I had just another voice could save everything including my life if it is in fact recognizable to you please reach out to me

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Fleas, Heartworm and other nasties

Parasites aren’t just a nuisance. As the cause of many diseases in both cats and dogs, they are a real threat to both your pet and you.

The nasties, no match for Revolution

Parasites are the cause of many diseases in cats and dogs. To keep your pet healthy, learn how to recognise the symptoms of parasites, as well as how to prevent and treat parasite infestations. Click on a parasite below to learn more.

What is a parasite?

A parasite is a plant or animal that lives on or inside another living organism (called a host). A parasite is dependent on its host and obtains a benefit, such as survival, at the host’s expense.

Are there different kinds of parasites?

There are two basic types:

Internal parasites (endoparasites) such as roundworms live inside the body of a host dog.

External parasites (ectoparasites) such as fleas, ticks, ear mites and sarcoptic mange mites live on the body of their host dog.

How dangerous are parasites to my pet?

It depends on three things: the type of parasite, the degree of infection or infestation, and your pet’s individual reaction. A mild flea infestation may be of no great consequence to some cats and dogs, while others may show hair loss, itching and discomfort. Severe flea infestations can lead to significant skin disease, anaemia or even death, especially in young kittens and puppies. Infestations by ear mites can cause inflammation of the outer ear (i.e. ‘otitis’) that can be further complicated by secondary fungal and bacterial infections characterised by an unpleasant odour and a crusty brown discharge.

Sarcoptic mange mites in dogs can cause severe itchiness, hair loss and discomfort. These mites can also infect humans who come into contact with affected dogs.

Heartworms are potentially deadly yet completely preventable parasites. Immature worms are transmitted to cats and dogs during the bite of a host mosquito. Over time, these immature worms migrate and grow inside the host to eventually become adult heartworms that reside in the large blood vessels of the lungs and the right side of the heart. The eventual effect of their presence, if left untreated, is heart failure.

Cats and dogs with unidentified heartworm disease are usually brought to veterinarians because of general symptoms such as coughing, lethargy, exercise intolerance or a loss of appetite. Heartworm is much easier to prevent than treat, because preventative treatments like Revolution are safe when used as directed, effective, economical, easy-to-administer and non-invasive.

Are parasites in my pet a risk to me or my family?

Parasites like hookworms and roundworms can be transmitted to humans and can cause a variety of health problems including nausea, neurological problems and even blindness.

What makes Revolution the preferred parasite control product?

Revolution is the first topical treatment to protect against a wide range of both external and internal parasites in cats and dogs. That’s what makes it so revolutionary because in the past, you needed multiple treatments that were difficult to remember, hard to use, and stressful for you and your pet.

Fleas

There’s no other way to put it — fleas are blood-sucking ectoparasites (they live on the skin surface of their ‘host’).

Pets most often affected

Both cats and dogs

What is a flea?

Fleas are blood-sucking ectoparasites. There are 2,200 flea species known in the world today. Only a few of these commonly infest cats and dogs. Fleas are not the same as ticks.

The most common flea that affects both cats and dogs is the cat flea, or Ctenocephalides felis. Its dark brown or black body is about one to three millimetres long. They can also feed on people, but we’re not their first choice of meal.

Why do cats and dogs get fleas?

Fleas love warm, humid environments. And they are determined, nimble creatures capable of Olympian feats. When they’re hungry and looking for a home, they can jump 10,000 times in a row up to 60 centimetres high. Plus their flat bodies allow them to move quickly through a cat or dog’s fur

You’ll usually find fleas on the abdomen, the base of the tail and the head. However, a heavy infestation can thrive anywhere on the body.

What are common signs that my pet has fleas?

  • You may be able to see fleas on your pet, especially if there is a large burden
  • Fleas are small, and just because you don’t find one on your pet, it doesn’t mean that they’re not there or that your pet is not being bitten by them!
  • Fleas suck your pet’s blood and can cause terrible skin irritation that will make your pet scratch, lick and bite themself. This may result in rashes, scaly skin, hot spots and hair loss
  • Droppings, digested blood known as flea dirt, in your pet’s coat

The 4 life cycle stages of a flea

Adult fleas (5% of lifecycle):

  • are the ones you see moving around your pet’s coat
  • bite then feed on the blood of their host
  • male and female adult fleas mate and lay eggs

Flea eggs (50% of lifecycle):

  • are not sticky and once laid quickly fall off the pet into the surrounding environment
  • can’t be readily seen with the naked eye
  • take between 1-10 days to hatch into larvae

Flea larvae (35% of lifecycle)

  • hatch from the flea eggs
  • are a small worm-like lifeform that move away from the light
  • bury themselves in dark places e.g. deep in carpet pile, cracks in floorboards, etc.
  • last 5-11 days while they undergo 2 moults to become a pupa (cocoon)

Flea pupae (10% of lifecycle):

  • are in a sticky impenetrable cocoon that becomes covered in debris
  • cannot be killed by insecticides
  • usually lasts 5-14 days, but may lay dormant for up to 6 months

What do fleas do to cats and dogs?

