EFFECTIVE AND SAFE, OR HOW TO APPLY VINEGAR FROM THE COLORADO POTATO BEETLE?

Fighting the Colorado potato beetle with vinegar!

Colorado beetle — The real scourge of all gardeners.

It’s not so easy to get rid of him, because the pest has the ability to quickly develop resistance to chemical insecticides. As a result, they stop working.

Such a folk remedy, as usual Table Vinegar Against the Colorado potato beetle cannot be addictive, as it acts only on the olfactory receptors.

And to develop resistance to a sharp unbearable odor is almost impossible. Therefore, beetles quickly leave their homes in search of more accessible plants.

general information

Wonderful means refers to the popular non-specific methods of struggle with the Colorado potato beetle.

Colorless liquid, which is obtained by microbiological synthesis. When this occurs, the oxidation of the alcohol with the help of bacteria to acetic acid.

Received by the product has a characteristic strong odor and concentrated sour taste.

The advantages of this tool availability (vinegar is sold in all stores) and cost-effectiveness (the cost is very low).

Chemical composition and release form

Main substance — Acetic acid in a concentration of from 3 to 80%. In addition, there are complex alcohols, esters and aldehydes.

Transparent liquid, packaged in plastic and glass bottles with a capacity of 180-500 ml.

The mechanism and duration of action

Acetic essence 80% concentration can destroy the insect when ingested. She just burns the insides. However, this concentration will also burn the plants.

Colorado beetles do not tolerate the sharp unpleasant smell of vinegar and leave them processed potato bushes.

The duration of action is very small — vinegar is a volatile compound, the smell soon disappears. Therefore, the duration of exposure is calculated in several hours.

Compatibility with other drugs

Vinegar from the Colorado potato beetle is perfectly combined with various means. but it can not be used simultaneously with alkaline drugs and insecticide baits.

When to apply?

How to poison the Colorado potato beetle with vinegar, observing some simple rules?

Best time — early morning with calm weather. There should be no wind, even a weak one, of any conditions of high humidity — rain, abundant dew, and fogs.

The optimum air temperature is 17 — 28 °.

How to prepare a solution?

To process 1 hundred of potato plantations, 10 l of ready working solution is required.

100 ml of vinegar (9%) is poured into a bucket of cool water. Mix thoroughly.

The prepared solution is used immediately, do not need to store it.

To enhance the effect, you can use additives such as:

  • mustard — 1 pack of dry powder;
  • strong infusion or decoction of wormwood — 1-2 glasses. Bitter taste does not like the beetles and their larvae;
  • turpentine — 100 ml. It will increase the unpleasant pungent smell and slow down its weathering;
  • garlic — 2 whole heads. Disassemble the heads into teeth and, without cleaning, chop and place in a bucket of water. Leave for a day alone, then add vinegar, and process the potatoes;
  • onion peel infusion — 300-400 g of raw material infused in a bucket of water.

Mode of application

How to get rid of the beetle most effectively?

Here the principle works — the more solution, the more effectively it will eliminate pests.

Make sure that the liquid is located on the surface of plants, and not flow down. The treatment is carried out using a fine-dispersed garden sprayer.

The number of sprays is not limited. Quite the contrary — the more often you process potatoes, the faster you can get rid of bugs and prevent the emergence of new ones.

Toxicity

One of the main advantages of this tool is its absolute safety for people and animalsas well as plants and the environment.

za.farmforage.com

Protecting Potatoes from the Colorado Potato Beetle and Disease

Protection of potatoes from pests and the Colorado potato beetle should be carried out throughout the season. Measures and control measures include both special methods of cultivating arable land and the chemical agents used to process planting tubers and seedlings.

Pest Colorado Potato Beetle

Currently, the Colorado potato beetle is widespread throughout Russia. Beetles and larvae are harmed by roughly eating leaves, petioles, and even stems, from seedlings to harvesting.

