Roach vs

Difference Between a Cockroach and a Palmetto Bug

Contents

What Is a Palmetto Bug?

The term «palmetto bug» is a general name commonly used to refer to several species of cockroaches in the southern U.S. and even some beetles. Other cockroach names are «waterbug» or «Croton bug.» Unfortunately, these names can lead to confusion and misidentification, since any moderate- to large-sized cockroaches and even beetles are often called these by the public. Since habits and control measures often are species-specific, it is best to consult a pest control professional who can properly identify the species and then select control measures.

Palmetto Bug vs. Cockroach

A cockroach species commonly called a «palmetto bug» is the American cockroach (Periplaneta americana). Adult American cockroaches are large and winged. Their coloration is dark brown with a cream-colored prothorax that has dark markings that resemble sunglasses. American cockroaches prefer damp conditions and often are found in sewers, woodpiles and mulch. They will fly to lights. This particular behavior is disconcerting for homeowners who encounter a large roach that flies near their face when entering doors with lights nearby in the evening.

Smokybrown Cockroach

Another large species that may be called a «palmetto bug» is the smokybrown cockroach. The adults are a dark mahogany color and winged as well. They lack the sunglasses markings on the prothorax and are slightly smaller.

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Palmetto Bug vs. Cockroach

More than 4,500 different species of cockroaches have been discovered. The term “palmetto bug” is one of many nicknames used to refer to this common household pest. Of course, not all cockroaches are referred to as palmetto bugs. What are the differences between a palmetto bug vs. a cockroach? There are a couple of reasons why not all cockroaches are called palmetto bugs.

What is a palmetto bug?

A palmetto bug is the same thing as a cockroach. The term “palmetto bug” is used most frequently in the Southeastern United States, particularly in Florida. It can refer to a variety of large cockroaches, although according to the Mallis Handbook of Pest Control by Arnold Mallis, it is most commonly associated with Eurycotis floridana (Florida woods cockroach), Periplaneta fuliginosa (smoky brown cockroach), P. australasiae (Australian cockroach), P. americana (American cockroach), P. brunnea (brown cockroach) and Blaberus craniifer (death’s head cockroach).

Why are some cockroaches called palmetto bugs?

A palmetto is a type of tropical plant with fan-shaped leaves. Cockroaches common to the Southeast United States are sometimes called palmetto bugs vs. cockroaches because they are commonly associated with the palm leaves or shrubs in that region. In fact, some cockroaches – including many of the ones listed above – take harborage in trees. There just happens to be more palm trees in the Southeast than in other areas of the United States.

If I have cockroaches, or palmetto bugs, in my trees, will they enter my home?

When cockroaches take harborage near palm trees, they primarily live at the base. However, trees placed too close to homes can pose a problem. The cockroaches may track into your home through outside openings, or by climbing the trees to access the top floors of your house.

How can I keep cockroaches out?

Managing a cockroach infestation can be a challenge. It is important to keep them out of your home. To do this, you should start by conducting an inspection on the exterior of your home. Search for any possible openings or cracks and have them sealed to prevent cockroach entry from the outside. Roaches are attracted to homes because they provide a source of food and water. Be careful about sanitizing your home. Keep the kitchen clean, throw the garbage out regularly and make sure there are no leaking faucets or other sources of standing water – this includes pet bowls. You should also keep trees trimmed, which helps prevent branches from becoming access points to your house. Another helpful trick is to change outdoor lighting to the yellow «bug» lights, which will reduce their draw for insects.

What is the difference between palmetto bugs vs. cockroaches of other kinds?

The term “palmetto bug” typically refers to cockroaches that are prone to living both indoors or outdoors, but some roaches are far more likely to live inside. These types of roaches don’t usually hide in trees or shrubbery. The most common of these types of roaches is the German cockroach. This roach prefers to live in kitchens, bathrooms, and food prep or storage areas. It has a preference for living among its own kind and can form large populations in a short period of time. In fact, it is one of the quickest reproducers among roaches. A female German cockroach and her offspring can create a colony of more than 30,000 roaches in just one year.

See also:  Aphid, Article about aphid by The Free Dictionary

Keeping cockroaches out of your home will help keep you and your family safe. Roaches can carry bacteria, contaminate food, leave stains and cause foul odors. Practicing prevention methods can help keep roaches under control. A pest management professional can also help ensure that a more severe problem is not lurking somewhere in or around your home.

www.terminix.com

Eastern water dragon

Scientific Name: Physignathus lesueurii

The eastern water dragon grows to around 80-90cm in length, much of which is tail The colour consists of shades of grey or brown with a series of black bands on the back and tail and a black stripe on the side of the head behind the eye. The underside is creamy-white, although males may have a vivid red on some or most of the belly and chest. There are enlarged scales forming a crest down the middle of the head, back and tail. The legs are relatively long and powerful and the strong tail is flattened on the sides to assist with swimming.

