Do insects hibernate, Terminix

Do Insects Hibernate?

Do insects hibernate? If not, then what do they do? They don’t just disappear only to reappear again in the spring. All species adapt to deal with the cold weather in some way.

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When winter arrives, birds fly south and bears go into hibernation, but what about bugs?

We’ve previously covered what happens to termites in the winter and what climate change means for bugs, but now let’s take a look at insect behavior during the colder months and how to prevent pest problems in the winter.

INSECTS WHO DON’T HIBERNATE MIGRATE.

Well, some do and some don’t. Some go south just like birds do. Monarch butterflies, for instance, travel from east of the Rocky Mountains all the way down to central Mexico. Meanwhile, those west of the Rockies fly to Santa Barbara, California. Those same insects even return next year, making them true migration pros.

WHAT HAPPENS TO BUGS THAT DON’T MIGRATE OR HIBERNATE?

Some insects, like crickets, die in the winter and leave only their eggs behind. So the crickets you hear chirping in the fall won’t be around come spring. Each female lays 150–400 eggs, and they can live a little longer if they find their way indoors, usually through cracked foundations or poorly sealed doors and windows. Once inside, they can do some damage by feeding on fabric, paper, wool or linen — not to mention their consistent chirping noises.

WHAT KINDS OF BUGS HIBERNATE?

Yellowjackets, paper wasps and some mosquitoes find a protected spot to become dormant in until warm weather activates them. Another form of hibernation is forming a cocoon. For example, moths that form cocoons in the fall need that period of winter cold, since they likely won’t complete their development in a warmer climate.

Ants also slow down during the winter. Before the cold hits, ants consume more food to put on fat. Then their body temperatures drop and they become sluggish. They find warm spots under rocks or tree bark, huddle around the queen and feed off the fats, carbohydrates and proteins they stored up in the fall.

WHERE DO OTHER INSECTS GO IN WINTER?

Unfortunately, many insects such as cockroaches, scorpions and spiders move in with humans for the colder months. They find shelter in wall voids, attics and other places in man-made structures. Those in the wilderness opt for hollow logs and other natural cavities. Some bugs, like spiders, live with humans year-round, but you may notice them more during the winter since they go out looking for mates during this time.

WHICH INSECTS DON’T HIBERNATE?

The annoyingly persistent silverfish is active all year round. They can even live for up to three years, with females laying one to three eggs a day. That’s why it’s important to rid your home of the infestation early. Silverfish are attracted to high humidity and eat paper products and synthetic fibers.

HOW CAN I HELP PREVENT BUGS FROM GETTING INSIDE THE HOUSE?

Seal up all potential points of entry around your home. Clean up debris like dead grass and fallen leaves near your foundation, as these can make attractive hiding places for bugs. Also, store firewood several feet from the house. Remove food odors by moving garbage cans and grills further from your home. Keep the area around your house dry by monitoring leaky pipes, and watch out for lights, which attract night-flying insects that can slip into your home.

Whether you notice silverfish, cockroaches, spiders or scorpions in your home during the winter, call Terminix®. You can also sign up for a fast, free quote online by clicking here. Don’t let pests into your home, no matter the season.

Do Earwigs Bite?

If you shudder a little when you think about earwigs, you’re probably not alone. They’ve developed quite a nasty reputation, thanks to urban legends (mostly false) that have been circulating for years. But are they harmful?

The Lifespans of Insects With Short Lives

Many insects, such as butterflies, have a lifespan that occurs in four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Other insects, such as grasshoppers, do not have a pupal stage and instead go through three stages: egg, nymph, and adult. The length of each stage can vary based on many things, from the insect species to the temperature outside—but what some insects share in common is a very short adult stage. Keep reading to learn about five insects with some of the shortest adult stages in their lifespan.

