COCKROACH SPRAY: DICHLORVOS, RAPTOR, BATTALION AND OTHERS, EFFECTIVENESS OF USE, ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES — HOUSE, APARTMENT

Overview of aerosols and sprays from cockroaches: dichlorvos, battalion commander, executioner and others, features of the application, pros and cons

Aerosols belong to the category of the fastest means, insects die almost immediately after use.

Sprays are recommended to be used when necessary to quickly eliminate all pests.

The action of chemicals can last from 1-2 days to several weeks, much depends on the brand of substance, conditions of use, etc.

Description

Very often, different manufacturing companies use the same insecticide, with the result that insects are affected by the same chemical for a long time. To avoid adaptation, it is recommended to use drugs with different composition.

It often happens that cockroaches who migrate from their neighbors are already immune to one or more insecticides.

The use of any drug may be useless, in this case it is recommended to use chemicals with different composition.

Popular brands of cockroach sprays: Dichlorvos, Hangman, Regent, Karbofos, FAS, Geth, Kukaracha.

Cockroach aerosols: Masha, Combat, Raid, Clean House, Raptor.

Advantages and disadvantages

Sprays and aerosols have advantages and disadvantages, like all chemicals.

Benefits

  • usability — due to the fine use of the tool can penetrate the most inaccessible places (slots, baseboards, etc.), without touching the wallpaper, furniture, electrical appliances;
  • economy — a cylinder of 300-600 ml is enough for 80 square meters;
  • high processing speed premises (15-20 min.);
  • impact speed — cockroaches die almost immediately;
  • ease of removal from surfaces;
  • more affordable cost.

disadvantages

  • opportunity airway intrusion of vapor, even if the treatment was carried out in a respirator;
  • decrease in efficiency in a few days;
  • unpleasant smell (although sprays from odorless cockroaches already exist), some of the aerosols on the wallpaper can cause greasy stains;
  • no impact on insect eggs, which complicates the possibility of exposure to the entire population.

Rules of application

When using sprays it is important to consider that chemicals have the greatest effect on pests by direct contact.

In order to destroy the maximum possible number of individuals, all rooms should be processed, special attention should be paid to the places through which pests enter the apartment — ventilation ducts, plinths, etc.

It is recommended to pre-spray before spraying. carry out a thorough cleaning, special attention should be paid to the kitchen, the space under the sink, behind the refrigerator.

For most chemicals, the following guidelines are also appropriate:

  • Spray can it is recommended to spray with the windows closed at a distance of 25-40 cm from the surface in the habitat and movement of insects. Ventilate the room can only be an hour after the procedure.
  • Spraying should be carried out at a temperature of ten degrees.
  • Required condition — gloves and protective respirator, with their help exposure to chemicals can be minimized.
  • For efficiency must be sprayed in the bathroom, near the sink, sewer and water pipes, near the baseboards.
  • From the processed premises It is recommended to take out all the dishes and plants, the aquarium should be covered with a lid.

After processing, it is necessary to prepare for the consequences, at the same time dozens of cockroaches can crawl out into the kitchen, which will die slowly.

Aerosols remain one of the most affordable and effective means, they are used in premises of various purposes.

Cockroaches can quickly get used to them, so when choosing a tool it is recommended to read the composition.

The disadvantages include the high toxicity of agents, unpleasant smell.

A prerequisite is the use of protective equipment for spraying.

za.farmforage.com

Overview of aerosols and sprays from cockroaches: dichlorvos, battalion commander, executioner and others, features of the application, pros and cons

Aerosols belong to the category of the fastest means, insects die almost immediately after use.

Sprays are recommended to be used when necessary to quickly eliminate all pests.

The action of chemicals can last from 1-2 days to several weeks, much depends on the brand of substance, conditions of use, etc.

Description

Very often, different manufacturing companies use the same insecticide, with the result that insects are affected by the same chemical for a long time. To avoid adaptation, it is recommended to use drugs with different composition.

It often happens that cockroaches who migrate from their neighbors are already immune to one or more insecticides.

The use of any drug may be useless, in this case it is recommended to use chemicals with different composition.

Popular brands of cockroach sprays: Dichlorvos, Hangman, Regent, Karbofos, FAS, Geth, Kukaracha.