Adult fleas have specially adapted mouth parts for piercing the skin and sucking blood. More than just annoying and irritating to your dog, they can also cause significant skin disease. Flea blood feeding is also associated with the transmission of several infectious diseases to both pets and people in Australia.

What is flea allergy dermatitis (FAD)?

It’s an itchy skin disease animals develop from an allergic reaction to the saliva of fleas feeding on their blood. An affected pet will be very itchy – often from scratching, biting, licking and chewing. Their skin is usually reddened and there may be lesions and hair loss.

Infectious diseases from fleas

It’s not just your pet at risk here. Fleas can carry infectious diseases that are transmitted to humans such as:

  • Rickettsia spp. –causes flea-borne spotted fever
  • Bartonella henselae –causes cat scratch fever
  • Yersinia pestis –causes Plague, an identified agent of bioterrorism.

How can I treat or prevent fleas?

Products such as Revolution® can be used to treat, control and prevent flea infestations, as well as control flea allergy dermatitis. Flea preventatives should be used year round. Your vet will be able to help you choose the right one for your pet.

Heartworm

Unfortunately, it’s as scary as it sounds: worms that live in your pet’s heart! Heartworm disease can kill cats and dogs, but it’s also readily preventable.

Pets most often affected

Both cats and dogs

HEARTWORM IN CATS

How do cats get heartworm?

  • Mosquitoes transmit the disease to cats by injecting tiny heartworm larvae into their skin
  • The larvae develop and migrate through the body to the lungs and heart
  • The presence of heartworm larvae in the lungs can cause significant lung damage
  • Heartworm larvae can develop into adults that live in the heart and large blood vessels surrounding the heart

What are signs that my cat may have heartworm?

Due to the presence of heartworm larvae in the lungs and/or adult heartworm in the heart, the clinical signs that may be seen in cats with heartworm are:

  • None
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Coughing
  • Vomiting
  • Sudden death
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How do vets check for heartworm in cats?

  • Heartworm can be very difficult to diagnose in cats
  • Diagnosis may involve blood tests, chest radiographs, x-rays or ultrasound

How is heartworm infection treated in cats?

There is no treatment for feline heartworm. There are options for the management of the clinical signs caused by infection but no safe treatment exists for the infection responsible for the clinical signs. Prevention of heartworm infection is recommended.

HEARTWORM IN DOGS

How do dogs get heartworm?

  • Mosquitoes transmit the disease to dogs by injecting tiny heartworm larvae into their skin
  • The larvae develop in the tissues and migrate to the heart where they grow into adult worms
  • The adults live in the heart and the large blood vessels surrounding the heart They reproduce and release more larval offspring into the dog’s blood stream
  • These larvae can then be taken by a mosquito and transmitted to another dog or cat

What are signs my dog may have heartworm?

Due to the stress that adult worms have on a dog’s heart, there are often clinical signs of heart disease or heart failure such as:

  • Lethargy
  • Tiring easily with exercise
  • Coughing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Enlarged abdomen

How do vets check for heartworm in dogs?

  • A blood test to see if adult heartworms or their offspring are present
  • Chest radiographs and ultrasound may also be used

How can I treat heartworm?

Heartworm adults can be treated, but it carries risks for your dog and there are no guarantees of a successful outcome. Your dog may need a series of arsenic-based injections or even surgery to remove the adult worms from their heart when there are too many to risk the injection. As with most of these sorts of things, prevention is better than cure.

When should I start my puppy on a heartworm prevention program?

Start within the first few months of their life. There are a variety of products available in the form of tablets, chews, syrups, top spots and injections. Your vet can advise you on the most suitable product for your puppy.

Ear mites

These troublesome pests are unpleasant for pet and owner alike.

Pets most often affected

Cats, dogs and rabbits

What you should know

Ear mites are highly contagious and pass easily from pet to pet. Otodectes cynotis, the ear mite of dogs, accounts for 5–10 percent of otitis externa cases in dogs. Otitis externa, an inflammation of the external ear, results in frequent head shaking and pawing, an unpleasant odour, and discharge.

Ear mites are easily transmitted among animals and are spread by direct contact. These oval mites are fairly large, and look like coffee grounds in the pet’s ear. These troublesome pests do not burrow in the ear; rather, they live on the ear canal’s inner surface.

What are common signs that my pet has fleas?

  • Ear infection
  • Intense scratching or head shaking
  • Red-brown or waxy ear discharge
  • Itching skin around ears, head, neck
  • Thick crust around outer ear
  • Possible crust and scales on neck, rump, and tail

What you can do to help

Your veterinarian can recommend preventive treatment such as Revolution (selamectin).

Monthly use of Revolution treats and controls ear mite (O. cynotis) infestations in cat and dogs, and in kittens and puppies as young as 6 weeks. A single dose of Revolution was effective in treating ear mites (P. cuniculi) in rabbits. Ask your veterinarian about Revolution.

Hookworm

This pesky parasite can cause anaemia in cats and dogs an itchy rash in humans.

Pets most often affected

What is hookworm?

