What Do Bed Bug Droppings Look Like, Terminix

What do Bed Bug Droppings Look Like?

While bed bugs may seem like an invisible threat, they do leave behind signs of their presence, mainly in the form of their droppings. Learn more.

Bed bugs can sometimes seem like an invisible threat. They hide all day, emerge briefly to feed on their host in the dead of night and then disappear again. Their bites can be difficult to identify, and depending on your sensitivity to them, they may not show up on your skin at all.

However, bed bugs do leave behind signs of their presence in the form of droppings. Being able to identify these is a step in the right direction to recognizing a bed bug infestation.

After bed bugs feed, they’ll leave behind droppings of your partially digested blood. These droppings could indicate that you have been bitten in your sleep, though by no means offer definitive proof. Bed bug poop appears as clusters of tiny spots on your bed. The droppings consist of digested blood, so they will no longer be red once they dry. The spots will be darker, rust colored or black, and are about the size of a dot from a marker.

If you think you may have a bed bug infestation, check for bed bug droppings around the corners and edges of your bed. This includes under the sheets and in the creases of the mattress. Bed bug droppings are not exclusive to just the bed, however. In a heavily infested room, they can show up on the carpet, behind the headboard, along the edges of the wall and anywhere else bed bugs are known to hide. If you suspect an infestation, be sure to check all these places thoroughly for stains.

Identifying these droppings can also keep you from inadvertently bringing bed bugs into your home. Any time you buy something second-hand, whether it’s furniture or clothing, check the item carefully for telltale stains of bed bug droppings. Bed bugs can travel on these items, allowing them to infiltrate your home. If you find any sign of their presence, do not bring the item inside.

Though identifying these stains is a good indication you may have a bed bug infestation, it’s not definitive proof. Seeing an actual living bed bug is the only way to be certain, and that can be more difficult. This is where a professional can assist in inspecting your home and identifying whether bed bugs are present.

Call Terminix® today to get the help you need in diagnosing a bed bug problem and taking the steps needed to rid your home of these pests.

Do Earwigs Bite?

If you shudder a little when you think about earwigs, you’re probably not alone. They’ve developed quite a nasty reputation, thanks to urban legends (mostly false) that have been circulating for years. But are they harmful?

The Lifespans of Insects With Short Lives

Many insects, such as butterflies, have a lifespan that occurs in four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Other insects, such as grasshoppers, do not have a pupal stage and instead go through three stages: egg, nymph, and adult. The length of each stage can vary based on many things, from the insect species to the temperature outside—but what some insects share in common is a very short adult stage. Keep reading to learn about five insects with some of the shortest adult stages in their lifespan.

The Return of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

The change of seasons from summer to fall means many things: leaves changing colors, dropping temperatures, and—depending on where you live—stink bugs sneaking into your home. Stink bugs were named for their distinct ability to emit an unpleasant odor when they are threatened or disturbed by predators like lizards or birds. This also means that if stink bugs enter your home and feel threatened, you’ll be faced with dealing with their strong smell in your house. As we head into fall, you might find yourself with more active stink bugs than usual, so it’s important to know the basics about these smelly insects.

What are Earwigs?

Most people have probably heard of earwigs at some point or another. These creepy-looking insects are associated with some urban myths. Learn the truth about earwigs, including what attracts them and how to help get rid of them.

ARE TICKS DANGEROUS?

The majority of ticks will deliver painless bites without any noticeable symptoms. However, some ticks can carry a variety of bacteria and pathogens for disease. Although not all ticks are dangerous, you don’t want to risk coming into contact with these blood-sucking insects.

ARE TICKS DANGEROUS?

The majority of ticks will deliver painless bites without any noticeable symptoms. However, some ticks can carry a variety of bacteria and pathogens for disease. Although not all ticks are dangerous, you don’t want to risk coming into contact with these blood-sucking insects.

Are Bed Bugs Contagious?

Bed bugs are not too picky about where and when they catch a ride and don’t necessarily have a preferred mode of transportation, so it’s no surprise how many people wonder, are bed bugs contagious?

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Do Earwigs Bite?

