SHCHITOVKA ON INDOOR PLANTS: PHOTO; HOW TO FIGHT AND REMOVE IT FROM THE FLOWERS BY CHEMICAL METHODS, AS WELL AS HOW TO GET RID OF IT AT HOME USING TRADITIONAL MEASURES? CROP PRODUCTION

Recommendations on how to deal with the shield on indoor plants; pest photo

Pleases the eye of the apartment, which is a lot of potted flowers. But caring for them only seems very easy. If you treat plants without proper attention, they can die.

Indeed, not only watering and sunlight need indoor plants. They need daily care, attention and even human speech. If you deprive them of all this, they will begin to languish, wither, they can settle pests. The article will tell about the shield, show photos of these pests and describe the measures to combat them.

What is this insect?

One of these worst enemies of indoor plants is the shield. It can completely destroy all the plants in the house in a matter of weeks. And even half-poisonous flowers she does not spare.

Externally, shchitovka resembles tubercles that are practically immobile on the stems and leaves. The size of these bugs does not exceed 5 mm. Females are inactive, under their dense shell the larvae develop. But young shchitovki and individuals of the male sex easily move along the stalks and leaves of the plant. So they fly over and crawl on neighboring plants.

Therefore, having found a pest on one room flower, it is possible to meet it on others. These pests multiply by laying eggs on the back of a leaf or on the stems of a plant. The laying is so microscopic that it is almost impossible to notice it.

They feed on thyroid sap from plants, which they suck from the stem and leaflets. First, young and succulent shoots fall under its attack, then it moves to already formed parts of the plant.

Important! The massive attack of these pests destroys the adult plant in a couple of weeks, leaving behind only the root and the dried trunk. After the shchitovka ate half the leaves, it is almost impossible to save the plant.

It will also be useful to know what species the shield is. You can read about it here.

Causes of appearing on flowers

Each plant has its own immunity. If it weakens, then the flower may be attacked by various diseases and pests, including eelpouts. Also infect plants with a high nitrogen content and impaired metabolism. These violations occur due to improper irrigation, light, dry air.

Most often this happens in winter, when the day is short and the air is dry. It is in such conditions that the shield scroll loves to live. Infection occurs most often with the newly introduced plant, and pest eggs can also be introduced through the soil and even with water.

A photo

Next you can see how the shield looks like:





The first steps in detecting

If you notice that the plant has started to wither and wither, and then discovered these dark bumps on the leaves, then it is necessary to isolate such a flower in another room where there are no plants at all. And only after isolation, you can begin to save the plant from these parasites.

Subtleties and secrets

During treatment of the affected flower, you can resort to both folk methods and pesticides. Having made your choice on the second variant, it is necessary to take into account that such agents can cause allergies and poisoning of young children, the elderly, allergies and pets.

On a note. Folk remedies are no less effective in relation to the scythes and, at the same time, they will not have a negative impact on the people and animals living in the apartment. Therefore, most often resort to the treatment of indoor plants with the methods of traditional medicine.

Methods of struggle

How to get rid of using folk remedies?

  • The most common method of killing a pest is wiping a plant with a solution of soap, water, and alcohol.
  1. To do this, 20 grams of liquid soap is dissolved in a liter of water, and then add 10 ml of alcohol.
  2. Wipe the leaves and the stem is necessary to complete the destruction of parasites.
  3. You can use a brush or cotton swab, which after processing must be disposed of.

Thyroids do not tolerate such a mixture of alcohol and soap, so they die within a few hours after treatment. But, unfortunately, not only pests do not tolerate a soap solution, but also some plants. Before using this method, look at the reaction of the plant, causing the composition of only one sheet.
Pepper recipe is less dangerous, and at the same time it is not inferior to soap-alcohol composition in efficiency.

To prepare it you need to take:

  1. 100 grams of hot pepper, mince it.
  2. Then pour the resulting mass with two liters of water and put in a cold place for a day.
  3. Next, sprinkle the plant from the spray with the filtered solution of hot pepper.

Such water procedures should be carried out twice a week for several months.

  • Similar to pepper, you can cook and garlic with onion infusions. The effect of such infusions is not nearly as good as pepper.
  • When adult female individuals sit tightly on the plant, and in no way can they be removed, you can resort to kerosene. After all the leaves and stem are oiled, kerosene will be easily separated.
  • This pest does not like the taste of vodka very much, therefore it is possible to lubricate all parts of the plant with it, so that the scout should be completely destroyed.
  • Dissolve two tablespoons of olive oil in one liter of warm water and wipe the leaves with it. The composition of olive oil is applied to the plant once a week.
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    How to withdraw chemicals?