Hookworm is a common intestinal, bloodsucking parasite that uses its hook-like mouthpart to latch onto the lining of the intestinal wall.

What you should know

Kittens and puppies may become infected with hookworm prior to birth, while nursing or from eating animals such as infected rodents. Hookworm infection is typically detected through a faecal exam, performed by your veterinarian. Hookworm larvae can also infect humans by burrowing into the skin, resulting in a rash known as cutaneous larval migrans or «ground itch.» People can also unknowingly ingest eggs after being in a contaminated environment, causing an infection.

Signs

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Anaemia
  • Poor coat condition
  • Weight loss

What you can do to help

Prevention includes frequent deworming of kittens and puppies by your veterinarian, regular faecal exams, prompt disposal of cat and dog faeces (particularly away from children’s sand boxes) and the administration of a preventative medication.

Roundworm

Roundworms are one of the most common parasitic worms found inside a cat or dog.

Pets most often affected

What is roundworm?

Roundworm, another common intestinal parasite in cats and dogs, lives within the small intestine and migrates through the liver and lungs causing organ damage which can be severe if there are large numbers.

What you should know

Roundworm can cause fatal infections in kittens and puppies. A kitten or puppy may become infected with roundworm when it suckles its mother or by consuming roundworm eggs shed by another cat or dog.

People can become infected by consuming roundworm eggs. This is more likely to happen to children who encounter a contaminated outdoor area, and get the sticky roundworm eggs on their clothes or toys, then their hands and, eventually, in their mouth.

Signs

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Anaemia
  • A pot-bellied appearance
  • Abdominal discomfort

What you can do to help

Prevention includes regular faecal exams, prompt disposal of cat or dog faeces and the administration of a preventative medication.

Whipworm

This nasty internal worm can cause acute, chronic or intermittent diarrhoea in dogs.

Pets most often affected

What is whipworm?

Whipworm, an intestinal parasite in dogs, lives within the last part of the small intestine and the first part of the large intestines.

What you should know

Whipworms can cause acute, chronic, or intermittent diarrhoea in dogs. Typically, the stool is mucoid and bloody. The diarrhoea is often accompanied by urgency and straining. Dogs with a heavy infestation may lose weight, fail to thrive, and develop anaemia.

Signs

  • Diarrhoea
  • Loss of weight
  • Loss of weight

What you can do to help

Eggs remain infective in the environment for up to five years. In areas such as public parks and backyards, where the ground has been heavily contaminated with whipworm eggs, frequent reinfection is a common problem. It is important to observe pooper-scooper ordinances and remove stools in the garden every day.

Tapeworm

Tapeworms live in the small intestines and vary from less than an inch to several feet in length.

Pets most often affected

What is tapeworm?

The most common tapeworm of dogs and cats is Dipylidium caninum. Fleas serve as intermediate hosts when they ingest the eggs. A dog or cat must bite or swallow an infected flea to acquire the parasite. The head of the tapeworm must be destroyed or else the worm will regenerate. Humans can also catch tapeworms which makes this parasite even more dangerous. There are also other species of tapeworm that can be found in uncooked meat and offal.

What you should know

Whipworms can cause acute, chronic, or intermittent diarrhoea in dogs. Typically, the stool is mucoid and bloody. The diarrhoea is often accompanied by urgency and straining. Dogs with a heavy infestation may lose weight, fail to thrive, and develop anaemia.

Signs

  • Anal itching
  • Poor nutrition

What you can do to help

The common dog tapeworm can be controlled by eliminating fleas from the environment. Dogs and cats should be confined to prevent them from roaming and eating dead animals. Avoid feeding your dog or cat uncooked meat and raw game.

Sarcoptic mange

Hair loss and skin infections can result when scabies mites affect your pet.

Pets most often affected

Dogs and rabbits

What you should know

Mange is a broad term that describes skin disease. Scabies, a form of mange, is caused by microscopic mites that lay eggs under a dog’s skin. Scabies mites are round and are so tiny that they are not visible to the naked eye.

These types of mites tend to prefer areas on a dog with no hair or very little hair in the beginning. Mange often results in severe skin inflammation, which can trigger intense itching and eventual hair loss. Scratching may cause a secondary skin infection. Sarcoptic mange is easily transmitted to other dogs and can be transmitted to humans.

Signs

  • Intense itching, scratching and biting, especially around face, chest, legs, elbows, ears, or hocks (ankles)
  • Small red bumps
  • Hair loss
  • Crusty scabs

What you can do to help

Your veterinarian can recommend preventive treatment such as Revolution (selamectin).

Monthly use of Revolution treats and controls scabies (S. scabiei) infestations in dogs, and in puppies as young as 6 weeks. Revolution is suitable for a single treatment in rabbits over 8 weeks of age. Ask your veterinarian about Revolution.

Revolution is easy to apply

Revolution is as easy as 1,2,3 to apply! See just how easy it is by watching this short video.

DID YOU KNOW

Just a quick spot–on application of Revolution every month is all it takes to protect your pet from fleas, heartworm and other nasties.

www.revolution.com.au

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