Bunion Pictures: Causes & treatments

All About Bunions

What Is a Bunion?

It’s a bony bump that forms on the joint where your big toe meets your foot — called the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. It happens slowly over time, and eventually gets bigger and sticks out. It can make your big toe turn in, sometimes so far that it moves on top of the toe next to it.


The most obvious sign is a bulging lump on the joint. It might hurt and be swollen or red. It also can make it hard to move your toes, especially your big toe.


Conditions that make your joints swell and hurt, like rheumatoid arthritis, can lead to bunions. Shoes that don’t fit well can, too, especially if they cramp your toes. And some people are just more likely to get them because of the way their feet are shaped.

Adolescent Bunion

This happens most often in girls between ages 10 and 15, but boys can get them, too. Doctors aren’t sure exactly why girls are more likely to have them, but it may have something to do with changes in footwear around that age. Unlike adults, young people who have bunions can usually move their big toe, but it still hurts. Teens typically get them because they run in their families, not because of a health condition.В


This is a bunion that forms on the joint where your little toe meets your foot. It’s also called a “tailor’s bunion.» Tailors were known to sit cross-legged for long hours, which putВ pressure on that side of their feet and led to bunions near their pinky toes.


Your doctor probably can tell you have a bunion just by looking at your foot, but she’ll want to do an X-ray to see if the joint is damaged. That also can tell her how serious it is and possibly what caused it, which can help her decide how to treat it.

Treatment: Change Shoes

This might be all you need to do to manage bunion pain. Your doctor can help you choose shoes that are right for you — they should have lots of room for your toes, and heels lower than 2 inches. High heelsВ put pressure on the front of your foot and can cause bunions and other problems. Stay away from shoes that are tight or pointed or crowd your toes.В В

Treatment: Ice

To ease swelling and pain, wrap a bag of frozen vegetables or crushed ice in a towel and put it on your bunion. Be sure not to leave it on longer than 20 minutes at a time — it can cause ice burn because your foot has less tissue and muscle than other parts of your body. If you have nerve damage or circulation problems, talk to you doctor before putting an ice pack on your feet.

Treatment: Padding

Special pads can cushion the area near the bunion that hurts. But talk to your doctor first, or test the pad for a short period to see if it helps. If it’s the wrong size for you, it can add pressure and cause more problems.

Treatment: Medication

Over-the-counter painkillers like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen can help with swelling and pain. If your bunion is caused by arthritis or another condition, your doctor may give you medicine for that, too.

Treatment: Surgery

If other treatments don’t work for you, your doctor might suggest surgery to straighten out your big toe. Doctors usually don’t recommend this in adolescence, though, because the foot is still growing and the bunion often comes back.

Complications: Bursitis

A fluid-filled sac, called a bursa, cushions the bone near the joint on your big toe. When that joint gets bigger because of a bunion, the bursa can get swollen and painful — that’s called bursitis. This can make it hurt even more and may damage the smooth tissue that covers the joint, called cartilage. That can lead to arthritis.

Complication: Metatarsalgia

This is when the ball of your foot gets swollen and hurts. Bunions can cause it, and shoes that are too tight or too loose can make it worse. You’re more likely to get it if you run or jump a lot — like when you jog or play basketball, for example. Shoes with insoles or arch supports can help.

Complication: Hammertoe

A bunion can cause a bend in the middle joint of your second, third, or fourth toe that shouldn’t be there. It happens when the muscles and tendons there get pushed out of position. More comfortable shoes can help, but your doctor might recommend surgery if your hammertoe causes serious problems.В

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American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: “Bunions,” “Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle.”

Mayo Clinic: “Metatarsalgia,” “Hammertoe and mallet toe,” “Bunions.”

National Institutes of Health: “Understanding Autoinflammatory Diseases.”

The Podiatry Institute: “Juvenile and Adolescent Hallux Valgus.”

Southern California Orthopedic Institute: “Should You Ice or Heat an injury?”

Reviewed by Tyler Wheeler, MD on May 07, 2019

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

WebMD Slideshows

View our slideshows to learn more about your health.


Globe Life Insurance

Globe Life offers term and whole life insurance products for adults and children with coverage amounts up to $100,000 in some states. The simple application process requires no medical exam or waiting period. Rates start as low as $3.49 per month for adult policies. Globe Life Insurance also offers accidental death insurance and mortgage protection insurance.


Globe Life Insurance is ideal for families and individuals looking for coverage. Customer reviews highlight the easy application process and affordable payments.


  • No medical exam
  • 30-day money-back guarantee
  • Whole life policy for kids
  • $1 for first month


  • Limited death benefits
  • Limited riders

Top Globe Life Insurance Reviews

Globe is my go-to company for children/grandchildren insurance needs. It’s good coverage at a good price for a hopefully never needed product. Globe is a respected company with a solid track record — something important to me.