The Return of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

The change of seasons from summer to fall means many things: leaves changing colors, dropping temperatures, and—depending on where you live—stink bugs sneaking into your home. Stink bugs were named for their distinct ability to emit an unpleasant odor when they are threatened or disturbed by predators like lizards or birds. This also means that if stink bugs enter your home and feel threatened, you’ll be faced with dealing with their strong smell in your house. As we head into fall, you might find yourself with more active stink bugs than usual, so it’s important to know the basics about these smelly insects.

What are Earwigs?

Most people have probably heard of earwigs at some point or another. These creepy-looking insects are associated with some urban myths. Learn the truth about earwigs, including what attracts them and how to help get rid of them.

ARE TICKS DANGEROUS?

The majority of ticks will deliver painless bites without any noticeable symptoms. However, some ticks can carry a variety of bacteria and pathogens for disease. Although not all ticks are dangerous, you don’t want to risk coming into contact with these blood-sucking insects.

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ARE TICKS DANGEROUS?

The majority of ticks will deliver painless bites without any noticeable symptoms. However, some ticks can carry a variety of bacteria and pathogens for disease. Although not all ticks are dangerous, you don’t want to risk coming into contact with these blood-sucking insects.

Are Bed Bugs Contagious?

Bed bugs are not too picky about where and when they catch a ride and don’t necessarily have a preferred mode of transportation, so it’s no surprise how many people wonder, are bed bugs contagious?

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Do Earwigs Bite?

If you shudder a little when you think about earwigs, you’re probably not alone. They’ve developed quite a nasty reputation, thanks to urban legends (mostly false) that have been circulating for years. But are they harmful?

Cluster Flies In Your Home

If you’re like many homeowners, you’ve dealt with annoying flies ruining your summer barbecues and outdoor dinner parties. You may have even become accustomed to whipping out the flypaper and heavy-duty bug zappers the minute you hear the familiar buzz of a fly. These annoying pests are likely house flies, which can pose significant health risks to you and your family. But have you ever seen large, sluggish flies loitering inside your home in the autumn and winter? They may be cluster flies.

Tips to Get Rid of Stink Bugs in Your House

Now that it’s fall, it’s officially indoor stink bug season. Before it becomes winter, brown marmorated stink bugs are looking for comfortable overwintering sites to spend the cold months—and that can often mean that they may find a way to sneak into your house. While the odor that a stink bug releases is not dangerous, they are definitely a nuisance. Luckily, there are steps you can take to get rid of stink bugs in your house—without having to deal with the unpleasant smell.

What are Sand Fleas?

Many people love going to the beach to spend time in the sun, sand, and water. But they might not love some of the nuisances that live at the beach or in the ocean, such as gnats or jellyfish. But, what about the sand flea, a small critter that can be found in moist areas such as under rocks or debris. Keep reading to learn exactly what sand fleas are and if you need to worry about them.

The Lifespans of Insects With Short Lives

Many insects, such as butterflies, have a lifespan that occurs in four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Other insects, such as grasshoppers, do not have a pupal stage and instead go through three stages: egg, nymph, and adult. The length of each stage can vary based on many things, from the insect species to the temperature outside—but what some insects share in common is a very short adult stage. Keep reading to learn about five insects with some of the shortest adult stages in their lifespan.

www.terminix.com

How Deer Survive Winter Weather

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Deer don’t hibernate like some mammals, so how do they survive brutal winters?

Several years ago, while deer hunting in Alberta, I experienced some of the nastiest weather I’ve ever seen. High winds, continual snow, and worst of all, extremely cold, subzero weather. With winds so strong I could not shoot a bow, I holed up in the lodge.

While talking to my guide, I asked how much of this kind of weather they had in that part of the world and found out that such weather was common, often for weeks at a time. I marveled that deer could survive in those conditions and wondered how they did it. Not all make it through bad winters, but most do.

Winter weather is made up of many things. Temperature and wind are two obvious factors, as are cloud cover, dew point, humidity, barometric pressure, wind chill, thermal currents and precipitation amounts. They all create what we know as “cold.”