If you shudder a little when you think about earwigs, you’re probably not alone. They’ve developed quite a nasty reputation, thanks to urban legends (mostly false) that have been circulating for years. But are they harmful?

Cluster Flies In Your Home

If you’re like many homeowners, you’ve dealt with annoying flies ruining your summer barbecues and outdoor dinner parties. You may have even become accustomed to whipping out the flypaper and heavy-duty bug zappers the minute you hear the familiar buzz of a fly. These annoying pests are likely house flies, which can pose significant health risks to you and your family. But have you ever seen large, sluggish flies loitering inside your home in the autumn and winter? They may be cluster flies.

Tips to Get Rid of Stink Bugs in Your House

Now that it’s fall, it’s officially indoor stink bug season. Before it becomes winter, brown marmorated stink bugs are looking for comfortable overwintering sites to spend the cold months—and that can often mean that they may find a way to sneak into your house. While the odor that a stink bug releases is not dangerous, they are definitely a nuisance. Luckily, there are steps you can take to get rid of stink bugs in your house—without having to deal with the unpleasant smell.

See also:  Bugs That Look Like Bed Bugs

What are Sand Fleas?

Many people love going to the beach to spend time in the sun, sand, and water. But they might not love some of the nuisances that live at the beach or in the ocean, such as gnats or jellyfish. But, what about the sand flea, a small critter that can be found in moist areas such as under rocks or debris. Keep reading to learn exactly what sand fleas are and if you need to worry about them.

The Lifespans of Insects With Short Lives

Many insects, such as butterflies, have a lifespan that occurs in four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Other insects, such as grasshoppers, do not have a pupal stage and instead go through three stages: egg, nymph, and adult. The length of each stage can vary based on many things, from the insect species to the temperature outside—but what some insects share in common is a very short adult stage. Keep reading to learn about five insects with some of the shortest adult stages in their lifespan.

The Return of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

The change of seasons from summer to fall means many things: leaves changing colors, dropping temperatures, and—depending on where you live—stink bugs sneaking into your home. Stink bugs were named for their distinct ability to emit an unpleasant odor when they are threatened or disturbed by predators like lizards or birds. This also means that if stink bugs enter your home and feel threatened, you’ll be faced with dealing with their strong smell in your house. As we head into fall, you might find yourself with more active stink bugs than usual, so it’s important to know the basics about these smelly insects.

www.terminix.com

There are actually 3 types of bed bugs — here’s the difference between them

Here’s a horrifying bit of trivia: there are actually around 90 species of bed bugs out there. Luckily, just three of them like to snack on humans.

Though it’s not crucial for you to know the flavor of bed bug inhabiting your home, identifying the species of bug does help pest eradication professionals make sure they’re providing you with the most effective service.

Here’s an overview of different kinds of bed bugs and how to tell if you have a different type of infestation entirely.

The type of bed bugs you have largely depends on where you live.

The three kinds of bed bugs that feed on people are C. lectularius, C. hemipterus, and L. boueti.

C. lectularius and C. hemipterus are the ones you have to worry about if you live in Europe or the U.S. They feed on humans and like to nest in household items like mattresses, sofas, carpets, and even behind wallpaper.

L. boueti is only found in West Africa and South America, as it prefers tropical climates. Unless you live in those regions or have recently traveled there, this type of bug is unlikely to have taken up residence in your home.

Though the first two types of bed bugs will choose to feed on people if possible, L. boueti are mostly interested in bats. They won’t pass up a human blood meal if it’s convenient, but you’re unlikely to encounter this species unless you live in an area with a large bat population.

Common signs of bed bugs in the home are small red bites that often appear in a line or zigzag pattern, as well as dark spotting on carpets, mattresses, and cloth furniture from fecal droppings.

Unfortunately, you probably won’t be able to identify which type of bed bug you have.

According to Terminix, the two types of bed bugs common in the US and Europe usually have a wider prothorax (the upper half of the segment between a bug’s neck and abdomen) and flatter edges than the tropical variety.

Unfortunately, unless you have a microscope and happen to be an entomologist, you’re unlikely to be able to tell the different types of bed bugs apart. They all have similar nesting habits and can cause the same kind of damage to your home. Their bites are also identical.

