Cultural Pest Controls

Cultural Pest Controls

Whether you keep a modest garden or manage a full greenhouse, pest control is probably one of your most time-consuming tasks. You can save time and keep your crops healthy by using a good IPM (integrated pest management) strategy. As part of an IPM strategy, you’ll want to use some cultural controls.

What is cultural pest control?

«Cultural control» is a way of suppressing pests with the way you manage your production.

It’s about interrupting an insect’s life cycle

In a traditional agriculture system, common cultural controls would be tillage, strategic planting dates, or crop rotation- all practices that in some way interrupt an insect pest’s life cycle. A few of the old cultural controls can be rolled over to greenhouse production, of course, but a different setting requires that greenhouse producers rethink the way that they approach cultural controls.

Bright Agrotech has found several cultural control methods that fit our greenhouses and aquaponics setup.

Here are six cultural pest control methods to help you:

1) Keep your greenhouse clean to thwart pests

One method applicable to both traditional agriculture and greenhouse agriculture is sanitation. Plant debris and trash around your greenhouse provides shelter and often food for pests. You want your greenhouse to be as inhospitable to pests as possible. You know what that means. cleaning time.

Another sanitation technique that is frequently employed by greenhouses is the steaming of soil, crates, and pots before use. Steaming kills off many harmful bacteria and insect pests.

2) Controlling pests with plant-to-plant interactions (inter-cropping)

Inter-cropping (or companion planting) is another cultural control that is usually used because of the benefits from the plant-to-plant interaction, but it can also be utilized for pest control. The more plant species present, the higher the diversity.

When diversity goes up, several things happen. The first thing is that the pest no longer has a huge amount of its favorite food (or habitat) all in one place. Instead the «food plant» grows in patches. Some pests can’t travel very far and never make it out of their patch. This keeps the pest population from booming. Instead one large, widespread pest population, you have a few smaller – and less destructive/hopefully more manageable — populations.

3) Exclusion as a cultural pest deterrent

There are a lot of easy ways that you can implement exclusion, our third cultural control. Exclusion basically means keeping insects away. There are a lot of ways to do this mechanically, which is for another post, but there are also ways to do this culturally. One such way is crop spacing.

4) Excluding with crop spacing

Crop Spacing is important for one primary reason: plant bridges. Plant bridges are used by crawling pests (it doesn’t apply to flying pests) to travel from one plant to another. If you keep your plants from touching, you keep your pests from migrating. It is easier to squelch outbreaks that occur only on one plant than twenty.

5) Excluding with trap crops

Trap Crops are plants that the pests prefer over your crops. Pests will be attracted to the trap crop, which then can (optional) be discarded along with all of its inmates. Check out this page to find some good trap crops for different pests.

6) Excluding with proper nutrient levels

Many grower’s don’t consider the importance of nutrient levels to pest control.

The primary nutrient you’ll want to be really careful about is nitrates, which impact the development and production rates of insects. (Especially aphids, which go bonkers if there is an abundance of nitrates.) Since nitrogen enters your system in the form of the protein from fish feed, your main tool for controlling nitrogen levels will be controlling your fish feed.

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Cultural controls are an affordable way to help with pest control, but a range of pest control methods is important. Don’t wait until it’s too late to get your pest under control. You can get detailed information on some of the most common greenhouse pests in our Pest Control Packet.

Special thanks to Tim Collier for all the valuable information!

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Harmful Centipede: Habitat and Pest Control Methods

+964 751 234 1338

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Pest Control Services

Operating in Kurdistan and Iraq, our goal is to reduce the conflict between humans and pests by providing solutions using the most acceptable, high quality and economical method, our service center has the enough experience to solve all your pest control needs.

Our technicians are State Certified Pesticide Applicators with comprehensive training in pest identification, damage recognition, management methods and safety. We serve both residential and commercial customers.

We Follow all the Global Classification and Recommendations for Protecting Your Environment and Preventing Pest Control;
1. Creeping and flying insects
2. Rodents, scorpions, snakes
3. Storage insects
4. The White Termite
5. Germs

Mission team for Protecting Your Environment and Pest Control Mission contends in innovative, safe and highly effective ways with specialized pesticides and sterilizers approved by the World Health Organization (WHO), taking into account public safety conditions, without disturbing odor and without having to evacuate.