Habitat

The eastern water dragon inhabits the coastal water courses of eastern Australia from northern Queensland to Gippsland in eastern Victoria. It is a good tree climber and likes to laze on branches overhanging the water. If disturbed it will drop into the water and swim to the bottom to wait for the danger to pass, staying under for up to 30 minutes if necessary.

The diet mainly comprises small reptiles, worms, frogs, insects, vegetation, fruit, small mammals and molluscs.

Reproduction

Males defend a territory and a harem of females, carrying out an impressive series of head bobs and arm waves to discourage other intruding males. The females lay around a dozen eggs in an excavated hole in sandy soil above the floodline. These will hatch in approximately three months. The young are miniature replicas of the adults and are able to fend for themselves as soon as they hatch.

reptilepark.com.au

10 Fascinating Facts About Stink Bugs

Yes, They Smell, But There Is a Lot More to Know About These Great Bugs

Whitney Cranshaw / Colorado State University / Bugwood.org

  • B.A., Political Science, Rutgers University

Stink bugs aren’t particularly beloved bugs, but that doesn’t mean they aren’t interesting insects. Take a few minutes to learn more about their natural history and unusual behaviors, and see if you agree. Here are 10 fascinating facts about stink bugs.

1. Stink bugs do, indeed, stink.

Yes, it’s true, stink bugs stink. When a stink bug feels threatened, it releases a pungent substance from special glands on its last thoracic segment, repelling nearly any predator that has a sense of smell (or functioning chemoreceptors). If you want a demonstration of this insect’s infamous skill, give a stink bug a gentle squeeze between your fingers, holding it along its sides. Before you condemn stink bugs for their pungent habit, you should know that all kinds of insects put up a stink when disturbed, including those well-loved ladybugs.

2. Some stink bugs help control pests.

Though most stink bugs are plant feeders and many are significant agricultural pests, not all stink bugs are «bad.» Stink bugs in the subfamily Asopinae are predators of other insects, and they play an important role in keeping plant pests under control. The spined soldier bug (Podisus maculiventris) is easy to identify thanks to the prominent points or spines extending from its «shoulders.» Welcome this beneficial predator into your garden, where it will feed on leaf beetle larvae, caterpillars, and other problem pests.

3. Stink bugs are really bugs.

Taxonomically speaking, that is. The word «bug» is often used as a nickname for insects in general, and even for noninsect arthropods like spiders, centipedes, and millipedes. But any entomologist will tell you that the term «bug» actually refers to members of a specific order or group of insects—the order Hemiptera. These insects are properly known as true bugs, and the group includes all manner of bugs, from bed bugs to plant bugs to stink bugs.

4. Some stink bug mothers (and a few fathers) guard their young.

Some stink bug species exhibit parental care of their offspring. The stink bug mother will stand guard over her cluster of eggs, aggressively defending them from predators and acting as a shield to dissuade parasitic wasps from attempting to lay eggs in them. She’ll usually stick around after her nymphs hatch, too, at least for the first instar. A recent study noted two stink bug species in which the fathers guarded the eggs, decidedly unusual behavior for male insects.

5. Stink bugs belong to the family Pentatomidae, meaning five parts.

William Elford Leach, English zoologist and marine biologist, chose the name Pentatomidae for the stink bug family in 1815. The word derives from the Greek pente, meaning five, and tomos, meaning sections. There’s some disagreement today about whether Leach was referring to the stink bug’s five-segmented antennae or to the five sides of its shield-shaped body. But whether or not we know Leach’s original intent, you now know two of the traits that will help you identify a stink bug.

6. A stink bug’s worst enemy is a tiny, parasitic wasp.

Though stink bugs are fairly good at repelling predators with the sheer force of their stink, this defensive strategy doesn’t do much good when it comes to deterring parasitic wasps. There are all kinds of teeny wasps that love to lay their eggs in stink bug eggs. The wasps’ young parasitize the stink bug eggs, which never hatch. A single adult wasp can parasitize several hundred stink bug eggs. Studies show that egg mortality can reach well over 80% when egg parasitoids are present. The good news (for farmers, not for stink bugs) is that parasitic wasps can be used as effective biocontrols for pest stink bug species.

See also:  How To Get Rid of Termites in House, Ehrlich Pest Control

7. Stink bug sex isn’t particularly romantic.

Stink bug males aren’t the most romantic blokes. A courting stink bug male will touch the female with his antennae, working his way to her nether end. Sometimes, he’ll headbutt her a little to get her attention. If she’s willing, she’ll lift her hind end a bit to show her interest. If she isn’t receptive to his overture, the male may use his head to push her bum up, but he risks being kicked in the head if she really doesn’t like him. Stink bug mating occurs in an end-to-end position and can last for hours. During this time, the female often drags the male around behind her as she continues to feed.