Cockroach aerosols: Masha, Combat, Raid, Clean House, Raptor.

Advantages and disadvantages

Sprays and aerosols have advantages and disadvantages, like all chemicals.

Benefits

  • usability — due to the fine use of the tool can penetrate the most inaccessible places (slots, baseboards, etc.), without touching the wallpaper, furniture, electrical appliances;
  • economy — a cylinder of 300-600 ml is enough for 80 square meters;
  • high processing speed premises (15-20 min.);
  • impact speed — cockroaches die almost immediately;
  • ease of removal from surfaces;
  • more affordable cost.

disadvantages

  • opportunity airway intrusion of vapor, even if the treatment was carried out in a respirator;
  • decrease in efficiency in a few days;
  • unpleasant smell (although sprays from odorless cockroaches already exist), some of the aerosols on the wallpaper can cause greasy stains;
  • no impact on insect eggs, which complicates the possibility of exposure to the entire population.

Rules of application

When using sprays it is important to consider that chemicals have the greatest effect on pests by direct contact.

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In order to destroy the maximum possible number of individuals, all rooms should be processed, special attention should be paid to the places through which pests enter the apartment — ventilation ducts, plinths, etc.

It is recommended to pre-spray before spraying. carry out a thorough cleaning, special attention should be paid to the kitchen, the space under the sink, behind the refrigerator.

For most chemicals, the following guidelines are also appropriate:

  • Spray can it is recommended to spray with the windows closed at a distance of 25-40 cm from the surface in the habitat and movement of insects. Ventilate the room can only be an hour after the procedure.
  • Spraying should be carried out at a temperature of ten degrees.
  • Required condition — gloves and protective respirator, with their help exposure to chemicals can be minimized.
  • For efficiency must be sprayed in the bathroom, near the sink, sewer and water pipes, near the baseboards.
  • From the processed premises It is recommended to take out all the dishes and plants, the aquarium should be covered with a lid.

After processing, it is necessary to prepare for the consequences, at the same time dozens of cockroaches can crawl out into the kitchen, which will die slowly.

Aerosols remain one of the most affordable and effective means, they are used in premises of various purposes.

Cockroaches can quickly get used to them, so when choosing a tool it is recommended to read the composition.

The disadvantages include the high toxicity of agents, unpleasant smell.

A prerequisite is the use of protective equipment for spraying.

ph.farmforage.com

Overview of aerosols and sprays from cockroaches: dichlorvos, battalion commander, executioner and others, features of the application, pros and cons

Aerosols belong to the category of the fastest means, insects die almost immediately after use.

Sprays are recommended to be used when necessary to quickly eliminate all pests.

The action of chemicals can last from 1-2 days to several weeks, much depends on the brand of substance, conditions of use, etc.

Description

Very often, different manufacturing companies use the same insecticide, with the result that insects are affected by the same chemical for a long time. To avoid adaptation, it is recommended to use drugs with different composition.

It often happens that cockroaches who migrate from their neighbors are already immune to one or more insecticides.

The use of any drug may be useless, in this case it is recommended to use chemicals with different composition.

Popular brands of cockroach sprays: Dichlorvos, Hangman, Regent, Karbofos, FAS, Geth, Kukaracha.

Cockroach aerosols: Masha, Combat, Raid, Clean House, Raptor.

Advantages and disadvantages

Sprays and aerosols have advantages and disadvantages, like all chemicals.

Benefits

  • usability — due to the fine use of the tool can penetrate the most inaccessible places (slots, baseboards, etc.), without touching the wallpaper, furniture, electrical appliances;
  • economy — a cylinder of 300-600 ml is enough for 80 square meters;
  • high processing speed premises (15-20 min.);
  • impact speed — cockroaches die almost immediately;
  • ease of removal from surfaces;
  • more affordable cost.

disadvantages

  • opportunity airway intrusion of vapor, even if the treatment was carried out in a respirator;
  • decrease in efficiency in a few days;
  • unpleasant smell (although sprays from odorless cockroaches already exist), some of the aerosols on the wallpaper can cause greasy stains;
  • no impact on insect eggs, which complicates the possibility of exposure to the entire population.

Rules of application

When using sprays it is important to consider that chemicals have the greatest effect on pests by direct contact.