My experience has been superb from the application process to speaking to customer service rep. . I have been to way too many funerals of late and the families had absolutely no insurance, which prompted me to call Globe to increase my insurance coverage for my entire family. . Thank you Globe Life.

What is Globe Life Insurance?

Globe Life, formerly known as Torchmark Corporation, sells term life insurance with coverage up to $100,000 and whole life insurance with coverage up to $50,000 for adults and $30,000 for children. The Globe Life application process is simple, and the company does not require a medical exam. Globe Life offers online bill payment and a mobile app for easy access to your policy. The company also gives free quotes with minimal personal information.

To apply for Globe Life life insurance, use the quote tool and choose any level of coverage up to the maximum. The quote tool asks for information such as your age, location, beneficiaries and medical history. Globe Life provides a 30-day money-back guarantee in case you change your mind. For more information or help with the application process, call a Globe Life customer service agent.

Globe Life Insurance policies and coverage

Globe Life offers whole and term life insurance. Globe Life’s whole life insurance policies are available for adults and children. Policies for adults are available to those up to 75; policies for children are available for those 25 or younger. Age restrictions for Globe Life’s whole insurance policies for children may differ by state.

Globe Life Insurance offers the following life insurance options:

  • Term life insurance: Unlike other life insurance providers that have consumers choose a set term at application, Globe Life provides coverage for one to five years, depending on your age, then automatically renews for five-year periods after that. Renewals occur when your age ends in a six or one. For example, a renewal occurs when you turn 36, 41, 46 and so on. Upon every renewal, your policy is recalculated and your premiums increase. Depending on your state, you’ll be covered up to age 80 or 90. The coverage limit is $50,000 or $100,000, depending on your state of residence.
  • Whole life insurance: Globe Life whole life insurance provides coverage for a lifetime and has payout amounts ranging from $5,000 to $50,000. Prices never increase with this plan.
  • Children’s life insurance: Globe Life’s life insurance for children acts as a whole life policy and accumulates cash value over time. Coverage lasts into adulthood, and the benefit ranges from $5,000 to $30,000.

Globe Life Insurance provides additional riders customers can add to their life insurance policies, including:

  • Accidental death benefits: This option provides up to $250,000 to your beneficiaries in case of a fatal accident.
  • Mortgage protection insurance: This add-on provides coverage up to $350,000 in case an accidental death prohibits you or your loved ones from paying your mortgage.

Globe Life Insurance rates

Healthy adults pay as little as $3.49 per month, but most people pay around $11 to $26 per month for Globe Life term life insurance and $28 to $40 per month for Globe Life whole life insurance. Families pay as little as $2.17 per month for whole life insurance for children, with most paying $5 to $14 per month.

A 35-year-old woman in good health can expect to pay:

  • $13.55 per month for term life insurance
  • $31.17 per month for whole life insurance

A family that wants coverage for a 10-year-old child can expect to pay:

  • $5.41 per month for $10,000 in coverage
  • $9.74 per month for $20,000 in coverage
  • $14.06 per month for $30,000 in coverage

Monthly payments vary based on age, income, location and your answers to health questions. Globe Life does not do medical exams, but customers should answer honestly about their medical history when applying. If a customer fails to disclose a preexisting medical condition, the insurance company may not pay the death benefit.

Globe Life FAQ

Is Globe Life Insurance good?

Globe Life is a great option for families and individuals. Parents and grandparents can receive coverage for children up to age 25. Adults can purchase term coverage that has no set expiration and can be canceled at any time. Globe Life offers whole life insurance at a fixed cost. With these options, low costs, no required medical exams and a 30-day money-back guarantee, Globe Life gets our recommendation.

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Trifexis ® (spinosad + milbemycin oxime) Parasite Treatment & Protection

Trifexis is a monthly, beef-flavored tablet that kills fleas and prevents flea infestations, prevents heartworm disease and treats and controls adult hookworm, roundworm and whipworm infections. It is intended for use in dogs and puppies 8 weeks and older, and who weigh 5 pounds or more

  • Kills fleas
  • Prevents heartworm disease
  • Treats and controls hookworm, roundworm and whipworm
  • Once a month, every month, beef-flavored tablet
  • Single oral tablet that’s easy to administer, so you and your pup can get back to what you enjoy right away
  • Kills fleas
  • Prevents heartworm disease
  • Treats and controls hookworm, roundworm and whipworm
  • Once a month, every month, beef-flavored tablet
  • Single oral tablet that’s easy to administer, so you and your pup can get back to what you enjoy right away

Why Switch To Trifexis?