Mission strongly promotes the use of Integrated Pest Management (IPM), which promotes an integrated management solution. LAFS is an environmentally responsible approach that focuses on non-chemical insect control techniques and helps prevent Epidemic outbreaks require time and effort to:

• Inspect the buildings to determine the pest type correctly

• Stop all entry points to prevent pest access

• Enhance the level of hygiene Apply safe, effective and innovative pest control tactics

• Evaluation of control efforts through regular monitoring and inspection

Garden Services: Our pest control services in the gardens are environmentally friendly.

Our General Pest Division

Our general pest division offers professional and effective pest control services for all premises INVADING INSECTS. Some of the pests we control include: Termites- Termites do more damage than fire, floods and storms combined.

A single ant can lead the way for the entire colony to invade your home. Food preferences vary among ant species but may include fruits, seeds, nuts, fatty substances, dead or live insects, dead animals and sweets

Carpenter ants don’t consume wood like termites but can be mistaken as termites. They excavate wood to make their nests, which in large colonies can consist of an extensive network of galleries and tunnels. They can cause extreme damage to your home.

Spiders can inflict painful, sometimes dangerous bits Silverfish- Silverfish is nocturnal and hides during the day. They come out at night to seek food and water. They prefer dry food such as cereals, flour, pasta and pet food; paper with glue or paste: sizing in paper including wallpaper, book bindings and starch in clothing .

are attracted to warm, moist, dark environment. These insects leave these sites at night to forage for food and water. The presence of cockroaches during the day may indicate a large population. They can spread germs and they multiply at a record rate.The number of capsules produced by a female will range from 6-14, with each capsule containing 14-16 eggs. The hatch in 50 to 55 days.

Flies carry more than 100 pathogens that can cause dangerous diseases in human and animals, such as typhoid, polio and tuberculosis.

Mosquitoes-
Only female mosquitoes bite. They need the protein and nutrients from blood for their developing eggs. A mosquito may bite only two or three times during her life, but she can develop hundreds of eggs for each blood meal. There are 24 different types of mosquitoes in SO. California. At least 4 types are known to carry diseases that can be passed to humans

Bed bugs can be easily transported and are often found hiding in fabrics in bedrooms and mattresses. They feed on the blood of humans and leave nasty itchy welts on your body.

Ticks-
Ticks carry many serious diseases, including Lyme disease, encephalitis and typhus. They can live over 500 days without a meal

Fleas-
Fleas are wingless insects that are agile, usually reddish brown in color with tube-like mouth-parts adapted to feeding on the blood of their hosts. Their legs are long, the hind pair well adapted for jumping: a flea can jump vertically up to 7 inches. Persistent problems with these pests may cause diseases in human as well as animals

House crickets can damage silk, woolens, paper, fruits and vegetables. They can eat almost anything available. They eat own dead when there are no other sources of food available, and exhibit predatorily behavior upon weakened, crippled crickets. They have relatively powerful jaws, and several species have been known to bite humans

Smaller variants of centipedes produce nothing more than a painful, localized reaction, not unlike a bee sting. Larger species, however, administer more venom through a bite and can produce more extreme pain. While centipede bites can be extremely painful, they are not generally fatal to humans.

Scorpions-
Scorpions have been around for a long time and have changed very little in 350 million years. Scientists have identified more than 1,500 different species of scorpions and there may be as many as 1,000 more species undiscovered. Scorpions live on every continent except Antarctica and are found in almost every kind of habitat. Most scorpions live in deserts. Some live in rain forests. Others live in grassy prairies, and still others live only beneath the bark of palm trees.

Rodent Division
Our rodent division provides solutions for rodent pests that can invade a home/business and destroy landscaping. We offer control methods such as baiting, habitat modification and burrow fumigants. Rodents can vector many diseases.

One of the most famous in being the bubonic plague which is carries by echo-parasites (fleas, present on ground squirrels).Humans and pets can become the victims of flea bites. Some other diseases, such as the Hantavirus, can be deadly to humans. Hantavirus is associated with the droppings of deer mice.

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Controlling rodent infestations on a large-scale basis is difficult and requires the development of a site-specific plan that will allow both reducing the existing infestation to a maintainable level and the implementation of continuous service program to prevent future re-infestation problems, as a result of breeding and/or migration

Cockroaches:
While they do not bite or sting, they do feed and live in areas that harbor dangerous bacteria, such as bathrooms, drains, and dumpsters. (like other roaches) carries the bacteria on their body and can contaminate food as well as areas where food is prepared.