8. Some stink bugs are brilliantly colored.

While many stink bugs are masters of disguise camouflaged in shades of green or brown, some bugs are quite flamboyant and showy. If you love to photograph colorful insects, look for the harlequin bug (Murgantia histrionica) in its vibrant orange, black, and white costume. Another beauty is the two-spotted stink bug (Perillus bioculatus), wearing the familiar red and black warning colors with unusual flair. For a subtler but equally stunning specimen, try a red-shouldered stink bug (Thyanta spp.), with its faint rosy stripe along the top of the scutellum (triangular shield in the center of its back).

9. Young stink bugs suck on their eggshells after hatching.

When they first hatch from their barrel-shaped eggs, stink bug nymphs remain huddled together around the broken eggshells. Scientists believe these first instar nymphs suck on secretions on the eggshells to acquire needed gut symbionts. A study of this behavior in the Japanese common plataspid stinkbug (Megacopta punctatissima) revealed that these symbionts affect nymph behavior. Young stink bugs that didn’t get adequate symbionts after hatching tended to wander away from the group.

10. Stink bug nymphs are gregarious (at first).

Stink bug nymphs usually remain gregarious for a short period of time after hatching, as they begin to feed and molt. You can still find third instar nymphs hanging out together on their favorite host plant, but by the fourth instar, they usually disperse.

Sources

Capinera, John L. Encyclopedia of Entomology. 2nd ed., Springer, 2008.

Eaton, Eric R. and Kenn Kaufman. Kaufman Field Guide to Insects of North America: The Easiest Guides for Fast Identification. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2007.

Layton, Blake and Scott Stewart. “Stink Bug Egg Parasitoids,” University of Tennessee Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology. https://epp.tennessee.edu. Accessed 10 Feb 2015.

McPherson, J. E. and Robert McPherson. Stink Bugs of Economic Importance in America North of Mexico. CRC Press, 2000.

Newton, Blake. “Stink Bugs.” University of Kentucky Entomology Department. entomology.ca.uky.edu. Accessed 6 Feb. 2015.

Takahiro Hosokawa, Yoshitomo Kikuchi, Masakazu Shimada, et al. “Symbiont acquisition alters behaviour of stinkbug nymphs,” Biology Letters, Feb. 23, 2008. Accessed February 10, 2015.

Triplehorn, Charles and Norman F. Johnson. Borror’s Introduction to the Study of Insects. 7th ed., Cengage Learning, 2004.

Requena, Gustavo S., Tais M. Nazareth, Cristiano F. Schwertner, et al. “First cases of exclusive paternal care in stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae),” Dec. 2010. Accessed 6 Feb. 2015.

www.thoughtco.com

Why Do Bugs Roll Onto Their Backs When They Die?

By Remy Melina 08 June 2011

Dead or dying insects assume a familiar pose: lying on their back, legs sticking up in the air. This tell-tale position is actually a symptom of an ailing bug’s decreased coordination and failing nervous system.

Normally, if a bug is knocked onto its back, it can use its legs to rock on its sides until it rights itself. If, however, the bug can’t roll back onto its abdomen because it has become too weak or because its nervous system isn’t functioning properly, it remains stuck on its back.

Because the bug can’t get nutrients or protect itself from predators or the elements when it’s immobilized in this position, it soon dies if it can’t flip back over.

Several things can hinder an insect’s ability to resituate itself. Ingesting pesticides and insecticides such as bug spray disrupts the bug’s neurotransmitters and shuts down its nervous system. As a side effect, most pesticides cause an insect to go into convulsions, during which it uncontrollably kicks up its legs and often gets stuck on its back.

With its nervous system compromised and its coordination declining, the bug lacks the ability to synchronize all of its legs in order to roll over onto its side and stand back up. Depending on the pesticide, a bug can die within hours or days of ingesting the poison.

An injury or a lack of food or water can also compromise a bug’s ability to right itself. Or the bug could simply be at the end of its lifespan and its strength and coordination abilities are declining.

www.livescience.com

Jug Bug

This article is about content exclusive to the DLC: Scorched Earth, Ragnarok, Extinction, Genesis: Part 1
This article is about content exclusively available in the version on Steam, Xbox One, PS4.
This creature, item, or feature is not yet released in the version on Nintendo Switch.

Common Rare
Untameable Cave

The Jug Bug is one of the Creatures in Scorched Earth expansion pack.

See also:  How to Get Rid of Spiders

Contents

Basic Info [ edit | edit source ]

Dossier [ edit | edit source ]

This dossier section is intended to be an exact copy of what the survivor Helena, the author of the dossiers has written. There may be some discrepancies between this text and the in-game creatures.