Trifexis kills fleas, prevents heartworm disease and treats and controls intestinal parasites to help your dog stay safe.

Beef-Flavored Chew

Easy-to-administer, once a month beef-flavored tablet.

All-Round Protection

Trifexis kills fleas, prevents heartworm disease and treats and controls intestinal parasites to help your dog stay safe.

Adaptable Dose Range

Trifexis comes in 5 different doses so you can find the one that works best for your puppy or dog, as long as they’re at least 8 weeks old and 5 pounds or greater.

Acts Fast

Trifexis starts killing fleas in just 30 minutes.

Make parasite protection easy with one Trifexis tablet every month for your pup.

How Trifexis Works

Trifexis combines two active ingredients that effectively protect your dog against 5 types of dangerous parasites; fleas, heartworm disease, and three types of intestinal parasites.

Dosing & Administration

Trifexis kills fleas, prevents heartworm disease, and protects against three types of intestinal parasites in dogs with a single monthly oral tablet.

Never Forget Your Pet’s Medicine Again

Get text or email reminders when it’s time to give your dog each monthly dose, or to refill a Trifexis prescription.

You Might Be Interested in…

Want to keep reading? Find more useful resources about effective parasite protection and treatment for your pets.

How it Works

See how Trifexis’ mode of action provides effective protection against fleas, heartworm disease, and three harmful intestinal parasites.

Dosing & Administration

Trifexis is available in 5 different strengths according to weight and is safe when used according to the label directions for pup through to adult.

Offers & Promotions

See how you could save money on your Trifexis purchase.


Trifexis prevents heartworm disease. Trifexis kills fleas and prevents flea infestations, and treats and controls adult hookworm, roundworm and whipworm infections in dogs and puppies 8 weeks and older and 5 pounds or more.

Important Safety Information

The use of ivermectin at higher than FDA-approved doses at the same time as Trifexis can result in serious side effects. Treatment with fewer than three monthly doses after the last exposure to mosquitoes may not provide complete heartworm prevention. Prior to administration of Trifexis, dogs should be tested for existing heartworm infection. Use with caution in breeding females. The safe use of Trifexis in breeding males has not been evaluated. Use with caution in dogs with pre-existing epilepsy. The most common adverse reactions reported are vomiting, decreased activity, itching, decreased appetite, and diarrhea. To ensure heartworm prevention, observe your dog for one hour after administration. If vomiting occurs within an hour of administration, redose with another full dose. Puppies less than 14 weeks of age may experience a higher rate of vomiting. For complete safety information, please see Trifexis product label or ask your veterinarian.


Hanacure: The Creepy Korean Facial Taking Over The Beauty World

The product is so in demand, it took us three months to get our hands on one.

Imagine if all the serums, creams, and treatments in your medicine cabinet could be bottled up into a single, all-powerful anti-aging product—dream scenario, right? Well, that’s essentially the claim behind Hanacure, a new at-home facial from South Korea that’s so popular, people can barely get their hands on it (us included).

The all-in-one treatment claims to address multiple signs of aging—from wrinkles to hyperpigmentation to loss of elasticity—with the added benefit of skin routines. One scroll through their addictive Instagram testimonial page makes it clear that the #HanacureEffect is no joke. Here’s everything you need to know about K-Beauty’s newest darling.

What Is It?

To put it simply, the All-In-One Facial is a gel mask. Inspired by the Lotus flower, a symbol or rebirth and purity in many Asian cultures, the product was designed to have renewing and rejuvenating effects. After developing it for three years, the company’s founders launched Hanacure in January of 2017 with the promise that with one use a week for four weeks you’d see visible, age-reversing results.

How Does it Work?

So how can this mask address multiple skin concerns at once in just thirty minutes? While the brand keeps their formula private, we do know it contains four different peptides (known for their skin firming abilities) and several botanical extracts including green tea, honeysuckle, and of course lotus leaf extract.

The real secret, though, lies in the patented two-step system, which includes a lifting serum and a gelling solution. When they are mixed together pre-application, they create what the company calls their «purifying compound» designed to help soothe irritation, brighten, and moisturize skin.

As it is applied, the carbon dioxide in the air fuses into the formula, which they’ve dubbed the «OctoLift» technology. The reaction causes the mask to solidify onto skin, creating an intense tightening effect, which theoretically pulls grime and toxins out of pores.

It literally froze my entire face in place, making it next to impossible to talk.

Is It Really Worth The Hype?

Well, the product has managed to sell out every month since its debut, and it’s also amassed tons of loyal followers—from actresses and models to everyday women. Even though taking a selfie with it on is seriously freaky-looking, A-listers can’t get enough of it:

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A post shared by official hanacure® (@hanacure) on Feb 21, 2019 at 4:01pm PST

A post shared by Drew Barrymore (@drewbarrymore) on Feb 17, 2017 at 3:39pm PST

We Tried It. Here’s What Happened.