In order to destroy the maximum possible number of individuals, all rooms should be processed, special attention should be paid to the places through which pests enter the apartment — ventilation ducts, plinths, etc.

It is recommended to pre-spray before spraying. carry out a thorough cleaning, special attention should be paid to the kitchen, the space under the sink, behind the refrigerator.

For most chemicals, the following guidelines are also appropriate:

  • Spray can it is recommended to spray with the windows closed at a distance of 25-40 cm from the surface in the habitat and movement of insects. Ventilate the room can only be an hour after the procedure.
  • Spraying should be carried out at a temperature of ten degrees.
  • Required condition — gloves and protective respirator, with their help exposure to chemicals can be minimized.
  • For efficiency must be sprayed in the bathroom, near the sink, sewer and water pipes, near the baseboards.
  • From the processed premises It is recommended to take out all the dishes and plants, the aquarium should be covered with a lid.

After processing, it is necessary to prepare for the consequences, at the same time dozens of cockroaches can crawl out into the kitchen, which will die slowly.

Aerosols remain one of the most affordable and effective means, they are used in premises of various purposes.

Cockroaches can quickly get used to them, so when choosing a tool it is recommended to read the composition.

The disadvantages include the high toxicity of agents, unpleasant smell.

A prerequisite is the use of protective equipment for spraying.

zw.farmforage.com

12 Advantages and Disadvantages of Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action is a program that was designed to promote educational and vocational access for underprivileged minority groups. The idea behind the program was to counter the socioeconomic trends that had been historically developed in the United States. This allowed people who would normally not be able to attend college or work in certain careers to do so.

On the other hand, Affirmative Action was also ruled to be a form of discrimination when it was implemented in its quota-based format. The program, at times, would allow for an under-qualified individual to be accepted instead of a qualified individual simply because of their minority status.

Affirmative Action started in the United States thanks to an executive order by John F. Kennedy in 1961. In 2015, Justice Lewis Powell stated that in his opinion, lawful Affirmative Action programs could still exist if they were based on reasons beyond correcting past discrimination.

Here are the advantages and disadvantages of Affirmative Action to consider after 50 years of program evolution.

What Are the Advantages of Affirmative Action?

1. It promotes diversity.
Affirmative Action ensures that a diverse environment can be achieved. This adds perspectives and experiences to the environment which wouldn’t be present if the program wasn’t in place. Although some may say that artificially encouraging diversity doesn’t follow societal norms, in most instance, humanity is better when we can learn from our differences instead of being comfortable in sameness.

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2. It can eliminate socioeconomic differences.
When the Great Recession ended in 2009, the overall income a household received in the United States rose by 6.9% over the next 3 years. Going deeper into those numbers, however, and you’ll see that the top 1% of earners saw real income grow by over 34%, while the bottom 99% saw a gain of just 0.8%. 91% of real income during that period was captured by the country’s top earners. Affirmative Action is a program that can help to balance those scales.

3. It stops stereotypes.
Polarization in the US is occurring because people are choosing to surround themselves with like-minded neighbors and co-workers. The number of Congressional seats that are labeled as “open,” or without a clear preference for conservative or liberal representation, has decreased by over 70% since 1996. Affirmative Action, in its promotion of diversity, can help to stop stereotypes because it creates interactions between groups that may not choose to interact with each other in “real” life.

4. It allows people to chase dreams.
Affirmative Action allows people to pursue a career that they may never have considered without help from the program. There are significant gaps for women in minorities in certain fields still today, such as technology, health care, and aeronautic that could potentially benefit from the diversity that Affirmative Action promotes.

5. It can help to break the glass ceiling.
When people are put into an environment and treated as an equal, then it can stop the various gaps that we see in our current society. Wage gaps have the potential to go away. Gender gaps can be reduced in certain industries. Minority gaps can be reduced because there are more opportunities available to receive a higher education. These efforts can help to finally break the glass ceilings that have held so many people back for far too long.

6. It reverses societal loss.
In the United States, it could be argued that minority groups are at a societal disadvantage because of their historical treatment. Through slavery and oppression, minority households over the course of generations have not had the same opportunities to build wealth. A program like Affirmative Action can help those minority households begin to reverse the societal losses they have experienced.

What Are the Disadvantages of Affirmative Action?