    Chemicals to combat the shield are of three types:

    1. Contact. Which penetrate through chitin and pest skin. It is used in the initial stage of the disease.
    2. Intestinal. Which cause deadly harm through getting into the mouth of an insect.
    3. System. This group of poisons acts through the poisoned sap of the plant. Parasites, eating poisonous juice, instantly die.

    Chemical products must be purchased in specialized stores for the care of indoor plants. The most common drugs to combat the shield are:

      Actellic.

    This tool is used both for spraying plants and for watering ground mix. Has established itself as a powerful tool in the fight against the shield. How to destroy pests with this drug? The solution is prepared in such a ratio — 2 ml of Aktellik per liter of water. Stir and immediately treat the plant.

    From the positive qualities it can be noted that the drug can be combined with other chemical means, the ability to process planting material. The negative aspects of the drug include high toxicity and unpleasant odor.
    Aktara.

    A systemic drug with a broad spectrum of activity, is effective against many pests. Use the tool for irrigation and irrigation of the substrate. To combat the shield in a living room, dilute 1 ml of Aktar in 1 liter of water. Mass mortality of pests occurs 24 hours after treatment.
    Bankol.

    This is the best drug to combat the shield, which settled on houseplants. The tool refers to the contact means. It is characterized by low toxicity and lack of odor. The sign begins to die from the action of the drug after two — three days. Treatment solution: 0.5 grams of Bankol is dissolved in a liter of water.
    Fitoverm.

    The product is based on biological components, therefore it does not pose a danger to pets and people. A detrimental effect on a number of pests of indoor plants. The composition for spraying is prepared from 2 ml of Fitoverma and 0.5 liters of water.

    Important! When working with chemical agents, use protective equipment, observe the necessary dosage, carefully read the instructions for the drugs. It is undesirable to find children and pets at home at the time of treatment.

    You can learn more about how to control the shield with ready-made preparations and folk remedies in this article.

    Preventive measures

    Prevention is always easier than cure. So that there is no need to resort to means of pests, care should be taken to the plants in the house. Constantly inspect, monitor the condition and color of leaves, carry out watering, according to the requirements, to air the room where the greenhouse contains. The shield will never appear where there is good lighting, high humidity and strong healthy plants.

    Conclusion

    Shchitovka is a dangerous pest, but it can and must be fought. For this you need only the desire to see the plants in your house in excellent condition.

    gb.farmforage.com

    How to Treat Plant Fungus with Baking Soda

    As far as plant diseases go, there are none more annoying, frustrating, and hair-pulling than fungus issues. Whether you’re growing microgreens, houseplants, or veggies, plant fungus like powdery mildew can absolutely ruin your plants.

    Here’s an example of a classic type of plant fungus, powdery mildew:

    Powdery mildew infesting a plant’s leaves. source

    Here’s a simple rule to detect plant fungus: If your plant has started showing signs of unusual spotting or has growth on it that is a different color than the plant, it probably has some kind of fungus.

    There are a variety of ways to treat fungal problems, fungicides being one of the most common. But, harsh sprays that contain chemicals are sometimes not the ideal way to treat plant problems, especially if they’re inside your home.

    If you don’t want to use fungicides, you should consider this simple remedy: baking soda.

    Listen to this post on the Epic Gardening Podcast

    Using Baking Soda To Prevent and Treat Plant Fungus

    Before we get into the recipe, it’s important to mention that this remedy is best used as a preventative measure rather than a full treatment. After your plants have been covered in mildew, it’s very difficult to completely remove it. Use this recipe weekly on plants that you know are susceptible to mildew and fungus issues, or if you experience high humidity (which fungus loves).

    1. One gallon of water
    2. One half teaspoon of liquid soap
    3. One tablespoon of baking soda

    Make sure you use this mixture quickly and do not store it — it doesn’t keep well.

    The liquid soap helps the mixture stick to the leaves and stems of your plant, so be careful not to use too harsh a soap. Some gardeners, myself included, have reported accidentally burning the leaves of their plants with this spray. To avoid burning:

    1. Do not apply the mixture on plants exposed to full sun.
    2. Water your plants a few days before application.
    3. Test the mixture on a small section of your plant before you spray the entire plant.

    I’ve also heard gardeners recommend adding horticultural oil to this mixture, because the oil will stick to the leaves and suffocate the fungus. If you want to test this out, go ahead and let me know in the comments if this works for you!

    Still Having Plant Fungus Problems?

    Like I mentioned earlier, if you are having a hard time getting rid of plant fungus with this baking soda mixture, it’s probably because you have too much on your plant already. It’s best used as a preventative measure. You might need to try more aggressive measures, like the ones found in my guide to treating powdery mildew.

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    You can also try treating your plants with milk — yes, milk — and seeing if that has any effect. It’s one of the stranger remedies I’ve heard of, but I’ve tried it and it actually does work for me.