Between Betty Draper’s endorsement and scrolling through the before and afters (continuously wondering how it could really be the same person in the photos), I knew I had to try Hanacure for myself. When it finally arrived in the mail, the package included four sets of the two-step solution, plus a small brush for application.

Once I thoroughly washed and dried my face, it was time to mix up the formula. I peeled back the foil on the gelling solution package (making sure I didn’t take it all the way off) then poured in the lifting serum. I then re-covered the solution with the foil and vigorously shook the container as instructed for 20 seconds. The next step was to slather an even layer all over my face, neck, and hands (assiduously avoiding my eyes and lips) with the little brush.

The gel consistency went on clear, and after I was done, I looked more or less like a glazed donut—shiny and glistening. Per the instructions, I was warned that within ten minutes of applying it I’d experience a tingling and pulling sensation.

My husband watched in horror as I slowly transformed into one of the Stone Men from Game of Thrones.

Sure enough, the formula started to firm up on my skin. While I knew there would be tightening, I hadn’t expected this much intensity from an at-home mask. I’d anticipated something along the lines of a traditional peel-off mask or a clay mask—restrictive but not immobilizing. Instead, the Hanacure literally froze my entire face in place, making it next to impossible to talk, much less finish my Sunday night glass of vino.

A post shared by Hanacure® Testimonial Page (@hanacureeffect) on Sep 13, 2017 at 1:13pm PDT

My husband, typically unfazed by my beauty experiments, watched in horror as I slowly transformed into one of the Stone Men on Game of Thrones. My complexion even began to crack like Grayscale. Despite looking hideous, I couldn’t stop checking myself out in the mirror: I was absolutely fascinated by what was happening on my face.

After what seemed like forever (read: just the 30 minutes recommended for the mask to do its work) my wait was over. I went back to the bathroom and slowly washed the gel mask off, enjoying immensely the ability to move my face again. It wasn’t painful and it pulled off easily.

So Is It Worth the $110 price tag?

My answer is yes. Post-treatment, my complexion had never looked better: My cheeks and jaw seemed firmer, my skin tone more even, and my everything was softer to the touch. (If you’re not entirely convinced, there’s a $29 starter kit you can test out before you commit.) It’s safe to say I’ve joined the Hanacure bandwagon for good—I just wish I had discovered it sooner.

BUY NOW Hanacure The All-In-One Facial Starter Set, $110



Ringworm is a common fungal infection. It’s not caused by worms. You can usually buy medicine from a pharmacy to make it go away.

Check if it’s ringworm

The main symptom of ringworm is a red or silver rash. The rash may be scaly, dry, swollen or itchy.

Ringworm can appear anywhere on the body, including the scalp (tinea capitis) and groin (jock itch).

The rash is usually ring-shaped, unless it’s on your face, neck or scalp.




A table of possible causes of symptoms.

Affected area Possible condition
Nails fungal nail infection
Feet athlete’s foot

A pharmacist can help with ringworm

Speak to a pharmacist first.

They can look at your rash and recommend the best antifungal medicine. This might be a cream, gel or spray depending on where the rash is.

You usually need to use antifungal medicine every day for 2 weeks. It’s important to finish the whole course, even if your symptoms go away.

A pharmacist will tell you if they think you should see a GP.

Non-urgent advice: See a GP if:

  • ringworm hasn’t improved after using antifungal medicine for 2 weeks
  • you have ringworm on your scalp – you’ll often need prescription antifungal tablets and shampoo
  • you have a weakened immune system – for example, from chemotherapy, steroids or diabetes

Coronavirus update: how to contact a GP

It’s still important to get help from a GP if you need it. To contact your GP surgery:

  • visit their website
  • use the NHS App
  • call them

How ringworm spreads

Ringworm is caused by a type of fungi.

It can be spread through close contact with:

  • an infected person or animal
  • infected objects – such as bedsheets, combs or towels
  • infected soil – although this is less common

It’s fine for your child to go to school or nursery once they have started treatment. Let your child’s teachers know they have it.

How to stop ringworm spreading

start treatment as soon as possible

wash towels and bedsheets regularly

keep your skin clean and wash your hands after touching animals or soil

regularly check your skin if you have been in contact with an infected person or animal

take your pet to the vet if they might have ringworm (for example, patches of missing fur)

do not share towels, combs and bedsheets with someone who has ringworm

do not scratch a ringworm rash – this could spread it to other parts of your body

Page last reviewed: 8 September 2017
Next review due: 8 September 2020


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