In fact, you might have infestation of «bat bugs» or «swallow bugs» instead.

The reason that it’s so important to have your home evaluated by a pest control company if you suspect a bed bug infestation is that you might be dealing with a different type of insect entirely.

Swallow bugs and bat bugs are two types of insects that appear almost identical to bed bugs and cause similar types of bites.

Per Orkin, swallow bugs prefer to feed on cliff swallows and usually dwell in bird nests, but they have been know to make their way inside homes when swallows migrate.

Bat bugs, as the name suggests, like to make a meal of bat blood. They live in both in tropical regions and in more temperate ones. These fellows will move into human homes when bats are scarce.

«It’s important that a trained expert make the distinction between swallow and bat bugs versus bed bugs since managing mammal, rodent and insect nesting is vital to locating these pests and the source of the infestation,» according to Terminix.

If you happen to live around poultry, there’s an additional type of bug you need to worry about.

Do you live in a rural area or keep chickens of your own? Then you might also need to be aware of the signs of a Mexican chicken bug infestation.

According to Orkin, these critters are almost indistinguishable from common bed bugs. They usually like to feed on poultry and birds, but will munch on people if the chance arises.

Though formerly rare outside of agricultural settings, there has actually been a surge of Mexican chicken infestations in human dwellings like hotels, apartments, and college dorm rooms.

You should always contact professionals to deal with a suspected bed bug problem.

Though it can be tempting to save some cash by attempting to deal with a potential bed bug infestation on your own, you might just be allowing the problem to grow.

If you try to DIY an eradication solution, you run the risk of missing the source of the bugs and leaving your home exposed to repeat infestations or worsening pest damage. Leave the bug-busting to the professionals and don’t run the risk of letting a minor bug problem turn into a serious infestation.

www.insider.com

Bedbugs — what are they?

Bedbugs are small, wingless insects that feed on the blood of people and animals while they sleep. They are easily moved from room to room on infested objects. Bedbugs cannot easily climb metal or polished surfaces and cannot fly or jump.

Adult bedbugs can be as long as 10 mm. They have an oval, broad, flat body and a short, broad head. Adult bedbugs are brown, but darken to a blood red colour after feeding. Young bedbugs are shaped like adults, but are smaller (1.5 mm long) and lighter in colour. They also darken after feeding.

Bedbug eggs are white, about one millimetre long, and are almost impossible to see on most surfaces. The female bedbug lays at least 200 eggs in her lifetime, at a rate of about two to four each day. The eggs have a sticky coating and are laid in cracks and crevices, behind woodwork and other hidden locations. They usually hatch in 6 to 17 days.

See also:  Water mites: varieties, features, danger to humans

How they feed and live

Bedbugs come out at night to feed, attracted by the carbon dioxide we exhale. They will feed on both people and pets. Bedbug bites may not be noticed right away because bedbugs typically feed at night when people are asleep.

Bedbugs prefer locations where they can hide easily and feed regularly, like sleeping areas. Their flattened bodies allow bedbugs to hide in extremely small locations: under wallpaper, behind picture frames, in electrical outlets, inside box springs, in mattress pads, and in night tables.

Newly hatched bedbugs feed as soon as food is available. Bedbugs can live from several weeks to up to a year and a half without feeding. Older bedbugs can go even longer without feeding.

Adults usually live for around 10 months, but can live for a year or more in a home where the environment is good for reproduction (with temperatures ranging between 21°C and 28°C).

Bedbug bites

Bedbugs are not known to spread disease and their bites do not generally require medical attention.

A bedbug bite can take as long as 14 days to appear, depending on the person. While bites can happen anywhere on the skin, they are often found on the face, neck, arms, legs, and chest.

Some people do not react at all to the bites, while others may have small skin reactions. In rare cases, some people may have severe allergic reactions. To avoid infection, try not to scratch the bites and keep the bite sites clean. Using antiseptic creams or lotions, as well as antihistamines, may help. Talk to your health care provider for advice.

Some people living in infested homes have reported mental health impacts including anxiety and insomnia. If you are experiencing these symptoms, talk to your health care professional.