Mosquitoes:
are carriers for certain diseases, some of which can be deadly. West Nile virus is the most common and dangerous mosquito-transmitted disease. Mosquitoes also transmit malaria, dengue fever and chikungunya. . These symptoms can pop up two days to two weeks after a mosquito bite.

Spiders:
There are many types of spiders, some type of spider’s venom destroys the walls of blood vessels near the site of the bite, sometimes causing death. Some spiders are also dangerous to homes and buildings, since they are attracted to glue which could be found in wallpapers, sealing’s and crack fillings

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Getting Rid Of House Centipedes

Where Centipedes are Found

Centipedes usually live outside, but the House Centipede you can find inside as well. Centipedes usually live outdoors in damp areas such as under leaves, stones, boards, tree bark, or in mulch around outdoor plantings. If they are around the foundation of the house, they may wander inside. Most centipedes are active at night.

Centipede Identification

Centipedes(100 legs) are usually brownish, flattened, and elongate animals which have many body segments. Centipedes are flattened, with many different body segments. Centipedes have one pair of legs attached to most of these body segments, they can have up to 177 pairs of legs. Centipedes differ from millipedes; millipedes have two pairs of legs on most segments and bodies which are not flattened. Centipedes are between 1-6 inches, and the House Centipede is 1-1/12 inches.

How to Kill Centipedes

Centipedes can be prevented from gaining entry into buildings by sealing and caulking gaps around siding, windows, doors, pipes, wires and other structural voids. An easy to spray foam spray like Pur Black NF Foam has a closed cell foam that seals openings and voids from insects and rodents from entering buildings.

Removal of centipedes habitats including trash, rocks, boards, compost piles, and other hiding places around the structure would help reduce the population. The House Centipede will prefer to live in damp areas like basements, bathrooms, behind baseboards, or attics. House centipedes can be controlled indoors by eliminating their harborage areas where possible and using a vacuum to remove exposed centipedes.

Insecticide Sprays

Apply a residual concentrate with a hand pump sprayer.

  • LambdaStar UltraCap and Cyper WSP may be applied inside or outside and are residual insecticides. These products are sprayed along cracks and crevices, entry points, and baseboards and discourage centipedes activity. These products should be applied as a 3- to 10-foot band around the perimeter of the structure, into harborage sites, and/or around potential entry points. Both products will give you long term residual-about 3 months, and is a good spray for all types of surfaces.
  • Liquid applications can be introduced into cracks and crevices along baseboards and into other potential hiding places.

LambdaStar UltraCap: *Top recommendation (Broader label and longer lasting-may;will dry invisible. The Cyper WSP leaves a visible residual that can be seen against dark wood.

Cyper WSP, with Cypermethrin 40.0%.

Insecticide Aerosols

In addition to the recommended residual insecticides, Lambdastar UltraCap or Cyper WSP, you may also use an aerosol like Invader HPX , sprayed around doors and windows and other places where these pests may enter premises. This aerosol has a crack and crevice tip to apply in the very small cracks and crevices; locations where the liquid spray can not go.

Insecticide Dusts

As an extra measure, use a residual dust such as D-Fense Dust. Dust attic areas and under baseboards. A recommended dust for attic areas would be D Fense Dust with a hand duster or garden dusters.

Centipede Damage and Bites

Larger centipedes can bite if they are injured, with a light swelling. A physician should be consulted if the bite has penetrated the skin. The centipede is beneficial, eating other insects. Centipedes do not damage food supplies or household furnishings.

Centipede Biology

Centipedes typically overwinter outdoors; in the summer, centipedes lay 35 eggs or more in or on the soil. Newly hatched centipedes have four pairs of legs; during subsequent molts, the centipede progressively increases the number of legs until becoming adult. Adults of many species live a year and some as long as five to six years.

House Centipedes

The house centipede is a common pest in many parts of the United States. Unlike most other centipedes, the House Centipede lives its entire life inside a building.

The house centipede is grey-yellow with three stripes down the back and has very long legs banded with white. The largest centipedes are found in the Southwest. The body of this centipede is usually only 1 to 1 1/2 inches long at the most, but it’s 15 pairs of legs make it seem much larger. The body is grayish-yellow with 3 dark stripes extending along the full length of the back.

The House Centipede will prefer to live in damp areas such as cellars, closets, bathrooms. They can also be found in attics during the warmer monthsand unexcavated areas under the house.