In the Midwest, whitetails get hit with some major winter weather but it doesn’t usually drag on for months at a time. There are exceptions, such as the winter of 2007 when deep snows and bitter cold killed lots of deer in eastern Montana and North Dakota. Further north, brutal winters are the norm. Some small mammals avoid such weather by hibernating. Black bears, though not true hibernators, lower their metabolism and remain sedentary during the worst cold.

Deer do not have those options. We know what deer hunters do to deal with cold weather, but what do deer do? How do they survive nasty winter weather?

Hunters have the advantage of great apparel and boots but deer have to make the most of their fat reserves and battle the elements.

Whitetail survival is due to several things

Let’s eliminate some simple adaptations first. As with all mammals, body size of deer increases as you move north. Larger bodies mean a lower surface-to-mass ratio and this conserves energy. Deer also shed their lighter summer coat for a heavier winter coat composed of hollow hair shafts and a dense underfur. Both adaptations provide added insulation. Deer have special skin muscles that allow them to adjust the angle of the hair shafts to provide the best insulation.

I love reading The Deer-Forest Blog; Google The Deer-Forest Blog to register for their weekly blogs on deer research being done at Penn State University. They are entertaining and informative, and you will continually find information that will improve your deer hunting.

Every hunter knows in autumn deer prepare for winter by eating more to add layers of fat. Those fat reserves are critical during the winter. Once winter hits, deer have stored about 25 percent of their body weight as fat. One of the Deer-Forest blogs presented data on weights of bucks and does from October through the winter. Pennsylvania bucks reach their maximum weight by Oct. 1. No wonder the acorn mast they consume in September is so important.

After Oct. 1, bucks lost a lot of weight through the rut and winter. By March they start to gain weight again. Does do the same, but they reach their maximum weight about Jan. 1 before showing a decrease. What this means is that bucks rely on fat reserves almost twice as long as does before spring arrives. The Deer-Forest Blog authors suggest this is why bucks are more susceptible to starvation than does in bad winters.

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What other factors help with deer survival?

Those are some of the major strategies that get deer through bad winter, but there are others. When a deer is at rest, its metabolic rate varies depending on the season. You might think in winter this rate would increase to allow the deer to stay warm, but the opposite is true. The metabolic rate decreases in winter. Recent research from Europe on red deer shows that red deer reduce their heart rate even more if they aren’t getting enough food.

During the winter, supplemental feed sites will draw deer from all around an area.

There is more to this, with reportedly a direct correlation between heart rate and rumen temperature. When things get really tough, deer lower their heart rate and body temperature, which reduces energy expenditure. (The resting heart rate of a deer is 40-50 beats per minute. Ours is slightly higher, although great runners have resting heart rates below 50 beats per minute.) The European researchers answered the question of whether they are deliberately conserving energy, or are these changes a result of the fact that there is little food to eat?

It turns out no matter how much food the red deer ate, even those that received lots of high protein in their diet showed lower heart rates in the winter. Heart rates of 65 beats per minute in spring fell to 40 in the winter. Therefore, deer automatically decreased their metabolism in winter, no matter how much food was available. That makes sense, especially when there is deep snow. In those conditions it takes a lot of energy to get the available food, probably more than the food provides them. So, lower temperature in the legs and the ears slows down body functions such as digestion, yet they survive.

When winter conditions are bad in northern deer habitat in Maine, Michigan, Minnesota and elsewhere, deer will “yard” up. Deer yard habitat is where deer go to avoid winter winds and deep snows. They will move very little and remain for one to three months. Valley bottoms with conifer cover make good yards for deer. Cedar, hemlock, fir or spruce help shield deer from snow, and it is said that such habitat has 40 percent less snow than hardwood forests.

As deer lower their energy expenditure, even if there is limited food their body weight turns around and starts to increase in late winter. Yes, you read that correctly. The red deer research showed that a huge increase in weight occurred in red deer in the spring, even with little change in the daily intake of food. I believe our whitetails may have that same internal clock telling them to slow down everything in winter. When spring comes, the weight comes back.