For more information on pesticide use and regulation, contact Health Canada’s Pest Management Information Service.

www.canada.ca

Bed Bug Bite Pictures

Here you will find a large collection of bed bug bite pictures showing the wide range of symptoms people experience in reaction to bed bug bites. There’s even a series of bed bug bite photos that demonstrate the stages of reaction over time — from the first appearance of bed bug bites to when they are nearly healed.

This page is pretty long. So if you are looking for something in particular, these links will take you to just the right section:

  • Bed Bug Bite Pictures — the basics of where they bite and what bites look like
  • Bed Bug Bite Complications — knowing proper bite care prevents more serious problems
  • Transition of Bite Reactions — time lapse photo series of symptoms

Pictures of Bed Bug Bites

Bed bug bites often appear first on the head, face and neck.

Bed bugs search out exposed skin on which to take their next meal. That makes your head, face, and neck prime targets.

Bed bug bite symptoms vary from person to person.

The bed bug bite picture above shows a minimal reaction, while the bites in the picture below caused a more serious allergic reaction with swollen red welts.

The symptoms of bed bug bites mimic many other insect bites and allergic reactions.

Hands, arms and legs are also favorite targets.

The picture above shows minimal reaction to bed bug bites on the hand, while the photo of bed bug bites below demonstrates clearer signs of allergic reaction.

They will also feast on your shoulders, back and any other body part that’s left uncovered.

Bed bugs cannot bite through clothing so they are always going to look for exposed skin.

These two bed bug bite pictures show what can happen if you don’t cover up. More about how to prevent bed bug bites here.

Bed Bug bite symptoms often mimic other things.

The photo below shows how bed bugs bites can cause a rash type of reaction with red raised blistery bumps.

It even looks a little like poison ivy.

The photo below shows bedbug rash type symptoms as well. but this time it look a little more like chicken pox.

Bites alone are not enough to determine whether or not you have bed bugs.

Bed Bug Bite Complications

Bed bug bites can get infected without proper treatment.

Bed bug bites can be annoyingly itchy, but scratching them only makes the itch worse and opens the door to infection. The pair of photos below shows the original appearance of bed bug bites.

. and then the complications with infection just one day later.

Properly treating bed bug bites is simple if you know what to do. Read more about bed bug bite treatment and what really stops the itch here.

Bed Bug Bite Reactions — A Transition

In this photo collage, Lou Sorkin, Entomologist at the American Museum of Natural History shows the series of reaction he has to bites after feeding individual nymphs and adult bed bugs in the lab.

The entire sequence lasted just one hour from the initial appearance of bed bug bite symptoms to almost no visible sign of bite marks at all.

Note: The dark red blotches on his hand that look a like wine-colored stain are a birthmark, not the result of bedbugs.

More examples of the sequence of bite symptoms

The bed bug bite picture below shows the first appearance of bed bug bite reaction shortly after feeding a number of bed bugs in the lab.

Almost immediately the bites cause general redness, inflammation, and raised welts much like mosquito bites typically do.

The photo below depicts the symptoms of the same bed bug bites 6 hours later. The swollen itchy welts have been replaced by red bumps — looking more like a bed bug rash of sorts.

Note: The dark red stain-like marks on Lou’s hand and arm at the bottom of the photo above are not from bed bugs. They are birthmarks.

Hours later the swelling is completely gone and only red bed bug bite marks remain.

As you can see, there were many bed bugs feeding on this one small stretch of skin. Not only is he one of my favorite entomologists (insect scientists). Lou Sorkin is a very brave man indeed!

Immediate and delayed reactions to a bed bug «feeding frenzy».

This pair of bed bug bite photos below show the immediate (left) and next day (right) reaction after feeding a colony of bedbugs from a container in the lab. (That’s why they are contained in a small circular area). The hive-like immediate symptoms are replace by dark red rash type reaction the following day with inflammation and less severe redness radiating out to a larger area.

The bites in these pictures above are the result of an entire colony of bed bugs feeding in one spot and the larger area of reaction the next day is likely due to the high concentration of bites in one small area — it is not the spread of venom that is common with spider bites.

Hopefully, this bed bug bug bite picture collection has given you a better idea of what common symptoms of bed bug bites look like. Here are links to other helpful pages in the Bed Bug Picture Gallery.