1. It promotes discrimination in reverse.
If the goal is to eliminate discrimination from a society, then offering a program that promotes discrimination is not the way to go about doing so. Giving one person preference over another because of their minority status instead of their qualifications is the wrong perspective, especially in quota-based systems. Searching for a diverse group of qualified candidates and having programming to promote that search lessens the promotion of discrimination.

2. It still reinforces stereotypes.
Any time a program exists that allows someone to obtain a position in a school or a workplace, a foundation of minority-based stereotypes can be built. Even if all people are qualified, Affirmative Action comes from the perspective that women or minorities are “inferior” to white men, which promotes a superior attitude from the majority class. For such a program to succeed, it must come from a viewpoint of pure equality.

3. Diversity can be just as bad as it can be good.
Diversity for the sake of having it provides little benefit to a school or business. There must be a purpose to seeking out a diverse environment for it to be beneficial. When a program like Affirmative Action exists, the goal of the program tends to slide toward meeting expectations or regulations instead of seeking out highly qualified people. If that slide occurs, diversity can hurt more than it can help.

4. It changes accountability standards.
Equality means giving everyone the same fair chance at the beginning of a journey. Instead of focusing on socioeconomic issues, we can shift our focus toward creating better educational opportunities in every neighborhood in the US. We can provide a better law enforcement presence, start mentoring programs, and offer more assistance to those who need it. Affirmative Action is reactive, which means accountability standards change. We need to be proactive to create equality.

5. It lessens the achievements that minority groups obtain.
If someone receives a position because of a program like Affirmative Action, then their achievements are viewed as a result of policy instead of personal skill and talent. This means people in minority groups typically must work harder to achieve the same level of respect that people in majority groups receive as they must counter the policy perspective.

6. Personal bias will always exist.
Despite the Civil Rights Movement, programs like Affirmative Action, and numerous diversity plans, our news cycles are dominated by stories that involve racism, classism, and political polarization. There will always be a personal bias in place. Instead of trying to work around discrimination, we should confront it head-on so that we can evolve our society instead of attempting to revolutionize it.

The advantages and disadvantages of Affirmative Action show us that promoting diversity can be good, but it should not happen at the expense of others. Equality is a goal we can all strive toward. In some circumstances, a program like Affirmative Action could promote needed diversity. From a societal standpoint, however, we need to be proactive in our efforts to help everyone start from the same place. That way each person can pursue the opportunities that are right for them.

vittana.org

NAFTA Pros and Cons

Why Its Six Advantages Outweigh Its Six Disadvantages

The North American Free Trade Agreement created the world’s largest free trade area, covering the United States, Canada, and Mexico.   In 2017, its member economies generated approximately $22.2 trillion in gross domestic product.  

NAFTA is also controversial. Politicians don’t agree on whether the free trade agreement’s advantages outweigh its disadvantages. Here they are so you can decide for yourself.

Key Takeaways

  • Between the United States, Canada, and Mexico, NAFTA covered the largest area under a free trade agreement.
  • One of the positive effects of NAFTA was increased trade, economic output, foreign investment, and better consumer prices.
  • NAFTA cost U.S. jobs were lost when domestic manufacturers relocated to lower-waged Mexico, this also suppressed wages in U.S. manufacturing plants.
  • NAFTA renegotiations in 2018 led to the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement which is expected to come into effect in 2020.
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NAFTA has six main advantages. According to a Congressional Research Service report prepared in 2017, the act has more than tripled trade between Canada, Mexico, and the United States since it was enacted. The agreement reduced and eliminated tariffs.

Second, greater trade increased economic output. The U.S. Internationa Trade Commission found that that full NAFTA implementation would increase U.S. growth by as much as 0.5% a year.  

Third, NAFTA’s stronger growth created jobs. According to a 2010 report, U.S. free trade agreements – the lion’s share of which stemmed from the NAFTA agreement – directly supported 5.4 million jobs, while trade with these countries supported 17.7 million.  

Fourth, foreign direct investment (FDI) more than tripled. The United States increased FDI in Mexico from $15.2 billion in 1993 to $104.4 billion in 2012, and from $69.9 billion in Canada in 1993 to $352.9 billion in 2015. Mexico ramped up investment in the United States by 1283% over the same time period, while Canada’s FDI increased by 911%.  