    Baking soda, soap, and water is one of the safer ways to treat plant fungus issues, especially if the affected plants are inside your home. You really don’t want to be spraying fungicide all over the inside of your home if you can avoid it!

    Do you have any remedies you’d like to share? Please let me know in the comments below.

    www.epicgardening.com

    Care Of Persian Shield Plant: Tips For Growing Persian Shield Indoors

    Chances are pretty good you have seen this attractive foliage plant at nursery centers. The bright leaves of the Persian shield plant (Strobilanthes dyerianus) are almost better than a flowering specimen since they provide stunning color year around. Growing Persian shield requires warm temperatures and sultry humid air. It is hardy in USDA zones 8 to 11, but is more commonly grown indoors or as a summer annual in cooler climates. Use Persian shield indoors to brighten up the home and create tropical ambiance with ease of care.

    Persian Shield Plant

    Persian shield is a phenomenal foliar specimen. It produces 4- to 7-inch long, slender leaves tipped with a point. They are slightly serrated and have deep green veins with purple to silver on the entire surface of the leaf.

    The plant has a bushy habit and may get up to 4 feet tall in habitat. Because it is only suitable for USDA zone 10, growing Persian shield indoors is the best way for most gardeners to enjoy this brilliant plant. You can put the plant outside in summer, but make sure you bring it back inside before cold weather threatens and you may be rewarded with slender spiky flowers.

    Growing Persian Shield

    The plant performs well in a container inside or outside, in full sun to partial shade. Provide even moisture and high humidity. The best way to give extra humidity to a Persian shield indoors is to place a thin layer of rocks in a saucer and balance the pot on top. Keep the saucer full of water. This keeps the roots out of the water but the evaporation of the water provides higher humidity to the air.

    You can grow Persian shield outdoors in warm climates and plant them in the ground as part of a border display. In cool zones, however, treat the plant as an annual or bring it inside at the end of summer.

    Persian Shield Propagation

    You can share this lovely plant easily with friends and family. Persian shield propagation is done through seed or cuttings. Take 2- to 3-inch sections from the tips of the plant, cutting just below a growth node.

    Strip the bottom leaves off and insert the cutting into a non-soil medium such as peat. Mist the medium and place a bag over the cutting. Remove the bag for one hour daily to keep the cutting from molding. In a couple of weeks, the cutting will produce roots and you can replant it in potting mixture.

    Persian Shield Care Instructions

    Persian shield is an easy to care for plant. Pinch the stems back to force bushiness.

    Water the plant when the top couple of inches of soil are dry and keep a bit drier in winter.

    Fertilization is one of the most important Persian shield care instructions, especially for potted plants. Feed every two weeks with a half dilution of liquid plant food. Suspend feeding in fall and winter.

    Watch for mites and soil gnats. You can combat these with horticultural soap and by changing the soil.

    www.gardeningknowhow.com

    9 Air-Purifying Indoor Houseplants That Are Hard to Kill

    A quick scroll through Instagram will tell you just how trendy indoor foliage has become. All those ficuses and ferns didn’t gain popularity just because they’re nice to look at, though.

    People lined their windowsills with greenery in increasing numbers after NASA released a series of studies dating back to the late ’80s, stating that indoor plants could purify the air. Wolverton BC, et al. (1989). Interior landscape plants for indoor air pollution abatement. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19930073077.pdf

    Sadly, it seems there was a little wishful thinking going on back then. Researchers now say you’d need 680 plants in a 1,500-square-foot home for the foliage to truly go to battle against toxins. German J, et al. (2018). Critical review: How well do plants perform as indoor air cleaners. https://www.buildingecology.com/download/critical-review-how-well-do-house-plants-perform-as-indoor-air-cleaners/

    But indoor plants have other air-boosting and health benefits that you don’t have to create a wall-to-wall jungle to enjoy. Even a modest amount of foliage might enhance indoor air quality. So why not add a few easy-care plants to your living space?

    Whether sleeping, binging Netflix, or working in an office, we spend about 90 percent of our time indoors, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. And that time spent inside exposes us to indoor air pollution.

    Causes of indoor air pollution

    • furnishings
    • carpet
    • upholstery
    • dry-cleaned clothing
    • paint
    • synthetic building materials
    • cleaning products
    • pesticides
    • bacteria
    • mold
    • outdoor pollution that enters

    You probably don’t think of your coffee table as emitting gasses, but if it’s made of particleboard, it does. The paint on the walls and the upholstery on the furniture are just some of the other items in a home or office that release volatile organic compounds (VOCs), like formaldehyde.

    Levels of VOCs are typically two to five times higher inside than outside. We’re all exposed to some amount of indoor air pollution, and it’s likely not causing issues. But, in some cases, when ventilation is bad, or for people who may be highly sensitive, it can make you feel sick.