The greatest harm is done by the Colorado potato beetle in those areas where potatoes were planted too late, that is, the pest, “not wanting it,” appears too early in the phenophases on plants.

Also, the harm from the beetle and its larvae can be very noticeable both in areas with sparse plantings and in areas where a low agricultural background is noted. Almost everywhere, bushes are completely nibbled by this pest, because of which there are large crop losses.

Beetles winter in the soil at a depth of the arable horizon – up to 20-30 cm.

After warming the soil to 14 ° C, they begin to come out of the soil, but not simultaneously, but stretched.

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Protecting Potatoes from the Colorado Potato Beetle

Effective protection against the Colorado potato beetle begins with a thorough harvest of tubers in the fall. Beetles immediately populate self-seeding (plants which have already sprouted from tubers not selected in the fall) of personal plots, planting of replacement, as well as plots close to last year’s fields and cultivation sites. In remote areas, the pest appears 2-3 weeks later. Soon, females begin to lay eggs, placing them 20-30 pieces on the back of the leaves. On average, the female lays 400-600 eggs, and individual individuals up to 2400 eggs. After 7-10 days, larvae emerge from the eggs, which live and harm for 15-20 days, during which time they pass 4 ages. The timing of their appearance depends on weather conditions, but usually, it happens in June.

After feeding, the larvae leave in the soil for pupation, and after 10-15 days new bugs appear. Due to the lengthy exit of the beetles from the wintering places in the fields, you can often meet simultaneously wintering beetles and newly appeared. At this time, special protection of potatoes from the Colorado potato beetle is needed.

Hot weather depresses the beetles, and some of the overwintered beetles fall into the summer for up to 30 days or more, the rest period. Due to poor food or lack thereof, beetles may have a temporary suspension of active life for a longer period, and for this reason, they are sometimes in the soil at a dormant stage for up to 3 years. With an average abundance on the field (20–40 larvae and beetles per bush), the leaves are usually destroyed by half, the yield is reduced by 2–3 times, When the leaves are fully eaten, the yield is reduced by 10 times, and what remains will be substandard have poor quality and poor keeping quality.

Methods and Means of Combating the Colorado Potato Beetle

The fight with the Colorado potato beetle should be carried out annually and in a timely manner (regardless of the appearance of the pest and the mass development):

  • planting varieties of later ripening – Sotka, Zarevo, Temp, and others, as well as varieties that form a powerful top – Adretta, Nikita, Shurminsky and others;
  • planting in optimally early periods on well-filled soils so that the plant “has time to escape” from the still “sleeping” beetle;
  • repeated sealing of emerged seedlings with 3-5 cm soil (the bug does not gnaw them in the soil);
  • high hilling of bushes with backfilling of lower leaves on which eggs are laid;
  • loosening row-spacing 2-3 days after the mass departure of larvae to pupate in the soil;
  • removing leaves before harvesting worsens the conditions for preparation for wintering;
  • late and deep plowing of fields (2-3 cm below the arable horizon) from under the potato turns the beetles to the surface, where they can then die from the onset of frost.

When larvae of 1-2 age appear, when their number is more than 20 per bush and their population is more than 20% of the bushes, it is recommended to carry out focal or continuous spraying with one of the chemical preparations, which include the following means of combating the Colorado potato beetle:

  • arrivo (ambush, sherpa), 25% ke. 1.5 ml per 10 liters of water, with a flow rate of 1–2 hundred parts;
  • Sumy alpha, 5% ke – 5 ml per 10 l of water;
  • decis, 2.5% ke – 2 ml per 10 l of water;
  • kinmix, 5.0% ke – 2.5 ml per 10 liters of water and other drugs approved for use in small farms and the private sector, but not more than two sprayings.

Biological preparations are affordable methods of combating the Colorado potato beetle, they act somewhat more slowly, but they are safer for humans and the environment: Bicol is a new form of bitoxibacillin, consumption is less than 20 g per 10 l of water (instead of 30-50 g of bitoxibacillin); fit over, 0.2% ke. – 4 ml per 10 liters of water. A mixture of fit over 0.2% 4 ml + Bicol 10 g per 10 l of water, not inferior to decis inefficiency.