Scutinphora puteus is a fast, flying insect that comes in two varieties, visually distinct only in the red or green markings on its exoskeleton. Biologically and behaviorally, they are practically the same. The only real difference between the two is the resource they gather in the expandable sacks on their backs. Scutinphora with green markings gather water, and Scutinphora with red markings gather oil. This unique ability makes Scutinphora a target for both the desert’s natural predators and human survivors. Finding a green Scutinphora at the right time could prove to be life-saving, and survivors can use the oil produced by red Scutinphora for a wide variety of purposes.

Like many of the insects on the island, Scutinphora cannot be tamed. Beyond the resources obtained while hunting it, survivors will find no use for it.

Behavior [ edit | edit source ]

After collecting the resources from a Jug Bug, it, as well as any other Jug Bugs within proximity, will fly away. If it is attacked, it will also fly away. The container on its back will visibly shrink when resources are taken.

Appearance [ edit | edit source ]

Colorful, grasshopper-like insects found throughout the Scorched Earth, members of genus Scutinphora are consummate desert survivors. The species comes in two morphs, each equipped with a fluid-storing pouch on its back: green morphs store water, while red morphs collect and store oil, perhaps to metabolize it as some sort of food. These so-called «jug bugs» are largely defenseless and will instead fly some distance away from attackers.

Color Scheme and Regions [ edit | edit source ]

The Jug Bug always spawns with the same color scheme and has no color regions.

This means it is currently impossible to make alterations to the Jug Bug’s natural spawn colors.

Drops [ edit | edit source ]

Base Stats and Growth [ edit | edit source ]

Note that creatures will have different stats in Survival of the Fittest

Basic Stats

Attribute Amount at Level 1 Increase per point
Wild
Health 75 +15
Stamina 100 +10
Oxygen 150 +15
Food 450 +45
Weight 50 +1
Melee Damage 18 2 +0.9
Movement Speed 100% N/A 3
Torpidity 100 +6

1 Percentages are based on the value of the stat the moment the creature was tamed (after taming effectiveness).
2 The absolute Base Damage is shown here instead of the percentage.
3 Wild creatures do not level up movement speed.
4 Torpidity increases every level on wild creatures, but can not be increased once they are tamed.

  • For a comparison of the stats of all creatures, see Base Creature Statistics.
  • For an explanation of exactly how the levelup calculation works, see Creature Stats Calculation.
Movement Speed

Movement Type Base Speed Sprinting
Wild
Walking 60 150
Swimming 200 N/A
Flying 120 300
  • These are the base speeds of the creature at 100% Movement Speed.
  • For a comparison of the speeds of all creatures, see Base Creature Speeds
Attack Values

Ground Bite Attack Stamina Cost Attack Range Description
Base Minimum Activation The Jug Bug bites the target while grounded.
500
Attack Type Damage Projectile Values Torpor Values Status Effect: Stamina Status Effect: Torpidity
Life Impulse Radius Base Mult Duration Damage Mult Amount Duration Damage Mult Amount
Melee 18
Fly Bite Attack Stamina Cost Attack Range Description
Base Minimum Activation The Jug Bug bites the target while airborne.
500
Attack Type Damage Projectile Values Torpor Values Status Effect: Stamina Status Effect: Torpidity
Life Impulse Radius Base Mult Duration Damage Mult Amount Duration Damage Mult Amount
Melee 18

Combat [ edit | edit source ]

General [ edit | edit source ]

The Jug Bug poses no threat to players, tribes or even wild dinos. The only reason not to kill one is the «golden goose» metaphor; a jug bug is far more useful to the player alive, as it offers only an insignificant amount of meat and chitin when killed.

Strategy [ edit | edit source ]

If a survivor wants to kill a Jug Bug, it is best to leave their sack full, as when they try to flee their movement speed will be severely lowered, making them easy targets for spears and bolas.

Weaponry [ edit | edit source ]

Spears and bows will do the trick.

Dangers [ edit | edit source ]

While chasing a Jug Bug, you might accidentally fall off a cliff or run into an aggressive dino. To prevent this, a well charged bola will hold it down to prevent unnecessary chasing across the desert.

Weakness [ edit | edit source ]

Completely defenseless, low health, and slow when the sack is full.

Utility [ edit | edit source ]

Roles [ edit | edit source ]

Despite being un-tameable, the Jug Bug is a viable source of Water and Oil on the Scorched Earth. Players may want to trap them in cages or huts to be easily harvested for their resources if no natural Water and/or Oil is around. Use a Megalosaurus, Kaprosuchus, or grappling hook to place them in your holding area. Resources—water or oil—may be obtained without harming the bug.

  • Resources: The Jug Bugs can not be tamed but they can be rounded up and contained to provide resources like Chitin (needs to be killed), Oil and Water (harvest without harming).

Collectibles [ edit | edit source ]

Cementing Paste (both). To farm it you will need a Beelzebufo (a high damage one is need to make sure the bug doesn’t fly away).

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