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    Headaches, nausea, and fatigue are some of the symptoms, and it’s sometimes called “sick building syndrome.”

    Although it would take filling your home or office with ridiculously massive amounts of foliage to impact VOC levels, indoor plants can still improve your air quality.

    Indoor plants can

    • reduce irritation to eyes, ears, nose and throat
    • prevent or ease coughing and congestion
    • lower your stress
    • boost your attention capacity

    Purifying indoor plants reduce levels of CO2 and increase relative humidity. Gubb C, et al. (2018). Can houseplants improve indoor air quality by removing CO2 and reducing relative humidity. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11869-018-0618-9 In other words, they help get rid of stale air and act as a natural humidifier, which can prevent or ease irritation to your eyes, nose, throat, and even lungs.

    Beyond improving air quality, foliage just makes people feel better. Interacting with your indoor plants can reduce stress, for example. Lee M, et al. (2015). Interaction with indoor plants may reduce psychological and physiological stress by suppressing autonomic nervous system activity in young adults: a randomized crossover study. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40101-015-0060-8

    That doesn’t mean you have to chat up your aloe vera — unless you want to. We’d never judge. Repotting, pruning, or watering your air-purifying indoor plants will do the trick.

    Similarly, just by being in the room with you, that ficus can help you maintain focus when you’re slogging through a tough task like a school paper or a report for work. Raanaas RK, et al. (2011). Benefits of indoor plants on attention capacity in an office setting: DIO: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2010.11.005]. Place a few pots on your desk to boost your workplace happiness

    Although houseplants may be intimidating to those who don’t have a green thumb or who fear commitment, many plants are easy to care for — so easy, in fact, you’d have to try pretty hard to kill them.

    Each kind has its own favorite environmental conditions, so look for a tag that comes with the plant or search online to find out how much sunlight and water it will need. We’ve pulled together a list of nine virtually indestructible plants.

    1. Garden Mum

    Popular and inexpensive at garden stores in the fall, mums have beautiful blooms. These perennials are also great for plant interaction, since they’ll occasionally require some deadheading (the pinching off of spent flowers).

    Display them in a cool spot with less than 10 hours of sunlight. These plants are toxic to pets if eaten, so keep them out of reach. You can plant them outside in spring once the danger of frost is gone.

    2. Spider Plant

    Spider plants are among the easiest air-purifying indoor plants to grow, making them a great choice for beginners or forgetful owners. Fans of bright, indirect sunlight, spider plants will send out shoots with flowers that eventually grow into baby spider plants or spiderettes.

    You can place the babies in their own pot of soil while still attached to the mother plant. Then snip them off once rooted. Give them to your friends or increase the plant life around your own space.

    3. Dracaena

    There are more than 40 different kinds of Draceana plants, making it easy to find one that’s a perfect fit for your home or office. Pet owners might want to select a different plant, however, as these are toxic to cats and dogs when consumed.

    Draceana plants often grow to three feet tall so they require larger pots and more space. They like to be misted rather than watered.

    4. Ficus/Weeping Fig

    The ficus is a tree in its native lands of southeast Asia and parts of Australia. When it grows indoors, it’s a hardy plant that can eventually reach 10 feet. Grow this low-maintenance beauty in bright, indirect light, and allow the soil to dry out between waterings.

    When the temps are well above freezing, this houseplant can also be taken outside to spruce up your porch or patio.

    5. Peace Lily

    Peace lily plants are relatively small compared to many of the plants on this list, so they’re ideal for compact spaces. Put peace lilies in a shady spot and keep the soil moist without overwatering. Easy to grow, these plants will flower for much of the summer.

    Just be aware that peace lilies do contribute some pollen and floral scents to the air. Peace lilies can be toxic if eaten by children or pets.

    6. Boston Fern

    These plants prefer to clean the air from a cool location with high humidity and indirect light. They’re relatively easy to grow, but they do need to stay moist. Check your Boston fern’s soil daily to see if it needs water and give it a good soak once per month.

    7. Snake Plant/Mother-in-Law’s Tongue

    This is one of the hardest houseplants to kill. Although it does need to be watered occasionally, it generally prefers drier conditions. The snake plant tolerates most light levels, making it any easy choice for just about any room.

    8. Bamboo Palm

    Palms thrive in a nice amount of light away from cold drafts. They can bring a lot of green to your space, reaching heights of 12 feet, but they’re slow-growing. Give your bamboo palm at least three years before repotting in a larger container.

    9. Aloe Vera

    In addition to being easy to care for, aloe comes with some serious health wins. The plant’s leaves contain a clear liquid full of vitamins, enzymes, amino acids, and other compounds that have wound-healing, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties.

    This is a good plant to keep in your kitchen window for a quick burn relief remedy. Just break open a leaf to get that goo.

    greatist.com

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