The first treatment with biological products is carried out at the beginning of the mass hatching of larvae, again after 7-8 days with a population of more than 5 larvae per bush. It is noted that phytoverm also destroys beetles.

followtheuxleader.com

Fighting the Colorado potato beetle with vinegar!

Colorado beetle — The real scourge of all gardeners.

It’s not so easy to get rid of him, because the pest has the ability to quickly develop resistance to chemical insecticides. As a result, they stop working.

Such a folk remedy, as usual Table Vinegar Against the Colorado potato beetle cannot be addictive, as it acts only on the olfactory receptors.

And to develop resistance to a sharp unbearable odor is almost impossible. Therefore, beetles quickly leave their homes in search of more accessible plants.

general information

Wonderful means refers to the popular non-specific methods of struggle with the Colorado potato beetle.

Colorless liquid, which is obtained by microbiological synthesis. When this occurs, the oxidation of the alcohol with the help of bacteria to acetic acid.

Received by the product has a characteristic strong odor and concentrated sour taste.

The advantages of this tool availability (vinegar is sold in all stores) and cost-effectiveness (the cost is very low).

Chemical composition and release form

Main substance — Acetic acid in a concentration of from 3 to 80%. In addition, there are complex alcohols, esters and aldehydes.

Transparent liquid, packaged in plastic and glass bottles with a capacity of 180-500 ml.

The mechanism and duration of action

Acetic essence 80% concentration can destroy the insect when ingested. She just burns the insides. However, this concentration will also burn the plants.

Colorado beetles do not tolerate the sharp unpleasant smell of vinegar and leave them processed potato bushes.

See also:  Water voles: description, photo, methods of struggle - Animals

The duration of action is very small — vinegar is a volatile compound, the smell soon disappears. Therefore, the duration of exposure is calculated in several hours.

Compatibility with other drugs

Vinegar from the Colorado potato beetle is perfectly combined with various means. but it can not be used simultaneously with alkaline drugs and insecticide baits.

When to apply?

How to poison the Colorado potato beetle with vinegar, observing some simple rules?

Best time — early morning with calm weather. There should be no wind, even a weak one, of any conditions of high humidity — rain, abundant dew, and fogs.

The optimum air temperature is 17 — 28 °.

How to prepare a solution?

To process 1 hundred of potato plantations, 10 l of ready working solution is required.

100 ml of vinegar (9%) is poured into a bucket of cool water. Mix thoroughly.

The prepared solution is used immediately, do not need to store it.

To enhance the effect, you can use additives such as:

  • mustard — 1 pack of dry powder;
  • strong infusion or decoction of wormwood — 1-2 glasses. Bitter taste does not like the beetles and their larvae;
  • turpentine — 100 ml. It will increase the unpleasant pungent smell and slow down its weathering;
  • garlic — 2 whole heads. Disassemble the heads into teeth and, without cleaning, chop and place in a bucket of water. Leave for a day alone, then add vinegar, and process the potatoes;
  • onion peel infusion — 300-400 g of raw material infused in a bucket of water.

Mode of application

How to get rid of the beetle most effectively?

Here the principle works — the more solution, the more effectively it will eliminate pests.

Make sure that the liquid is located on the surface of plants, and not flow down. The treatment is carried out using a fine-dispersed garden sprayer.

The number of sprays is not limited. Quite the contrary — the more often you process potatoes, the faster you can get rid of bugs and prevent the emergence of new ones.