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Eggs are laid in these same damp places, as well as behind baseboards or beneath bark on firewood.

*House Centipede Photo- Bruce Marlin via Wikimedia Commons

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Here’s Why You Should Never Kill a House Centipede

Centipedes may be creepy looking, but you may want to think twice before squishing that bug to bits.

Jon Osumi/Shutterstock

There’s nothing more terrifying than watching a house centipede shoot across your floor and under your couch. It’s safe to say that most people are positively terrified from those creepy crawling houseguests. House centipedes typically have 15 legs and can travel 1.3 feet-per-second, which explains why catching one of these centipedes in house is nearly impossible.

The typical response to a house centipede probably involves a shoe to squash the bugger before it crawls under another piece of furniture. But like almost every other bug out there, a centipede does have a purpose. And yes, that purpose is actually good.

Watch this short video to learn how to keep centipedes out without killing them

What Do Centipedes Eat?

House centipedes are known for killing pests in your house that are completely unwelcome. They kill roaches, moths, flies, silverfish and termites. Centipedes use the two legs right near their head, which has been modified to carry venom, and their other legs to scoop up the bug. This is called a “lassoing” technique where centipedes jump on their prey and wrap them up with the rest of their legs.

Not only are house centipedes killing the bugs you really don’t want in your house, they also don’t create any type of nests or webs as well. They are considered active hunters and are constantly looking for their next prey. Centipedes aren’t eating your wood and they aren’t carrying a fatal disease. House centipedes just want to go after the bugs.

How to Get Rid of Centipedes in Home

  • If you want to get rid of house centipedes for good, the trick is to get rid of the food centipedes source on.
  • Try to get rid of the household pests that they prey on. You can do this by making sure there isn’t extra moisture in your walls by using a dehumidifier or installing a fan in the bathroom.
  • Seal off any cracks entering the house so pests don’t have places to lay eggs.
  • Make sure to clear your house of any debris that is causing unnecessary moisture to leak into your walls.

How to Prevent Centipedes From Coming Back

Once you’ve made these switches to get rid of a centipede in house, implement these 26 tips for controlling pests in and around your home so you don’t have to come across one of those scary looking house centipedes ever again.

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Interesting Facts About Centipedes

At one point or another, you’ve probably seen a long, flat, wormlike critter with a ton of legs scurry across the bathroom floor, stop for a few seconds and then race off into a dark crevice. This pest, known as the house centipede, belongs to a diverse group of arthropods found in North America. Often referred to as «hundred-leggers,» centipedes look much more scary than they actually are. Here are some interesting centipede facts to help you better understand this unique type of occasional invader.

The name centipede is misleading.

The name centipede literally means «100 legs,» but this pest can actually have anywhere from 15 to 177 pairs of legs. Their legs are long and slender, which helps them to move at a fast speed. The last pair of legs on a female centipede is more than twice as long as its body.

Centipedes are night owls.

Some centipede species invade homes, but humans rarely see them during the day. They typically hide in damp areas around the house, such as bathrooms, basements and closets. At night is when centipedes are most active, as they forage for food.

Contrary to popular belief, centipedes are not dangerous.

Centipedes are often misperceived as dangerous pests. While they do have poisonous jaws that they use to inject venom and kill their prey, the jaws are not powerful enough to easily puncture human skin. However, centipedes will occasionally bite in self-defense, which can cause some localized pain and swelling, similar to that of a bee sting.

Centipedes are carnivorous.

House centipedes feed on many types of small household pests, including spiders, flies, cockroaches and silverfish. All centipedes have poor eyesight, so they detect prey through their antennae. In fact, some centipedes don’t even have eyes.

Centipedes have long lifespans.

The common house centipede can live for more than a year, while other species have been know to live for as long as 5-6 years. This lifespan is considered long among arthropods.

Check out the Centipede Pest Guide to find some more centipede facts and learn about centipede prevention.

Can Pests Transmit Coronavirus?

Now that winter has passed, it’s important to note that coronavirus is not spread by vector pests.

Watch Out for Ticks

Here are the most common tick species in the U.S. and the threats each one poses.

Bug Barometer: Spring & Summer 2020

Warm, wet weather allowed pest populations to spike early and will help them thrive throughout the spring and summer. Check out the pest forecast for your region.

Copyright ©2020 National Pest Management Association

Copyright ©2020
National Pest Management Association

www.pestworld.org

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