When you see deer on winter food plots eating a lot, but appear to have lost weight, now you may know why. It is all about the feeding strategy and metabolism. The question for the deer is, do I want to expend more energy to find food and digest it than the food is worth to me?

Apparently, over time, the deer have figured it out. Just eat enough to keep alive, move very little and make it through the winter. But two factors can change that strategy for deer and cause mortality. One is food availability in autumn. Long summer droughts can diminish available food for deer when they need to build fat reserves. Second, how long and how nasty is the winter? Cold temperatures and deep snows that start early and last beyond normal into spring can cause mortality.

In fact, that is why on rare occasions, some state game agencies will put out feed for deer. All state wildlife agencies discourage citizens from feeding deer in winter. However, there are rare winters when the snow is so deep and the weather so cold for long periods that deer survival is in question. When this happens, some wildlife agencies will put out feed.

Deer know what to do in winter. Those strategies work, for the most part, without our help. Cold weather has a lot less impact on hunters because of the clothing technology that has produced such warm products.

Obviously, deer do not have the advantage of heated socks and hand warmers and the aforementioned clothing. No question, when you look at winter weather from a deer’s perspective, on those brutal cold days on stand, we as humans have it pretty easy.

www.grandviewoutdoors.com

Where do wood ticks go in the winter?

I live in Minnesota and wood ticks are around in the spring but, where do they then go?

6 Answers

They are protected from the cold in tall grass, leaf litter, woods, shrubs, etc.

They die at the end of their two-year life cycle.

Adult males die once they mate. (on a deer in late fall)

Adult females die once they lay their eggs. (early spring)

Those ticks that have not found suitable hosts may continue searching for a blood meal needed to complete their life cycle throughout the winter.

They will continue to feed if the temperature is above 35 degrees!

Hope this helps x

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Ticks In Winter

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Ticks are everywhere. There is no way not to get them. After you get them off of you, burn them. that is the only way they will die. You dont bite ticks. hey dont bite you they suck your blood. Lyme disease is 50/100 cause some carry it and some dont. Long pants would help keep the thorns from scratching your legs and it could help the ticks stay off of you. They usually are in your hair. You could run on the track field or the road. Just keep safe.

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Do Bed Bugs Hibernate In Winter?

Bed bugs don’t truly hibernate in the same sense of the word that many other critters do by overwintering in response to seasons of cold temperatures.

When you think about this question for a moment, it does seem reasonable that bed bugs do not hibernate since they usually live in a structure with consistent room temperatures.

Preferred Temperature:

The temperature range that people like is just about the same range that bed bugs prefer. This means that they do not hibernate and can be active in the winter months if they are inside a temperature controlled house or apartment.

Diapause:

Bed bugs, like most other insects will go into diapause, a state of inactivity that causes the insect to become dormant if conditions such as temperature and humidity are particular unpleasant.

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Sub-Optimal Temperatures:

Many insects and other animal behaviors are affected by sub-optimal temperatures that will reduce or cease reproduction. This also causes them to overwinter and slow down their metabolism to conserve energy and activity in order to survive the cold temperatures of winter.

However, as noted above, bed bugs usually are not exposed to these sub-optimal temperatures, yet when bed bugs are exposed to cold they die at temperatures of 0° F if held at this temperature for about four days.

www.orkin.com

Frequently Asked Questions About Ticks

If you discover a tick or two at home whether on a pet or on somebody, should you be concerned or simply disregard it? It is only a couple of tiny creatures anyway and they are unlikely to become a nuisance. But that pair could multiply and before you know it, your home, your family and your pets are already being annoyed and pestered by tick infestation.

Education is your best defense where most pests are concerned including ticks. They may not at all times pose a threat to you, it is good to know some basic information about what they are, what harm they can do and how they can be controlled.

What are ticks?