Toxicity

One of the main advantages of this tool is its absolute safety for people and animalsas well as plants and the environment.

bz.farmforage.com

What bird eats the Colorado potato beetle

Growing potatoes is always accompanied by the struggle of gardeners with the invasions of the Colorado potato beetle. The method of destruction of the pest-leaf beetle everyone chooses at their discretion. The most effective is the use of modern chemicals. But not all gardeners want to use poisonous means on their site. Firstly, it adversely affects the state of the soil and plants. Secondly, not every drug is effective enough or requires constant repetition of treatments. Thirdly, the striped beetle does not respond to some of the funds after the first spraying, it can be said, it quickly adapts.

In nature, everything is harmonious, and therefore there are natural enemies of the Colorado potato beetle. These are insects and birds that feed on the beetles themselves, their eggs and larvae. For those gardeners who prefer the natural way to destroy a pest, it is very important to know who eats the Colorado potato beetle. Russian open spaces are poor in such insects — lovers of leaf beetles. The only representatives should be called gold-eyed

But more substantial assistance can provide species of domestic and wild birds. After all, the gilded eye on the plot will do more harm than good if it is diluted to destroy striped beetles and their larvae. And besides, adult Colorado beetles ladybirds and gold-eyed are rarely eaten.

Those gardeners who breed poultry are in a better position. Natural enemies of the pest species of poultry are:

  • Partridges and pheasants ordinary;
  • Domestic guinea fowl;
  • Turkeys;
  • Chickens.

All of them successfully cope with leaf beetles and other pests in vegetable gardens, and at the same time they are highly valued for their dietary meat.

Important! Turkeys and guinea fowls must cut their wing wings to prevent them from flying.

Natural antagonists of the «Colorado» are considered to be bedbugs, carnivorous beetles, field mice, toads, moles and lizards. What wild bird eats colorado beetles? These are cuckoos, hoopoe, crows and starlings.

Who eats the Colorado potato beetle

To appreciate all the benefits that poultry brings in the fight against the striped beetle, you need to familiarize yourself with the characteristics of each species.

Partridges and pheasants

Summer residents prefer to get gray partridges to get rid of leaf beetles, as well as their larvae.

These inconspicuous birds tolerate adverse conditions very well and easily withstand small violations of rearing requirements. Easily gain weight. Pheasants and partridges are biological defenders of gardens, not only from the striped beetle and its larvae, but also from the cabbage whitefish, weevil. These representatives of poultry are widely distributed in nature and are highly adaptable.

Sometimes gardeners use outdoor walking on a plot of pheasants.

Birds love to feast on pests of garden crops, but they can also trample down plantings. Therefore, do not leave them unattended.

Homemade guinea fowl

Unpretentious, common poultry. Guinea fowls carry hypoallergenic eggs, which are used in baby and dietary food. The larvae of the Colorado beetles are eaten directly from the plants, without raking the ground. The bird is very hardy, rarely gets sick, mainly due to poor-quality feed. Despite their small size, Guinean chickens can cope even with a large population of a formidable enemy of potatoes. They find adult beetles instantly, and the larvae for guinea fowls — a real delicacy. Gardeners consider guinea fowls as natural orderlies of their plots. They feed on many types of insects — pests, which have an invaluable benefit and deliver delicious meat to the table. Resistant to weather fluctuations and low temperatures. Can withstand from + 40 ° C to -50 ° C.

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Turkeys

Require more attention when growing, demanding conditions. With adverse factors easily refuse food. More susceptible to diseases and have a complex temper, require a special approach.

Walking poultry in order to destroy the pest on the site should be carried out in early summer. During this period, leaf beetle larvae are actively developing.

Methods of teaching poultry

Chickens actively destroy the Colorado potato beetle begin after training.

Otherwise, they are indifferent to the larvae and do not peck them. To achieve a positive result, begin to teach youngsters aged 3-4 months. Learning technology is quite simple:

  1. At first, crushed larvae of the Colorado potato beetle are added to the feed. This is necessary to achieve associative visualization in domestic chickens and other types of poultry.
  2. Then, chopped potato tops or grated tubers are added to the usual food to make chickens accustomed to smell.
  3. A week after the start of training, the dose of supplements increased.
  4. As soon as the bird gets used to the larvae and potatoes, you can produce natural destroyers in the garden. They themselves will peck pests from plants.