What’s Next?

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See also:  What Causes Bed Bugs, Why Do I Have A Bed Bug Problem

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I Found One Bed Bug On My Bed: Are There More?

If you have found even one bed bug on your mattress, then do note that there are bound to be many more of these pests lurking nearby. This is due to the simple fact that female bed bugs lay hundreds of eggs in cracks, crevices and other hard-to-access areas. These bugs also hide during the day and come out only at night to feed when they are attracted to the heat and carbon dioxide emitted by the human bodies.

Let us take a look at what it means if you have found one bed bug on your bed.

Bed Bugs: Are they present if there are no bites?

Majority of homeowners who find out about bed bug infestations do so only after they have seen one bed bug crawling on their mattress. In 90% of such cases, the inhabitants of the household do not suffer any bites. The reason being: only a few people are allergic to the bed bug’s saliva. Thus, most people get bitten, but they produce no symptoms on account of improved immunity to the bites.

Another common misconception about bed bugs is that they do not occur in clean households. No matter how scrupulously clean a bedroom is; bed bugs can still infest it particularly if they have hitched a ride by crawling inside you home through someone’s luggage. Chances are that you might have had some overnight guests. These could, quite unknowingly, bring bugs into your home. Secondly, you yourself might have taken a recent trip in an infested bus or plane or stayed in an infested hotel. No matter how clean the sheets or how luxurious a hotel is; it can still have a bed bug problem.

So, if you have found even one bed bug on your bed, please remain alert. Watch out for tell tale signs such as discarded shells, rust colored stains and a sweet almond like odor in the air. All these are signs that you have bed bugs.

Do bed bugs ever go away?

Ask any homeowner who has dealt with a bed bug infestation and chances are that s/he will tell you that they never really go away for good. This is due to the fact that bed bugs are becoming increasingly resistant to pesticides. Secondly, they have developed the ability to go without blood meals for long periods of time; some are even known to survive for months, or years, without feeding.

The female bed bug lays 100s of eggs and these tend to hatch rather quickly under favorable conditions. The bed bug larvae need tons of blood to grow and develop. In absence of humans, bed bugs could also bite pets, poultry, rodents etc and survive.

What to do if you have found one bed bug?

First of all, closely inspect all your sleeping areas for signs of bed bug activity as described above. If you find none, it does not mean that you are safe from bed bugs. It just means that they are hiding rather well and will come out when the time is right.

If you do see other bed bugs, do not try to take care of the infestation on your own. Call in the professional company who can treat the premises with the latest safe and effective bed bug products.

What can I do to avoid a major infestation

Once the pest control company has treated your home, you can do several things to keep the matter in check and prevent a large scale infestation.

  1. The best thing to avoid bed bugs is to keep the house clean by thoroughly vacuuming carpets, and rugs. Note that vacuuming will not kill eggs.
  2. If possible, wash all bedding, sheets and blankets in hot water-as much as the individual fabrics can withstand.
  3. Never buy used clothing or pick up old furniture or bedding from the road side as these could be infested. If possible wash used clothes before use.
  4. Treat your mattress, box springs etc with approved bed bug products like sprays, powders etc.
  5. You could also use natural substances like Borax and/or Diatomaceous powder to treat all sleeping areas. These are known to be highly effective against bed bugs as they kill them by shredding the bug’s insides. Naturally, for them to be effective, the bed bugs must come in contact with the powders.
  6. Once you have a confirmed infestation, make sure you restrain it to the sleeping areas. This can be done by avoiding moving things especially blankets, linen etc to other rooms.

As stated above, even if you have found one bed bug, you must try and avoid DIY approaches to get rid of it, as majority of these approaches are rather risky. The use of bug-killing aerosol products can cause allergies, asthma etc. You might kill the bug by spraying it directly, but this is not a guaranteed way of getting rid of all the other bugs. The Internet is also full of websites and products which promise a miraculous treatment to ensure complete riddance from bed bugs. No matter what treatment you choose, do make sure that you research it well in order to reduce fire hazards.

Got bed bugs? Here are 10 products that can help you get rid of and prevent them.

www.bedbugsbites.net

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