They are not insects but parasites that belong to the same category as spiders, scorpions, harvestmen and mites called arachnids, the joint-legged invertebrates. While only a small number is said to be found in the United States, there are over 800 species of ticks worldwide.

During a tick’s nymphal stage, it has 3 pairs of legs but becomes a complete set of eight legs upon reaching adult stage. These disturbing crawlers find ways to attach themselves to hosts to feed on their blood. Tick infestation can happen when you least expect it as there show no evident signs especially on pets. It is a must to constantly check for ticks especially if you live in tick-inhabited areas.

How do ticks develop?

There are four stages to a tick’s life cycle – egg, larvae, nymph and the fully developed adults.

  • The female tick lays eggs on the ground.
  • The eggs hatch and become larvae, find and feed on a host then drop back to the ground in a number of days, waiting to develop into nymphs.
  • When spring comes, the nymphs become active and seek another host for sufficient blood feeding and again fall back to the ground to change into adult ticks, find another host, feed and mate and then the cycle is done all over again.

Where do you find ticks?

Tick types depend mostly by region and not all species attack human and pets. Some are known to simply remain burrowed on a single host, generally an animal. Often, the means by which a tick enters a home is through pets after an activity outdoors.

Most ticks are found in wooded areas or where there are an abundance of bushes and tall grass. They grab every opportunity to crawl their way up or drop themselves onto their target that happens to brush near.

When are ticks most active?

Ticks may seek out their prey during the cold hours of the night up until dawn but they are most active during the warmer hours of the day. This is also why they seem to be everywhere during the summer months.

What is the right way to remove an attached tick?

Your best tool would be a fine-tipped pair of tweezers. Never handle a tick with your bare hands. If you don’t own tweezers, put on a pair of surgical gloves.

  • Grab the tick part that is stuck in the skin and not on its belly. Doing so could cause the tick to inject infected saliva into your body.
  • Gently pull out so the tick releases its grip on the skin. Do not twist so that you don’t break the body and risk leaving the head buried in the skin.
  • Wash the area with soap and warm water then apply some disinfectant.

You may follow the same steps when removing ticks attached on your pet’s skin then apply some topical antibiotic on the area. Be sure to thoroughly wash your hands after.

What are tick-borne diseases?

These are diseases caused by an infection due to several pathogens and other bacteria and are transmitted by ticks. Ticks are known to harbor more than one agent that can cause illnesses. Common tick-borne diseases include Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease, Tick paralysis, Tularemia, Babesiosis, Ehrlichiosis, Tick-Borne relapsing fever, Anaplasmosis and Borrelia miyamotoi.

Some tick-borne disease symptoms do not show immediately after a bite. Some may take months before signs like fever, lethargy and rashes show.

Does a bite always result to sickness?

No. There are many instances when a bite will not result to anything serious save for a small mark on the skin that would itch a little. A tick has to feed for more than 24 hours before the risk of getting sick begins. It is important therefore to be able to immediately remove a tick once one is discovered attached on the skin.

How can ticks be controlled?

Given the ways they can move into your home, regular cleaning helps in controlling ticks. The action that one must take involves treatment for both home and pets including the immediate surroundings. There are environment-friendly sprays for the purpose of eliminating ticks. The best time for treatments is during tick season when they are most plenty.

Keeping a mowed lawn, removing leaf litter, getting rid of stored but rotting items and cleaning pet areas are also effective ways of reducing the instances of ticks.

What repellents can be used against ticks?

For pets, there are different products ranging from shampoos to sprays, powders, dips, collars to topical solutions. For human use, there are several products with DEET which may be applied on the skin. You may also opt for permethrin to treat fabrics. It is a substance preferred by most because when used to on clothes, the effect can last up to 6 washings.

For those who react to chemicals, there are herbal options available.

Ticks are almost everywhere but you can minimize the risks they pose to you and to your pets. Their presence should not put a stop to your hiking adventures or to your fun time for play and outdoor activities with your dog. Equip yourself with knowledge about them and how you can deal with them effectively.

www.pestguides.com

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