Important! Choosing a biological method of dealing with the striped beetle on potato ridges, do not use chemical agents.

This is necessary to keep poultry healthy.

How chickens can easily cope with a pest after preparation, you can watch the video:

en.rfarmfresh.com

Methods of dealing with potato ladybug or epilya

Every summer, all summer residents and those who have their own vegetable garden, face the same problem: pest invasiondestroying and damaging cultivated plants.

One such pest of vegetable crops is the potato bug bug, or otherwise, epilahny.

Let’s try to figure out what a potato bug is, where it can be found and how to deal with it?

To fight with the beetle was effectiveIt is important to know about some stages of its development, periods of greatest activity and plants that are most vulnerable to its attack.

Appearance

It is a 5-7 mm long bug, resembling in appearance ordinary ladybug, with one difference — there are as many as 28 points on the wings.

The color itself is also not so bright — brown-red or red. An interesting feature is lightweight. whitish bloomwhich is in fact the smallest hairs.

Photos of epilahna and its larvae:

Development cycle

Potato cows are developing at a fast pace: one female can postpone from 250 to 520 eggs. Laying 10-20 pieces can be found on the underside of the leaves of potatoes or in fallen leaves.

The size of the eggs do not exceed 1 mm and have a pale yellow color.

After 3-7 days, the larvae come to light, for 20 days they pupate and remain in this state for 9 days. It is worth noting that despite the rapid development, 28-point ladybug multiplies once a year — from May to June.

Background: epilakhn larvae have a very unusual look, resembling caterpillar yellowish-green color, the whole body of which is covered with black setae (in the photo on the right). They are very soft and completely non-poisonous, they are needed more for movement.

Lifestyle

Beetles are constantly changing their habitat, moving to different plants, and with the onset of cold weather, hiding in shelters. They can winter under dry leaves, plant debris and weeds, and sometimes burrow into the soil.

Eats a 28-point potato bug not only with potato shoots, but also with leaves of other solanaceous, for example, tomatoes. It is also known that beetles like to eat cucumbers, watermelon, pumpkin, soybeans, sunflower and corn.

The greatest harm to the crop a potato ladybug inflicts during the development of the larvae and before the departure of young beetles for wintering.

Tuberization occurs at this stage, which entails not only damage already ripe tubers, but also the destruction of more emerging, which significantly reduces the yield.

Increased activity is associated with the desire of beetles to gain strength and stock up on nutrients before winter. Beetles and larvae eat only the soft part of the leaf, leaving the veins.

In general, applied damage is slightly less than from the Colorado potato beetle.

In addition to eating leaf mass, epilachny carry viruses that are harmless to them, but dangerous for plants.

Methods and means of struggle in the garden

How to deal with 28 point ladybug in the garden? Consider the most effective methods of dealing with it:

  1. Most simple measure — place solanaceous crops as far as possible and more isolated from each other, so as not to attract too many beetles and not to create favorable conditions for reproduction (females lay eggs simultaneously in several places, and since they choose solanaceous ones for this, such a measure will reduce the area distribution).
  2. Place cultures of solanaceae best on well cleaned areaswhere there are no dry leaves and other suitable covers.
  3. Weeds should be completely excluded. If it was not possible to eradicate them before the breeding season (May-June), then the epilakhns can lay eggs on weeds.
  4. Can hold high hilling plants. Beetles and larvae that fall from the plant will be under a layer of soil and die.
  5. Well, and, of course, insecticides.

Chemical treatment, in the case of increased risk of harm, can bring its results, but do not forget harmwhich they cause to human health.

Thus, if you have your own vegetable garden or a few hundred square meters in a country house where you like to grow potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes or sunflowers, be ready to the summer invasion of small voracious bugs that can, if not destroy, then damage the plants you grow.

nz.farmforage.com

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