Fifth, NAFTA lowered prices.   U.S. oil imports from Mexico cost less because NAFTA got rid of tariffs. That reduces America’s reliance on oil from the Middle East. Low-cost oil reduces gas prices, which reduces transportation cost. Food prices are lower in turn.

Sixth, the agreement helped with government spending. Each nation’s government contracts became available to suppliers in all three member countries. That increased competition and lowered costs.  

First, certain estimates indicate that it led to job losses. A 2011 report from the Economic Policy Institute estimated a loss of 682,900 jobs.   Other estimates estimate a loss of 500,000-750,000 U.S. jobs. Most were in the manufacturing industries in California, New York, Michigan, and Texas. Though the estimated job gains exceed those lost, certain industries were particularly impacted, including manufacturing, automotive, textile, computer, and electrical appliance industries.  

Second, job migration suppressed wages. Companies threatened to move to Mexico to keep workers from joining unions. Without the unions, workers could not bargain for better wages. This strategy was so successful that it became standard operating procedure. Between 1993 and 1995, 64% of all companies used it.   By 1999, that rate had grown to 71%.

Third, NAFTA put Mexican farmers out of business. It allowed U.S. government-subsidized farm products into Mexico. Local farmers could not compete with the subsidized prices. As a result, 1.3 million farmers were put out of business, according to the Economic Policy Institute.   It forced unemployed farmers to cross the border illegally to find work. In 1995, there were 2.9 million Mexicans living in the United States illegally. It increased to 4.5 million in 2000, probably due to NAFTA. The recession drove that figure to 6.9 million in 2007. In 2017, it fell to 4.9 million, roughly double where it was before NAFTA.  

Fourth, unemployed Mexican farmers went to work in substandard conditions in the maquiladora program. Maquiladora is where United States-owned companies employ Mexican workers near the border. They cheaply assemble products for export back into the United States. Employment in maquiladoras rose 120,000 in 1980 to 1.2 million in 2006.  

Fifth, U.S. companies degraded the Mexican environment to keep costs low. Agribusiness in Mexico used more fertilizers and other chemicals, resulting in increased pollution. Rural farmers were forced into marginal land to stay in business, resulting in increased deforestation rates.   That deforestation contributes to global warming.

Sixth, NAFTA allowed Mexican trucks access into the United States. Mexican trucks are not held to the same safety standards as American trucks. Congress never allowed this provision to go into effect.  

Chart of NAFTA Pros and Cons

List Pros Cons Worth It?
Trade Increased. Yes
Jobs Created 5 million U.S. jobs. 682,900 U.S. manufacturing jobs lost in some states. Yes
Wages Average wages increased. Remaining U.S. factories suppressed wages. Yes
Immigration Forced jobless Mexicans to cross the border illegally. No
Workers U.S. unions lost leverage. Mexican workers were exploited. No
Environment Canada exploited shale fields. Mexican environment deteriorated. No
Oil Costs less in the United States. Improved Mexican economy. Yes
Food U.S. costs lower Mexican farmers went out of business. No
Services U.S. finance and health care exports increased. Put Mexican companies out of business. Yes
FDI Increased. None. Yes
Government Spending More competitive bidding on government contracts. Yes

NAFTA’s Pros May Outweigh Its Cons

NAFTA’s disadvantages are significant. Can anything justify the loss of entire industries in New York or Michigan? Worker mistreatment in the maquiladora program is also concerning. NAFTA may also be responsible for environmental damage along the border.

But from an economic perspective, NAFTA is a success and that without it, the impacts of competition from the growing economies of the European Union or China would be worse. That’s critical now that both of these trade areas rank above the United States as the world’s largest economies.  

Evaluating NAFTA’s value is not an easy or simple question. However, many experts believe that free trade agreements are a necessity for the United States when competing in an ever more globalized world.

USMCA

Despite these advantages, the United States, Mexico, and Canada renegotiated NAFTA on September 30, 2018. The new deal is called the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement.   It has been ratified by each country’s legislature. Mexico was the first to ratify the agreement in 2019. The U.S. Congress passed the agreement in mid-January, Donald Trump officially signed it on Jan. 29, 2020. Canada ratified it on March 13, 2020.  

The Trump administration renegotiated with the aim of lowering the trade deficit between the United States and Mexico. The new deal changes NAFTA in six major areas.  

www.thebalance.com

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